Basic learning theories

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Basic learning theories

  1. 1. Emphasize the establishment andstrengthening of relationshipsbetween the Stimulus (S) and theResponse (R) and the emphasizerole of reinforcement in thelearning process.
  2. 2. does not see learning as just astimulus response interaction.They focus rather on thecognitive structure of man as abasis for learning.
  3. 3. Connectionism/Associationism- It is the basic concept formulated by EDWARD LEE THORNDIKE.- The findings of his studies were based mostly on experiments conducted with animals.
  4. 4. Human activity is based onassociation between stimulus andresponse.Any activity is seen as:1. A situation which influences oraffects the individual2. A response which the individualmakes to the situation.
  5. 5. 3. A connection between the situation and the response by means of which the former is enabled to produce the latter.This connection is called theS-R bond.
  6. 6. It sees the Learner varyhis responses by trial anderror until He achieves asolution.
  7. 7. 1. Law of Effect2. Law of Exercise3. Law of Readiness
  8. 8. States that a satisfying stateof affairs following theresponse strengthens theconnection betweenStimulus and the behavior,whereas an annoying stateweakens the connection.
  9. 9. In the classroom situation,This Law implies thatTEACHING should attemptto make the LEARNINGexperiences of childrenPLEASANT and GRATIFYING.
  10. 10. It describes the conditionsimplied in the saying “ Practicemakes perfect.”REPETITION of an experienceincreases the probability of acorrect response.
  11. 11. Constant REPETITION of aresponse strengthens itsconnection with the stimulus.Practical Educational practicessuch as: DRILL, REVIEW, ANDEXAMINATION
  12. 12. It describes the conditions thatrefer to “ANNOYING ORSATISFYING” states.It is related to the Law ofeffect and accounts for themotivational aspect ofLearning.
  13. 13. This Law implies that Teachersmust either:Wait for the readiness or acceptthe present level of readiness,and be satisfied with a slowerlearning rate in introducing anynew learning.

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