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Basic learning theories
 

Basic learning theories

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    Basic learning theories Basic learning theories Presentation Transcript

    • Emphasize the establishment andstrengthening of relationshipsbetween the Stimulus (S) and theResponse (R) and the emphasizerole of reinforcement in thelearning process.
    • does not see learning as just astimulus response interaction.They focus rather on thecognitive structure of man as abasis for learning.
    • Connectionism/Associationism- It is the basic concept formulated by EDWARD LEE THORNDIKE.- The findings of his studies were based mostly on experiments conducted with animals.
    • Human activity is based onassociation between stimulus andresponse.Any activity is seen as:1. A situation which influences oraffects the individual2. A response which the individualmakes to the situation.
    • 3. A connection between the situation and the response by means of which the former is enabled to produce the latter.This connection is called theS-R bond.
    • It sees the Learner varyhis responses by trial anderror until He achieves asolution.
    • 1. Law of Effect2. Law of Exercise3. Law of Readiness
    • States that a satisfying stateof affairs following theresponse strengthens theconnection betweenStimulus and the behavior,whereas an annoying stateweakens the connection.
    • In the classroom situation,This Law implies thatTEACHING should attemptto make the LEARNINGexperiences of childrenPLEASANT and GRATIFYING.
    • It describes the conditionsimplied in the saying “ Practicemakes perfect.”REPETITION of an experienceincreases the probability of acorrect response.
    • Constant REPETITION of aresponse strengthens itsconnection with the stimulus.Practical Educational practicessuch as: DRILL, REVIEW, ANDEXAMINATION
    • It describes the conditions thatrefer to “ANNOYING ORSATISFYING” states.It is related to the Law ofeffect and accounts for themotivational aspect ofLearning.
    • This Law implies that Teachersmust either:Wait for the readiness or acceptthe present level of readiness,and be satisfied with a slowerlearning rate in introducing anynew learning.