World history s2 - week 14 - unit 5 test review


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  • Think
  • What are some examples for each category that we learned about in Unit 5?
  • Who is Truman referring two when he talks about these “two ways of life”? Why not just come right out and be specific? Do you agree with Truman that the U.S. should help any country that we feel is at risk of being taken over by Communism?
  • The TV show M*A*S*H was set during the Korean War, and lasted 8 years longer than the war itself!
  • Bottom right, Boris Yeltsin takes over as the first President of the Russian Federation, 1992.
  • World history s2 - week 14 - unit 5 test review

    1. 1. World War 2, The Cold War, and Beyond… Unit 5 Test Review :
    2. 2. How to Prepare for your Test: <ul><li>Complete the Student Guides from the lessons in Unit 5 (print them out!) </li></ul><ul><li>Complete: </li></ul><ul><li>ALL the Unit 5 Checkpoints and Quizzes!! </li></ul><ul><li>Read the Study Guide I’m pushing out now </li></ul><ul><li>This is an OPEN NOTE TEST!! </li></ul><ul><li>Use this powerpoint guide </li></ul><ul><li>to help you! </li></ul><ul><li>ASK QUESTIONS!! </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Test <ul><li>Unit 5 Test – PART I - Worth 66 Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are 22 multiple choice questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You have unlimited time to take the exam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You may RETAKE the exam for a higher score (no reason to fail!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is “DUE” by Sunday, May 8th at midnight: DON’T WAIT TO TAKE IT! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unit 5 Test – PART II – Worth 10 Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OPTION #1 – The ONE PARAGRAPH ESSAY! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Topic: In what ways were the causes of World War I and World War II similar? How were they different? </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Part 2: Option #2! ( instead of the essay) <ul><li>Make a fun, creative HISTORICAL POSTER about one of the following people or events: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dwight Eisenhower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Holocaust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hiroshima and Nagasaki </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John F. Kennedy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Berlin Wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nikita Khrushchev </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin Luther King, Jr. </li></ul></ul>Go to:
    5. 5. The 20 th Century: An American Century? Let’s Review what we learned in UNIT 5!
    6. 6. Causes of WWII <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War Guilt Clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Power, No Military, Not all countries part, and Slow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>German Aggression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Push for Sudetenland, Anchluss (“link-up”) with Austria, Invasion of Poland </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Italian Aggression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of Ethiopia and Albania </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japanese Aggression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of Southeastern Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Munich 1938 – Policy of Appeasement </li></ul>
    7. 7. America Joins the War <ul><li>December 7, 1941 – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor in order to destroy U.S. Pacific fleet and demoralize U.S.A. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guam, Hong Kong, Philippians, Midway, and Wake Island </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Opposite effect happens: </li></ul><ul><li>America Stands behind war – </li></ul><ul><li>America’s Navy becomes Carrier based in the Pacific </li></ul> - Hear the Speech!
    8. 8. Opposing Powers of WW2 <ul><li>Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Vichy France </li></ul><ul><li>Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul><ul><li>United States of America </li></ul><ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Greece </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Free Poland </li></ul>
    9. 9. Leaders of WW2 <ul><li>England – Winston Churchill </li></ul><ul><li>United States – Franklin Delano Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>France – Charles De Gaulle </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin </li></ul><ul><li> China – Mao Zedong </li></ul>
    10. 10. Evil Leaders of WW2 <ul><li>Germany – Adolf Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Ital y – Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Japan – Hideki Tojo </li></ul>
    11. 11. The Holocaust <ul><li>The Holocaust a.k.a. The Final Solution </li></ul><ul><li>What was the Holocaust? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler blamed the Jewish Race for German poverty and the loss of WWI (a scapegoat) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horrors of the Camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Mengele conducted cruel, inhumane experiments on Jewish people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Systematic Killing of Millions of : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jews , Homosexuals, Gypsies, Poles, Russians, Political Prisoners, People with Disabilities, Mentally Disabled (all “genetically inferior”) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 5-7 million total died in death camps </li></ul></ul>Adolf Eichmann main “architect” of the Final Solution”
    12. 12. The Bomb <ul><li>What was the Bomb? </li></ul><ul><li>Why drop the Atomic bomb ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After the invasion of Iwo Jima. U.S. Officials realize An invasion of Japan would cost tens of thousands of American lives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dropped by the “Enola Gay” on Aug 6,1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hiroshima First to be bombed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nagasaki 3 days later (why drop TWO?) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Damage of the Bomb: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Though we don't know exactly how many perished in the bombing, it is estimated that 140,000 (plus or minus 10,000) had died by the end of December 1945. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Effects of WW2 <ul><li>More people died in WW2 than any other war in History </li></ul>
    14. 14. Other Effects of WW2 <ul><li>New World Powers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Union - Great Military Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land grab: Soviets Control Eastern Europe and push for a spread of Communism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States – One of the richest countries on Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>United States vows to defend Democracy throughout the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Trials of War Criminals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tokyo Trials – Japanese officers put on trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuremburg Trials – Nazi’s put on trial for the horrors of the death camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to judge Nazi leaders for their policies and orders </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Creating a Lasting Peace <ul><li>Formation of the United Nations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the U.N.? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Germany Divided: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany was divided into 4 sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>following the war - Communist/Democratic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berlin also divided into 4 sectors: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S., Great Britain, France, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and Soviet Union </li></ul></ul></ul>The Divisions of Germany and Berlin Were the “first shots fired” in the Cold War
    16. 16. Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations [“Iron Curtain”] US & the Western Democracies GOAL  spread world-wide Communism GOAL  “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world. <ul><li>METHODOLOGIES : </li></ul><ul><li>Espionage [KGB vs. CIA] and political propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Arms Race [nuclear escalation] </li></ul><ul><li>Ideological Competition for the minds and hearts of peoples in Europe, Asia and the Third World </li></ul><ul><li>Communist govt. & socialist economy vs. democratic govt. & capitalist economy </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-Polarization of Europe: [NATO vs. Warsaw Pact] </li></ul>The Cold War [1945-1991]: An Ideological Struggle
    17. 17. U.S. Anti-Communist Policy: CONTAINMENT Main Goal Means Actual Application * Limit the spread of Communism into Eastern Europe, Asia Offering democratic and capitalist alternatives to “swing” countries (Greece & Turkey) Supplying economic (and military) aid to countries to help defend them against the Soviet Union “ Truman Doctrine”
    18. 18. <ul><li>“ At the present moment in world history nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The choice is too often not a free one. One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions, representative government, free elections, guarantees of individual liberty, freedom of speech and religion, and freedom from political oppression. The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio, fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms. </li></ul><ul><li>I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. </li></ul><ul><li>I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. </li></ul><ul><li>I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes.” - Speech given to Congress, 1947 </li></ul>President Harry Truman:
    19. 19. The Truman Doctrine takes effect : The Berlin Airlift <ul><li>1948, the Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin, hoping to force a surrender </li></ul><ul><li>No supplies could come into West Berlin by land or sea </li></ul><ul><li>So…The U.S. began providing supplies to the German citizens in West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>How? With planes, LOTS of them </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1948-1949, nearly 277,000 missions were flown over West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 2 million tons of goods and supplies were dropped on West Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>The Soviet Union’s plan to “starve” West Berlin failed and the blockade was lifted. </li></ul>Take that, Communism!
    20. 20. vs. <ul><li>North Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Started in 1949, still active today, with 26 members </li></ul><ul><li>A mutual defense alliance among Western Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Formed to stop the spread of Communism in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>An attack against any member, was an attack against all members </li></ul><ul><li>Members help each other with financial and military aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Warsaw </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Bloc nations under Soviet control met in Warsaw, Poland to unite against the West </li></ul><ul><li>Started in 1955 as a response to NATO </li></ul><ul><li>A mutual defense alliance among Communist Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Headquartered in Moscow, along with military command </li></ul><ul><li>The Organization dissolved in 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Europe: Cold War “Battleground” The “Iron Curtain”
    22. 22. The Korean War: 1950-1953 <ul><li>Korea was freed from Japanese rule after WW2… </li></ul><ul><li>It was divided along the 38 th Parallel for political reasons </li></ul><ul><li>China supported North Korea and wanted to make it Communist </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. supported South Korea and wanted to stop the spread of Communism </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea invaded the south in 1950, the U.S. and U.N. declared war </li></ul><ul><li>Ended in a stalemate </li></ul><ul><li>The RESULT: </li></ul><ul><li>COMMUNIST N. KOREA </li></ul><ul><li>NON-COMMUNIST S. KOREA </li></ul>General Douglas MacArthur
    23. 23. Oct. 1962: CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS 13 Days in October that almost led to NUCLEAR WAR! Wanted quick strikes No Soviet Missiles in Cuba
    24. 24. <ul><li>The 1950’s was a decade of peace and prosperity in America </li></ul><ul><li>Birthrates soared as economic confidence grew: THE BABY BOOM! </li></ul><ul><li>The threat of Communism in America grew as well: </li></ul><ul><li>THE RED SCARE! </li></ul><ul><li>(Sen. Joseph McCarthy and the House “Un-American” Committee) </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1960’s, THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT , led by Martin Luther King, guaranteed equality and freedom for all minorities </li></ul>The United States: After World War 2…
    25. 25. A New “Post-War” EUROPE <ul><li>After decades of war divided and nearly destroyed all of Europe, a new sense of COMMUNITY emerged </li></ul><ul><li>1950’s: European Economic Community , later led to… </li></ul><ul><li>EUROPEAN UNION: </li></ul><ul><li>Countries wanted: </li></ul><ul><li>INCEASED COOPERATION </li></ul><ul><li>COMMON MARKET FOR GOODS </li></ul><ul><li>INCEASED SOCIAL WELFARE </li></ul><ul><li>27 members today! </li></ul>
    26. 26. The SOVIET UNION crumbles, then collapses… <ul><li>SOLIDARITY </li></ul><ul><li>Formed by Lech Walesa in Poland, 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>First non-Communist trade union in a country controlled by the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged Communist rule and fought for better working conditions using non-violent resistance (strikes and protests) </li></ul><ul><li>Ronald Reagan: </li></ul><ul><li>President from 1981 -1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged the Soviet Union to improve Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tear Down this Wall!” - 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Worked with Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev to reduce nuclear tensions and improve U.S. / Soviet relations </li></ul><ul><li>Did he win the Cold War? </li></ul>
    27. 27. R.I.P. SOVIET UNION Oct. 1917 – Dec. 1991 Don’t Mess with the U.S.!
    28. 28. Coming up in Unit 6…