First Industrial Revolution Second Industrial Revolution
Started in the early 1700’ s
Advances in agriculture led to a rise in population, less farmers required to feed the people
(water wheels, transportation)
Strong banking system
(to build factories, start businesses)
Many available laborers
(to work in the mills, operate machines and make parts)
Started with TEXTILE MILLS
Started during the middle of 19 th century Improved upon earlier technology and inventions Used chemistry and physics to build more advanced machines ASSEMBLY LINES increased the speed of factory production New sources of energy were discovered and used for power: KEROSENE GASOLINE ELECTRICTY
What were some of the benefits people experienced due to the Industrial Revolution? Working Conditions Living Conditions
- Which goes where? -One-party state -Industry and agriculture owned by state -Revolution by working class -Low standard of living (ask what Standard of Living means) -Classless society -Government controls aspects of people’ s lives -Censorship -Free Elections -Industry and agriculture controlled by individuals -Drive for profits -Limits on government interference -Free speech -High standard of living Capitalism Communism
What is IMPERIALISM ?
What were countries like England, France, the Netherlands and Belgium hoping to accomplish in Africa and Asia?
Acquiring RAW MATERIALS (for industry)
Zeal for MISSIONARY WORK (souls to save)
From 1885 – 1914, nearly 100 million people were conquered and taken over by European countries
Great Britain took over all of India
Africa was carved up by 7 different European nations: populations grew, drained natural resources, traditions and culture were lost, as well as self-rule.
Europeans believed they were more civilized and “ superior ” to all others
Need for raw materials
Industrialization needed to be spread throughout the world
Belief in “ Social Darwinism ” :
Survival of the Fittest…countries!
A new wave of Nationalism made them want to grow stronger by defeating weaker countries, building their armies and increasing their industrial output
Both push for economic freedom
Both suppress political freedoms
Both are on the same side of the political spectrum
There are no similarities
Highlight the “details” of Mein Kampf
- Rule the world under the German Flag
- Jews are to blame for Germany’s Problems
- Creation of a Master Race
- Peace throughout the world
- Unite Germany under Communism
- Take control via diplomacy
- Unite all German Speaking Peoples
A. Failure of Appeasement
B. The harsh treatment of Germany through the Treaty of Versailles
C. Polish Aggression in Europe
D. German, Italian, and Japanese Aggression
United States of America
What single phrase best describes the Holocaust?
A. A Systematic Killing of Jews by the Nazis
B. A Government forced Racism
C. Jewish movement back to Israel
D. A form of “Lightning” War
What was the Bomb?
Why drop the Atomic bomb ?
After the invasion of Iwo Jima. U.S. Officials realize An invasion of Japan would cost tens of thousands of American lives
Dropped by the “Enola Gay” on Aug 6,1945
Hiroshima First to be bombed
Nagasaki 3 days later (why drop TWO?)
Damage of the Bomb:
Though we don't know exactly how many perished in the bombing, it is estimated that 140,000 (plus or minus 10,000) had died by the end of December 1945.
Few civilians felt the impact of the war
London was one of the few cities in Europe that was not bombed.
The United States suffered more losses than any other Allied country.
More people were killed in World War II than any other war in history.
Giving an example to Soviet war criminals
Judging Nazi leaders for their actions and order
Passing a death sentence against Hitler
Holding the German people accountable for the war
True of False:
It was the goal of the Truman Doctrine was to contain communism expansion throughout the world.
A. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union improved
B. The Bay of Pigs invasion finally ended the standoff.
C. The United States announced a blockade of Cuba
D. The Soviet Union and the United States narrowly avoided nuclear war
1.) Where did millions of farmers in Latin America migrate to as a result of Industrialization?
The United States
Cities in Latin America
The Andes mountains
2.) What happened in Latin America as a result of urbanization?
Many poor people got wealthier
Massive slums grew up around the cities
Unemployment rose in the cities
B and C
3.) Which of these did NOT prompt the U.S. to intervene in Latin America during the Cold War?
Allende’s rise in Chile
Sandinista Control of Nicaragua
Civil War in El Salvador
War between Mexico and Honduras
When I was dictator of Chile, people had very little political freedom. Who am I?
1) Used the “Great Leap Forward” to modernize and increase industrial productivity
2) Suffers from widespread poverty even after achieving independence from Britain in 1947 3) Faces religious extremism thanks to its conservative Muslim majority A. PAKISTAN B. INDIA C. CHINA
Some colonial powers promoted this in certain African nations, leading to peaceful transitions to independence:____________________
Nelson Mandela used his imprisonment to end apartheid in this country: ______________________
Religion led to revolution in this country, when the Shah was overthrown in 1979: ___________________
In response to the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, the U.S. invaded Iraq and later this country: ________________
1.) Which of the following is an argument AGAINST free trade between countries (no import/export taxes)?
A. It causes many people to lose their jobs
B. It encourages outsourcing of jobs overseas
C. It can limit environmental protection measures
D. All of the above
2.) According to most scientists, what is the LEADING cause of air pollution in the World Today: (Circle the one you think is the correct answer) Nuclear Power Plants Chemical Waste Carbon Emissions (cars) Coal Factories