Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns Clayton Christensen and Michael Horn
Disruptive Innovation Theory Customers’ needs tend to be stable Companies improve their products Most innovations improve products for current customers Some sustaining innovations represent dramatic breakthroughs
Online Course Revolution Just as digital textbooks grew first in colleges, online course growth has preceded growth in K-12.
Online Learning When were online courses invented?
Online Correspondence 1728 Boston Gazette Ad Teacher seeking students with lessons mailed weekly
A Long Evolution Correspondence Courses Distance Learning (satellite) courses Instructional Learning Systems 1999: Florida Virtual School
Online Course Growth Allan & Seaman/Sloan Consortium Class Differences: Online Education in the United States, 2010
Students Learning Online 2002: 1.6 million students 9.6% of enrollment 2005: 3.2 million students 18% of enrollment 2009: 5.6 million students 29% of enrollment Online learning increases by 20% each year
75% believe that online courses are as good or better than face-to-face instruction. 60% of academic leaders believe that there is increasing competition for online students in higher education. Comparing Learning Outcomes
Survey of Online Learning Preparedness, 2010 Education Week/Blackboard
Survey Demographics August 2010 9400 responses, across all district sizes, and states 18% from Superintendents and Asst. Superintendents 12% from Directors of Curriculum or Instruction
Students are NOT able to take all the courses they want. “lack of available staff”
Students need personalized pacingStudents need more learning time outside school
Students need additional or alternative credit recovery opportunities
Your district meets students online learning needs Denial
Your districts wants to deliver courses virtually
Only non-consumers like the menu at the Disruptive Innovation restaurant
Project Tomorrow Why are Students choosing online courses?
Why are Students Choosing Online Courses? Earn college credit Work at my own pace Class not offered at my school Complete HS requirements Better fits my schedule
Online Course Non-Consumers Orphan Courses AP anything / World languages Independent Study Credit Recovery College Credit Summer School Home School
Disrupting Class @ Online Courses 2013: Tipping point 2019: 50% of all
The US Market for Self-paced eLearning Products and Services: 2010-2015 Forecast and Analysis Ambient Insight Summary posted at T.H.E. Journal
Product Substitution When consumers begin buying the disruption instead of the original product.
K12.com Courses Math English History Science World Languages Electives
K.12 Math Courses Math Foundations Algebra I & II Geometry Pre-Calculus/Trig AP Calculus AP Statistics Independent Study $30/month Teacher-supported $375/semester
Virtual charter school 10, district sponsored charter schools around CA. Curriculum provided by K12.com California Virtual Academy
California’s Virtual Academies >50 CA Virtual Schools 2010/11 enrollment: 20,000 students $120,000,000 ADA lost
Will Online Courses Put K-12 Schools Out of Business?
Stock Price January 1999 – January 2011 The Kodak Slide 1999: $63/share 1/2002: iPhoto Released 1/2011: $5.50/Share This could be the trend line for your ADA the next 12 years. 92% decrease over 12 years
Established vs. Disruptive Digital cameras destroyed Polaroid, Fuji, and nearly Kodak. Charter school competition. Online Schools- State-led Virtual Schools w/o boundaries.
7K Students / No Teacher 54 schools & 7,000 students Virtual Classrooms/e-learning labs 40 students. One class “facilitator.” Curriculum from Florida Virtual School
Play to your strengths But prepare for the future. What do you offer that online schools/courses can’t? Non-consumer students at your school Offer online courses that meet your students’ needs.
The Rise of K-12 Blended Learning January 2011 Michael Horn & Heather Staker
Blended Learning Only 10% of students will join virtual schools. Blended learning (blended/hybrid) will dominate Six probable models
Six Blended Models 1. Face-to Face Driver Face-to-face teachers deliver most of the courses. Teacher utilizes online learning on a case-by-case basis to supplement or remediate. 2. Rotation Students rotate on a fixed schedule between online learning and face-to-face.
Six Blended Models 3. Flex Online platform delivers most of the curriculum. Teachers provide on-site support as-needed. 4. Online Lab Online platform delivers the entire course. Paraprofessionals supervise.
Six Blended Models 5. Self-Blend Students choose to take one or more courses online to supplement the school’s catalog. 6. Online Driver An online platform and remote teacher delivers all the curricula. Students work remotely.
The Rise of K-12 Blended Learning Online learning has the potential to be a disruptive force that will transform … America’s schools into a new model that is student-centric, highly personalized for each learner, and more productive… Michael Horn
10 Reasons Why Students Prefer Learning Online Virtual School Symposium Panel
10 Reasons I can sleep in. I can pursue my passions. I can focus on my work without distractions from my classmates. I can move at my own pace. I don’t have to compete to share my thoughts and ideas.
I can take more interesting classes. I can learn with a schedule that meets my needs. I can learn despite health issues that might get in a way of a traditional class setting. I can easily communicate with my teacher when I need to. I can easily communicate with my classmates whenever I want. 10 Reasons