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Wearable EnergySources 
For IEEE Wearable Technology 
-Seminar and Tabletop Exposition 
-Materials perspective
I. Wearable Energy Theory 
II. Wearable Energy Technology 
III. Wearable Energy Application 
IV. Conclusion 
Today’s Agenda
Source: Rutherford’s planetary model of the atom 
Planetary model of the atom with nucleusandelectrons 
Wearable Energy Th...
Electron size comparison 
Proton (+) 
Electron (-) 
Wearable Energy Theory
Schrödinger’s Cat (SchrödingersKatze) 
Wearable Energy Theory
Electric Volt and Ampere 
1 Amp 
(-) 
(+) 
1 Volt 
1 A/h 
Wearable Energy Theory 
(Quantity) 
(Power)
Wearable Energy Technology 
Super Capacitor 
Long 
life span 
Quick 
Charge/ 
Discharge 
Environment 
Friendly 
Stability ...
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
- 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ 
+ ...
Vertically Aligned Graphene Oxide Electrode Film for Supercapacity 
Wearable Energy Technology 
Source: http://www.busines...
Battery Supply Chain 
Materials 
Form Factor 
Process 
Battery Names 
BatteryCategory 
Packaging type 
•Lead 
•Ni-Cd 
•Lit...
Mixing 
Mixing 
Coating 
Pressing 
Slitting 
Coating 
Pressing 
Slitting 
Cathode(+) 
Anode (-) 
Winding 
Assembly 
Inspec...
Physical cell 
Chemical cell 
Solar cell 
Primary cell 
Secondary cell 
Fuel cell 
Lithium 
Alkali 
Li-Mn 
Alkaline-Mn 
Li...
Basic functionality of Lithium-ion Battery 
Wearable Energy Technology
Basic structure of rechargeable battery 
Wearable Energy Technology
Basic Battery Type 1 
Wearable Energy Technology
Basic form factor of Battery 2 
Wearable Energy Technology
•Highly electropositive(so higher voltage is obtained depending upon the cathode used) 
•High electrochemical equivalence ...
Wearable Energy Technology 
Why thin and long lasting battery is difficult to make?
Wearable Energy Technology 
EV drive range and EV battery weight 
Source: http://janderson99.hubpages.com/hub/How-to-Make-...
Schematic diagrams of the different Li anode structures 
Interconnected hollow carbon nanospheresfor stable Li metal anode...
Wearable Energy Technology 
Is Graphene ultimate materials for battery?
Wearable Energy Technology 
Is Graphene able to bemass-produced? 
Graphite 
Acid solution 
Oxidant 
Preprocessing 
Continu...
Wearable Energy Technology 
Sources of Energy Harvesting 
Source: http://wonderfulengineering.com/german-engineer-makes-a-...
DC/AC Generator 
Piezoelectric 
Transducer 
Capacitive 
Transducer 
Induction Coil 
& magnet 
Antenna / 
Rectenna 
Inducti...
Wearable Energy Technology 
Kinetic Energy Harvesting
Wearable Energy Technology 
Thermal Energy Harvesting
Wearable Energy Technology 
RectennaEnergy Harvesting
Hybrid Energy Storage system with Fuel Cell, Battery & Supercapacitor 
Wearable Energy Application: Super-capacity
Flexible pouch type battery and Roll to Roll battery cloth 
Wearable Energy Application: Super-capacity 
Source : http://w...
Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting 
Vibration chip called iMOOVchip is powered by piezoelectric generator. 
Vi...
Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting 
Intelligent Thermostatic Radiator Valve using Thermoelectric Energy Harves...
Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting 
Wireless charging system using RectennaEnergy Harvesting 
Source: Ossia 
S...
Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting 
Solar Bikini Smart phone battery charger 
Source: http://www.actnergroup.c...
Conclusion 
Economy of scale is very important to any wearable energy source 
Source: GelonLIB Group
Conclusion 
Both S/W and H/W need to be optimized to support longer battery life span
Conclusion 
Scientists need to focus more on their research not on some PR stuff
Conclusion 
New break through technology is urgently required. 
Source: http://venturebeat.com/2013/11/06/samsungs-promise...
Tel: 408-519-2267 
eMail: jayhah7@gmail.com 
Skype: jayhah7 
3003 N.1stStreet, Suite 221 
San Jose, CA95134, USA 
Questions?
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Wearable Energy Sources

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Various energy sources for wearable and IoT has been covered and explained.
Super-capacitor, Secondary cell and energy harvesting technology has been explained here. Thin film battery, Piezo electric energy harvesting, wireless charging and other technology has been explained.

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Transcript of "Wearable Energy Sources"

  1. 1. Wearable EnergySources For IEEE Wearable Technology -Seminar and Tabletop Exposition -Materials perspective
  2. 2. I. Wearable Energy Theory II. Wearable Energy Technology III. Wearable Energy Application IV. Conclusion Today’s Agenda
  3. 3. Source: Rutherford’s planetary model of the atom Planetary model of the atom with nucleusandelectrons Wearable Energy Theory
  4. 4. Electron size comparison Proton (+) Electron (-) Wearable Energy Theory
  5. 5. Schrödinger’s Cat (SchrödingersKatze) Wearable Energy Theory
  6. 6. Electric Volt and Ampere 1 Amp (-) (+) 1 Volt 1 A/h Wearable Energy Theory (Quantity) (Power)
  7. 7. Wearable Energy Technology Super Capacitor Long life span Quick Charge/ Discharge Environment Friendly Stability High- Capacity/ Output •Support million charges •Very long life span •Non-explosive •Carbon materials •Quick charge using surface absorption •Higher than regular capacitor •Higher than secondary cell
  8. 8. + + + + + + + + + + + + - - - - - - - - - - + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - + + + + + + + + + + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Activated Carbon Electrolyte Separator How Super Capacitor Works Wearable Energy Technology CHARGED DISCHARGED
  9. 9. Vertically Aligned Graphene Oxide Electrode Film for Supercapacity Wearable Energy Technology Source: http://www.businesskorea.co.kr/article/4156/supercapacitor-tech-electric-vehicles-be-charged-1000-times-faster
  10. 10. Battery Supply Chain Materials Form Factor Process Battery Names BatteryCategory Packaging type •Lead •Ni-Cd •Lithium ion •Lithium Polymer •Lithium Metal Hydro …. •Physical cell -Solar Cell •Chemical Cell -Primary -Secondary -Fuel Cell •Cylindrical •Pouch •Prismatic •Thin film B to B B to C Wearable Energy Technology
  11. 11. Mixing Mixing Coating Pressing Slitting Coating Pressing Slitting Cathode(+) Anode (-) Winding Assembly Inspection Packaging Stirring Forming Pressing Slitting Separator Component Production Process Assembly Process Battery Production Process Wearable Energy Technology
  12. 12. Physical cell Chemical cell Solar cell Primary cell Secondary cell Fuel cell Lithium Alkali Li-Mn Alkaline-Mn Lithium Alkali Acid Li-ion Li-metal Ni-Cd Li-Zn Li-MH PbSO Li-polimer Battery category types Wearable Energy Technology
  13. 13. Basic functionality of Lithium-ion Battery Wearable Energy Technology
  14. 14. Basic structure of rechargeable battery Wearable Energy Technology
  15. 15. Basic Battery Type 1 Wearable Energy Technology
  16. 16. Basic form factor of Battery 2 Wearable Energy Technology
  17. 17. •Highly electropositive(so higher voltage is obtained depending upon the cathode used) •High electrochemical equivalence •High capacity (3.82Ah/g) and energy density (1470Wh/Kg) Good conducting agent(Good at transport electron) •Good mechanical stability(low density of lithium metal (0.534g/cc) •Ease of fabrication/compact design Why Lithium-XXX Battery? Wearable Energy Technology
  18. 18. Wearable Energy Technology Why thin and long lasting battery is difficult to make?
  19. 19. Wearable Energy Technology EV drive range and EV battery weight Source: http://janderson99.hubpages.com/hub/How-to-Make-Electric-Cars-Hydrogen-Cars-and-Plug-In-Hybrid-Electric-Vehicles-Successful#
  20. 20. Schematic diagrams of the different Li anode structures Interconnected hollow carbon nanospheresfor stable Li metal anodes Wearable Energy Technology Source: http://www.extremetech.com/computing/186952-stanford-creates-holy-grail-lithium-battery-could-triple-smartphone-and-ev-battery-life SEI :Solid electrolyte interface
  21. 21. Wearable Energy Technology Is Graphene ultimate materials for battery?
  22. 22. Wearable Energy Technology Is Graphene able to bemass-produced? Graphite Acid solution Oxidant Preprocessing Continuous Oxide Graphene reactor Source: http://English.etnews.com/device/2956730_1304.html
  23. 23. Wearable Energy Technology Sources of Energy Harvesting Source: http://wonderfulengineering.com/german-engineer-makes-a-free-energy-harvesting-device/
  24. 24. DC/AC Generator Piezoelectric Transducer Capacitive Transducer Induction Coil & magnet Antenna / Rectenna Induction Coil Photovoltaic Cell Thermoelectric Element Electrochemical Reaction Water flow Wind Compressed Gasses Energy Harvesting Devices Mechanical Vibration Mechanical Vibration Mechanical Vibration Radio waves Solar Radiation Microwave radiation Power Transmission lines Solar Radiation Artificial lighting Thermal Reservoir Autophagous Structure battery Autophagous Structure-power combustion Wearable Energy Technology Energy Harvesting devices
  25. 25. Wearable Energy Technology Kinetic Energy Harvesting
  26. 26. Wearable Energy Technology Thermal Energy Harvesting
  27. 27. Wearable Energy Technology RectennaEnergy Harvesting
  28. 28. Hybrid Energy Storage system with Fuel Cell, Battery & Supercapacitor Wearable Energy Application: Super-capacity
  29. 29. Flexible pouch type battery and Roll to Roll battery cloth Wearable Energy Application: Super-capacity Source : http://www.flexelinc.com/products.html
  30. 30. Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting Vibration chip called iMOOVchip is powered by piezoelectric generator. Vibrating sports shoes powered by piezoelectric power generator
  31. 31. Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting Intelligent Thermostatic Radiator Valve using Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting Wireless Thermostatic Radiator valve working With intelligent home thermostats
  32. 32. Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting Wireless charging system using RectennaEnergy Harvesting Source: Ossia Source: humavox
  33. 33. Wearable Energy Application: Energy Harvesting Solar Bikini Smart phone battery charger Source: http://www.actnergroup.com/wearable/wearable-clothing-device/
  34. 34. Conclusion Economy of scale is very important to any wearable energy source Source: GelonLIB Group
  35. 35. Conclusion Both S/W and H/W need to be optimized to support longer battery life span
  36. 36. Conclusion Scientists need to focus more on their research not on some PR stuff
  37. 37. Conclusion New break through technology is urgently required. Source: http://venturebeat.com/2013/11/06/samsungs-promises-devices-with-foldable-displays-by-2015-tries-to-make-fonblet-a-thing/
  38. 38. Tel: 408-519-2267 eMail: jayhah7@gmail.com Skype: jayhah7 3003 N.1stStreet, Suite 221 San Jose, CA95134, USA Questions?
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