General introduction to Open Source

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A general introduction on Open Source, presented at #foras, april 2009 in Schoten (Antwerp, Belgium). Audience were mainly computer illiterates, but highly educated.

A general introduction on Open Source, presented at #foras, april 2009 in Schoten (Antwerp, Belgium). Audience were mainly computer illiterates, but highly educated.

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  • 1. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! What is Open Source? Bart Van Loon 2nd April 2009
  • 2. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! The next 45 minutes. . . Open Source 1 What is it? Background and History Why use it? How to use it? Legal Framework 2 Open Source Licenses Similarities with commercial licenses Differences with commercial licenses Open Source around you 3 Europe Belgium Schoten
  • 3. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Who am I? Bart Van Loon 1989 – 1999: lived in Schoten 2003: introduced to Open Source 2005: studied Computer Science, Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence 2006: started first company (Picture by Pitslamp.be)
  • 4. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Zeropoint.IT facilitates software development outsourcing to Pakistan strong focus on Open Source software and philosophy international company, running for 99% on Open Source infrastructure
  • 5. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! What is it? Open Source Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it’s a. . . Kind of Technology? Movement? Software Distribution Model? Business Model? Software License Property?
  • 6. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! What is it? Open Source Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it’s a. . . Kind of Technology? Movement? Software Distribution Model? Business Model? Software License Property!
  • 7. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Background and History Some History Once upon a time. . . 1984: GNU project of Richard Stallman at MIT 1985: start of Free Software Foundation 1991: First release of Linux kernel by Linus Torvalds 1993: Development of sourceforge.net 1994: Red Hat is founded (commercial support and distribution of GNU/Linux) 1995: Community starts on Apache Web server 1998: Term “Open Source” is coined
  • 8. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Background and History Background FLOSS? Confusion about the name: Free Software.
  • 9. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Background and History Background FLOSS? Confusion about the name: Free Software. Free <vs> Free ?
  • 10. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Background and History Background FLOSS? Confusion about the name: Free Software. Free <vs> Free ? It’s about Freedom ⇒ Libre!
  • 11. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Background and History Background FLOSS? Confusion about the name: Free Software. Free <vs> Free ? It’s about Freedom ⇒ Libre! or was it “Open Source”?
  • 12. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Background and History Background FLOSS? Confusion about the name: Free Software. Free <vs> Free ? It’s about Freedom ⇒ Libre! or was it “Open Source”? FLOSS: Free/Libre/Open Source Software
  • 13. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Why use it? Why use Open Source? (from a user’s perspective) It’s all about freedom! Use 1 Study 2 Modify 3 Distribute 4
  • 14. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! How to use it? How to use Open Source Nobody is telling you what to do! Hire a professional! You have the freedom to choose the best one. . . and to change your mind afterwards.
  • 15. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Open Source Licenses Open Source Licenses The ten commandments Open source doesn’t just mean access to the source code. Free Redistribution 1 Source Code 2 Derived Works 3 Integrity of The Author’s Source Code 4 No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups 5 No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor 6 Distribution of License 7 License Must Not Be Specific to a Product 8 License Must Not Restrict Other Software 9 License Must Be Technology-Neutral 10
  • 16. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Open Source Licenses Open Source Licenses Two big families BSD GPL four freedoms four freedoms obligation to ensure gives you the right to that these four things decide what rights to hold true for the next bundle with the person you give it to software “viral” “freeer”
  • 17. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Similarities with commercial licenses What’s the same? A lot! Respect for ownership It’s all about granting and retaining rights Governed by the same laws! Sometimes they just don’t fit
  • 18. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Differences with commercial licenses What’s the same? A lot! Different goal: copyleft Developers invented it No acceptance procedures
  • 19. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Europe Open Source in Europe It’s all over the place! Big governments try “The European Commission is placing open standards and open-source software at the centre of its efforts to promote interoperable e-government services with a new working paper introduced this month.” — ZDNet Small governments do “Nearly half of European local government bodies are using open source software while nearly a third don’t know that they are using open source at all.” — The Register
  • 20. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Belgium Open Source in Belgium From the federal government to a huge conference Open Standards for the future From September 2008 onwards, all document exchanges within the services of the Belgian Government will have to be in an open, standard format. Only ODF is accepted as such a standard. FOSDEM “5000+ geeks, 200+ lectures, 2 days, 0 e” Profoss “Profoss wants to give a good idea of the whole ICT market and let you compare traditional solutions to open source solutions. We take a pragmatic look at the market, and you get the information you need!”
  • 21. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Schoten Open Source in Schoten Jan Verlinden is the man! Didn’t go unnoticed “Schoten adopted open source software within its server IT environment and replaced numerous proprietary applications. According to the municipality, the migration was a big success. Due to the new server environment, Schoten could not only reduce related IT expenses but also increase productivity and operation ability.” — OSOR An example for governments around the world. “Wie smaalt over het kwakkelende opensource-project van de Duitse stad M¨nchen kan u voor een klinkend tegenvoorbeeld dichter bij huis terecht, in Schoten met name” — Zea Partners And we’re not the only ones proud of it.
  • 22. Outline Who am I? Open Source Legal Framework Open Source around you Please contact me! Contact me Why not? Bart Van Loon bart@zeropoint.it (+32) 472/94.14.34 blog: http://bbbart.eu/blog twitter: @b b b a r t