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D Day D Day Presentation Transcript

  • D-Day
  • Operation Overlord
    • General Dwight D. Eisenhower was selected to be the commander of the operation
    • Operation entailed “landing nine divisions of sea and airborne troops, over 150,000 men, along a 50-mile stretch of coast in 24 hours”
  • June 6, 1944
    • D-Day was the term used for the day an operation or attack was to be initiated
    • June 5, 1944 was the original date for D-Day
    • A storm that arose on the English Channel threatened the operation so it was postponed until June 6, 1944.
    View slide
  • The Airborne
    • Mission: to confuse the Germans, protect the flanks of troops coming ashore, secure beach exits and capture certain targets
    • Over 20,000 men
    • American Airborne landed behind Omaha beach
    • British Airborne landed behind sword beach
    View slide
  • Air forces
    • 11,000 air craft were part of Operation Overlord
    • Over 1,000 air crafts flew directly over the convoys
    • Bombers targeted supply lines bridges, etc.
    • Right before troops landed, 10,000 tons of bombs and 5,000 artillery rounds (35 minutes) were dropped on German positions
  •  
  • Utah
    • 6:30 am the attack began on Utah beach
    • First wave ended up 2,000 yards south of initial landing point because of strong currents
    • Approximately 200 casualties
  • Omaha
    • Wide sandy beach
    • Cliffs at each end of beach
    • Fortified bluff behind the beach
    • 32 out of 36 amphibious tanks sank off shore
    • Many soldiers were killed waiting to get off boats or coming onto the beach
    • -----
    • Navy destroyers moved close to shore
    • Officers organized mixed companies
    Omaha “… I became a visitor to hell.” --Pfc. Harry Parley, 116th Infantry Regiment, US 29th Division
  • Pointe du Hoc
    • U.S. Army Rangers
    • Elite soldiers
    • Trained to accomplish an amphibious landing, scale the cliffs, and destroy battery
    • 50 % casualties
  • Pointe du Hoc
  • Sword
    • British Division
    • Smooth landing
    • City of Caen – D-day Objective
    • Remained in German control for weeks
  • Gold
    • British 50 th Division
    • "It was absolutely like clockwork” -Lt. Pat Blamey, British 50th Division, Gold Beach
  • Juno
    • Canadian 3 rd Division
    • Rough seas
    • 1/3 landing craft destroyed
    • Approximately 1300 casualties
  •  
  • Sources
    • The National World War II Museum
      • http://www.nationalww2museum.org/education/history_dday.html
    • The National D-Day Museum
      • http://www.dday.org/index.php?page=whatitmean
      • http://www.old-picture.com/defining-moments/pictures/Eisenhower-Paratroopers-D-Day.jpg
      • http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/f?fsaall,app,brum,detr,swann,look,gottscho,pan,horyd,genthe,var,cai,cd,hh,yan,bbcards,lomax,ils,prok,brhc,nclc,matpc,iucpub,tgmi,lamb:80:./temp/~pp_D4FZ
      • http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-eur/normandy/nor4o.htm
      • http://www.france-for-visitors.com
      • http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/st/~mdoms/map.html
      • http://home.planet.nl/~monique.schilders/capa2.html
      • http://www.britannica.com/ebc/art/print?id=40392&articleTypeId=1
      • http://warchronicle.com/canadian_third_div/historiantales_wwii/cpow.jpg
      • www.cyclingrevealed.com