Table of Contents<br />Abstact<br />History<br />What is Electricity<br />Dangers of Electricity<br />Causes of Electrical Mishaps<br />Safety Procedures<br />Works Cited<br />
Abstract<br />The purpose of this report is to outline the importance of electrical safety by giving examples of unsafe electrical practices and their effects. <br />This report will also show proper procedures when dealing with electricity and the importance of protective equipment. <br />
History<br />Man’s fascination with electricity can be traced back to the early 1700’s<br />Electrical engineering is now the largest branch of the engineering field. <br />Electricity is now a major part of everyday life<br />
What is Electricity<br />Electricity is a group of negatively charged electrons<br />In order for electricity to flow it requires a circuit<br />The flow of electrons is called current<br />That flow is caused by voltage<br />
Dangers of Electricity<br />Effects of Current in the Human Body<br />.001 amperes is enough to cause a slight shock<br />.1 amperes if held for more than a second can be fatal<br />From 1982 – 1994 electrocutions were the fifth leading cause of workplace fatalities.<br />
Causes of Electrical Mishaps<br />Electrical overloads<br />A larger current exists than was intended for the conductor<br />Electrical Shorts<br />A current is provided an alternate path than the one that was designed in the circuit<br /> The alternate path can not handle the amount of current passing through it<br />
Safety Procedures<br />Always wear proper safety equipment<br />Gear that acts as an insulator<br /> Never handle electricity when wet<br />Replace or repair equipment that is not functioning properly<br />Ensure equipment is properly grounded<br />Use surge protectors, fuses and circuit breakers to protect against shorts and overloads<br />
Works Cited<br />Boylestad, Robert L. Introductory Circuit Analysis. 11thed.New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007<br />Dunsheath P. A History of Electrical Engineering. London: Faber 1962<br />“Lack of Ground-Fault Protection”. United States Department of Labor.<http://www.osha.gov<br /> /SLTC/etools/construction/electrical_incidents/<br /> ground_faults.html><br />Fundamentals of Engineering Technology. Illinois: Schoolcraft Publishing, 2005<br /> “Work Deaths by Electrocution”. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). May 29 2009. <http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/doc/98-131/><br />
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