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Planning Sustainability In A Rural Environment

Planning Sustainability In A Rural Environment



Presented by Dick Carver and Bill Ferraro of the Bayfield Plan Commission

Presented by Dick Carver and Bill Ferraro of the Bayfield Plan Commission



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    Planning Sustainability In A Rural Environment Planning Sustainability In A Rural Environment Presentation Transcript

    • Planning Sustainability in a Rural Environment Our Experiences with the Town of Bayfield Comprehensive Plan
    • The State of Wisconsin Statute
      • Section 66.1001 of the Wisconsin Statutes requires Municipalities to adopt a Comprehensive Plan by January 1, 2010 or be subject to such a plan as defined by the next higher body of government which has adopted such a Plan.
    • The Comprehensive Plan contains nine mandatory elements
      • Issues and Opportunities
      • Housing
      • Utilities and Community Facilities
      • Agricultural, Cultural and National Resources
      • Economic Development
      • Intergovernmental Cooperation
      • Land Use
      • Transportation
      • Implementation
    • Our Process
      • Form a Planning Committee (appointed by Town Chairman)
        • public participation
        • conduct surveys
        • conduct public meetings
        • support the democratic process
          • Utilizing a “red dot process” determine priorities
        • seek to achieve actionable compromise
        • Write a plan conforming to these inputs
        • Present the proposed Plan for adoption by the Town Board
    • The Town of Bayfield is A Rural Environment
      • Widely distributed population
      • Agrarian and Tourism economy
      • Long distance transportation of goods
      • Limited public transportation
      • Limited public sanitary services
      • Limited financial assets
    • Sustainability for the Town of Bayfield primarily involves preserving and protecting our agrarian economy, farmlands and maintaining that which attracts tourism; Lake Superior, rural ambiance and the environment
    • Comprehensive Plan Objectives
    • Comprehensive Plan Objectives
      • T1: Complete an objective study of how current modes of public transportation, which access the area, might be improved and of the feasibility of expanding access by the addition of new ones.
    • Comprehensive Plan Objectives:
      • T7: Explore options for public transportation within the Town.
        • Task 1: Survey Town residents to determine what types of public transportation are needed. Contact and work with BART to determine feasibility of additional services…
    • We have accomplished:
      • Established a dialogue with the Bay Area Rural Transit system (BART) to increase transportation in the area and to provide modes of local transportation
    • Sustainability Objectives
      • UCF2 Task 3: Work cooperatively with the Pikes Bay Sanitary Commission in order to facilitate necessary sanitary services in balance with preservation and economic development needs of the Town
      • H-1,Task 1: Encourage cluster developments with shared wells and septic systems. Provide for more liberal utilization of B&B’s, rental rooms and other scattered site residential opportunities for seasonal employees.
      • H-3 Task 2: Set standards for the manufactured home park development to ensure compatibility with the rural character and natural resources of the Town.
    • We have achieved:
      • Cooperation with the Pikes Bay Sanitary District so that services are provided to greater density populations but sanitary lines avoid areas in agricultural use; preserving it as farmland
      • We are currently developing affordable housing programs
    • More Sustainability Objectives
      • H-4: Seek energy efficiencies in all new construction.
        • Task 1: Encourage developers to consider the most efficient use of renewable energy in new and existing housing
        • Task 2: Develop a list of available resources on sustainable energy
        • Task 3: Encourage L.E.E.D. certifications (referred to as “Green House” guidelines)
    • We have accomplished
      • A Business Park development, currently with one Tenant, World Class Manufacturing in a building built with energy efficiencies and green objectives for the property.
    • An example of “planting an idea”
      • We have Solar power contractors active in the Town. Some farms and residences are entirely “off the power grid” while many others have installed PV electrical and Hot Water Solar systems that contribute to energy savings and reduce the carbon footprint
      • In cooperation with Bayfield County two potential wind power turbine locations are being evaluated
    • More Sustainability Objectives
      • NR 1: Encourage more sensitive forestry practices, especially near scenic corridors and within ¼ mile of wetlands, streams and lakeshores…
        • Task 1: Prepare a map showing the areas identified as scenic sites…
        • Task 2: Identify and clearly designate wetlands…
        • Task 3: Maintain the quality of our groundwater…
    • Additional NR1 Tasks
        • Task 4: Establish vegetation controls and recommendations that provide management of rainwater runoff and prevent erosion…
        • Task 5: Identify areas appropriate for protected open space, scenic view corridors and roadside parking areas accessible to scenic views.
        • Task 6: Identify Natural Resources and wildlife or vegetation which should be priorities for preservation.
    • We have accomplished:
      • Steps to preserve and improve waterways and river deltas
      • Non-motorized paths, particularly along the Lake Superior shoreline
      • ATV and Snowmobile paths established in areas suitable for them
    • We have accomplished:
      • Steps to maintain and improve highways and byways
      • A limited number of lakeside residents have established “rain gardens” to control stormwater runoff
      • The Pikes Bay Sanitary District plant utilizes the latest technology in effluent water disposal and exceeds DNR and Great Lakes water purity standards
    • Eco Municipality
      • In conjunction with other Towns and Cities in the Chequamegon Bay area, we have adopted an “Eco Municipality Resolution” which facilitated our participation in joint programs to preserve the lakeshore and coastal littoral, as well as promoting good practices by our Town residents.
    • More Sustainability Objectives
      • AR1: Focus the farmland preservation by clearly identifying areas in need of preservation because of their visibility as farm lands.
        • Task 1: Continue the funding for the Purchase of Development Rights Program. Explore additional means of raising the necessary capital to financed the program…
    • Additional AR1 Tasks
        • Task 2: Distinguish between prime farmland identified for grain crops and grasses, as compares to Orchard and Berry farmlands
        • Task 3: Encourage the application of the Farm Law (823.08 WI Stat.) and ensure appropriate buffer zones between agricultural use and residential use of land.
    • More Sustainability Objectives
      • AR 2: Protect farmland from subdivision and development.
        • Task 1: Continue the Purchase of Development Rights Program…
        • Task 2: Explore and implement other means of protecting farmland, such as open space zoning, performance zoning, conservation design subdivision and planned unit developments.
    • We have accomplished:
      • Four farms in the Town are in the Farmland Preservation program
      • They have sold development rights and are now primarily for use as farmland
      • Berry farms and Apple Orchards are an essential part of the Town of Bayfield economy
    • Additional Objectives
      • CR1: Support efforts to manage waterways, water resources and wetlands along the shore of Lake Superior
        • Task 1: Limit clearing and construction on designated erosion prone coastal areas
        • Task 2: Seek to manage and, where possible, retain on site storm runoff and floodwaters.
        • Task 3: Maintain vegetation in coastal ravines and river/stream deltas
    • Additional Objectives
      • IG1: Establish regular communications and build a spirit of cooperation for solving development and infrastructure problems with the governments of neighboring communities as well as with Bayfield County.
    • Three Change Processes That Work
      • Change brought about Concrete Results
      • Change occurred systematically, that is, throughout all or several functional areas
      • Change became institutionalized as part of the ongoing official policies of municipal government
      • *The Natural Step, Torbjorn Lahti/Sarah James
    • The Natural Step Model
      • Reduce dependence upon fossil fuels, extracted underground metals and minerals
      • Reduce dependence on chemicals and other manufactured substances that can accumulate in nature
      • Reduce dependence on activities that harm life-sustaining ecosystems
      • Meet the hierarchy of human needs fairly and efficiently
      • *American Planning Association
    • Next Steps
      • The Town of Bayfield, in accordance with the Wisconsin Statutes, will undertake a “five year revision” to the Comprehensive Plan in 2010. In preparation we have:
        • Reviewed current progress (and any errors)
        • Established a “short list” of items we want to complete in 2009
        • Begun a plan for completing the original planning steps, in more abbreviated form, pursuant to writing a revised Comprehensive Plan
        • We will then commence another five year period pursuing objectives
    • In Summary
      • Patience
        • Absent a “top down” social system for funding and direction toward greater sustainability, we have found it necessary to motivate businesses, government entities and NGOs in order to gain adoption and enthusiasm toward Sustainability. This requires patience.
      • Public Involvement
        • Throughout the process of adopting and executing the Plan, we have found it helpful and necessary to promote public involvement.
    • Questions and Answers
    • Thank you for your interest and participation