Historical Research in Education


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The 1st session of the presentation clarifies the necessary background concept to understand Historical Research.

The 2nd Session touches the procedures to the stages, sources, collection of data, analyzing them and writing a legit report on the whole research.

The whole presentation is designed to create a link between ancient educational practices and how the old practices influence our education today, in other words, how today's education is reformed through a transformation from a very early time.

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Historical Research in Education

  1. 1. PRESENTATION ONHISTORICAL EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH INTRODUCTION TO EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH COURSE CODE: PC 125 GROUP 5 Asif Bayezid 09 145 (15th Batch) Institute of Education and Research University of Dhaka.
  2. 2. Session 1:The Background Concepts
  3. 3. The ears of a boy are on his back,He hears only when he is beaten.
  4. 4. Boyhood Adolescence Tertiary Manhood
  5. 5. How actually do we know these information/ facts?Is it from history?So, does history mean...Inquiry into the past to establishwhat has actually happened ...?? History is a branch of LEARNING that studies the RECORDS OF PAST EVENTS...
  6. 6. What is Historical Context?Today’s indivual’s behavior is shaped by.. SOCIAL ECONOMICAL PHYSICAL & POLITICAL PSYCHOL LOGICAL
  7. 7. What is Historical Context? Past Conditions Influence Present
  8. 8. Why Study the Past?To explore and to study the change andtransformation that the society undergoes.“The past if it canbe located,contains thekey to thepresent.” G. B.Shaw
  9. 9. Research>>>Process of steps to collectand analyzeinformation to increase understanding Of a topic or issue.
  10. 10. Educational Research...Helps educators understand problems or issues through the accumulation of knowledge.
  11. 11. Educational Research... Improve practices Focus attention on important policy issues discussed and debated by decision makers
  12. 12. Qualitative Research...Designed to explorehuman elements Of a given topic Where specific methods are used to examine How individuals see and experience the world.
  13. 13. Qualitative Research...Opposite of QUANTITATIVE REASEARCH Qualitative Quantitative Finds answer to Finds answer to WHY? WHO? WHAT?
  14. 14. Session 2:The Core Discussion Historical Research...
  15. 15. Stages of Historical Research...1. Identify a researchable phenomenon 2. Developing Hypotheses3. Collection of Data 4. Check and Verify 5. Writing of the Report
  16. 16. Data Collection... -Witness in trial More than a simple search for facts about the HISTORICAL STORY Interprets MEANING OF EVENTS base on AVAILABLE/ SURVIVING DATA
  17. 17. Primary Sources... First-hand accounts of an event or time in history that has yet to be interpreted by another person.-diaries, journals, letters,interviews, speeches,memos, manuscripts -official -memoirs and records autobiographies - -minutes, -photographs, reports paintings, film
  18. 18. Example of Primary Source... Transcripts of* Written in Latin* Translated in Englishand other languages* Available on theInternet* Verified by FrenchHistorical Experts
  19. 19. Secondary Sources...scholarly books or articles that are based onprimary source data and analyze, critique,report, summarize, interpret, or restructurethat data. reference books Reviews, such as textbooks encyclopedias, handbooks most magazine most and journal scholarly articles books
  20. 20. Example of Secondary Source... Diary of Anne Frank * 1st Person experience of the WW2 * Contains Valuable perspectives for Historians today * Persecution that did not exist in Official Documents.
  21. 21. Types of Historical Research... Oral Autobiography history Narrative Life History Case Study
  22. 22. ValidityExternal CritiqueAuthenticitySelection of BiasAge of the documentAt least 2 sources with thesame information
  23. 23. Reliability Meaning of the dataInternal Criticism Trustworthiness Author’s biases Well awareness of positive and negative criticism Understanding contemporary issues
  24. 24. Data Analysis and ReportingFindings Interpretation of meaning Extensive examples Developing opinion (Though incomplete) Critical Description
  25. 25. From the past..to the future...Are we aware of these issues?
  26. 26. Yes...Today STUDENTSwant OUTCOMESfrom the teachers..If they pay $50for permissionto enter a class...They want a contentworth $50 FROM theTEACHER..!
  27. 27. Do we find any differences..in the trend of educationBetween the ancient Egypt And our present It is the concerns...?? Historical Educational Research which finds out the answers to these questions...
  28. 28. What good does HR do to Education? 1. Provide information concerning: - Effects of certain past educational practices - Suggest programs for future action 2. Answers to “WHY?” and “HOW” theories that are practiced in the schools. 3. Identifies FADS and BANDWAGON SCHEMES appeared on Educational scenes. 4. Contributes to understand: - Significance of Education - Inter-relationship between SCHOOL CURRICULUM SCHOOL and CURRICULUM
  29. 29. Peace...