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Mindsets:
Fulfilling Potential



        BayCHI
      May 11, 2010
Learner or Non-learner?

  I don t divide the world into the
weak and the strong, or the successes
and the failures I divi...
You don t see unmotivated
         babies!
Yet many of the things we do to
help and to motivate students
make them into non-learners.
How do we make sure our
students remain learners?
Mindsets Matter

Fixed Mindset: Intelligence is a fixed
  trait

Growth Mindset: Intelligence is a
 malleable quality; a p...
Mindsets Matter


• Which mindset is correct?
• Does a student hold the same mindset
  in different life arenas?
• Can min...
How Do Mindsets
    Work?
   The Mindset Rules
Mindset Rule #1
       Fixed Mindset:
LOOK INTELLIGENT AT ALL
           COSTS

     Growth Mindset:
  LEARN, LEARN, LEARN
Looking Intelligent vs. Learning

Fixed Mindset Student:
   The main thing I want when I do my school
  work is to show ho...
Math Achievement

            growth




            fixed
Pre-Medical Students
Organic Chemistry Grades
Learners and Non-Learners in
            Action
How do mindsets control our attention?




Mangels, Butterfield, Lamb, Goo...
Paying Attention to Learning

                                          Ability-Relevant
                                 ...
Mindset Rule #2
         Fixed Mindset:
  IT SHOULD COME NATURALLY
To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school
 work ...
Mindset Rule #2
         Fixed Mindset:
  IT SHOULD COME NATURALLY
To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school
 work ...
Do Geniuses Work--
Or Does it Just Come Naturally?
Mindset Rule #3
IN THE FACE OF SETBACKS
       Fixed Mindset:
      HIDE MISTAKES
   CONCEAL DEFICIENCIES

       Growth M...
After Setback
 Fixed Mindset:
   I d spend less time on this subject from now
    on.
   I would try not to take this subj...
Fixed Mindset provides no recipe
   for recovering from failures:

• Giving up, retreating to comfort zone

• Blaming othe...
Where Do Mindsets
    Come From?
Our language tells students what we
     believe and what we value
Non-Verbal IQ Test
Messages About What We Value

• Intelligence Praise: Wow, that s a really
  good score. You must be smart at this.

• Effo...
Intelligence vs. Effort Praise

• Mindset: Fixed vs. Growth

• Goals: Looking smart vs. Learning

 After Difficult Trial:
...
Number of problems solved on
                             Trial 1 (before failure) and
                               Tria...
Lying
Students who misrepresented their scores




               Type of Praise Given
What to Praise

• Effort, struggle, persistence despite
  setbacks
• Strategies, choices
• Choosing difficult tasks
• Lear...
Low Effort Success: Yesterday
• Look, you got an A without really
  working. You re really good at math!

• You did that s...
Low Effort Success:Tomorrow
• You got an A without working. You must
  not be learning much.

• You did that so quickly an...
Changing Mindsets
A Mindset Workshop

• Control Group: 8 sessions of great
 study skills.


• Growth Mindset Group: 8 sessions
  of study sk...
Math Grades
(Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck)
Percent Showing Increased
        Motivation
5 Computer Modules
Teachers Guide


www.brainology.us
Visit to Brain Lab
Mad Scientist
The Learning Brain
Have you changed your mind about
              anything?
• My favorite thing from Brainology is the
  neurons part where w...
Conclusion
  A growth mindset allows students to:
• Embrace learning and growth
• Understand the role of effort in creatin...
A growth mindset educator:
• Portrays skills as acquirable
• Values passion, effort, improvement over
  natural talent
• P...
Thank you!
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset
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Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset

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Carol Dweck at BayCHI, May 11, 2010: Mindset is a simple idea discovered by world-renowned Stanford University psychologist Carol Dweck in decades of research on achievement and success—a simple idea that makes all the difference. In a fixed mindset, people believe their basic qualities, like their intelligence or talent, are simply fixed traits. They spend their time documenting their intelligence or talent instead of developing them. Dweck's research also shows that praising intelligence can harm motivation by creating a fixed mindset. People also tend to believe that talent alone creates success—without effort. They're wrong. In a growth mindset, people believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work—brains and talent are just the starting point. This view creates a love of learning and a resilience that is essential for great accomplishment. Virtually all great people have had these qualities. Teaching a growth mindset creates motivation and productivity in the worlds of business, education, and sports.

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Transcript of "Mindset for Achievement: How to Boost Achievement and Fulfillment Through Mindset"

  1. 1. Mindsets: Fulfilling Potential BayCHI May 11, 2010
  2. 2. Learner or Non-learner? I don t divide the world into the weak and the strong, or the successes and the failures I divide the world into the learners and non-learners. -- Benjamin Barber
  3. 3. You don t see unmotivated babies!
  4. 4. Yet many of the things we do to help and to motivate students make them into non-learners.
  5. 5. How do we make sure our students remain learners?
  6. 6. Mindsets Matter Fixed Mindset: Intelligence is a fixed trait Growth Mindset: Intelligence is a malleable quality; a potential that can be developed Talent is a starting point
  7. 7. Mindsets Matter • Which mindset is correct? • Does a student hold the same mindset in different life arenas? • Can mindsets be changed?
  8. 8. How Do Mindsets Work? The Mindset Rules
  9. 9. Mindset Rule #1 Fixed Mindset: LOOK INTELLIGENT AT ALL COSTS Growth Mindset: LEARN, LEARN, LEARN
  10. 10. Looking Intelligent vs. Learning Fixed Mindset Student: The main thing I want when I do my school work is to show how good I am at it. Growth Mindset Student: It s much more important for me to learn things in my classes than it is to get the best grades. Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck, 2007
  11. 11. Math Achievement growth fixed
  12. 12. Pre-Medical Students
  13. 13. Organic Chemistry Grades
  14. 14. Learners and Non-Learners in Action How do mindsets control our attention? Mangels, Butterfield, Lamb, Good & Dweck, 2006
  15. 15. Paying Attention to Learning Ability-Relevant Feedback Question “What is the capital of Australia?” Person Correct types * or * answer answer 1.5 s 1s 1.5 s 2s Learning-Relevant Feedback
  16. 16. Mindset Rule #2 Fixed Mindset: IT SHOULD COME NATURALLY To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school work it makes me feel like I m not very smart. Growth Mindset: WORK HARD, EFFORT IS KEY The harder you work at something, the better you ll be at it.
  17. 17. Mindset Rule #2 Fixed Mindset: IT SHOULD COME NATURALLY To tell the truth, when I work hard at my school work it makes me feel like I m not very smart. Growth Mindset: WORK HARD, EFFORT IS KEY The harder you work at something, the better you ll be at it.
  18. 18. Do Geniuses Work-- Or Does it Just Come Naturally?
  19. 19. Mindset Rule #3 IN THE FACE OF SETBACKS Fixed Mindset: HIDE MISTAKES CONCEAL DEFICIENCIES Growth Mindset: CAPITALIZE ON MISTAKES CONFRONT DEFICIENCIES
  20. 20. After Setback Fixed Mindset: I d spend less time on this subject from now on. I would try not to take this subject ever again. I would try to cheat on the next test. Growth Mindset: I would work harder in this class from now on. I would spend more time studying for the tests. Blackwell, Trzesniewski and Dweck, 2007
  21. 21. Fixed Mindset provides no recipe for recovering from failures: • Giving up, retreating to comfort zone • Blaming others • Trying to feel superior
  22. 22. Where Do Mindsets Come From? Our language tells students what we believe and what we value
  23. 23. Non-Verbal IQ Test
  24. 24. Messages About What We Value • Intelligence Praise: Wow, that s a really good score. You must be smart at this. • Effort (Process) Praise: Wow, that s a really good score. You must have tried really hard. • Control Group: : Wow, that s a really good score.
  25. 25. Intelligence vs. Effort Praise • Mindset: Fixed vs. Growth • Goals: Looking smart vs. Learning After Difficult Trial: • Confidence/ Enjoyment: Low vs. High
  26. 26. Number of problems solved on Trial 1 (before failure) and Trial 3 (after failure). Number of Problems Solved
  27. 27. Lying Students who misrepresented their scores Type of Praise Given
  28. 28. What to Praise • Effort, struggle, persistence despite setbacks • Strategies, choices • Choosing difficult tasks • Learning, improving
  29. 29. Low Effort Success: Yesterday • Look, you got an A without really working. You re really good at math! • You did that so quickly and easily. That s impressive!
  30. 30. Low Effort Success:Tomorrow • You got an A without working. You must not be learning much. • You did that so quickly and easily. I m sorry I wasted your time. Let s do something you can learn from.
  31. 31. Changing Mindsets
  32. 32. A Mindset Workshop • Control Group: 8 sessions of great study skills. • Growth Mindset Group: 8 sessions of study skills + the growth mindset.
  33. 33. Math Grades (Blackwell, Trzesniewski, & Dweck)
  34. 34. Percent Showing Increased Motivation
  35. 35. 5 Computer Modules Teachers Guide www.brainology.us
  36. 36. Visit to Brain Lab
  37. 37. Mad Scientist
  38. 38. The Learning Brain
  39. 39. Have you changed your mind about anything? • My favorite thing from Brainology is the neurons part where when u learn something there are connections and they keep growing. I always picture them when I m in school (khadija) • Yes I imagine neurons making connections in my brain and I feel like I am learning something. (biggie)
  40. 40. Conclusion A growth mindset allows students to: • Embrace learning and growth • Understand the role of effort in creating talent • Maintain confidence and effectiveness in the face challenges and setbacks and it can be taught.
  41. 41. A growth mindset educator: • Portrays skills as acquirable • Values passion, effort, improvement over natural talent • Presents self as mentor/collaborator vs. judge
  42. 42. Thank you!
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