EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
born on July 28, 1951 in a town of benimamet, near Valencia, Spain.
From the age of 8, he also attended the arts and crafts school,
At the age 13 he was an exchange student in France and traveled to study
He earned a degree in architecture and took a post-graduate course in
Being attracted by mathematics, calatrava decided to pursue post-graduate
studies in civil engineering, so he was enrolled in the federal institute of
technology in Zurich, Switzerland in 1975.
he received his doctor rate in 1979, during that period he met and married
his wife, who was a law student in Zurich.
Santiago calatrava is a man of his time; an architect of public space, who has
total conscience of the political and social function as well as the aesthetics of
it. He is a ‘monumental’ architect. This comes out of the result exactly because
he knows what public space and modernism means.
Minister of culture
Calatrava is not just an architect, he is an engineer and an artist a homo
universalize of the 21st century.
professor of classical archaeology
The works of gothic
Works of antony Gaudi
human figure and nature’s creativity
Experimentation with materials and their
opera de Tenerife
San Sebastian - Bodegas Ysios
blends impressive visual style and the strict rules of
Symbolic AND recognizable the world over for the
sense of movement captureD in a stationary object.
long sweeping lines, stark white materials and a
flawless use of glass and light.
Had a definite vision of inside and outside, the
concave and convex, of how we face the specific world
HSB Turning Torso is one of the tallest residential
buildings in Europe and holds apartments, offices
and meeting facilities.
The vision of HSB Turning Torso is
based on a sculpture called Twisting
Torso by Santiago Calatrava himself.
Inspiration from the human body in a
•190 metres high
•Consists of nine cubes with five floors
•Together with intermediate floors a
total of 54 floors.
•Each floor has 400m² of available space.
•147 apartments from cube three to nine.
•meeting facilities on the two top floors.
•Each floor consists of a square part around the core and a triangular
part which is supported by an external steel structure.
•The entire construction twists 90 degrees on its way up with each
floor tilting by 1.6 degrees
•Ground breaking 14th Feb 2001
•Construction started June 2001
•Casting of foundation March 2002
•Foundations complete August 2002
•Completion date November 2005
•facade is a glass and aluminum construction
•2,800 panels and 2,250 windows
•Follow the twist of the building, the windows are
leaning either inwards or outwards by 0 to 7
ROTATION OF FLOORS
Forms for the floors were rotated approx. 1.6
degrees for each floor in order to create the
characteristic twist of the building.
OUTER STEEL SUPORT AND
•The steel support is a welded construction with
a very thorough paint treatment for optimal
protection against corrosion.
•The outer steel support consists of a steel
column and 20 horizontal and 18 diagonal ”steel
•3 lifts service the residential part of the
building and HSB Turning Torso Meetings
•Two separate lifts service the offices :
ensures high capacity and minimum
waiting even during “rush hour” and in
the instances when a lift is closed for
SHEETING & FOUNDATIONS
Foundation: built directly on the
Profiled steel plates, forming the
foundation shaft, were driven 15 m.
into the ground and a further 3m into
the limestone bedrock
Concrete beams, poured at regular
intervals on the inside of the sheeting
to stabilize the steel lining against the
pressure of the soil outside
Concrete construction was poured
onto the bedrock, 30 meters in
diameter and 7 meters thick
CLIMBING FORMS AND BEAMS
each cube were made with socalled self-compacting concrete.
Because of its flow capacity, this
type of concrete does not need
PANAROMIC VIEW FROM THE 3RD CUBE:
1ST APARTMENT LEVEL
• The total commercial space is
approximately 4,000 m² in the lower two
cubes i.e. 10 floors.
•The commercial area has its own lifts and
all conceivable comforts in heating,
cooling and IT systems.
HSB Turning Torso
• On the two top floors, 53rd and 54th.
•attractive and inspiring meeting facilities.
•The elemental and lyrical forms of Calatrava’s architecture, known and
loved across the globe.
•Santiago Calatrava exemplifies sculptural expression and engineering
through architecture. Calatrava’s work is like music: well orchestrated
•Although his buildings were known for their aesthetics,
they never compromised on the grounds of functionality
•built energy efficient structures
•The fact that much of his work is centred around
water which adds a further dimension to his work.
•Often criticized for impracticality
•the mechanical instability of the structure and the
excessive weight of the bridge
•The trainstation Gare do Oriente in Lisbon is known
for being very uncomfortable, especially with wind
and rainy weather.
DO ORIENTE, LISBON,