The U.S. Government recognized Mongolia in
January 1987 and established its first embassy
in Ulan Bator in June 1988.
It formally opened in September 1988. The
first U.S. ambassador to Mongolia, Richard L.
Williams, was not a resident there.
Joseph E. Lake, the first resident ambassador,
arrived in July 1990.
Secretary of State James Baker visited
Mongolia in August 1990, and again in July
Mongolia accredited its first ambassador to
the United States in March 1989.
Secretary of State Madeleine Albright visited
Mongolia in May 1998, and
Prime Minister Nambaryn Enkhbayar visited
Washington in November 2001.
President Bush, First Lady Laura Bush, and
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited
Mongolia in November 2005.
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld visited in
October 2005 and
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Dennis Hastert visited Mongolia in August
Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns led a
presidential delegation in July 2006 in
conjunction with Mongolia's celebration of its
President Enkhbayar visited the White House in
October 2007 and the two Presidents signed the
Millennium Challenge Compact for Mongolia.
The United States has sought to assist Mongolia's
movement toward democracy and market-oriented
reform and to expand relations with Mongolia
primarily in the cultural and economic fields.
In 1989 and 1990, a cultural accord, Peace Corps
accord, consular convention, and Overseas Private
Investment Corporation (OPIC) agreement were
A trade agreement was signed in January 1991
and a bilateral investment treaty in 1994.
Mongolia was granted permanent normal trade
relations (NTR) status and generalized system
of preferences (GSP) eligibility in June 1999.
In July 2004, the U.S. signed a Trade and
Investment Framework Agreement with
Mongolia to promote economic reform and
more foreign investment.
In July 2007, six members of the U.S. House
of Representatives visited Mongolia to
inaugurate an exchange program between
lawmakers of the two countries.
In September 2007, the White House
announced the proposed creation of an AsiaPacific Democracy Partnership, in which
Mongolia was invited to take part.
The initiative is aimed at providing a venue in
which free nations can work together to
support democratic values, strengthen
democratic institutions, and assist those who
are working to build and sustain free societies.
President George W. Bush during his historic
visit to Mongolia, November 2005
The year 2012 was a great year for the
United States and Mongolia, as both
countries celebrated the 25th Anniversary
of Diplomatic Relations.
The U.S. Agency for International Development
(USAID) plays a lead role in providing bilateral
development assistance to Mongolia. The program
emphasizes one major theme: sustainable, private
sector-led economic growth and more effective and
Total USAID assistance to Mongolia from
1991 through 2008 was about $174.5 million,
all in grant form.
USAID Mongolia's FY 2007 budget of $6.625
million a year promotes:
a) economic growth was also here that support
macroeconomic policy reform, energy sector
restructuring, financial sector reform, and
micro and small enterprise development; and
b) governing justly and democratically by
focusing on activities supporting judicial
sector reform, electoral reform, parliamentary
reform, and anti-corruption.
In most years since 1993, the United States
Department of Agriculture has provided food
aid to Mongolia under the Food for Progress
and 416(b) programs.
The United States has also supported defense
reform and an increased capacity by
Mongolia's armed forces to participate in
international peacekeeping operations.
Mongolia has contributed small numbers of
troops to coalition operations in Iraq and
Afghanistan since 2003, gaining experience
which enabled it to deploy armed peacekeepers
to both UN and NATO peacekeeping missions
With U.S. Department of Defense assistance
and cooperation, Mongolia and the U.S. jointly
hosted "Khan Quest 06," the Asian region's
premier peace-keeping exercise, in the summer
of 2006 and "Khan Quest 07" a year later.
The Peace Corps has approximately 100
volunteers in Mongolia. They are engaged
primarily in English teaching and teacher
training activities. At the request of the
Government of Mongolia, the Peace Corps has
developed programs in the areas of public
health, small business development, and youth
In 2005 and 2006 Mongolian Government
officials, including President Enkhbayar and
Prime Minister Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj,
requested significant increases in the number
of volunteers serving in country.
The Peace Corps has responded with a
commitment to make modest annual increases
until 2010. The program celebrated its 15th
anniversary in 2006 with participation by
The Millennium Challenge Corporation
(MCC) completed negotiations for a Compact
with Mongolia. in 2007 and the Compact was
signed at the White House in October 2007.
Compact calls for $285 million to be spent on
four projects over a five-year period beginning
in July 2008.
The four projects are an upgrade to the
railroad in Mongolia, the main economic
lifeline of the nation, an improvement in the
vocational education program, assistance to
the Mongolian health services, and a project
designed to assist Mongolians to register their
property with the government.
In August, 2011, on a side trip while traveling
to China and Japan, Joe Biden made the first
visit by a sitting vice president to Mongolia
since Henry Wallace made one in 1944.
In March, 2011, six mining companies
including Peabody of St. Louis, Missouri were
preparing a bid for the Tavan Tolgoi area, the
location of a substantial coking coal deposit.
Biden's 2011 visit, according to Richard C.
Bush of the Brookings Institute, may be able
to encourage Mongolia's democracy and U.S.
relations in the face of both Mongolia's
political economy .
Piper Campbell was appointed Ambassador to
Mongolia on August 06, 2012.
Previous ambassador Jonathan Addleton was
the U.S. Ambassador to Mongolia from 2009
to 2012, succeeding Mark C. Minton. For
previous U.S. Ambassadors to Mongolia visit
United States Ambassador to Mongolia.
Since December 07, 2012, the Ambassador
from Mongolia to the U.S.A. is Bulgaa
ALTANGEREL, who succeeded Khasbazaryn
BEKHBAT. He presented diplomatic
credentials on January 14, 2013.
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