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Rococo In France

Rococo In France






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    Rococo In France Rococo In France Presentation Transcript

    • Rococo in France
      • Watteau, Return from Cythera, 1717
      • Right: lady listens to a proposition from a pilgrim to Cythera (island of Venus) who is carrying a handbook on love
      • Cupid tugs at a woman to stay
      • Cavalier helps a lady to rise
      • A woman turns her back in hesitation
      • Country ladies lead the way to the gilded boat
      • Herm of Venus overlooks the island
      • Panther hide is an allusion to Bacchus
      • Clouds are light, dream-like
      • Slender women in delicate iridescent colors
      • Water reflects hazy colors
      • Relationship of figures to landscape
      • Women turn their backs to the viewer
      • Watteau, L’Indifferent, 1717
      • The Indifferent One
      • Small, intimate scale and subject matter
      • Dancing pose
      • Delicate, a bit tired, or touched with ennui
      • Fancifully dressed in rich satins
      • Background awash in atmospheric perspective
    • Rococo in France
      • Fragonard, The Swing, 1767
      • An intrigue painting
      • Bishop swings a woman whose lover hides below
      • Kicks her shoe at the little statue of Discretion and toward the lover
      • Glowing color
      • Delicate femininity in tiny hands and feet and layers of petticoats
      • Vigée-Lebrun, Self-Portrait, 1782
      • 40 exist, all highly idealized
      • Traditional concept of femininity
      • Sensuous paint handling and color harmonies
      • Elegantly attired working artist
      • Paints her favorite patron, Marie Antoinette
    • Rococo in Germany
      • De Cuvillies, Amalienburg, Munich
      • Flowing curving lines of decoration that inch like ivy up the walls, the ceilings and around the mirrors
      • Ornate frames with silver gilding bordering and entering mirror surfaces
      • Pale blue and silver color scheme
      • Ornamental, decorative, sophisticated
      • Neumann, Church of Fourteen Saints, Staffelstein
      • 3 longitudinal ovals joined by two transverse ovals
      • Altar of Mercy in the center
      • Open galleries around, some in half-columns, engaged to piers
      • Light, airy: this is Heaven
      • Pastel shades abound
      • Complex façade inspired by Borromini
      • Concave and convex shapes, intricate bell towers
    • Rococo in Italy
      • Tiepolo, Apotheosis of the Pisani Family, 1761-62
      • Sense of limitless space
      • Sunlit brilliance
      • Dazzling light
      • Venetian pageantry
      • Silvery precious colors
      • Impressive scale
      • Spiraling forms
      • Ancient and distinguished Pisani family rise to heaven
      • Allegory and personification accompany the family
      • Legs hang freely over the frame, overlapping sides of painting
      • Egid Quirin Asam, Assumption of the Virgin
      • 1717-25
      • Mary ascends to heaven from her tomb weightlessly carried aloft by angels; those visiting the tomb are aghast in theatrical amazement
      • Hard solid forms of the tomb contrast dramatically with the flexible nature of the figures
      • Painting, sculpture and architecture combined
      • Use of window light and rays above to indicate God’s glory
    • English Baroque Architecture
      • Vanbrugh, Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire
      • For the Duke of Marlborough, victor at Blindheim on August 1704, the turning point in War of Spanish Succession
      • Italian Baroque complexity
      • Projecting pavilions
      • North front: flamboyant, unnerving pattern of advance and recession
      • Massive columns and pilasters extend over two stories
      • Gate towers are sculptural objects of the same rank as those of the main house
      • Allusions to Britannia’s might: British lion mauling a French cockerel on top of the pillars
    • 18th Century Art in England
      • Hogarth, Breakfast Scene from Marriage a la Mode, 1745
      • Satire in painting a British specialty
      • Second scene in a series of six, based on a play
      • The loveless marriage of a bride and groom shortly after their wedding
      • Groom has been out all night with other women (the dog sniffs at an unfamiliar bonnet)
      • Broken sword may symbolize a fight, or sexual inadequacy
      • Bride has been losing at cards, been playing until noon, and seems not to care
      • Accountant holds a ledger and a stack of unpaid bills and indicates that they have already spent a fortune
      • Items on mantelpiece illustrate their questionable taste
      • This is a “Marriage in the Style”
      • Narrative art
    • 18th Century Art in England
      • Gainsborough, Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan
      • She married the great playwright, Richard Sheridan, and became manager of his theatre
      • Serious, but relaxed pose
      • Dressed informally
      • Seated in a Watteau landscape
      • Feathery brushstroke
      • Hair blows freely
      • Unspoiled beauty of natural landscape and the sitter
      • Gracious forms bend to the curve of the trees
      • A hint of melancholy in the expression of the face
      • Circular pattern of the painting
      • Sir Joshua Reynolds, Lord Heathfield
      • 1787
      • Commander of the fortress at Gibraltar
      • Huge key to fortress in his hands, he holds it thoughtfully
      • One cannon points down and another barrel lies on its back
      • Heroic figure
      • Painted using bravura brushwork
      • Rich colors and atmospheric detail