November	  Test	  Study	  Slides	  
Rüblev,	  Old	  Testament	  Trinity	  (Three	  Angels	  Visi4ng	  Abraham)	  c.	  1410	  -­‐	  25	  •  Byzan7ne	  affinity	 ...
Virgin	  and	  Child	  with	  Saints	  and	  Angels	  Icon,	  Second	  half	  of	  the	  6th	  century,	  Encaus7c	  on	  ...
Emperor	  Jus+nian	  and	  A1endants,	  Saint	  Vitale,	  Ravenna,	  c.547	  
Theodora	  and	  A1endants,	  Saint	  Vitale,	  Ravenna,	  c.547	  
Santa	  Costanza,	  Rome	                                   Ambulatory	  
Early	  Byzan7ne	  Art	                              in	  the	  Age	  of	  Jus7nian	  San	  Vitale,	  Ravenna	  (c.	  547)...
Great	  Mosque,	  Córdoba,	  786	  
Hypostyle	  Hall	  in	  Cordoba	  
Quibla	  Mihrab	                         Maqsura	      Sahn	                 Minaret	  
The	  Alhambra,	  1338	  -­‐	  1390	  
Palatine Chapel, Aachen• Central plan, topped by an octagon• Built for Charlemagne• Inspired by San Vitale• Capitals taken...
Comparison of the Plans of San Vitale in Ravenna to the         Palace Chapel in Aix-la-Chapelle.
Abbey	  Church	             Pilgrim’s	  Hostel	               Cloister	                Infirmary	                School	   ...
Carolingian	  Art	  Monastery	  Plan,	  St.	  Gall,	  Switzerland	  •  Ideal	  plan	  of	  a	  self-­‐sufficient	     monas7...
St.	  Madhew,	  the	  Corona7on	  Gospels,	     St.	  Madhewthe	  Ebbo	  Gospels,	  c.	  816	                      c.	  80...
Cross Page from TheBook of Lindisfarne• Balanced design• Cross clearly defined,stands apart from thespace• Animal interlac...
Lindau	  Gospels	  c.	  870-­‐880	  
Chi	  Rho	  page	  from	  the	  Book	  of	  Kells	  
Chi	  –	  Rho	  formed	  by	  superimposing	  the	  first	  two	  (capital)	  leders	  chi	  and	  rho	  (ΧΡ)	  of	  the	  ...
Early	  Medieval	  Art	  SuCon	  Hoo	  Purse	  Lid	  •  Geometric	  interlace	     designs	  •  Symmetry	  of	  forms	  • ...
Saint	  Michael’s,	  Hildesheim	  •  Two	  pairs	  of	  lateral	  entrances	                                              ...
Bronze	  Door	  of	  Hildesheim	  •  Sugges7ons	  of	  Roman	     monumentality:	  inspired	  by	     bronze	  doors	  of	...
After the death of Charlemagne, hiskingdom was divided among hisgrandsons, only to disintegrate at thehands of Vikings and...
30	  Minute	  Essay	  •  This	  test	  will	  also	  include	  a	  30	  minute	  essay.	     The	  topic	  for	  the	  ess...
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Nov studyslides

  1. 1. November  Test  Study  Slides  
  2. 2. Rüblev,  Old  Testament  Trinity  (Three  Angels  Visi4ng  Abraham)  c.  1410  -­‐  25  •  Byzan7ne  affinity  for  repea7ng   forms  from  older  art  •  Forms  of  angels  are  tradi7onal  •  Heads  of  angels  nearly  iden7cal  •  Poses  are  mirror  images  •  Luminous  appeal  of  colors  •  Deep  color  harmonies  of   draperies  •  Extensive  use  of  gold  •  Nearly  spaceless  background  
  3. 3. Virgin  and  Child  with  Saints  and  Angels  Icon,  Second  half  of  the  6th  century,  Encaus7c  on  wood,  27  x  18  7/8"  
  4. 4. Emperor  Jus+nian  and  A1endants,  Saint  Vitale,  Ravenna,  c.547  
  5. 5. Theodora  and  A1endants,  Saint  Vitale,  Ravenna,  c.547  
  6. 6. Santa  Costanza,  Rome   Ambulatory  
  7. 7. Early  Byzan7ne  Art   in  the  Age  of  Jus7nian  San  Vitale,  Ravenna  (c.  547)  •  Byzan7ne  forces  capture   Ravenna  in  540  •  8  sided  structure  •  Plain  exterior  except  porch   added  later  in  Renaissance  •  Large  windows  for  illumina7ng   interior  designs  •  Interior  has  thin  columns  and   open  arched  spaces,  complex   spa7al  system  •  Sense  of  mystery  in  the  space  
  8. 8. Great  Mosque,  Córdoba,  786  
  9. 9. Hypostyle  Hall  in  Cordoba  
  10. 10. Quibla  Mihrab   Maqsura   Sahn   Minaret  
  11. 11. The  Alhambra,  1338  -­‐  1390  
  12. 12. Palatine Chapel, Aachen• Central plan, topped by an octagon• Built for Charlemagne• Inspired by San Vitale• Capitals taken from old Romanmonuments• Large heavy appearance• Arches smaller on first story, largeron second• Arches on second story have Romancolumns placed inside that are purelydecorative, and do not hold thearches up• Arches on first floor have a low,heavy, thick appearance• Arches have a striped pattern
  13. 13. Comparison of the Plans of San Vitale in Ravenna to the Palace Chapel in Aix-la-Chapelle.
  14. 14. Abbey  Church   Pilgrim’s  Hostel   Cloister   Infirmary   School   Brewery  The  Plan  of  Saint  Gall  is  a  famous  medieval  architectural  drawing  of  a  monas7c  compound  da7ng  from  the  early  9th  century.  It  is  preserved  in  the  S7asbibliothek  Sankt  Gallen,  Ms  1092.  It  is  the  only  surviving  major  architectural  drawing  from  the  roughly  700-­‐year  period  between  the  fall  of  the  Roman  Empire  and  the  13th  century  
  15. 15. Carolingian  Art  Monastery  Plan,  St.  Gall,  Switzerland  •  Ideal  plan  of  a  self-­‐sufficient   monas7c  community  •  Church  in  center,  other  buildings   around  •  Daily  ac7vi7es  in  one  place  •  Cloistered  monks  never  leave   except  to  work  in  the  fields  •  Community  of  about  250-­‐300   monks  with  30  to  40  serfs  per  monk  •  Highly  organized  •  Many  altars  in  church,  not  for   congrega7on,  but  for  monks  to  say   Mass   "  Timber architecture in outer•  Everything  necessary  for  the  monks   buildings grouped  around  the  cloister   "  Standard of comfort was high for the time "  Serfs lived with animals in their pens "  Infirmary, school, convent, guest house
  16. 16. St.  Madhew,  the  Corona7on  Gospels,   St.  Madhewthe  Ebbo  Gospels,  c.  816   c.  800  
  17. 17. Cross Page from TheBook of Lindisfarne• Balanced design• Cross clearly defined,stands apart from thespace• Animal interlace• Complicated, spiralingpatterns• Symmetry• Colors used inalternate positionsaround the cross• Known as a carpetpage
  18. 18. Lindau  Gospels  c.  870-­‐880  
  19. 19. Chi  Rho  page  from  the  Book  of  Kells  
  20. 20. Chi  –  Rho  formed  by  superimposing  the  first  two  (capital)  leders  chi  and  rho  (ΧΡ)  of  the  Greek  word  "ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ"  =Christ    in  such  a  way  to  produce  the  monogram  ☧.  Although  not  technically  a  cross,  the  Chi  Rho  invokes  the  crucifixion  of  Jesus  as  well  as  symbolizing  his  status  as  the  Christ.  
  21. 21. Early  Medieval  Art  SuCon  Hoo  Purse  Lid  •  Geometric  interlace   designs  •  Symmetry  of  forms  •  Animals  and  humans   interact  •  Repe77on  of  paderns  •  Used  as  a  purse  cover  for   a  disintegrated  purse   found  in  a  ship  burial  in   England     Purse  Cover,  Sudon  Hoo  ship  burial,   c.  655  
  22. 22. Saint  Michael’s,  Hildesheim  •  Two  pairs  of  lateral  entrances   Odonian  Art  •  Two  pairs  of  crossing  towers  •  Two  pairs  of  stair  turrets  •  Two  apses  •  Two  transepts  •  Supports  in  the  nave  are  not   tradi7onal  columns,  but  pairs  of   columns  alterna7ng  with  square   piers  •  Divides  nave  into  three  separate   units  of  three  openings  each  •  First  and  third  units  are  related   to  the  lateral  entrances  to  the   building  •  Nave  is  a  hall  that  connects  the  two   apses  •  Windows  do  not  line  up  with  arches   below:  9  arches  with  10  windows  •  Spacious  undecorated  interior  
  23. 23. Bronze  Door  of  Hildesheim  •  Sugges7ons  of  Roman   monumentality:  inspired  by   bronze  doors  of  the  Pantheon   (now  gone)  or  Pala7ne  Chapel  (no   decora7on)  •  Solid  bronze,  each  scene  molded   separately  •  Scenes  compare  scenes  of  the  fall   of  man  with  the  saving  of  man    •  Rectangular  scenes  with  few   figures  and  a  barren  landscape,   empty  background  •  Emphasis  of  gesture,  liveliness  •  Bony  figures  •  Emphasis  on  extremi7es:  hands,   feet,  head  •  Spiky  foliage  •  Heads  fully  rounded  and  emerge   from  background  •  Scenes  tell  the  story  of  the  life  of   Christ  and  Adam  and  Eve  
  24. 24. After the death of Charlemagne, hiskingdom was divided among hisgrandsons, only to disintegrate at thehands of Vikings and Magyars. A re-consolidation occurred, however, inthe middle of the 10th century,thanks to a new line of Germanemperors known as the Ottonians.The Ottonian period saw a new waveof influence from the Greek East(Otto II married a Byzantineprincess), which resulted in one ofthe first monumental sculptures ofthe crucified Christ, the GeroCrucifix.The face (heavily etched with pain),the bulging arc of the abdomen, andthe tension in the tightly stretchedarms all convey Christs tormentwith unequalled expression.
  25. 25. 30  Minute  Essay  •  This  test  will  also  include  a  30  minute  essay.   The  topic  for  the  essay  will  revolve  around   works  of  art  that  have  been  removed  from   their  original  semngs  and  how  knowledge  of   the  original  semngs  of  artworks  contributes  to   a  more  complete  understanding  of  the  works.   As  with  all  30  minute  essays,  you  will  be   discussing  two  specific  works  of  art.  

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