Wall with Torah niche, House Synagogue<br />Dura-Europos, Syria, 244- 45 CE<br />
Circa 30 CE – Jesus Crucified<br />65 CE – Peter and Paul executed<br />312 – Constantine Converts after the Battle of the...
The dove holding an olive branch symbolizes the soul that reached divine peace. <br />The lamb represents the role of sacr...
The fish. In Greek one says IXTHYS (ichtùs). Placed vertically, the letters of this word form an acrostic: IesùsChristòsTh...
Early Christian Art<br />Catacombs, Rome<br /><ul><li>Four million buried under Rome alone
Galleries are 1 meter wide and 2-3 meters high
Loculi, cubiculum
Burial underground cheaper than surface burials
Christian belief in burial because Christ was buried</li></li></ul><li>The Representation of Christ<br />
The Good Shepherd<br />Galla Placidia, Ravena<br />c. 425-26<br />Good Shepherd from Catacombs, c. late 3rd century<br />
St. Peter – The First Pope<br />
St. Paul - <br />The Convert who converted Gentiles<br />
The Virgin Mary<br />
Jesus Christ<br />
The New Testament<br />4 Gospels – The Life and Works of Jesus<br />The Book of Acts – Histoy of the Early Christian Movem...
Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine<br />Old Saint Peter’s, Rome<br />Placed over the site where Saint Peter may...
Reputed Burial Place of St. Peter<br />Built on the orders of Constantine c. 326<br />
Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine<br />Santa Costanza, Rome<br />Centrally planned building with Tholos struct...
Santa Costanza, Rome<br />4rth Century CE<br />Temple of Portunus, 2nd Century BCE<br />The church of Santa Costanza in Ro...
Exterior of Galla Placidia Mausoleum (c. 425 – 426 Ravenna)<br />Built in Cruciform, or cross – shaped, with pendentive do...
The Good Shepherd<br />Galla Placidia, Ravena<br />c. 425-26<br /><ul><li>Contains shading to indicate depth & light source
Hint of landscape and rocks
Young adult with a halo
Imperial gold and purple
Long golden staff that ends wit a cross</li></li></ul><li>Arch of Constantine, c. 315 CE<br />
From Trajan<br />From Marcus Aurelius<br />From Hadrian<br />
Arch of Constantine<br />
Relief freize from Arch of Constantine<br />
Sarcophagi of JuniusBassus, c. 359 CE <br />
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Early Christian Post

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Early Christian Post

  1. 1. Wall with Torah niche, House Synagogue<br />Dura-Europos, Syria, 244- 45 CE<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Circa 30 CE – Jesus Crucified<br />65 CE – Peter and Paul executed<br />312 – Constantine Converts after the Battle of the Mulvian Bridge<br />313 –Edict of Milan (a legal religion)<br />325 – Council of Nicea<br />381 – The co-emperors Gratian and Theodosius publish their edict that the doctrine of the Trinity is  to be the official state religion. <br />410 – Rome is Sacked<br />430 - St. Augustine Dies<br />476 – Last Western Emperor – Romulus Augustus<br />
  4. 4. The dove holding an olive branch symbolizes the soul that reached divine peace. <br />The lamb represents the role of sacrifice in the death of Christ<br />
  5. 5. The fish. In Greek one says IXTHYS (ichtùs). Placed vertically, the letters of this word form an acrostic: IesùsChristòsTheòuUiòsSotèr = Jesus Christ, Son of God, Saviour. Acrostic is Greek word which means the first letter of every line or paragraph. The fish is a widespread symbol of Christ, a motto and a compendium of the Christian faith. <br />
  6. 6. Early Christian Art<br />Catacombs, Rome<br /><ul><li>Four million buried under Rome alone
  7. 7. Galleries are 1 meter wide and 2-3 meters high
  8. 8. Loculi, cubiculum
  9. 9. Burial underground cheaper than surface burials
  10. 10. Christian belief in burial because Christ was buried</li></li></ul><li>The Representation of Christ<br />
  11. 11. The Good Shepherd<br />Galla Placidia, Ravena<br />c. 425-26<br />Good Shepherd from Catacombs, c. late 3rd century<br />
  12. 12. St. Peter – The First Pope<br />
  13. 13. St. Paul - <br />The Convert who converted Gentiles<br />
  14. 14. The Virgin Mary<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Jesus Christ<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19. The New Testament<br />4 Gospels – The Life and Works of Jesus<br />The Book of Acts – Histoy of the Early Christian Movement<br />21 Epistles (13 by Paul?) and including Revelations (by John?)<br />
  20. 20. Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine<br />Old Saint Peter’s, Rome<br />Placed over the site where Saint Peter may have been buried in a pagan cemetery<br />Roman basilica<br />Axial plan<br />Atrium, narthex, nave, transept, apse: each has a function<br />Longitudinal orientation with entrance at one end leading directly to the apse, unlike Basilica of Constantine<br />Roman arch over the altar<br />Wall space has arches, transept, clerestory<br />Timber Roof<br />Lavish mosaics decorated interior<br />Replaced in the 16th Century<br />
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Reputed Burial Place of St. Peter<br />Built on the orders of Constantine c. 326<br />
  23. 23. Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine<br />Santa Costanza, Rome<br />Centrally planned building with Tholos structure<br />Altar in center<br />Aisles surround the altar and are barrel vaulted<br />12 column pairs and 12 clerestory windows symbolize the apostles<br />Austere interior not original<br />Mosaic subjects stress salvation<br />Interlace patterns<br />Classical subjects incorporated into Christian context<br />Mosaics adorn ceiling, in Roman period they were used on floors<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Santa Costanza, Rome<br />4rth Century CE<br />Temple of Portunus, 2nd Century BCE<br />The church of Santa Costanza in Rome was a mausoleum built for Constantine&apos;s daughter, Constantina (died 354): <br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Exterior of Galla Placidia Mausoleum (c. 425 – 426 Ravenna)<br />Built in Cruciform, or cross – shaped, with pendentive dome inside<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. The Good Shepherd<br />Galla Placidia, Ravena<br />c. 425-26<br /><ul><li>Contains shading to indicate depth & light source
  30. 30. Hint of landscape and rocks
  31. 31. Young adult with a halo
  32. 32. Imperial gold and purple
  33. 33. Long golden staff that ends wit a cross</li></li></ul><li>Arch of Constantine, c. 315 CE<br />
  34. 34. From Trajan<br />From Marcus Aurelius<br />From Hadrian<br />
  35. 35. Arch of Constantine<br />
  36. 36. Relief freize from Arch of Constantine<br />
  37. 37. Sarcophagi of JuniusBassus, c. 359 CE <br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus<br /><ul><li>Christ in the center seated as an emperor
  45. 45. Sits on a personification of the sky: Jupiter/Poseidon? with a veil over his head
  46. 46. Christ seated in a heavenly Jerusalem
  47. 47. Scenes not in narrative order
  48. 48. Classical elements in pediments, arches and columns
  49. 49. Figures much larger than animals they are next to</li></ul>Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus in the Vatican, Rome, 359 A.D.<br />
  50. 50. Text: The Codex and the Manuscript<br />
  51. 51. From the Vatican Virgil<br />4th or early 5th century<br />
  52. 52.
  53. 53. Early Greek Codex of the Bible, 4th Century<br />

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