Early Christian Post
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Early Christian Post Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Wall with Torah niche, House Synagogue
    Dura-Europos, Syria, 244- 45 CE
  • 2.
  • 3. Circa 30 CE – Jesus Crucified
    65 CE – Peter and Paul executed
    312 – Constantine Converts after the Battle of the Mulvian Bridge
    313 –Edict of Milan (a legal religion)
    325 – Council of Nicea
    381 – The co-emperors Gratian and Theodosius publish their edict that the doctrine of the Trinity is  to be the official state religion.
    410 – Rome is Sacked
    430 - St. Augustine Dies
    476 – Last Western Emperor – Romulus Augustus
  • 4. The dove holding an olive branch symbolizes the soul that reached divine peace.
    The lamb represents the role of sacrifice in the death of Christ
  • 5. The fish. In Greek one says IXTHYS (ichtùs). Placed vertically, the letters of this word form an acrostic: IesùsChristòsTheòuUiòsSotèr = Jesus Christ, Son of God, Saviour. Acrostic is Greek word which means the first letter of every line or paragraph. The fish is a widespread symbol of Christ, a motto and a compendium of the Christian faith.
  • 6. Early Christian Art
    Catacombs, Rome
    • Four million buried under Rome alone
    • 7. Galleries are 1 meter wide and 2-3 meters high
    • 8. Loculi, cubiculum
    • 9. Burial underground cheaper than surface burials
    • 10. Christian belief in burial because Christ was buried
  • The Representation of Christ
  • 11. The Good Shepherd
    Galla Placidia, Ravena
    c. 425-26
    Good Shepherd from Catacombs, c. late 3rd century
  • 12. St. Peter – The First Pope
  • 13. St. Paul -
    The Convert who converted Gentiles
  • 14. The Virgin Mary
  • 15.
  • 16. Jesus Christ
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. The New Testament
    4 Gospels – The Life and Works of Jesus
    The Book of Acts – Histoy of the Early Christian Movement
    21 Epistles (13 by Paul?) and including Revelations (by John?)
  • 20. Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine
    Old Saint Peter’s, Rome
    Placed over the site where Saint Peter may have been buried in a pagan cemetery
    Roman basilica
    Axial plan
    Atrium, narthex, nave, transept, apse: each has a function
    Longitudinal orientation with entrance at one end leading directly to the apse, unlike Basilica of Constantine
    Roman arch over the altar
    Wall space has arches, transept, clerestory
    Timber Roof
    Lavish mosaics decorated interior
    Replaced in the 16th Century
  • 21.
  • 22. Reputed Burial Place of St. Peter
    Built on the orders of Constantine c. 326
  • 23. Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine
    Santa Costanza, Rome
    Centrally planned building with Tholos structure
    Altar in center
    Aisles surround the altar and are barrel vaulted
    12 column pairs and 12 clerestory windows symbolize the apostles
    Austere interior not original
    Mosaic subjects stress salvation
    Interlace patterns
    Classical subjects incorporated into Christian context
    Mosaics adorn ceiling, in Roman period they were used on floors
  • 24.
  • 25. Santa Costanza, Rome
    4rth Century CE
    Temple of Portunus, 2nd Century BCE
    The church of Santa Costanza in Rome was a mausoleum built for Constantine's daughter, Constantina (died 354):
  • 26.
  • 27. Exterior of Galla Placidia Mausoleum (c. 425 – 426 Ravenna)
    Built in Cruciform, or cross – shaped, with pendentive dome inside
  • 28.
  • 29. The Good Shepherd
    Galla Placidia, Ravena
    c. 425-26
    • Contains shading to indicate depth & light source
    • 30. Hint of landscape and rocks
    • 31. Young adult with a halo
    • 32. Imperial gold and purple
    • 33. Long golden staff that ends wit a cross
  • Arch of Constantine, c. 315 CE
  • 34. From Trajan
    From Marcus Aurelius
    From Hadrian
  • 35. Arch of Constantine
  • 36. Relief freize from Arch of Constantine
  • 37. Sarcophagi of JuniusBassus, c. 359 CE
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40.
  • 41.
  • 42.
  • 43.
  • 44. Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
    • Christ in the center seated as an emperor
    • 45. Sits on a personification of the sky: Jupiter/Poseidon? with a veil over his head
    • 46. Christ seated in a heavenly Jerusalem
    • 47. Scenes not in narrative order
    • 48. Classical elements in pediments, arches and columns
    • 49. Figures much larger than animals they are next to
    Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus in the Vatican, Rome, 359 A.D.
  • 50. Text: The Codex and the Manuscript
  • 51. From the Vatican Virgil
    4th or early 5th century
  • 52.
  • 53. Early Greek Codex of the Bible, 4th Century