Circa 30 CE – Jesus Crucified 65 CE – Peter and Paul executed 312 – Constantine Converts after the Battle of the Mulvian Bridge 313 –Edict of Milan (a legal religion) 325 – Council of Nicea 381 – The co-emperors Gratian and Theodosius publish their edict that the doctrine of the Trinity is to be the official state religion. 410 – Rome is Sacked 430 - St. Augustine Dies 476 – Last Western Emperor – Romulus Augustus
The dove holding an olive branch symbolizes the soul that reached divine peace. The lamb represents the role of sacrifice in the death of Christ
The fish. In Greek one says IXTHYS (ichtùs). Placed vertically, the letters of this word form an acrostic: IesùsChristòsTheòuUiòsSotèr = Jesus Christ, Son of God, Saviour. Acrostic is Greek word which means the first letter of every line or paragraph. The fish is a widespread symbol of Christ, a motto and a compendium of the Christian faith.
The New Testament 4 Gospels – The Life and Works of Jesus The Book of Acts – Histoy of the Early Christian Movement 21 Epistles (13 by Paul?) and including Revelations (by John?)
Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine Old Saint Peter’s, Rome Placed over the site where Saint Peter may have been buried in a pagan cemetery Roman basilica Axial plan Atrium, narthex, nave, transept, apse: each has a function Longitudinal orientation with entrance at one end leading directly to the apse, unlike Basilica of Constantine Roman arch over the altar Wall space has arches, transept, clerestory Timber Roof Lavish mosaics decorated interior Replaced in the 16th Century
Reputed Burial Place of St. Peter Built on the orders of Constantine c. 326
Early Christian Art in the Age of Constantine Santa Costanza, Rome Centrally planned building with Tholos structure Altar in center Aisles surround the altar and are barrel vaulted 12 column pairs and 12 clerestory windows symbolize the apostles Austere interior not original Mosaic subjects stress salvation Interlace patterns Classical subjects incorporated into Christian context Mosaics adorn ceiling, in Roman period they were used on floors