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December Test Study Slides

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  • 1. December Test Study Slides
  • 2. Masaccio, 1426-27
  • 3. Cimabue (c. 1280) and Giotto (c. 1308) with Madonna’s Enthroned
  • 4. Italian Quattrocento Painting
    Mantegna, Dead Christ
    Uncharacteristic use of almost grisaille in contrast to his usual bold coloring
    Emotionally charged
    Bold foreshortening
    Feet placed over the edge into our own space
    Head enlarged to see it better; feet reduced to see body better
    Wounds and dislocated shoulders of Christ prominently displayed
  • 5. Italian Quattrocento Painting
    Mantegna, Room of the Newlyweds
    Oculus: eight winged putti and a peacock
    Women lean over balcony
    Foreshortening and perspective
    Walls: heavy curtain pulled back
    Antique decorative elements around main scenes
    Patrons are the Gonzagas, their colors red and white on their hosiery
    Realism of Gonzaga bodies: hump back, double chins, protruding foreheads and jaws, limp and spindly arms and legs
    Charming legend about the possible use by newlyweds on their first night: Cupids abound, with a peacock as a symbol of marital harmony
  • 6.
  • 7. Sienese School of Painting
    Singing and dancing in the streets of the ideal republic (actually against Sienese law)
    Crafts, professions, trades are highlighted as thriving
    Bountiful harvests: a good city feeds its people
    Aspects of leisure: hunters and falconers leave the city unafraid of their safety
    Dark blue sky in contrast with well lit scenery
    Aristocratic elegance of figures
    Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Allegory of Good Government, 1338 -40
    Painting done in the chief council chamber of Siena, the Hall of Peace
    Panoramic view of the city of Siena with walls and countryside
    Security in center has a banner that proclaims everyone can walk freely because justice reigns
  • 8. Northern Renaissance 15th Century
    Limbourg Brothers, October
    From a Book of Hours
    Top: paired signs of the zodiac: Libra & Scorpio
    Divide between peasant class in foreground and ruling nobility in castle in background
    Peasants work at farm routines
    Very detailed observation of nature: from birds eating the seed to the shadows cast by the horse
    Sumptuous colors
    1411-16
  • 9. Northern Renaissance 15th Century
    Jan van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece
    Outside wings: theme of salvation
    Figures sit in small niches, claustrophobic
    Saint John the Evangelist and Saint John the Baptist done in grisaille; both patron saints of Ghent
    Extreme realism of figures, cf. donors
    Many detailed surfaces from stubble on beard to leaves on trees
    Inscriptions denote Christ’s coming
    Donors kneel in Gothic frames
    Flemish landscape is revealed in background
  • 10.
  • 11. Competition Panelsof the Florence Baptistery
    Brunelleschi, Sacrifice of Isaac
    Commission given to Ghiberti after the success of the second set of doors
    Doors use a more neutral and modern rectangular shape instead of more Gothic quatrefoil
    Expansive and harmonious use of space
    Elegant bodies
    Creation of a precise spatial depth
    One dense group of forms
    Composition divided into two main tiers: upper and lower
    Weighty figures
    Great variety of poses
    More dramatic, tense, sense of urgency
    Youthful Isaac
    Figures overlap boundaries of quatrefoil pattern
    Figures inspired by Roman models
    Made in eight pieces, much heavier than Ghiberti’s
  • 12. Italian Quattrocento Sculpture
    Ghiberti, Gates of Paradise
    Commission given to Ghiberti after the success of the second set of doors
    Doors use a more neutral and modern rectangular shape instead of more Gothic quatrefoil
    Expansive and harmonious use of space
    Elegant bodies
    Creation of a precise spatial depth
  • 13. Italian Quattrocento Art
    Verrocchio, David
    Slenderness and angularity of the adolescent body
    Jutting left elbow, slightly cocky aspect
    Precise ornament
    Leather jerkin and skirt classical inspired, reveals rather than conceals the young hero’s wiry anatomy
    Pensive and gentle in victory
    Lacks anatomical exaggeration
  • 14. The Cathedral Pulpit is Giovanni Pisano's masterpiece, and was built between 1302 and 1311. The beautifully sculpted panels represent scenes from the life of Jesus.The Baptistery Pulpit was built in 1260 by Nicola Pisano. It is hexagonal in shape and the six sculpted panels depict the life and death of Christ.
    Note the trefoil Gothic Arches, Corinthian capitalscrouching lions and eagle book rest
    Nicola Pisano
    Pisa Baptistry
  • 15. Italian Quattrocento Architecture
    Alberti, Sant’Andrea, Mantua
    Combination of Roman triumphal arch with antique temple front
    Pairs of giant pilasters, topped by Corinthian capitals, support pediment
    Large barrel vault that rises above the façade
    Size of façade dictated by the small plaza in front of church: Alberti could not change width—bell tower on one side, the plaza on the other
    Alberti sought to create identical proportions of width and height
    “Ombrellone” seems awkward, but it creates a powerful barrel vault inside building, largest since antiquity
  • 16. Saint-Maclou, Rouen
    1432 - 1521
    1443-51

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