Apah Test1

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Apah Test1

  1. 1. Study Images for Test 1 Mesopotamian through Roman Art
  2. 2. Reconstruction Drawing of the Citadel and Palace Complex of Sargon II
  3. 3. Assurnasirpal II killing lions c. 850 BCE
  4. 4. Saqquara, c. 2750 BC
  5. 5. Akhenaten c. 1360 BCE
  6. 6. Queen Tiye Ca. 1353 – 1335 BCE
  7. 7. Cycladic Figure c. 2300 BCE
  8. 8. Bull Leaping c. 1550 – 1450 BCE
  9. 9. Funerary Amphora from Diplylon c. 750 BCE
  10. 10. Funerary Stele of Hegeso c. 410 – 400 BCE
  11. 11. Statue of an Old Market Woman c. 1 st century BCE
  12. 12. Kritios Boy c. 480 BCE
  13. 13. Nike of Samothrace c. 190 BCE
  14. 14. Nike Adjusting Her Sandal c. 410 – 407 BCE
  15. 16. Roman Early Imperial Art <ul><li>Pont du Gard, N î mes </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge and aqueduct </li></ul><ul><li>Largest arch spans 82 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Each person in N î mes could count on 100 gallons of water a day </li></ul><ul><li>Rough stones left exposed to allow for repair work </li></ul><ul><li>Ashlar masonry </li></ul>
  16. 18. Wall Paintings from Pompeii ca. 70 – 79 BCE
  17. 19. Garden Room, late 1 st century BCE 3 rd Pompeian Style
  18. 20. Villa of the Mysteries, 2 nd Pompeian Style painting <ul><li>Dionysiac Mystery Frieze </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco, Foreshortening </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Pompeian Style painting </li></ul><ul><li>Large figures in a frieze-like format </li></ul><ul><li>Initiation rites into the female cult of Dionysos </li></ul><ul><li>Figures act out mystery rites </li></ul><ul><li>Painted marble panels at bottom, from the First Pompeian style of painting </li></ul><ul><li>Bright Pompeian red background pushes figures forward </li></ul><ul><li>No linear perspective, but three dimensional illusionism </li></ul><ul><li>Figures interact with each other on adjacent wall spaces </li></ul>
  19. 22. Atrium, House of the Silver wedding
  20. 23. <ul><li>Ixion Room </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco, linear perspective, atmospheric perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Foreshortening </li></ul><ul><li>Ixion murdered his father-in-law and planned to seduce Hera </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus struck him with a thunderbolt and ordered him to be tied to a wheel in hell </li></ul><ul><li>Scheme of red and white fields </li></ul><ul><li>On bottom painted to resemble marble slabs </li></ul><ul><li>On top, architectural vistas that do not align to a single viewpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Thin delicate motifs alternate with framed mythological scenes </li></ul>
  21. 24. Rome, c. 80 B.C. <ul><li>Head of a Roman Patrician </li></ul><ul><li>Bust </li></ul><ul><li>Severe, unwavering, resolute </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable, respected </li></ul><ul><li>Romans felt the head was a good enough representation of a person </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional family values </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Hellenistic Greek art </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the virtues of old age </li></ul><ul><li>Was old age enhanced on the figure? </li></ul>
  22. 25. Roman Late Imperial Art <ul><li>Head of Constantine </li></ul><ul><li>8 ½ foot head </li></ul><ul><li>Part of a seated statue that must have been 30 feet </li></ul><ul><li>Enthroned in the Basilica of Constantine </li></ul><ul><li>Metal crown was attached to brow </li></ul><ul><li>Enlarged and detailed carving of eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of individuality </li></ul>
  23. 27. Ara Pacis c. 13 – 19 BCE
  24. 28. <ul><li>Ara Pacis and Procession of the Imperial Family </li></ul><ul><li>Altar of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>Delicately carved acanthus leaf patterns on the exterior </li></ul><ul><li>Altar connected with Augustus ’ homecoming after a long absence </li></ul><ul><li>Romans appear as a ruling class, not as gods </li></ul><ul><li>Actual identifiable Romans depicted </li></ul><ul><li>Children are depicted as children, not shown as small adults </li></ul><ul><li>Crowding of figures in processional, not classically dispersed </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus passed laws to promote family values </li></ul><ul><li>Tellus Relief </li></ul><ul><li>Mother Earth suckles her children </li></ul><ul><li>Personifications of earth, wind, fire and water rest at peace around her </li></ul><ul><li>Roman peace brings bounty to all </li></ul>

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