Child abuse and neglect pediatric and child right
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  • اخر سلايد
  • The family is the child's principal resource for meeting his or her needs for protection, emotional support, education, and socialization
  • these separations may be relatively brief but unexpected, as may occur with a parent's acute illness or injury. The separation may occur in the context of significant parental discord, as often occurs with a divorce. The death of a parent results in a permanent separation that may be anticipated or unanticipated.
  • Child adjustment to the separation is affected by child factors, such as the age of the child and the child's temperamentمزاج; factors related to the separation, such as the length of the separation, reason for the separation, and whether the separation was planned or unplanned; and factors related to the care-giving environment during the separation, such as how familiar the child is with the caregiver and whether the child has access to friends and familiar toys and routines.
  • How children are affected by divorceThey feel abandoned.They feel powerless and helpless.They have a greater need for nurturing.They feel angry.They feel guilty; they feel the divorce is their fault.They think they have to “take care” of their parents.They worry that they will be “kicked out”They grieve. They experience conflicts of loyalty.They “act out” in some way.
  • How Children are affected by DivorceInfant to 2 yearsToo young to understand what is happeningMay sense parents’ stress and feel changes in daily routineTask: develop trust and to bondHow Children are affected by DivorcePreschooler - ages 2 to 5Lack mental ability to understand what is happeningWill be confused, angry, sad, and fearfulMay believe they are at faultFantasy play will reveal fears and desires of family reunitedMay regress: bed wetting or thumb suckingHow Children are affected by DivorceAges 6 to 8Reactions include anger, grief, and a deep yearning for the departed parentAnger will express itself through tantrumsMay feel responsible for taking care of parentsChildren identify with both parents - DO NOT criticize other parent in front of child!
  • How Children are affected by DivorceAges 9 to 12Have ability to see two points of viewNeed to talk about their feelings and acknowledge angerMay identify “good guy”/”bad guy”; focused on what’s “right and fair”Puberty makes it difficult to be separated from same-sex parentLikely to manipulate and play games with parentsHow Children are affected by DivorceAdolescence - ages 13 to 18More developed socially and emotionally- peers are primary orientationLack of consistency in discipline and control is unsettling - “growing up too fast”May act out anger and frustration through delinquency, substance abuse, sexual promiscuityHonest communication helps teens see both sides of issue - without involving them in inappropriate “adult issues”How Children are affected by DivorceEmerging Adulthood - 18 to 25Accelerated independence - growing up fasterEarly departure from family to avoid conflictInvolvement with alcohol, drugs or inappropriate sexual behavior to “escape” painLoss of “Home”
  • ما يؤثر؟ تكيف الطفل في الطلاق؟مستوى الصراعإن وجود بيئة مستقرةالحفاظ على العلاقاتالاستماع الرأفة
  • متابعه الحاله الصحيه للطفل مراقبه الحاله الجسديهاعطاء النصائح و العلاجات
  • اعطاء النصائح لل ابوين و للطفلتقييم و معالجه الحاله النفسيه للطفلفحص الحاله الجسمانيةمراقبه عادات الطفل
  • Not to send massegebettwen parents and and not to blame the other side and مقياس البيئة الأسرية (التماسك والاتصالات)تصورات الوالدين (الإيجابية والسلبية)صراع الوالدين
  • متابعه الحاله على ارض الواقعفي المنزل و الحي او المدرسه او الروضه و طريقه تعامله مع الناس و العكسرفع التقارير لأخصائي الاطفال و النفسيه اعطاء النصاءح للأبوين و الأهل المقيمين معه
  • في حاله عدم الإستجابه للتعليمات او التعرض الطفل بضرب او الإعتداء الجسدي او التحرش الجنسي الو في حال كان الطفل بالغ و يقوم بأعمال خبيثه او تعرضه للمخدرات او اعمال تخريبيه اخرى
  • في حاله عدم الإستجابه للتعليمات او التعرض الطفل بضرب او الإعتداء الجسدي او التحرش الجنسي الو في حال كان الطفل بالغ و يقوم بأعمال خبيثه او تعرضه للمخدرات او اعمال تخريبيه اخرى
  • We can manage the situation by strengthening the relationship between family members and the child by visiting psychiatrist and give them tips to improve the status of the child psychologically and constant visits to Children's Hospital to make sure the physical situation of the childما هي المساهمة الرئيسية لنتائج سيئة للأطفال من الانفصال؟الصراع بين الوالدينفقرالصحة النفسية الوالدينالعلاقة مع الوالد غير مقيمنمط الأبوة والأمومةمعظم هذه العوامل يتم بوساطة قدرة الكبار على الأم أطفالهما بصورة مرضية
  • The concept of a right to health has been enumerated in international agreements which include the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. However, there remains some international variation in the interpretation and application of the right to health due to considerations such as how health is defined, what minimum entitlements are encompassed in a right to health, and which institutions are responsible for ensuring a right to health.
  • هي الموارد الطبية محدودة جدا ويتم صرفها بشكل أكبر من الصراعات الداخلية في البلاد. في دارفور، على سبيل المثال، فإن أغلبية كبيرة من المستشفيات ويجري حاليا إعادة الإعمار. هناك نقص يائسة لوازم والمرافق الطبية، والمرافق الموجودة غير مؤهلة للتعامل مع أعداد كبيرة من الأطفال، وبصورة رئيسية الأطفال حديثي الولادة الذين يعانون من أمراض خطيرة في كثير من الأحيان الناجمة عن سوء التغذية والجفاف.
  • هي الموارد الطبية محدودة جدا ويتم صرفها بشكل أكبر من الصراعات الداخلية في البلاد. في دارفور، على سبيل المثال، فإن أغلبية كبيرة من المستشفيات ويجري حاليا إعادة الإعمار. هناك نقص يائسة لوازم والمرافق الطبية، والمرافق الموجودة غير مؤهلة للتعامل مع أعداد كبيرة من الأطفال، وبصورة رئيسية الأطفال حديثي الولادة الذين يعانون من أمراض خطيرة في كثير من الأحيان الناجمة عن سوء التغذية والجفاف.
  • وقد أدت الصراعات التي تعصف السودان على مدى عقود، جنبا إلى جنب مع الظروف المناخية القاسية مثل الفيضانات والجفاف، إلى نقص حاد في الغذاء. غير قادر على الاعتماد كليا على محاصيلهم، والشعب السوداني لا تزال تعتمد إلى حد كبير على المساعدات الغذائية.
  • المياه الصالحة للشرب محدود في السودان. وفقا لإحصاءات اليونيسيف، 40٪ من السكان لا يمكنهم الحصول على مياه الشرب المأمونة.
  • ما يقرب من نصف الأطفال في السودان ليست في المدرسة. على الرغم من أن التعليم في السودان هو في نظرية الإلزامي، إلا أن الواقع مختلف تماما. تفشل الأطفال لحضور أو إنهاء المدرسة عادة بسبب الفقر وعدم الاستقرار وانعدام الأمن. الفتيات، على وجه الخصوص، تواجه العديد من العقبات التي تحول دون حصولهم على التعليم، بما في ذلك زواج الأطفال في بعض المناطق وعدم وجود الوعي المجتمعي حول أهمية تعليم الفتيات.
  • ما يقرب من نصف الأطفال في السودان ليست في المدرسة. على الرغم من أن التعليم في السودان هو في نظرية الإلزامي، إلا أن الواقع مختلف تماما. تفشل الأطفال لحضور أو إنهاء المدرسة عادة بسبب الفقر وعدم الاستقرار وانعدام الأمن. الفتيات، على وجه الخصوص، تواجه العديد من العقبات التي تحول دون حصولهم على التعليم، بما في ذلك زواج الأطفال في بعض المناطق وعدم وجود الوعي المجتمعي حول أهمية تعليم الفتيات.
  • من أجل الحد من معدلات التسرب من المدارس، وانضمت وزارة التربية والتعليم وبرنامج الغذاء العالمي لتقديم وجبات الغداء قوات لجميع التلاميذ. الآباء هم الآن أكثر استعدادا لإرسال أبنائهم إلى المدرسة، مع العلم أنه سيتم تغذية.
  • الحق في الحياة هو مبدأ أخلاقي يقوم على الاعتقاد بأن للإنسان الحق في أن يعيش، وعلى وجه الخصوص، لا ينبغي أن يكون قتل ظلما من قبل إنسان آخر. مفهوم الحق في الحياة أمر أساسي لمناقشات حول قضايا الإجهاض، والدفاع عن النفس والأخلاق الحرب.
  • يستخدم اليونيسيف مصطلح "حماية الطفل" للإشارة إلى منع والاستجابة للعنف والاستغلال والإيذاء ضد الأطفال - بما في ذلك الاستغلال الجنسي التجاري، والاتجار، وعمالة الأطفال، والممارسات التقليدية الضارة، مثل تشويه الأعضاء التناسلية للإناث / بترها، وزواج الأطفال.
  • في المرتبة الثانية السودان لعدد من تشويه الأعضاء التناسلية للإناث في أفريقيا. 90٪ من الإناث لديهم السودانية أعضائهم التناسلية مشوهة قبل ان تصل الى سن العاشرة. يمارس السودان أشد أشكال ختان الإناث: الختان الفرعوني، والذي ينطوي على الاستئصال الكامل للبظر وقطع بعيدا وخياطة من الشفرين.
  • في المرتبة الثانية السودان لعدد من تشويه الأعضاء التناسلية للإناث في أفريقيا. 90٪ من الإناث لديهم السودانية أعضائهم التناسلية مشوهة قبل ان تصل الى سن العاشرة. يمارس السودان أشد أشكال ختان الإناث: الختان الفرعوني، والذي ينطوي على الاستئصال الكامل للبظر وقطع بعيدا وخياطة من الشفرين.
  • هذه الممارسة هي مؤلمة للغاية كما يتم تنفيذ ذلك من دون مخدر، يشكل خطرا على الصحة والحياة، ويمثل انتهاكا فظيعا لحقوق الفتيات. وهي تدير المخاطر على صحة الفتيات وحياتهم لأنها يمكن أن تتطور العدوى بسهولة.
  • السودان هي واحدة من أفقر البلدان في العالم. يعيش 40٪ من سكانها تحت خط الفقر، والغالبية العظمى من السودانيين المعوزين والذين يعيشون في ظروف مروعة. والظروف المناخية القاسية ونقص الموارد الطبيعية هي المسؤولة في المقام الأول عن الفقر السائد، ولكن تفاقم حالة عدم الاستقرار السياسي والصراع الداخلي الوضع. حرمانهم حتى احتياجاتهم الأساسية، والفقر المدقع وسرقة الأطفال السودانيين من طفولتهم.
  • السودان هي واحدة من أفقر البلدان في العالم. يعيش 40٪ من سكانها تحت خط الفقر، والغالبية العظمى من السودانيين المعوزين والذين يعيشون في ظروف مروعة. والظروف المناخية القاسية ونقص الموارد الطبيعية هي المسؤولة في المقام الأول عن الفقر السائد، ولكن تفاقم حالة عدم الاستقرار السياسي والصراع الداخلي الوضع. حرمانهم حتى احتياجاتهم الأساسية، والفقر المدقع وسرقة الأطفال السودانيين من طفولتهم.
  • السودان، مثل جنوب السودان، وقد جندت العديد من الأطفال لقواتها المسلحة. وفقا لليونيسيف، وهناك حوالي 6،000 الجنود الأطفال في دارفور وحدها. تظهر التقارير الرسمية أن أصغر الجنود فقط 11 عاما من العمر والتي المجندات في كثير من الأحيان ضحايا الاعتداء الجنسي التي يتلقونها ضد أي حماية.
  • السودان، مثل جنوب السودان، وقد جندت العديد من الأطفال لقواتها المسلحة. وفقا لليونيسيف، وهناك حوالي 6،000 الجنود الأطفال في دارفور وحدها. تظهر التقارير الرسمية أن أصغر الجنود فقط 11 عاما من العمر والتي المجندات في كثير من الأحيان ضحايا الاعتداء الجنسي التي يتلقونها ضد أي حماية.
  • في السودان، لم يقم اثنين من حروب أهلية طويلة الملايين القتلى والمشردين داخليا واللاجئين. لأطفال السودان، الضحية الأولى للصراع، كانت هناك عواقب وخيمة لتعليمهم والصحة والعافية
  • في السودان، لم يقم اثنين من حروب أهلية طويلة الملايين القتلى والمشردين داخليا واللاجئين. لأطفال السودان، الضحية الأولى للصراع، كانت هناك عواقب وخيمة لتعليمهم والصحة والعافية
  • السودان لديه أكبر عدد من النازحين داخليا في العالم. في مواجهة العنف بسبب الصراع، يضطر العديد من الأسر إلى الفرار من ديارهم هربا من مصير قاتمة. رحلة إلى مخيمات يمكن أن تكون طويلة ومحفوفة بالمخاطر والعديد من تفشل في جعل الرحلة على قيد الحياة.
  • السودان لديه أكبر عدد من النازحين داخليا في العالم. في مواجهة العنف بسبب الصراع، يضطر العديد من الأسر إلى الفرار من ديارهم هربا من مصير قاتمة. رحلة إلى مخيمات يمكن أن تكون طويلة ومحفوفة بالمخاطر والعديد من تفشل في جعل الرحلة على قيد الحياة.
  • مرة واحدة بعد أن وصلت لا تزال غير مضمونة المخيمات والغذاء والصحة والسلامة البدنية. ومن المعروف أن الجماعات المسلحة لاستهداف مناطق مدنية لتضخيم آثار الهجمات والظروف المعيشية داخل المخيمات هم من الفقراء. المنظمات الإنسانية المعنية لمساعدة اللاجئين ليست دائما قادرة مساعدة كما هي في بعض الأحيان غير قادر على الوصول إلى المخيمات.
  • مرة واحدة بعد أن وصلت لا تزال غير مضمونة المخيمات والغذاء والصحة والسلامة البدنية. ومن المعروف أن الجماعات المسلحة لاستهداف مناطق مدنية لتضخيم آثار الهجمات والظروف المعيشية داخل المخيمات هم من الفقراء. المنظمات الإنسانية المعنية لمساعدة اللاجئين ليست دائما قادرة مساعدة كما هي في بعض الأحيان غير قادر على الوصول إلى المخيمات.

Child abuse and neglect pediatric and child right Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Family Structure and Function Emad Adam Mohamed
  • 2. • Family is dynamic system of interaction among biologically socially or legally related to individuals families have unique power to interfere with health and development.
  • 3. • FAMILY FUNCTIONS • The functions that families carry out in support of their children as providing for physical needs, emotional support, education, and socialization
  • 4. • Most cases of child abuse involve the failure of family to provide a safe environment for the child. • Overprotective parents may limit friendships and other growth experiences or excessive health care, as may occur in the vulnerable child syndrome.
  • 5. • Child neglect is an extreme form of understimulation, that may create intense pressure on children related to problems such as anxiety disorders.
  • 6. • Important Roles Families Play in Supporting Children • 1-Physical needs • -safty • -food • -health and health care • -house/shelter
  • 7. • • • • • 2-Emotional -communication -affect -stimulation -guidance/ discipline
  • 8. • • • • • 3-Education socialization -values -relation ships -community -formal schooling
  • 9. FAMILY STRUCTURE The traditional family consists of a married mother and father and their biologic children. half of children live in the traditional nuclear family. Today children may live with single parents , grandparents, and Adoption. Different family structures create different types of family stresses
  • 10. • FAMILY DYSFUNCTION • Due to failure of Roles that Supporting Children(physical needs, emotional support, education, and socialization).
  • 11. •Thanks
  • 12. Understanding child abuse and neglect Mohammed abd almonaem
  • 13. Child abuse is more than bruises or broken bones. While physical abuse is shocking due to the scars it leaves, not all child abuse is as obvious. Ignoring children’s needs, putting them in unsupervised, dangerous situations, or making a child feel worthless or stupid are also child abuse. Regardless of the type of child abuse, the result is serious emotional harm.
  • 14. Myths and facts about child abuse and neglect
  • 15. MYTH #1: It's only abuse if it's violent.
  • 16. Fact: Physical abuse is just one type of child abuse. Neglect and emotional abuse can be just as damaging, and since they are more subtle, others are less likely to intervene.
  • 17. MYTH #2: Only bad people abuse their children.
  • 18. Fact: While it's easy to say that only "bad people" abuse their children, it's not always so black and white. Not all abusers are intentionally harming their children. Many have been victims of abuse themselves, and don’t know any other way to parent. Others may be struggling with mental health issues or a substance abuse problem.
  • 19. MYTH #3: Child abuse doesn't happen in “good” families.
  • 20. Fact: Child abuse doesn't only happen in poor families or bad neighborhoods. It crosses all racial, economic, and cultural lines. Sometimes, families who seem to have it all from the outside are hiding a different story behind closed doors.
  • 21. MYTH #4: Most child abusers are strangers.
  • 22. Fact: While abuse by strangers does happen, most abusers are family members or others close to the family.
  • 23. MYTH #5: Abused children always grow up to be abusers.
  • 24. Fact: It is true that abused children are more likely to repeat the cycle as adults, unconsciously repeating what they experienced as children. On the other hand, many adult survivors of child abuse have a strong motivation to protect their children against what they went through and become excellent parents.
  • 25. Fathia fareed ibrahim
  • 26. There are several types of child abuse, but the core element that ties them together is the emotional effect on the child.
  • 27. physical abuse emotion al abuse Child abuse falls into one or more of four categories sexual abuse neglect
  • 28. 1/ Physical abuse Many physically abusive parents insist that their actions are simply forms of ways to make children learn to behave, But there is a big difference between using physical punishment to discipline and physical abuse. The point of disciplining children is to teach them right from wrong, not to make them live in fear.
  • 29. 1/ Physical abuse Physical abuse may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. It may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates symptoms of, or induces illness in a child.
  • 30. 2/ Emotional Abuse Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional ill treatment of a child such as to cause severe and persistent effects on the child’s emotional development, and may involve:
  • 31. 1/Conveying to a child that s/he is worthless, unloved, inadequate. 2/Calling names and making negative comparisons to others. 3/Telling a child he or she is “no good," "worthless," "bad," or "a mistake. 4/Frequent yelling, threatening, or bullying.Ignoring or rejecting a child as punishment, giving him or her the silent treatment. 5/Limited physical contact with the child—no hugs,
  • 32. 5/Limited physical contact with the child—no hugs, kisses, or other signs of affection. 6/Exposing the child to violence or the abuse of others, whether it be the abuse of a parent, a sibling, or even a ppet. These will Causing a child to feel frightened or in danger
  • 33. 3/Neglect defined as the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health and development. -child's basic needs could be ( adequate food, clothing, hygiene, or supervision). Child neglect is not always easy to spot.
  • 34. Sometimes, a parent might become physically or mentally unable to care for a child, such as with a serious injury, untreated depression, or anxiety. Other times, alcohol or drug abuse may seriously complicate the problem Older children might not show outward signs of neglect, becoming used to presenting a competent face to the outside world, and even taking on the role of the parent. But at the end of the day, neglected children are not getting their physical and emotional needs met.
  • 35. fardia tariq
  • 36. DEF Any action related to sex that harms achild or involvement of child in sexual activity that they cannot understand for which they are developmentally unprepared and cannot give consent to and that violates social taboos
  • 37. Sexual abuse involve manipulation and coercion And is typically a physically non violent assault . Sexual abuse is apparent family friend stranger sibling touching child inappropriately fo touch there own pleasure having the child pornography and taping child performing a sex act.
  • 38. Signs of sexual abuse Physical sign of sexual abuse: • difficulty walking or sitting stained or bloody underwear • genital or rectal pain .itchy, swelling redness or discharge • bruises or other injury in the genital or rectal area
  • 39. Signs of sexual abuse behavioralemotional sign of sexual abuse difficulty eating or sleeping soiling or wetting themselves even after being potty trained acting younger than their age
  • 40. Signs of sexual abuse Excessive crying and sadness Refusing to play with other children and adult Talking about acting out sexual act. Older than normal for the child's age
  • 41. Diagnosis and investigation History Physical examination Labrotary evaluation(screaning for gonorrhea syphilis human immunodeficicy virus clamydia trachomatis trichomnas vaginalis
  • 42. Risk factors of child abuse and neglect Fatima awad
  • 43. Risk factors for child abuse and neglect:While child abuse and neglect occurs in all types of families — even in those that look happy from the outside — children are at a much greater risk in certain situations.
  • 44. Domestic violence:- Domestic violence is fearful to children and emotionally abusive, Even if the mother does her best to protect her children and keeps them from being physically abused, the situation is still extremely damaging.
  • 45. Alcohol and drug abuse:Living with an alcoholic or addict is very difficult for children and can easily lead to abuse and neglect. Parents who are drunk or high are unable to care for their children, make good parenting decisions, and control often-dangerous impulses. Substance abuse also commonly leads to physical abuse or serious illness.
  • 46. Untreated mental illness:- Parents who suffering from depression, an anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, or another mental illness have trouble taking care of themselves, much less their children. A mentally ill or traumatized parent may be distant and withdrawn from his or her children, or quick to anger without understanding why. Treatment for the caregiver means better care for the children.
  • 47. Lack of parenting skills:- Some caregivers never learned the skills necessary for good parenting. Teen parents, for example, might have unrealistic expectations about how much care babies and small children need. Or parents who were themselves victims of child abuse may only know how to raise their children the way they were raised. In such cases, parenting classes, therapy, and caregiver support groups are great resources for learning better parenting skills.
  • 48. Stress and lack of support:- Parenting can be a very time-intensive, difficult job, especially if you’re raising children without support from family, friends, or the community or financial difficulties. Caring for a child with a disability, special needs, or difficult behaviors is also a challenge. It’s important to get the support you need, so you are emotionally and physically able to support your child.
  • 49. Warning signs of child abuse and neglect Fardous babeker
  • 50. • The earlier child abuse is caught, the better the chance of recovery and appropriate treatment for the child. Child abuse is not always obvious. By learning some of the common warning signs of child abuse and neglect, you can catch the problem as early as possible and get both the child and the abuser the help that they need.
  • 51. • Of course, just because you see a warning sign doesn’t automatically mean a child is being abused. It’s important to dig deeper, looking for a pattern of abusive behavior and warning signs, if you notice something off.
  • 52. Warning signs of emotional abuse in children • Excessively withdrawn, fearful, or anxious about doing something wrong. • Shows extremes in behavior (extremely compliant or extremely demanding; extremely passive or extremely aggressive). • Doesn’t seem to be attached to the parent or caregiver. • Acts either inappropriately adult (taking care of other children) or inappropriately infantile (rocking, thumb-sucking, throwing tantrums).
  • 53. Warning signs of physical abuse in children • Frequent injuries or unexplained bruises, welts, or cuts. • Is always watchful and “on alert,” as if waiting for something bad to happen. • Injuries appear to have a pattern such as marks from a hand or belt. • Shies away from touch, flinches at sudden movements, or seems afraid to go home. • Wears inappropriate clothing to cover up injuries, such as long-sleeved shirts on hot days.
  • 54. Warning signs of neglect in children • Clothes are ill-fitting, filthy, or inappropriate for the weather. • Hygiene is consistently bad (unbathed, matted and unwashed hair, noticeable body odor). • Untreated illnesses and physical injuries. • Is frequently unsupervised or left alone or allowed to play in unsafe situations and environments. • Is frequently late or missing from school.
  • 55. Warning signs of sexual abuse in children • Trouble walking or sitting. • Displays knowledge or interest in sexual acts inappropriate to his or her age, or even seductive behavior. • Makes strong efforts to avoid a specific person, without an obvious reason. • Doesn’t want to change clothes in front of others or participate in physical activities. • An STD or pregnancy, especially under the age of 14. • Runs away from home.
  • 56. Child abuse and reactive attachment disorder • Severe abuse early in life can lead to reactive attachment disorder. Children with this disorder are so disrupted that they have extreme difficulty establishing normal relationships and attaining normal developmental milestones. They need special treatment and support
  • 57. EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT Mohammed isma3eel
  • 58. Immediate effects of child abuse The immediate effects of child abuse can be extremely serious, especially in infants, where some of the serious injuries and fatalities result from shaking during the first 12 months of life. In both infants and older children, the effects of child abuse vary according to the types of abuse or neglect and can be identified by the following signs.
  • 59. Physical effects of child abuse 1. Unexplained burns, cuts, bruises, or welts in the shape of an object 2. Bite marks 3. Anti-social behavior 4. Problems in school 5. Fear of adults
  • 60. Emotional effects of child abuse 1. Apathy 2. Depression 3. Hostility or stress 4. Lack of concentration 5. Eating disorders
  • 61. Sexual effects of child abuse 1. Inappropriate interest or knowledge of sexual acts 2. Nightmares and bed wetting 3. Drastic changes in appetite 4. Overcompliance or excessive aggression 5. Fear of a particular person or family member
  • 62. Neglect 1. Unsuitable clothing for weather 2. Appearance is dirty or unbathed 3. Extreme hunger 4. Apparent lack of supervision
  • 63. Long-Term Abuse and Neglect These effects range in consequence from minor physical injuries low self-esteem, attention disorders, and poor peer relations to severe brain damage, violent behavior, and death
  • 64. Statistics underscore the alarming effects of child abuse over time: 36.7% of all women in prison and 14.4% of all men in prison in the United States were abused as children. Children who have been sexually abused are 2.5 times more likely to abuse alcohol and 3.8 times more likely to become addicted to drugs. One third of abused and neglected children will later abuse their own children, continuing the horrible cycle of abuse.
  • 65. Effects on Child Development Brain/cognitive development Attachment Academic achievement
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  • 67. Miada adlan
  • 68. Def as: any sexual act that is perpetrated against some one will sexual violence type are: 1. rape(completed sex act) 2. An attempted nonconsensual sex act 3. Abusive sexual contact 4. Non contact sexual abuse (threatened sexual violence. Exhibitionism. Verbal sexual harassment)
  • 69. Symptoms 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Anxiety depression post sexual abuse Trauma Sleep disturbance
  • 70. Risk factor 1. Parents lack understanding of child need 2. Substance abuse and mental health issue(depression) 3. Family social 4. Parents stress 5. Poor parents child relationship 6. Community violence
  • 71. Prevention 1. Take through history of child involved with violence as aggress or victim by stander non violent problem solver 2. Educate child and parents about way of reduce risk factor 3. Provide follow up support for the changes and their parents make to help prevent violence
  • 72. 4. Engage in community out reach activity designed community norms about violence by community and pediatricians can help children develop the habits need to protect themselves from violence
  • 73. Divorce AND Separation mohammed bassam daqaq
  • 74. Child feeling They experience conflicts of loyalty guilty angry Abandoned powerless take care” of their parents helpless worry that they will be “kicked out” Grieve
  • 75. <2 years May sense parents’ stress and feel changes in daily routine 6 to 8 Lack mental ability to understand what is happening include anger, grief, and a deep yearning for the departed parent tantrums Will be confused, angry, sad, and fearful Too young to understand what is happening 2 to 5 May feel responsible for taking care of parents Fantasy play will reveal fears and desires of family reunited Children identify with both parents
  • 76. 9 to 12 13 to 18 18 to 25 Have ability to see two points of view More developed socially and emotionally- peers are primary orientation Accelerated independence growing up faster Need to talk about their feelings and acknowledge anger May identify “good guy”/”bad guy”; focused on what’s “right and fair” Puberty makes it difficult to be separated from same-sex parent Lack of consistency in discipline and control is unsettling anger and frustration through delinquency, substance abuse, sexual promiscuity Early departure from family to avoid conflict Involvement with alcohol, drugs or inappropriate sexual behavior to “escape” pain Loss of “Home”
  • 77. Compassionate listening Maintaining relationships A stable environment level of conflict
  • 78. PEDIATRICIAN PSYCHOLOGIST HOW CAN HELP SOCIAL WORKER POLICE Monitor the health of the child Monitor the situation bodily Give tips and treatments
  • 79. Pediatrician Psychologist How can help Social worker police Give tips for parents and the child Assess and handle the mental state of the child Physical examination case Monitor the habits of the child
  • 80. Pediatrician Psychologist How can help Social worker police family *Family environment scale (cohesion, communication) *Perceptions of parents (positivity and negativity) *Parental conflict
  • 81. Pediatrician Psychologist How can help Social worker police Follow the situation on the ground In the home and neighborhood, school or seedbed way and dealing with people and vice versa Reporting Specialist for children and psychological Give tips for parents and parents residing with him
  • 82. Pediatrician Psychologist How can help Social worker police If you do not respond to instruction or exposure of the child beating or physical abuse or sexual harassment in the USA if the child is an adult and is malicious acts or exposure to drugs or other acts of sabotage
  • 83. Pediatrician Psychologist How can help Social worker police If you do not respond to instruction or exposure of the child beating or physical abuse or sexual harassment in the USA if the child is an adult and is malicious acts or exposure to drugs or other acts of sabotage
  • 84. poor outcomes for children of separation 1 • Inter-parental conflict 2 • Poverty 3 • Parents’ psychological wellbeing 4 • Relationship with nonresident parent 5 • Parenting style
  • 85. shahlaa abdeen
  • 86. Right to Health Right to Food Right to Education Right to life Right to protection
  • 87. Right to Health Every child has the right to health care, clean water, nutritious food and a safe environment so they can be as healthy as possible.
  • 88. Health Medical resources are very limited and are drained still further by the country’s internal conflicts. In Darfur, for example, a large majority of hospitals are currently under reconstruction.
  • 89. Health There is a desperate lack of medical supplies and facilities, and existing facilities are illequipped to deal with the vast numbers of children, principally newborns who are suffering serious illnesses often caused by malnutrition and dehydration.
  • 90. Right to Food The conflicts which have ravaged Sudan over decades, combined with harsh climatic conditions such as floods and droughts, have led to severe food shortages. Unable to rely wholly on their own crops, the Sudanese people are still largely dependent on food aid.
  • 91. Right to Food safe drinking water is limited in Sudan. According to UNICEF statistics, 40% of the population has no access to safe drinking water.
  • 92. Food problems Children are particularly at risk from food shortages, and the rate of infant mortality is especially high as 30% of babies are underweight at birth.
  • 93. Right to Education Almost half of Sudan’s children are not in school. Although education in Sudan is in theory compulsory, the reality is quite different. Children fail to attend or finish school usually due to poverty, instability and lack of security.
  • 94. Right to Education Girls, in particular, face many obstacles preventing them access to education, including child marriage in some areas and a lack of community awareness about the importance of educating girls.
  • 95. Education problems In order to reduce school dropout rates, the Ministry of Education and the World Food Programme have joined forces to provide lunches to all pupils. Parents are now more willing to send their children to school, knowing that they will be fed.
  • 96. Right to life The right to life is a moral principle based on the belief that a human being has the right to live and, in particular, should not to be unjustly killed by another human being. The concept of a right to life is central to debates on the issues of abortion, self defense and the morality of war.
  • 97. Right to protection UNICEF uses the term ‘child protection’ to refer to preventing and responding to violence, exploitation and abuse against children – including commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, child labour and harmful traditional practices, such as female genital mutilation/cutting and child marriage.
  • 98. Child marriage In Sudan, 12.4% of girls are forced to marry before the age of 15. Marriage is governed by a Sharia-based law introduced in 1991.
  • 99. Child marriage The practice of child marriages is very harmful to young girls and their health. At such a young age, girls’ bodies are not fully developed and are therefore not equipped for pregnancy or labour.
  • 100. Female Genital Mutilations Sudan ranks second for the number of female genital mutilations in Africa. 90% of female Sudanese have their genitals mutilated before they reach the age of ten.
  • 101. Female Genital Mutilations Sudan practises the most severe form of FGM: infibulation, which involves the complete removal of the clitoris and the cutting away and stitching of the labia.
  • 102. Female Genital Mutilations The practice of FGM is extremely painful as it is performed without anaesthetic, is a risk to health and to life, and represents a terrible violation of the girls’ rights. It runs risks for the girls’ health and their lives as they can easily develop infections.
  • 103. Main problems faced by children in Sudan:
  • 104. Poverty Sudan is one of the world’s poorest countries. 40% of its population live below the poverty line and the majority of Sudanese are destitute and living in terrible conditions.
  • 105. Poverty A harsh climate and a lack of natural resources are primarily responsible for the prevailing poverty, but political instability and internal conflict have aggravated the situation. Denying them even their basic needs, extreme poverty is robbing Sudanese children of their childhoods.
  • 106. Child soldiers Sudan, like South Sudan, has recruited many children to its armed forces. According to UNICEF, there are about 6,000 child soldiers in Darfur alone.
  • 107. Child soldiers Official reports show that the youngest soldiers are only 11 years of age and that girl soldiers are often the victims of sexual abuse against which they receive no protection.
  • 108. Child soldiers In Sudan, two long civil wars have left millions dead, internally displaced persons and refugees.
  • 109. Child soldiers For the children of Sudan, the primary victims of the conflict, there have been drastic consequences for their education, health and wellbeing.
  • 110. Displaced and refugee children Sudan has the largest number of internally displaced people in the world. In the face of violence because of the conflict, many families are forced to flee their homes to escape a gloomy fate.
  • 111. Displaced and refugee children The journey to camps can be long and perilous and many fail to make the journey alive.
  • 112. Displaced and refugee children Once having reached the camps, food, health and physical security are still not assured. Armed groups are known to target civilian areas to amplify the effects of their attacks and living conditions within the camps are poor.
  • 113. Displaced and refugee children Humanitarian organisations concerned to help the refugees are not always able assist as they are at times unable to reach the camps.