Road Safety Inspection (RSI)      Basil Psarianos, Professor       Nat’l Tech. Univ. Athens       bpsarian@mail.ntua.gr
The Problem       IRF Road Safety Training     2 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
SOLUTION APPROACH BY E.C.               IRF Road Safety Training     3         Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
Four Approach Schemes    PROACTIVE            IRF Road Safety Training     4      Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
Four Approach Schemes    PROACTIVE            IRF Road Safety Training     5      Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
RSI- Paris Definition of 2007Road safety inspection is  – a formal systematic road safety    assessment of road or road sc...
RSI: Some Clarifications  Road   Safety     Issues        Part         of   It                  IRF Road Safety Training  ...
IRF Road Safety Training     8Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
RSI: Some Clarifications• NOT ONLY ON BLACKSPOTS• MANDATORY ON TRANS-EUROPEAN NETWORK• Any reason not to apply it         ...
Necessity of RSI         IRF Road Safety Training     10   Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     11Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
Before vs AfterWithout RSI                      With RSI                      IRF Road Safety Training     12             ...
Before vs AfterBEFORE                                    AFTER                 IRF Road Safety Training     13           P...
Before vs AfterBEFORE                       AFTER                 IRF Road Safety Training     14           Programme Nico...
Before vs AfterBEFORE                          AFTER                 IRF Road Safety Training     15           Programme N...
Before vs AfterBefore                       After                                 SHOULDER                                ...
IRF Road Safety Training     17Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
RSI-CONTENT• Routine Inspections and Inspections of Road  Works (Annex III of the Directive)• Inspections undertaken regul...
i.e.• Pavement Drop-Offs                    IRF Road Safety Training     19              Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
The Principles of RSI (good           practice)• Elements of RSI represent risk factors for accidents• Standardized activi...
The Principles of RSI (goodpractice)                 cont’d • Document findings and propose safety measures   in STANDARDI...
IRF Road Safety Training     22Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
Annex III• Delimitation of Road Section• Previous Reports on Same Sections• Analysis of Accident Reports• Number of Fatali...
Annex III                                            cont’d  – Condition of Road Markings, Signs and Signals  – Rock falli...
Annex III                                        cont’d• Amendment of Cross-Section• Traffic Management and Control System...
Cost of RSI• Varies considerably depending on road category  and safety element• On average 600-1000 € / motorway-km• 10-1...
EU Experience        IRF Road Safety Training     27  Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
RSI in Germany for example              IRF Road Safety Training     28        Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
How?By any means …  – Visually  – Instrument driven  – Automation Recording and Evaluation Techniques                     ...
PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Patras-Pyrgos Route                    ...
PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Patras-Pyrgos Route                    ...
PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Patras-Pyrgos Route                    ...
PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Athens-KorinthMotorway                 ...
PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Athens-KorinthMotorway                 ...
IRF Road Safety Training     35Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     36Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     37Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     38Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     39Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     40Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     41Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
An e-RSI report fromNorway               IRF Road Safety Training     42         Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
AUSTRIACASE EXAMPLE:              IRF Road Safety Training     43        Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
Road Safety InspectionRoad Safety Inspection of Austrian motor- and expressways In Austria, Road Safety Inspection of moto...
Road Safety InspectionRoad Safety Inspection of Austrian motor- and expressways                   RSI in a team including:...
ACCIDENT  MAP           IRF Road Safety Training     46     Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
ria  st ’dAu nt  co                 IRF Road Safety Training     47           Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
IRF Road Safety Training     48Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
ria  st dAu nt’ co                IRF Road Safety Training     49          Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
ria  st dAu nt’ co                IRF Road Safety Training     50          Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
PRIORITIES     ia   tr d  s ’ u tA n  co                IRF Road Safety Training                  51          Programme Ni...
COMMON BELIEF: An ounce of prevention is worth              a pound of cureHenry De Bracton, De Legibus in 1240           ...
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Road safety inspection (rsi)

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Description of the Road Safety Inspection Concept within the EU Road safety Management Directive

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Road safety inspection (rsi)

  1. 1. Road Safety Inspection (RSI) Basil Psarianos, Professor Nat’l Tech. Univ. Athens bpsarian@mail.ntua.gr
  2. 2. The Problem IRF Road Safety Training 2 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  3. 3. SOLUTION APPROACH BY E.C. IRF Road Safety Training 3 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  4. 4. Four Approach Schemes PROACTIVE IRF Road Safety Training 4 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  5. 5. Four Approach Schemes PROACTIVE IRF Road Safety Training 5 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  6. 6. RSI- Paris Definition of 2007Road safety inspection is – a formal systematic road safety assessment of road or road scheme carried out by – an independent, qualified inspector or team of inspectors who – report on the existing road accident potential for all kinds of road users. IRF Road Safety Training 6 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  7. 7. RSI: Some Clarifications Road Safety Issues Part of It IRF Road Safety Training 7 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  8. 8. IRF Road Safety Training 8Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  9. 9. RSI: Some Clarifications• NOT ONLY ON BLACKSPOTS• MANDATORY ON TRANS-EUROPEAN NETWORK• Any reason not to apply it on the rest of Road Network? IRF Road Safety Training 9 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  10. 10. Necessity of RSI IRF Road Safety Training 10 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  11. 11. IRF Road Safety Training 11Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  12. 12. Before vs AfterWithout RSI With RSI IRF Road Safety Training 12 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  13. 13. Before vs AfterBEFORE AFTER IRF Road Safety Training 13 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  14. 14. Before vs AfterBEFORE AFTER IRF Road Safety Training 14 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  15. 15. Before vs AfterBEFORE AFTER IRF Road Safety Training 15 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  16. 16. Before vs AfterBefore After SHOULDER IMPROVEMENT IRF Road Safety Training 16 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  17. 17. IRF Road Safety Training 17Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  18. 18. RSI-CONTENT• Routine Inspections and Inspections of Road Works (Annex III of the Directive)• Inspections undertaken regularly by Competent Authority• Frequency Inspections as needed for adequate levels of Road Safety• Member States shall adopt guidelines for Temporary Safety Measures to Road Works• Appropriate Inspection Scheme to assure Proper Application of Guidelines IRF Road Safety Training 18 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  19. 19. i.e.• Pavement Drop-Offs IRF Road Safety Training 19 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  20. 20. The Principles of RSI (good practice)• Elements of RSI represent risk factors for accidents• Standardized activities to ensure inclusion of all elements in a objective manner• Use Checklists at least initially• For each element included a standardized assessment should follow based on 3 categories: – Traffic hazard that needs immediate action – Element is deviating from accessible standards but no short term action is needed. FOLLOW UP. – Element complies with accepted standards and in good condition IRF Road Safety Training 20 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  21. 21. The Principles of RSI (goodpractice) cont’d • Document findings and propose safety measures in STANDARDIZED form • Inspectors should be qualified for the job. Conduct regular meetings for experience and ideas exchange • FOLLOW-UP of RSI findings. CHECK whether implemented or not. IRF Road Safety Training 21 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  22. 22. IRF Road Safety Training 22Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  23. 23. Annex III• Delimitation of Road Section• Previous Reports on Same Sections• Analysis of Accident Reports• Number of Fatalities and Injuries in past 3 Years• Set of Remedial Measures for Next (1) Year: – Removal/protection of roadside obstacles – Speed limits and Enforcement – Visibility under various conditions – Condition of Restraint Systems IRF Road Safety Training 23 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  24. 24. Annex III cont’d – Condition of Road Markings, Signs and Signals – Rock falling – Pavement roughness• Set of Remedial Measures for more than one Year : – Redesign of Restraint Systems – Median protection – Overtaking – Intersection Improvement – Alignment Improvement IRF Road Safety Training 24 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  25. 25. Annex III cont’d• Amendment of Cross-Section• Traffic Management and Control System• Consideration of Vulnerable Road Users• Upgrading to Current Design Standards• Pavement Restoration and Replacement IRF Road Safety Training 25 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  26. 26. Cost of RSI• Varies considerably depending on road category and safety element• On average 600-1000 € / motorway-km• 10-15 km / man-day IRF Road Safety Training 26 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  27. 27. EU Experience IRF Road Safety Training 27 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  28. 28. RSI in Germany for example IRF Road Safety Training 28 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  29. 29. How?By any means … – Visually – Instrument driven – Automation Recording and Evaluation Techniques IRF Road Safety Training 29 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  30. 30. PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Patras-Pyrgos Route 10+670 IRF Road Safety Training 30 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  31. 31. PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Patras-Pyrgos Route 10+690 IRF Road Safety Training 31 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  32. 32. PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Patras-Pyrgos Route 10+710 IRF Road Safety Training 32 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  33. 33. PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Athens-KorinthMotorway INSPECTION OF PHYSICAL NOSES IRF Road Safety Training 33 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  34. 34. PhotologgingA very efficient and inexpensivemethod of Road Inspection:Case GREECE: Athens-KorinthMotorway INSPECTION OF PHYSICAL NOSES IRF Road Safety Training 34 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  35. 35. IRF Road Safety Training 35Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  36. 36. IRF Road Safety Training 36Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  37. 37. IRF Road Safety Training 37Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  38. 38. IRF Road Safety Training 38Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  39. 39. IRF Road Safety Training 39Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  40. 40. IRF Road Safety Training 40Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  41. 41. IRF Road Safety Training 41Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  42. 42. An e-RSI report fromNorway IRF Road Safety Training 42 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  43. 43. AUSTRIACASE EXAMPLE: IRF Road Safety Training 43 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  44. 44. Road Safety InspectionRoad Safety Inspection of Austrian motor- and expressways In Austria, Road Safety Inspection of motorways and expressways started in July 2003. - 2003 and 2004: 11 inspected sections - 2005/2006: 10 sections A8 A 22 A7 A4 A8 A 21 A1 S4 A9 S6 A 10 S 31 A 14 S 36 A2 A 9 S 35 A 12 A2 A2 A9 motorway expressway inspected sections 2003,2004,2005 sections under inspection
  45. 45. Road Safety InspectionRoad Safety Inspection of Austrian motor- and expressways RSI in a team including: – accident analysis – accident map – analysis of the traffic conditions – analysis of the constructional elements – inspection – on-site visit – meetings and interviews with motorway maintenance unit and traffic police – analysis of road surface (pavement rating - ruts, friction, …) – analysis of road maintenance measures – analysis of road environment remedial measures (short-, medium-, long term) IRF Road Safety Training 45 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  46. 46. ACCIDENT MAP IRF Road Safety Training 46 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  47. 47. ria st ’dAu nt co IRF Road Safety Training 47 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  48. 48. IRF Road Safety Training 48Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  49. 49. ria st dAu nt’ co IRF Road Safety Training 49 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  50. 50. ria st dAu nt’ co IRF Road Safety Training 50 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  51. 51. PRIORITIES ia tr d s ’ u tA n co IRF Road Safety Training 51 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
  52. 52. COMMON BELIEF: An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cureHenry De Bracton, De Legibus in 1240 IRF Road Safety Training 52 Programme Nicosia, CY, 4.12.2008
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