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Innovation powered by chemistry – Solutions for a sustainable and energy-efficient mobility

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Dr. Andreas Kreimeyer, BASF’s Research Executive Director, illustrates the role of chemistry in electromobility during the Electric Mobility Congress at the International Motor Show (IAA) in Hannover

Dr. Andreas Kreimeyer, BASF’s Research Executive Director, illustrates the role of chemistry in electromobility during the Electric Mobility Congress at the International Motor Show (IAA) in Hannover

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  • 1. Innovation powered by chemistry –Solutions for a sustainable andenergy-efficient mobilityDr. Andreas KreimeyerMember of the Board and Research Executive DirectorBASF SE, Ludwigshafen
  • 2. Megatrends trigger sustainable concepts formobility – electromobility is one answer.Electromobility requires a holistic approachto be sustainable and energy-efficient.Innovation powered by intelligent chemistry is akey enabler for electromobility. 2
  • 3. Global megatrends…require new concepts and technologies Growing Urbanization Energy demand & Mobility & population climate protection communication MEGATRENDS New concepts for sustainable mobility Energy efficient Low emission Affordable Comfortable 3
  • 4. Evolution of propulsion concepts... From internal combustion engines to electric vehicles ICE power-train Transmission Electric power-train Battery FC power-train Internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle Plug-in hybrid electric Battery electric vehicle Fuel cell electric vehicle Current technology (2012) LPG / CNG technology Vehicle (PHEV) (BEV) (FCEV) Trans- Trans- Trans- Trans- Trans- mission mission Tank mission mission mission E-motor E-motor ICE ICE ICE E-motor Power Power Power electronics electronics Tank Tank Gene- rator elec- Power tronics battery Energy battery FC stack Energy BOP battery Plug-in Plug-in charger charger Tank Numbers of vehicles in Germany [%]2012* 98.6 ~ 1.2 ~ 0.1 < 0.01 -2030** 57-91 2-14 4-19 2-10 0.1-1* Kraftfahrzeugbundesamt (KBA)** Various market studies: Roland Berger, McKinsey, AT Kearney, Exxon Mobil-Energieprognose 2011-2030 Deutschland 4
  • 5. Megatrends trigger sustainable concepts formobility – electromobility is one answer.Electromobility requires a holistic approachto be sustainable and energy-efficient.Innovation powered by intelligent chemistry is akey enabler for electromobility. 5
  • 6. Is electromobility sustainable? CO2 emission by propulsion concept BASF Eco-Effciency Analysis 0,6 Gram CO2 per Kilometer 2011 environmental burden (norm.)300250 Electromobility200 1,0 GASOLINE 162150 133 DIESEL 110 107100 CNG 1,4 LPG50 1,4 1,0 0,6 5 costs (norm.) GASOLINE 0 HYBRID ICE ICE EV EV EV 0,6 CNG environmental burden (norm.) today optimized Electricity Electricity Electricity from German from HYBRID* hard coal energy mix renewables GASOLINE PHEV 1,0 ELECTRIC Operation: Production:  Direct emission  Emission caused by production Scenario of the car and transport 2030 1,4 1,4 1,0 0,6 costs (norm.) 5
  • 7. Vision electromobilityHow the world of tomorrow could be … Power production Power storage  CO2 neutral  High flexibility / availability  Competitive prices  Low energy losses  100 % renewable  Cost efficient Power utilization Power transmission  Emission free  Stable supply driving  “Smart grids”  Competitive  Low transmission electric cars losses  No trade-offs in comfort 7
  • 8. Megatrends trigger sustainable concepts formobility – electromobility is one answer.Electromobility requires a holistic approachto be sustainable and energy-efficient.Innovation powered by intelligent chemistry is akey enabler for electromobility. 8
  • 9. Role of chemistry in electromobilityChemistry as key pillar1 Battery materials2 Lightweight construction3 Heat management4 Organic photovoltaics5 Organic light-emitting diodes (OLED)6 Offgas treatment for hybrid e-carsA wide range of chemical products andsolutions enables energy efficient driving 9
  • 10. Innovative battery materialsGoals:higher range, improved safety and lower costs Improved materials for components and cells ― Cathodes, Electrolytes ― Anodes, Separators New battery concepts (Li-S, Li-Air)BASF ACTIVITIES International Research Network with scientists and industry Joint R&D with international competence centers Building a production plant for cathode materials Acquisition of know-how and business activities 10
  • 11. Innovative battery materialsDriving range(in km) Gen2: Gen 3: Gen 4: Gen1: Current 2017 2022+Li-S*Li-ion HV**Li-ion** From Ni-MH to Lithium-SulfurNi-MH**** Li-S: Lithium-Sulfur, *** Ni-MH: Nickel-metal hydride** Li-ion: Lithium ion, Li-ion HV: Lithium high voltage Current activities focused on technology licensing 11
  • 12. Lightweight ConstructionGoals:higher range, less energy consumption Use of polymer-based lightweight components – Weight reduction potential up to 150 kg (~10-15 g CO2/km) Use in several parts and components – Pronounced effect in structural parts and bodyBASF ACTIVITIES Testing of novel material concepts and technologies (sandwich structures, continuous fiber-reinforced composites, RTM-processes) High-performance polymers in portfolio (polyamides, polyurethanes) 12
  • 13. Lightweight ConstructionFirst all-plastic wheel rim: made from Ultramid® First lightweight seat: made from continuousStructure, suitable for high-volume production fiber-reinforced thermoplastic composite  Key customer benefits  Key customer benefits − Weight reduction of more than − Increased legroom 30% compared to aluminum − Weight reduction of almost 50% − Lower fuel consumption − Lower CO2-emissions − Increased range − Design freedom and variety of colors 13
  • 14. Heat managementGoals:increased comfort, less energy consumption Electric vehicles of today: IR-reflective films for glazing up to 35% total energy consumption For windshields, coatings and interior elements for air conditioning Use of high-performance insulation materials Insulation of cabin and engine compartmentsBASF ACTIVITIES Intense research on innovative pigments and novel insulation materials Cabin temperature High-performance polymer foams in portfolio today in the future up to 60 °C 20-30 °C 14
  • 15. Organic Photovoltaics andOrganic Light-Emitting Diodes (OLEDs)Goals:increased comfort, less energy consumption Solar roof with transparent organic solar cells – even with diffused light enough energy is generated to power multimedia systems and assist interior climate management Transparent organic light-emitting diodes – transparent glass roof effect during daytime, pleasant illumination during nighttime 15
  • 16. Combined competencies:smart forvisionSmart forvision – concept car developed by Daimler and BASF Solar roof withLightweight transparenttridion cell organic solar panels and OLEDHigh-performance foams modules E-textilesInfrared-reflective film Multifunctional seatInfrared-reflectivecoating All-plastic wheel 16
  • 17. From vision to reality… Innovative technology created by chemistry will bring electromobility onto the fast lane 17
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