Air Barrier Paper

 The housewrap in the picture is an air barrier and a weather barrier in one.
The Hardiewrap in the pic...
Soffit Vent

The soffit vent in the picture allows air to transfer into the attic to help ventilate
to help with moisture ...
Ridge Vent
The ridge vent ventilates the hot air out of the
attic that the soffit vents let in. The vent itself
          ...
Gable Vent

  The gable vent lets both hot air in and out of the attic space. The
gable vent plays a vital role in the ven...
Wind Turbine
The wind turbine also releases hot air from the attic.
If the attic reaches a certain temperature it can turn...
Backhoe

The backhoe is one of the most used excavating machines there are
 now days. It can be used to dig any kind of tr...
Batter Boards

The batter boards are used to square up a
house or building to get dome idea where
         the foundation ...
Brick Arch # 1

  The arches in this picture are known as true radius arches. The top of
them are a perfect circle . They ...
Brick Arch # 2
  The brick arch in this picture is an example of a gothic arch. The arch
goes up to the top and meets at a...
Brick Arch # 3 with keystone
The two arches in this picture were both capped off with a keystone in
                      ...
Centering
Centering is the temporary supports that hold an arch
   together while the mortar sets up and hardens.
Brick Bond # 1
This is a common bond where the brick sit on top of the
          others by about 1/3 the size of a brick.
Brick Bond # 2
 In this picture, there is an example of running bond in the
  brickwork on the fireplace. The running bond...
Rowlocks
Headers
Soldiers
Sailors
Stretcher Rowlock or Shiner
Brick Size # 1
The brick in this picture is 7 5/8” by 3 5/8”. It is most
      commonly known as the modular brick.
Brick Size # 2
The brick in this picture are 8 ¼” long by 3 ½”. They are much older brick
                probaly best kno...
Bulldozer
 The bulldozer is a big machine that is used to grade off the
land so that the construction may begin. They usua...
Brick Clad Structure
EFIS Clad Structure
Stone Clad Structure
The pattern in this picture is random rubble.
Wood board Clad Structure
Wood Shingle Clad Structure
The gable in the picture is made up of wood shingle
                      cladding.
Code Requirement #1
For egress, there is a door in my bedroom, so there is no
       use in the window meeting code for th...
Stair Components
The stairs here did pass code. The tread dimension is 11
         ½” and the riser dimension is 7”.     .
Control Joint
A linear discontinuity in a structure to help with cracking
    from the external forces. Control joints usu...
Isolation Joint
An isolation joint is a joint between two different pieces of
concrete structures to help with movement an...
1 CMU = 3 Brick
A block of concrete designed to be laid in mortar like brick
 to erect a building. The standard dimensions...
Two Different Size CMU
The block on the bottom are 12” wide block and the top
                  ones are 16 block.
Split Face Block.
Ribbed Block
Decorative Block
Interior Right Hand Door
The interior door in this picture divides the bedroom and
                      the living room.
Interior Left Hand Door
The interior left hand door divides a bedroom and foyer.
Interior Right Hand Reverse Door
This door separates a bathroom and a bedroom.
Interior Left Hand Reverse Door
This door separates the basement living area from the
             main foyer in the basem...
Exterior Flush door
stile
                                         Top rail



                                          panel



            ...
Transom
A transom is a small window above a door. The transom
              lets light in above the door.
Sidelight
A sidelight is a long window beside a door that is usually
                       not wide at all.
Transformer box
The transformer receives the current and transfers it to
                 alternating current.
Service Head
The service Head is where the electrical power enters
                     the house.
Meter
The meter keeps up with how much power that
    residence has used in a period of time.
Service Panel
The service panel receives the main wires from the exterior
   of the house, and transfers the electricity a...
Duplex Receptacle
A duplex receptacle is a standard receptacle that
navigates the electrical power to the appliances.
# 1 Anchor bolt
#2 Sill Plate
# 3 Floor Joist
#4 Subflooring
#5 Sole Plate
#6 Stud
# 7 Top Plate
# 8 Ceiling Joist
# 9 Rafter
# 10 Roof Decking
# 11 Sheathing
#12 Stringer
Front End Loader
  A front end loader is used for multiple reasons in the excavating of the land. It can move dirt
from sp...
Gypsum Board
An interior finish panel that has Gypsum in between two pieces of paper backing.
  Gypsum board takes up a la...
Heat Pump
             Advantage: The heat pump can increase the heating by a factor of 3.
Disadvantage: The duct work tha...
Compressor/Condenser
The compressor supplies the air to the duct unit inside the house.
Air Handling Unit
The air handling unit takes in the air from the exterior of the house and transfers it to the inside.
Batt Insulation
The batt insulation is used to help control the air movement through the walls. The
                 batts...
Loose Fill Insulation
Loose Fill Insulation is more commonly used in ceilings to help prevent the hot air in the attic
   ...
Foamed Insulation
Foamed Insulation can be used in any part of the house, and really helps with keeping air in or
        ...
Rigid Board Insulation
The rigid board insulation is primarily used on the exterior of the house, and can take place of th...
Lintel
A lintel is a beam that carries a load across a window or a door.
Mortar Joint # 1




The mortar joint is a troweled joint and is 7/16” thick. The
                     mortar is m type.
Mortar Joint # 2




The mortar joint in this picture is a tooled joint. It is 3/8” thick
                   and the morta...
Oriented Strand Board
A wood panel that contains long strands of wood fibers glued together to be used as some type of she...
Lavatory
A lavatory is a bathroom sink or some other type of pedestal sink that can be used for multiple ways of
         ...
Water Closet
The piping used to drain the toilet is a 3” PVC pipe.
Premanufactured Tub
Plumbing Roof Vent
The VTR ventilates the plumbing so the smell of the gases are not smelled in the house.
Kitchen sink
The sink in this picture is a drop-in.
Plywood
A wood panel made up of layers of wood that are held together by glue and pressure. Veneer is
a thin layer, sheet,...
Radiant Barrier
The radiant barrier in usually placed on the exterior of the house to keep infrared heat out. This
       ...
Rebar
The steel reinforcing in the picture is #3 bar and is 3/8” thick. It was added to the slab to tie in to another
    ...
Gutter
A gutter catches the rain as it comes off the roof to transport it to the ground through a downspout. Without
     ...
Downspout
The downspout transfers the water from the gutter to the ground or some kind of catch tank. Usually at the
     ...
Splashblock
A splashblock is usually located over an entrance or exit of a building to slow the drainage of water. In this...
Underlayment
 The underlayment protects the sheathing until the finish roof is installed. It is also a great backup in cas...
Clay Tile Roof
Shingle
A water resistant material that overlaps itself to keep a roof watertight. This is a picture of an old
           ...
Preformed Metal Roof
A preformed metal roof is sheets of metal that protect the sheathing from water. They are manufacture...
Gable Roof
Gambrel Roof
Hip Roof
Mansard Roof
Ridge
The ridge is
the peak of a
gable roof.
The ridge can
also serve as a
vent for the
attic but in this
case does not.
Valley
         A valley is
         where two
         perpindicular
         roofs tie into
         each other
        ...
Eave
       The eave is
       the furthest
       part of the
       roof towards
       the ground.
Rake
       The rake is the
       sloping edge of a
       steep roof.
Fascia
         The fascia is the
         vertical exposed
         edge of the eave.
No Fascia
            In this picture
            there is no
            fascia at the
            bottom of the
        ...
Soffit
         The
         underface of
         any
         horizontal
         element on
         a building.
Random rubble
Coursed Rubble
Random Ashlar
Coursed Ashlar
Vapor Retarder
A layer of building material that prevents the passage of water into the building. It is extremely importan...
Waterproofing
    Waterproofing is applied to the exterior of the foundation to keep moisture out. The
waterproofing in th...
Weep Hole
A weep hole is a small hole in a wall to allow water that reaches the inside of the wall to drain out. In this
 ...
Welded Wire Fabric
The grid on this welded wire fabric measured 6” by 6”.
Window #1
This is a double hung window because both of the sashes slide up and down.
Window #2




The window in this picture is an awning window. They were
painted shut and won’t open.
Window #3




This is an arched window up in a gable. The arch adds
          nice detail and design to the house.
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Air Barrier Paper

  1. 1. Air Barrier Paper The housewrap in the picture is an air barrier and a weather barrier in one. The Hardiewrap in the picture is helping control the infiltration of air into the house.
  2. 2. Soffit Vent The soffit vent in the picture allows air to transfer into the attic to help ventilate to help with moisture control. This type of vent is installed on all the flat parts of the soffit. In the gabled ends the soffit is solid.
  3. 3. Ridge Vent The ridge vent ventilates the hot air out of the attic that the soffit vents let in. The vent itself is under the shingle on top.
  4. 4. Gable Vent The gable vent lets both hot air in and out of the attic space. The gable vent plays a vital role in the ventilation of the attic. Sometimes they are fake vents but in this case their real.
  5. 5. Wind Turbine The wind turbine also releases hot air from the attic. If the attic reaches a certain temperature it can turn into a fire hazard in itself.
  6. 6. Backhoe The backhoe is one of the most used excavating machines there are now days. It can be used to dig any kind of trenches, holes, and a wide variety of other tasks. The bucket is
  7. 7. Batter Boards The batter boards are used to square up a house or building to get dome idea where the foundation will be.
  8. 8. Brick Arch # 1 The arches in this picture are known as true radius arches. The top of them are a perfect circle . They are also referred to as round arches that were brought about by the Byzantine people.
  9. 9. Brick Arch # 2 The brick arch in this picture is an example of a gothic arch. The arch goes up to the top and meets at a point which makes it very distinctable.
  10. 10. Brick Arch # 3 with keystone The two arches in this picture were both capped off with a keystone in the center of them.
  11. 11. Centering Centering is the temporary supports that hold an arch together while the mortar sets up and hardens.
  12. 12. Brick Bond # 1 This is a common bond where the brick sit on top of the others by about 1/3 the size of a brick.
  13. 13. Brick Bond # 2 In this picture, there is an example of running bond in the brickwork on the fireplace. The running bond is easy to notice because the brick are staggered on top of each other.
  14. 14. Rowlocks
  15. 15. Headers
  16. 16. Soldiers
  17. 17. Sailors
  18. 18. Stretcher Rowlock or Shiner
  19. 19. Brick Size # 1 The brick in this picture is 7 5/8” by 3 5/8”. It is most commonly known as the modular brick.
  20. 20. Brick Size # 2 The brick in this picture are 8 ¼” long by 3 ½”. They are much older brick probaly best known as the standard brick.
  21. 21. Bulldozer The bulldozer is a big machine that is used to grade off the land so that the construction may begin. They usually have a large straight blade on the front for pushing dirt.
  22. 22. Brick Clad Structure
  23. 23. EFIS Clad Structure
  24. 24. Stone Clad Structure The pattern in this picture is random rubble.
  25. 25. Wood board Clad Structure
  26. 26. Wood Shingle Clad Structure The gable in the picture is made up of wood shingle cladding.
  27. 27. Code Requirement #1 For egress, there is a door in my bedroom, so there is no use in the window meeting code for that.
  28. 28. Stair Components The stairs here did pass code. The tread dimension is 11 ½” and the riser dimension is 7”. .
  29. 29. Control Joint A linear discontinuity in a structure to help with cracking from the external forces. Control joints usually run perpendicular in the slab.
  30. 30. Isolation Joint An isolation joint is a joint between two different pieces of concrete structures to help with movement and cracking.
  31. 31. 1 CMU = 3 Brick A block of concrete designed to be laid in mortar like brick to erect a building. The standard dimensions are 8 x8 x 16 inches. These block are used in every type of construction.
  32. 32. Two Different Size CMU The block on the bottom are 12” wide block and the top ones are 16 block.
  33. 33. Split Face Block.
  34. 34. Ribbed Block
  35. 35. Decorative Block
  36. 36. Interior Right Hand Door The interior door in this picture divides the bedroom and the living room.
  37. 37. Interior Left Hand Door The interior left hand door divides a bedroom and foyer.
  38. 38. Interior Right Hand Reverse Door This door separates a bathroom and a bedroom.
  39. 39. Interior Left Hand Reverse Door This door separates the basement living area from the main foyer in the basement.
  40. 40. Exterior Flush door
  41. 41. stile Top rail panel Lock rail Bottom rail Exterior Panel Door This door is a four panel door with sidelights and a transom.
  42. 42. Transom A transom is a small window above a door. The transom lets light in above the door.
  43. 43. Sidelight A sidelight is a long window beside a door that is usually not wide at all.
  44. 44. Transformer box The transformer receives the current and transfers it to alternating current.
  45. 45. Service Head The service Head is where the electrical power enters the house.
  46. 46. Meter The meter keeps up with how much power that residence has used in a period of time.
  47. 47. Service Panel The service panel receives the main wires from the exterior of the house, and transfers the electricity all over the residence.
  48. 48. Duplex Receptacle A duplex receptacle is a standard receptacle that navigates the electrical power to the appliances.
  49. 49. # 1 Anchor bolt
  50. 50. #2 Sill Plate
  51. 51. # 3 Floor Joist
  52. 52. #4 Subflooring
  53. 53. #5 Sole Plate
  54. 54. #6 Stud
  55. 55. # 7 Top Plate
  56. 56. # 8 Ceiling Joist
  57. 57. # 9 Rafter
  58. 58. # 10 Roof Decking
  59. 59. # 11 Sheathing
  60. 60. #12 Stringer
  61. 61. Front End Loader A front end loader is used for multiple reasons in the excavating of the land. It can move dirt from spot to spot , and can be used to level the land off. The front end loader has a much wider bucket than the backhoe.
  62. 62. Gypsum Board An interior finish panel that has Gypsum in between two pieces of paper backing. Gypsum board takes up a large majority of the finish construction in a house.
  63. 63. Heat Pump Advantage: The heat pump can increase the heating by a factor of 3. Disadvantage: The duct work that the pump supplies heat to can leak and lose a descent amount of the heat.
  64. 64. Compressor/Condenser The compressor supplies the air to the duct unit inside the house.
  65. 65. Air Handling Unit The air handling unit takes in the air from the exterior of the house and transfers it to the inside.
  66. 66. Batt Insulation The batt insulation is used to help control the air movement through the walls. The batts come in 8 feet length sections and also rolls.
  67. 67. Loose Fill Insulation Loose Fill Insulation is more commonly used in ceilings to help prevent the hot air in the attic from entering the house.
  68. 68. Foamed Insulation Foamed Insulation can be used in any part of the house, and really helps with keeping air in or out because of no cracks of any kind.
  69. 69. Rigid Board Insulation The rigid board insulation is primarily used on the exterior of the house, and can take place of the sheathing . In this picture I am in an addition and the insulation is on the exterior of the old house.
  70. 70. Lintel A lintel is a beam that carries a load across a window or a door.
  71. 71. Mortar Joint # 1 The mortar joint is a troweled joint and is 7/16” thick. The mortar is m type.
  72. 72. Mortar Joint # 2 The mortar joint in this picture is a tooled joint. It is 3/8” thick and the mortar is type m.
  73. 73. Oriented Strand Board A wood panel that contains long strands of wood fibers glued together to be used as some type of sheathing. It is manufactured by pressing strands of wood together along with glue. It is a nonveneered wood panel product because it is made of strands of wood instead of multiple veneers.
  74. 74. Lavatory A lavatory is a bathroom sink or some other type of pedestal sink that can be used for multiple ways of washing different things. The pipe used to drain the lavatory is 1 ½”.
  75. 75. Water Closet The piping used to drain the toilet is a 3” PVC pipe.
  76. 76. Premanufactured Tub
  77. 77. Plumbing Roof Vent The VTR ventilates the plumbing so the smell of the gases are not smelled in the house.
  78. 78. Kitchen sink The sink in this picture is a drop-in.
  79. 79. Plywood A wood panel made up of layers of wood that are held together by glue and pressure. Veneer is a thin layer, sheet, or facing. The plywood in this picture is tounge and groove plywood menaing the pieces lock together.
  80. 80. Radiant Barrier The radiant barrier in usually placed on the exterior of the house to keep infrared heat out. This piece of radiant barrier was attached to an exterior wall to help with heat.
  81. 81. Rebar The steel reinforcing in the picture is #3 bar and is 3/8” thick. It was added to the slab to tie in to another vertical piece for a column that will be later put in.
  82. 82. Gutter A gutter catches the rain as it comes off the roof to transport it to the ground through a downspout. Without the gutters the soffit or facial would not last anytime because of getting wet from rain water.
  83. 83. Downspout The downspout transfers the water from the gutter to the ground or some kind of catch tank. Usually at the bottom of the downspout there is some type of PVC pipe to continue with the removal of water.
  84. 84. Splashblock A splashblock is usually located over an entrance or exit of a building to slow the drainage of water. In this case the splashblock was applied where the water would not go right down the valley over the top of the gutter.
  85. 85. Underlayment The underlayment protects the sheathing until the finish roof is installed. It is also a great backup in case any water ever seeps through the shingles on top. In this picture the tar paper is protecting the sheathing until the rest of the shingles are put on.
  86. 86. Clay Tile Roof
  87. 87. Shingle A water resistant material that overlaps itself to keep a roof watertight. This is a picture of an old mill house and the shingle is made of some type of light metal.
  88. 88. Preformed Metal Roof A preformed metal roof is sheets of metal that protect the sheathing from water. They are manufactured at a plant and shipped to the job in various lengths.
  89. 89. Gable Roof
  90. 90. Gambrel Roof
  91. 91. Hip Roof
  92. 92. Mansard Roof
  93. 93. Ridge The ridge is the peak of a gable roof. The ridge can also serve as a vent for the attic but in this case does not.
  94. 94. Valley A valley is where two perpindicular roofs tie into each other and form a creased slope towards the eave.
  95. 95. Eave The eave is the furthest part of the roof towards the ground.
  96. 96. Rake The rake is the sloping edge of a steep roof.
  97. 97. Fascia The fascia is the vertical exposed edge of the eave.
  98. 98. No Fascia In this picture there is no fascia at the bottom of the eave. The ends of the rafters were left exposed and this also helps with ventilation of the attic.
  99. 99. Soffit The underface of any horizontal element on a building.
  100. 100. Random rubble
  101. 101. Coursed Rubble
  102. 102. Random Ashlar
  103. 103. Coursed Ashlar
  104. 104. Vapor Retarder A layer of building material that prevents the passage of water into the building. It is extremely important to keep water vapor out of the walls. It is usually put on the warm in winter side of the building.
  105. 105. Waterproofing Waterproofing is applied to the exterior of the foundation to keep moisture out. The waterproofing in this picture is liquid applied. This example is easier applied to the foundation.
  106. 106. Weep Hole A weep hole is a small hole in a wall to allow water that reaches the inside of the wall to drain out. In this picture the weep hole allows the water vapor a passage way to escape the wall.
  107. 107. Welded Wire Fabric The grid on this welded wire fabric measured 6” by 6”.
  108. 108. Window #1 This is a double hung window because both of the sashes slide up and down.
  109. 109. Window #2 The window in this picture is an awning window. They were painted shut and won’t open.
  110. 110. Window #3 This is an arched window up in a gable. The arch adds nice detail and design to the house.

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