INRA presentation

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INRA presentation

  1. 1. INRA For the Planet and for Mankind Public mission-oriented research D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  2. 2. Portrait D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  3. 3. The National Institute for Agronomic Research <ul><li>Set up in 1946 </li></ul><ul><li>A public, scientific and technological establishment </li></ul><ul><li>Under the joint authority of the Ministries of Agriculture and Research </li></ul><ul><li>Second largest French public research organisation with a staff of nearly 9000 and a budget of 680 millions euros </li></ul><ul><li>Largest European organisation for agricultural research </li></ul>Portrait D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  4. 4. <ul><li>Key stages </li></ul><ul><li>1946/1960   INRA was one of the principal actors in the modernisation of farming . </li></ul><ul><li>1960/1980   Through its research and innovation, INRA contributed to development of the French agrifood sector. </li></ul><ul><li>1980/2000   The Institute integrated new and fundamental technologies in the life sciences (biotechnologies, molecular biology, genetic engineering,etc.) in response to changing environmental and consumer demands). </li></ul>Portrait D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  5. 5. Three major fields Diet Agriculture Environment ... in six research areas : > Environment and rural areas > Human nutrition and food safety > Quality of agricultural products > Knowledge of the living world > Agricultural practices and systems > Social sciences Portrait D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  6. 6. <ul><li>  INRA is strengthening its resources in three major fields  : </li></ul><ul><li>1. The development of sustainable agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Nutrition and its effects on human health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. The environment and regional development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>integrating them in the construction of the European Research Area </li></ul><ul><li>actively participating in the internationalisation of science </li></ul><ul><li>responding to new demands from society (food safety and quality, ethics, science-society debate, etc.) </li></ul>Portrait D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  7. 7. <ul><li>Since 2005 , the French National Research Agency (ANR) has delegated to INRA the scientific management of five programmes : </li></ul><ul><li>- Agriculture and sustainable development - Diet and human nutrition - Animal genomics - Plant genomics - GMO. </li></ul>Portrait D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  8. 8. Research axes D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  9. 9. Research axes Environment and rural areas > Impact of environment on agricultural production: Climate change, water resources, emerging diseases, etc. > Impact of farming on the environment: pollution (soil / air / water), biodiversity, etc. > The functioning of ecosystems Modelling > Network of environmental research observatories D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  10. 10. Research axes Human diet and nutrition > Well-balanced diet > Improvements of nutritional quality > Control of food safety > Analysis of nutritional needs and approaches of consumer behaviour > Work on intestinal flora Sequencing of bacteria metagenome > Links with INSERM, CNRS, AFSSA D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  11. 11. Research axes Quality of agricultural products > The focus of INRA skills, diversifying products and their uses in response to expectations > Qualification and segmentation of food or non-food product sectors > Interdisciplinarity > Joint Technology Units, technology platforms D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  12. 12. Research axes Understanding of living organisms > Fundamental research in the public sector: to generate knowledge in molecular biology, mathematics, bioinformatics, microbiology, etc. > creation and conservation of biological resources: collections, genomics > Integrative biology > Participation in international consortia on the sequencing of plant and animal species D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  13. 13. Research axes Farming practices and production systems > Farming strategies: plant and animal genetics, mechanisms of tolerance and resistance, etc. > Indicators of performances / sustainable development: analysis of life cycles, working conditions, etc. > Development of ecoagriculture in response to the challenges of sustainable development > Epidemiology: partnership with veterinarians, medical research, government agencies. D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  14. 14. Research axes Social and economic sciences > Organisation of actors: decision-making, management > Interactions between social and economic or technical and ecological systems > Analyse and evaluation of public sector policies: collective scientific expert reports on pesticides, climate change, etc. > Inclusion of social and economic sciences in the body of scientific knowledge held by INRA to improve the integration of different approaches and enable the confrontation of social sciences and biotechnological disciplines. D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  15. 15. Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  16. 16. A L I M E N T A T I O N A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N N E M E N T Partnership A strengthened partnership policy > Scientific collaborations in France with: - research organisations - higher education > Socio-economic partnership > Local activities with public-sector regional agencies > European and international scientific cooperation > Science-society relationships D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  17. 17. <ul><li>> Scientific collaborations in France (1) </li></ul><ul><li>145 Joint Research Units with : </li></ul><ul><li>> agricultural or veterinary schools </li></ul><ul><li>> universities </li></ul><ul><li>> other research organisations </li></ul><ul><li>> several of these partners </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in 30 federative research institutes </li></ul><ul><li>> in the life sciences and environmental sciences </li></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  18. 18. <ul><li>> Scientific collaborations in France (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Member of 63 Scientific Interest Groups </li></ul><ul><li>examples : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Human nutrition and food safety > Prions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Environment, forestry and agriculture > Environmentally- friendly pig farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Animals and animal products > Agenae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Plants and plant products > Génoplante </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Society, economics and decision-making > Collective Risks and crisis situations </li></ul></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  19. 19. <ul><li>Contribution to higher education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> More than 1150 staff members provided more than 15,000 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of lectures, 8000 hours of seminar work and 2400 hours of continuing training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> 1600 doctoral students being trained every year, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and some 250 doctoral theses presented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Considerable efforts made to welcome post-doctorate researchers </li></ul></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  20. 20. <ul><li>> Construction of the European Research Area </li></ul><ul><li>6th European PRTD (Programme for Research and Technological Development): 60% of INRA projects concern food quality and safety. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination of three major programmes: Eadgene (animal health), Co-extra (coexistence of GMO/non-GMO industries), Evoltree (forest genetics). </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral agreements with European Union partners </li></ul><ul><li>(Netherlands, United Kingdom, Sweden, Greece, Portugal, Spain, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific cooperation </li></ul><ul><li> > with Central and Eastern European countries (some 60 projects) </li></ul><ul><li>> with Mediterranean countries, in collaboration with the CIHEAM (International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies) </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Euragri and of the European Science Foundation </li></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  21. 21. <ul><li>> Socioeconomic partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial partnerships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> Intellectual property: a strategic and ethical challenge in the life sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- 200 licenses, 60 software programs, 600 plants varieties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Research contracts: 170 per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Exploitation of research results: 2 subsidiaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Agri-Obtentions : plant variety certificates, sustainable agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Inra Transfert : exploitation of patents and expertise, creation of companies </li></ul></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  22. 22. <ul><li>With the world of farming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> Increased emphasis on studies focusing processes for high-quality, sustainable production and rural development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Application of the concept of multifonctionality in agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to national and European policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Development of research programmes in collaboration with actors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in agricultural development </li></ul></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  23. 23. <ul><li>> Local activities </li></ul><ul><li>Privileged links with the regions </li></ul><ul><li>> 21 research centres </li></ul><ul><li>> more than 150 sites spread throughout the country </li></ul><ul><li>> 80 experimental units covering a total area of 12,000 hectares </li></ul><ul><li>> 75% of staff working in the regions </li></ul><ul><li>Different types of partnershi p </li></ul><ul><li>> creation of regional poles for higher education and research </li></ul><ul><li>> research for and on regional development </li></ul><ul><li>> support from regions agencies for INRA investments in the context </li></ul><ul><li> of State-Regional planning contracts </li></ul><ul><li>> Contribution to 14 poles of competitiveness </li></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  24. 24. <ul><li>> International collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Research partnerships - with industrialised countries </li></ul><ul><li>(United States, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>- with emerging agricultural powers (China, Brazil, India) in conjunction with other research organisations (CIRAD </li></ul><ul><li>and IRD) </li></ul><ul><li>Strong policy of welcoming foreign scientists and students </li></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  25. 25. <ul><li>> Contributing to debate and to informing public decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in the dissemination of scientific and technical knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Valorisation of the work of its Ethics and Precautionary Committee (Comepra) set up in December 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Initiation of debate on innovative programmes in order to define conditions for their acceptability </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation of expert groups to inform decision-makers </li></ul><ul><li>in both the public and private sectors </li></ul>Partnership D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  26. 26. Conseil d’administration 24 mars 2005 Resources and organisation D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  27. 27. Conseil d’administration 24 mars 2005 Resources and organisation INRA share of the civilian research and development budget - 2003 (staffing grants and programme approvals in millions Euros) D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  28. 28. Conseil d’administration 24 mars 2005 Resources and organisation Strategic axes in the 2003 budget Breakdown of resources Improving living conditions, preserving the environment and ensuring sustainable production   Developing generic strategies for knowledge in the life sciences Informing the decisions of public and private sector decision-makers Improving human nutrition, preserving consumer health and understanding consumer behaviour   Diversifying products and their uses, improving their competitiveness     Adapting species, practices and production systems to changing contexts     Department management D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  29. 29. Conseil d’administration 24 mars 2005 Resources and organisation Contractual resources Own resources Programme approvals Staffing grants D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  30. 30. Conseil d’administration 24 mars 2005 Resources and organisation Evolution of staffing budgets Scientifiques Ingénieurs Techniciens et administratifs Total 2001 2002 2003 Scientists Research assistants Technicians and administrative staff Total 2001 2002 2003 2004 % women 2004 1851 1862 1846 2175 2237 2271 4507 4534 4471 8533 8633 8588 1851 1862 1846 1842 38 % 2175 2237 2271 2263 47 % 4507 4534 4471 4643 51 % 8533 8633 8588 8848 47 % D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  31. 31. Conseil d’administration 24 mars 2005 Resources and organisation <ul><li>A president and Board of Directors </li></ul><ul><li>21 regional research centres </li></ul><ul><li>14 scientific research departments </li></ul><ul><li>468 units </li></ul><ul><li>> 257 research units (140 associated with other organisations) </li></ul><ul><li>> 80 experimental units </li></ul><ul><li>> 131 support units </li></ul>D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  32. 32. Conseil d’administration 24 mars 2005 Resources and organisation <ul><li>Five Scientific Directors </li></ul><ul><li>> Animal and animal products </li></ul><ul><li>> Environment, cultivated and natural ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>> Human nutrition and food safety </li></ul><ul><li>> Plants and plant products </li></ul><ul><li>> Society, economics and decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Four research support directorates </li></ul><ul><li>> Regional policy, higher education and Europe > Finance and general affairs > Innovation and information systems > Human resources </li></ul><ul><li>Two support departments </li></ul><ul><li>> Communications </li></ul><ul><li>> International relations </li></ul>D I E T A G R I C U L T U R E E N V I R O N M E N T
  33. 33. Organization chart
  34. 34. Resources and organisation

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