Show me the data: How e-learning research can benefit dataviz design

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This is an edited version of the presentation I gave during the Show me the Data conference on the 29th of March, 2012 in Amsterdam.

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Show me the data: How e-learning research can benefit dataviz design

  1. 1. How e-learning research can benefit dataviz design Bas  Broekhuizen  |  29.03.12  |  Universiteit  van  Amsterdam  
  2. 2. two dimensions of datavizanalyze   An  infographic  visually   communicates  qualita?ve  or   quan?ta?ve  informa?on   communicate  
  3. 3. qualitative infographicsNY Times Tahrir Square Feature, Gold Medal Malofiej20
  4. 4. quantitative infographicsNY Times, Guantanamo prodcution, Gold Medal Malofiej20
  5. 5. purposes of communication Pursuade Inform Entertain
  6. 6. to persuademy.obama.com (2010)
  7. 7. to informFrédérik  Ruys,  Het  Financieele  Dagblad  (2008)  
  8. 8. to entertainnederlandvanboven.vpro.nl
  9. 9. interactivityInteractivity is the extent to whichusers can participate in modifying theform and content of a mediatedenvironment in real-time. Steuer (1992)
  10. 10. infovis researchHeer,  Bostock,  Ogievetsky  (2010)  
  11. 11. visual information seeking mantra Shneiderman (1996)
  12. 12. visual information seeking mantraanalyze   communicate  
  13. 13. typology of interactive toolsanalyze   communicate   Heer & Shneiderman (2012)
  14. 14. multimedia learning
  15. 15. multimedia learningMultimedia principlePeople learn better from wordsand pictures than from wordsalone.Coherence principlePeople learn better whenextraneous words, pictures,and sounds are excludedrather than included. Mayer (2001)
  16. 16. coherence cbs.nl  
  17. 17. coherence? cbs.nl  
  18. 18. all you can imagine datavizchallenge.org  
  19. 19. Multimedia LearningPre-training principlePeople learn better from amultimedia lesson when theyknow the main concepts.Attention-guiding principlePeople learn better when theirattention is guided to specificparts of the display, verbally orgraphically. Mayer (2001), Bétrancourt (2005)
  20. 20. annotation“The  annota?on  layer  is  the  most  important  thing  we  do.  Without  it  it’s  like  saying  to  your  audience:  ‘Here’s  an  interface,  now  go  ahead  and  browse  for  the  rest  of  your  life.’”           Amanda  Cox,  The  NY  Times  
  21. 21. annotation and guidance news.bbc.co.uk  (2009)  
  22. 22. annotation and guidance news.bbc.co.uk  (2009)  
  23. 23. annotation and guidance news.bbc.co.uk  (2009)  
  24. 24. annotation and guidance guardian.co.uk  (2011)  
  25. 25. multimedia learningSegmenting principlePeople learn better when amultimedia lesson is presented inlearner-paced segments ratherthan as a continuous unit. Mayer (2001)
  26. 26. segmenting Interac/ve  Slideshow  Mar?ni  Glass  Structure   Drill  Down  Story   Segel  &  Heer  (2010)  
  27. 27. interactive slideshow ny?mes.com  (2011)  
  28. 28. multimedia learningModality principlePeople learn better fromanimation and narration than fromanimation and on-screen text. Mayer (2001)
  29. 29. the missing modalityEurope  by  numbers,  guardian.co.uk  (2011)  
  30. 30. need proof?Hans  Rosling  in  The  Joy  of  Stats  (2010)  
  31. 31. I have a dreamanalyze   communicate  
  32. 32. just a substitute
  33. 33. bas.broekhuizen@gmail.com   www.basbroekhuizen.nl  www.interac?ve-­‐infographics.com    

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