Videos: “It is a well-known fact that audio-visual materials are a great help in stimulating and facilitating the learning of a foreign language.” (Çakir 2006) 9
Challenge “The problem is … to effectively integrate technological literacy instruction into the composition classroom in meaningful ways.” (Vie 2008) 10
Is the answer…? http://www.jklossner.com/TechToons/Images/flipper.html 11
Affective benefit “A recent large-scale survey by Canning-Wilson (2000) suggests that the students like learning language through the use of videos.” (in Canning-Wilson 2000) 12
Contextualization benefit “The realism of movies provides a wealth of contextualized linguistic, paralinguistic and authentic cross-cultural information, classroom listening comprehension and fluency practice.” (Braddock, 1996; Mejia, 1994; Stempleski, 2000, Wood, 1995 cited in King 2002). 13
Critical thinking benefit “The use of visuals overall can help learners to predict information, infer ideas and analyze the world that is brought into the classroom via the use of video instruction.” (Canning-Wilson 2000) 14
Important guideline “Effective instructional video is not television-to-student instruction but rather teacher-to-student instruction, with video as a vehicle for discovery.” (Duffy 2008) 15
Video usage thoughts
Similarities and differences: L/S vs. W Both used for schemata activation L/S: videos for language and aural cues W: videos as a means to an end 17
Videos as a point of departure 18 http://www.mbta.com/schedules_and_maps/subway/
Videos as a point of departure With a little creativity… 19
Ways to use videos Process analysis Helpful model for students For written version For oral presentations 20
Ways to use videos Vocabulary-building Describing people or objects Describing physical attributes of people or objects Describing actions Note-taking skills Can be modified for student level 21
Ways to use videos Critical thinking activities Summarizing Arguing a side/defending an opinion Filling in charts/graphic organizers 22
Ways to use videos Compare and contrast “How do the events in the video compare to your life experience? How are they different?” 23
Ways to use videos Further research: “What (physical/cultural/economic/etc.) factors influenced the story? How?” “Why do you think this situation came about?” 24
And now…to the videos
Videos? How to charge an Ipod with an onion Battle at Kruger Homer Simpson: voting for Barack 26
How to charge an Ipod with an onion 27
How to charge an Ipod with an onion 28
How to charge an Ipod with an onion Time…to brainstorm Credit: Microsoft Office 2007 29
B@K activities 45 Think of as many words as possible to describe each animal/the environment in the video. (vocabulary)
B@K activities 46 How is it different for animals to live in a park like Kruger instead of living in a zoo? (compare and contrast)
B@K activities 47 What animals live in Kruger National Park. Pick one and find out more about it so you can write a report about typical food, habitat, etc. (extension: research)
B@K activities: introduction 48
B@K activities: introduction 49
B@K activities: introduction 50
B@K activities: introduction 51
B@K activities: vocabulary 52
B@K activities: vocabulary 53
B@K activities: note-taking EXERCISE THREE – Note-taking Directions: Watch the video. As you watch, try and write down what’s happening. You will watch the video again if necessary. The animal pictures in the chart will help you know what you should be watching for. 54
B@K activities: note-taking EXERCISE THREE – Note-taking Directions: Watch the video. As you watch, try and write down what’s happening. You will watch the video again if necessary. The animal pictures in the chart will help you know what you should be watching for. 55
B@K activities: summarizing 56
B@K activities: summarizing 57
B@K activities: description 58
B@K activities: description 59
B@K activities: compare & contrast 60
B@K activities: compare & contrast 61
B@K activities: synthesis 62
Homer Votes 63
Homer Votes prologue 64
Homer Votes 65
Homer Votes 66 Time…to brainstorm Introductory information Description Process analysis Classification Compare/contrast Narrative Critical thinking Argumentative/opinion Personalization
Homer Votes activities: introduction 67 Go to the following website on democracy and answer the questions below. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democracy
Homer Votes activities: introduction 68
Homer Votes activities: introduction 69 What does democracy mean? When and where did it start?
Homer Votes activities: introduction 70 What are some of the most important concepts related to democracy? Find at least 6 of them in the website and study what they mean. What are some of the criticisms of democracy?
Homer Votes activities: introduction 71
Homer Votes activities: vocabulary 72 Study the following vocabulary. Find their meanings in your English-English dictionary and use them in a sentence. You will need to use them in your writing assignments below.
Homer Votes activities: vocabulary 73
Homer Votes activities: description 74 Describe the town in the video clip. What are some of the things that you think are interesting about this town? Do you think this town represents the USA? Describe the polling place in detail. Is there anything interesting about this place? What is it?
Homer Votes activities: process analysis 75 Have you ever voted? Brainstorm about the steps involved in voting. Order them according to their importance for you. Now write a well-organized paragraph that explains the processes involved in voting.
Homer Votes activities: process analysis 76 Talk to someone who ran or is running for office in the past or in present. Ask them to explain the procedures required to become a candidate for the office they are running for. Now write a well-organized and detailed paragraph on the procedures required to fulfill when running for an office.
Homer Votes activities: classification 77 Go to the following web-site and take notes on the differences between e-voting and paper-based voting. http://www.electronic-vote.org/INTRO/anonimi_en.php
Homer Votes activities: classification 78
Homer Votes activities: classification 79 Following standard guidelines, write a classification essay on these two different kinds of voting.
Homer Votes activities: compare & contrast 80 Compare the governmental system in your country to the USA. Compare/contrast pre-election atmosphere & propaganda in your country to the USA. Compare and contrast e-voting to paper-based voting
Homer Votes activities: critical thinking 81 Following are some statements with varying degrees of truth, validity, reliability, logicality, depth, breadth, etc. Work with a partner or in groups. First of all, read the statements on your own. Taking turns state your opinion about each one, suggest improvements and then briefly justify your changes.
Homer Votes activities: critical thinking 82 Most of the countries in the world are democracies because democracy is the best form of governmental system in the world. It’s almost impossible to change major policies of a country. So voting does not really make a difference.
Homer Votes activities: critical thinking 83 Major political powers of the world should make democracy prevail with any means possible. Most politicians abuse the power people assign them.
Homer Votes activities: critical thinking 84 We are living in an age of technology. People do not have enough time, so e-voting should be an option. Non-democratic countries are a threat to the security of the world.
Homer Votes activities: critical thinking 85 It is projected that democracy will be the only system that people prefer in the 22nd century.
Homer Votes activities: argumentative 86 E-voting should be made available. Voting is an important duty in a democracy and those who do not vote should be penalized under law.
Homer Votes activities: argumentative 87 Minors should be allowed to vote. Voting does not change policies. Democracy is best form of government.
Homer Votes activities: personalization 88 Have you ever voted? How did you feel? What was your motivation to vote? Did your party/candidate win or lose? How did this result affect you? Will you vote again the next election? Talk to your parents about their voting experience. Take down notes and share it with class.
Homer Votes activities: personalization 89 Talk to someone who is running or has run for office/candidacy for a position. Ask him/her questions about the important procedures they went through for being able to run for office and their feelings along the process. Take notes.
Homer Votes activities: personalization 90 Now, put yourself in that person’s shoes and write a narrative essay talking about the process, your feelings and other people’s reactions.
Homer Votes activities: opinion/argument 91 How do the election results in the USA or in another part of the world affect your country or region? Support your ideas with examples. Write a letter to the president of the USA explaining three of the most urgent policies that need to be changed and why? Support your suggestions with examples, statistics or other facts.
Practical and technical considerations
How do I find a “good” video? Some videos are better at teaching some genres/concepts than others. Many videos can be used for a variety of purposes. Wander YouTube. Wander Facebook. Use videos your friends post. Try to find commercials or programs you see on TV. 93
Technical considerations How show the clips? Wireless in your classroom? Slower Solution: Preload the video Use wired internet access 97
Technical considerations Download the file Why? Constant access Biggest problem: removal from the website 98
Technical considerations Different file formats .flv, .avi, .wmv, MPEG4 Getting much easier Realplayer SP www.real.com 99
Using RealPlayer SP 100
Using RealPlayer SP 101
Potential problem: 102 Blank screen/disappearing text in Firefox Solution: disable the RealPlayer plug-in
Potential problem: 103 Doesn’t seem to be a problem in Internet Explorer
Using RealPlayer’s converter 104
Another option: copy the URL 105
Pick a download format 107
Choose: highest quality 108
You may need… 109 Players Converters …etc.
A great place to look: 110
Technical considerations review 111 Download clips when you find them. Realplayer SP www.keepvid.com www.download.com
Conclusion: realities Fixed curricula Implement the ideas as best you can within your context Personal preferences Find something that works for you Student preferences Find techniques that they enjoy and can learn from 113
What now? Contact information: David Bartsch, email@example.com Ozgur Pala, firstname.lastname@example.org 114
What now? Check out the slides, videos and worksheets shown today at http://youtubeforwriting.blogspot.com/ 115
References Çakir, İsmail. “The Use of Video as an Audio-visual Material in Foreign Language Teaching Classroom.”Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, TOJET v5 n4 Oct 2006. Canning-Wilson, Christine. “Practical Aspects of Using Video in the Foreign Language Classroom”. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. VI, No. 11, November 2000. Duffy, P. “Engaging the YouTube Google-Eyed Generation: Strategies for Using Web 2.0 in Teaching and Learning.” 2008. The Electronic Journal of e-Learning Volume 6 Issue 2, pp 119 - 130, available online at www.ejel.org. King, Jane. “Using DVD feature films in the EFL classroom.” ELT Newsletter, February (2002). Liao, Christine L. “Collaboration and Dialogue: Video as an Agent in Extending and Enriching Learning and Writing.” International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, ACM SIGGRAPH 2007. Vie, Stephanie. “Digital Divide 2.0: ‘Generation M’ and Online Social Networking Sites in the Composition Classroom.” Computers and Composition 25 (2008) 9-23. 116
References Battle at Kruger www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU8DDYz68kM How to Charge an iPod using electrolytes and an onion http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfPJeDssBOM& Homer Simpson tries to vote for Obama http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1aBaX9GPSaQ 117
Once again… David Bartsch: david.bartsch@QU.edu.QA Ozgur Pala: ozgur.pala@QU.edu.QA 118 http://youtubeforwriting.blogspot.com/
Technical considerations How show the clips? Wireless in your classroom? Slower Solution: Preload the video Use wired internet access 121
Technical considerations Download the file Why? Constant access Biggest problem: removal from the website 122
Technical considerations Different file formats .flv, .avi, .wmv, MPEG4 Getting much easier Realplayer SP www.real.com 123
Using RealPlayer SP 124
Using RealPlayer SP 125
Potential problem: 126 Blank screen/disappearing text in Firefox Solution: disable the RealPlayer plug-in
Potential problem: 127 Doesn’t seem to be a problem in Internet Explorer
Using RealPlayer’s converter 128
Another option: copy the URL 129
Pick a download format 131
Choose: highest quality 132
You may need… 133 Players Converters …etc.
A great place to look: 134
Technical considerations review 135 Download clips when you find them. Realplayer SP www.keepvid.com www.download.com
Conclusion: realities Department-wide implementation--?!! Our hope: gained a new perspective that you’re now willing to consider. 137
Conclusion: realities Fixed curriculum Implement the ideas as best you can within your level. Personal preferences Find something that works for you. Student preferences Find techniques that they enjoy and can learn from. 138
Conclusion: review Basics of CT Rationale for using videos Use of videos for CT Examples of videos and how to use them Technical aspects 139