and FCS Standards
Learning Objective: Students will
identify how color impacts the design
of clothing, define various terms used
in the language of color, analyze and
recreate the color wheel, and contrast
various color schemes used in design.
Color and Clothing
The human eye sees as many as six to
seven million colors!!
Color used in clothing can draw your
attention away from or to certain areas
of the body.
It can emphasize a feature-like your
It can create illusions in height and size.
The Impact of Color
As a Symbol
Traffic lights, holiday colors, a bride wearing
white, Bearcat Red, White, and Black, the U.S.
Associated with Nature
• Warm Colors (red, orange, yellow) can actually
make us feel warmer.
• Cool Colors (blue, green violet) can make us feel
• White-reflects light
• Black-absorbs light
The Impact of Color
Warm colors tend to stand out more, while cool
colors recede or move away.
• Traffic signs are a noticeable yellow, red, or orange.
Warm colors express excitement and action.
Cool colors give a sense of calm and relaxation.
Grey and Black imply level-headedness and
This concept impacts what we wear and how we
decorate our houses.
The Language of Color
Hue: the specific name of a color.
Without light, there would be no color.
Pigments: substances that absorb some
light rays and reflect others.
When light strikes an object, you see only the
colors that reflect or bounce back to your eyes.
If you are wearing a blue shirt, the blue rays are
being reflected back, all other colors are
A ray of light is the source of all color
Without light, color does not exist
The longest wavelength is perceived as red and
the shortest as violet
Pigments are substances that can be ground into
fine power and used for adding color to dyes and
Color can alter the appearance of form and
space, affect our performance abilities, and
change our moods
Another name for color
Lightness or darkness of a color
Brightness or dullness of a color
Color with white added to it
Color with black added to it
The Color Wheel
A system that places colors around a circle and shows how
the colors relate to each other.
Primary Colors: Red, Yellow, and Blue
The basic colors from which all other colors are made.
Secondary Colors: Achieved by combining equal amounts of
two primary colors.
Intermediate or Tertiary: Achieved by combining a primary
with a neighboring secondary color.
Complementary Colors: Colors that are directly opposite
each other on the color wheel.
Primary: Red, Yellow & Blue
Secondary: Green, Violet, &
Orange (made by combining primary colors)
Tertiary: yellow-green, blue-green, red-
violet, red-orange, and yellow-orange (made
by combing secondary colors)
When you mix primary colors with
secondary colors, you get tertiary
Black, White, and Gray are technically not
true colors because they don’t have color
Black absorbs all light rays.
White reflects all light rays.
Sometimes tints and shades of beige are
considered neutrals, but they aren’t true
neutrals because they have a yellow or
Color Scheme: a plan for using a color or a combination of colors.
1. Monochromatic: uses the values and intensities of just one color.
2. Analogous: uses two or more colors that are next to each other on the color
3. Complementary: combines direct opposites on the color wheel.
4. Split-Complementary: one color used with the two colors on each side of its
5. Triadic: three colors that are equally distant from each other on the color wheel.
6. Accented Neural: matching white, black, or gray with a smaller amount of a
Selecting Colors For You
It is best to evaluate color in natural light
Personal coloring consists of the color of your skin,
hair, and eyes.
Skin Tone-can have a warm or cool undertone. Skin with a
more yellow, gold, or peach cast has warm undertones. A
blue or pink trace indicates cool undertones.
Hold colors underneath your chin and evaluate the
changes. A good color accents your eyes or your hair and
your complexion looks healthy and glowing.
Look on pg. 167 for more ideas.
More Ideas for Selecting
Colors for You
Warm colors seem to advance.
Bright colors draw attention.
Light colors add size.
To minimize an area, you need the opposite effect.
An unbroken block of color gives the illusion of height.
Broken blocks of color detract from height.
Color can be used to emphasize certain areas and diminish
Generally your “favorite” colors tend to look good. You can
still wear other colors-they just have to be the “right” colors.