Chapter 1 - Careers

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  • 1. Writing Prompt… • What are some social and economical reasons why there is a greater need for early childhood education? (3) • What characteristics do you have that are good to have when working with young children? (5)
  • 2. Human Development II Learning Objective: Students will compare and contrast various childhood careers and consider the characteristics needed to care for and teach children. Chapter 1 You: Working with Young Children FCS Standards: Child Development 1
  • 3. Early Childhood Careers: Are they for you?? • What is early childhood? – The period of time from birth to age 9 – Involves many rapid changes • Is a career in early childhood for you? – Consider- • changes in social/economic conditions creating the need for early childhood • if you have the characteristics needed to work in the field
  • 4. Social and Economic Changes • Families – Families are no longer “traditional” • Employers’ Attitudes – Corporations are supporting child care moregood for them and employees • Education – There is a greater need for quality early childhood education. Is this happening in our area?
  • 5. Career Opportunities in Early Childhood • Nannies and Au Pairs – Nanny-provides care in a child’s home. – Au Pair-person from a foreign country who lives with a family and performs tasks similar to a nanny. In exchange for room, board, and transportation, they provide child care and may do housework.
  • 6. Career Opportunities Cont. • Teacher • Early Childhood Assistant and Associate Teachers – May be required by state for ratios – May not require a degree, but might have a CDA credential or associate degree. Many students work in this capacity.
  • 7. More Career Opportunities • Child Care Teachers and Directors – Teacher takes care of the curriculum, director supervises, markets, hires, etc. • Family Child Care Home – Done from the home. Why might this be a good opportunity for a young mother? • Licensing Specialist – Works for state, visits centers to assure children are being cared for in a healthy and safe environment.
  • 8. Even More Opportunities • • • • Parent Educator Recreation Professionals Social Worker, Therapist Entrepreneur-person who creates and runs their own business
  • 9. Education and Training Needed • Child Development Associate Credential – Nationally Recognized – Requires post-secondary courses in child care – Must be 18 and have a high school diploma – Must also have a minimum number of hours of child care experience
  • 10. Other Education Possibilities • May need a 2-year associates degree – If teacher has a 2-year or bachelor’s degree in early childhood ed., CDA credential may not be required. • Some positions may require a graduate degree • Requirements differ from state to state.
  • 11. The Teacher’s Responsibilities • The responsibilities are varied. They are challenging and rewarding. – – – – – – – – Know how children grow and develop Plan a developmentally appropriate curriculum Prepare the environment Communication skills Teamwork Manage time Participate in Professional Organizations Follow ethical standards • Ethics-guiding set of moral principles – Continue to learn
  • 12. Characteristics of Successful Teachers • • • • • • • • Fondness for children Patience Compassion Confidence Sense of Humor Commitment Personal Desire-Passionate Physical and Mental Health
  • 13. Reflect… • Write a paragraph describing which career in early childhood education you are interested in? Which of your personal characteristics would help you be successful in this career?