On a piece of paper…
 List

three feelings a person might have about
his or her body’s appearance.
 Then write down thre...
American Family
Chapter 6
Managing Weight and Body
Composition
Learning Objective
and FCS Standards


Learning Objective:




Students will identify healthy ways to manage weight
and...
Body Image and WeightCalorie Connection
 Body

Image: The way you see your body.

 Maintaining

weight is a matter of en...
Determining Your Healthy
Weight Range
 Body

Mass Index or BMI: A ratio that allows
you to assess your body size in relat...
Overweight vs. Obesity
 Overweight:

a condition in which a person is
heavier than the standard weight range for
his or h...
Weight Related Risks
 Overweight




Strains the muscular and skeletal system
Forces the heart and lungs to work harde...
Tips for Managing Weight
 Target

appropriate weight
 Set realistic goals
 Personalize your plan
 Put your goal and pl...
Healthy Weight-loss Strategies


Eat 1,700 to 1,800 calories to meet your body’s energy
needs. (less than 1,400 may cause...
Healthy Weight-gain Strategies
 Increase

your caloric intake
 Eat often and take second helpings
 Eat nutritious snack...
Risky Weight-loss StrategiesFad Diets
 Fad

Diets: weight-loss plans that are
popular for only a short time.

 The

prob...
Risky Weight-loss StrategiesLiquid Diets
 Liquid

Diets: Replacing all food intake
with a special liquid formula


The p...
Risky Weight-loss Strategies
 Fasting:


Problem with fasting:




Deprives body of nutrients and energy.
May become ...
Weight Cycling
 Weight

Cycling: The repeated pattern of
loss and regain of body weight



Common for fad dieters
May b...
Buyer Beware
 Complete

Buyer Beware
Activity
 Complete

“Strategy Sessions.”

 Complete

“Compute Your Nutrition
Condition.”


Answer the following questio...
What is a

“
Healthy Body Imag
”?


For models who want to do high fashion —
runway, pose for power brands such as
Chanel, Gucci – the New York Better
Busi...
Eating Disorders
 Eating

Disorder: an extreme harmful eating
behavior that can cause serious illness or even
death

 Ty...
Anorexia Nervosa
 Anorexia

Nervosa: A disorder in which the
irrational fear of becoming obese results in
severe weight l...
More on Anorexia Nervosa


Symptoms include:


extremely low caloric intake



obsession with exercise



emotional pr...
More on Anorexia Nervosa


Health Consequences











may cause a woman to stop menstruating
loss of bone de...
Bulimia Nervosa


Bulimia Nervosa: A disorder in which some form of
purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows
cy...
Bulimia Nervosa


Health Consequences









Dehydration
kidney damage
irregular heartbeat
destroys tooth enamel...
Binge Eating


Binge Eating: A disorder characterized by
compulsive overeating.



Consuming huge amounts of food witho...
Binge Eating


Health Consequences










unhealthful weight gain
leading to problems with type 2 diabetes, hea...
Variations in Diet


Variations for those involved in sports.







Rehydration: restoring lost body fluids
 Import...
Vegetarianism
 Vegetarian:

a person who eats mostly or
only plant foods.

 Different





types

Lacto-ovo: include...
Others who need variations in
diet.
 Pregnant

women: greater need for folate,
iron, calcium. Needs to consume about 300
...
Dietary Supplements


Dietary supplements: a non-food form of one or
more nutrients.





Can come in pill, capsule, p...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

American Family - Chapter 6, Healthy Weight Management

115

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
115
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

American Family - Chapter 6, Healthy Weight Management

  1. 1. On a piece of paper…  List three feelings a person might have about his or her body’s appearance.  Then write down three factors that might influence these feelings
  2. 2. American Family Chapter 6 Managing Weight and Body Composition
  3. 3. Learning Objective and FCS Standards  Learning Objective:   Students will identify healthy ways to manage weight and compare and contrast eating disorders. FCS Standards:06-12.7.1, 7.B, 7.D, 7.E
  4. 4. Body Image and WeightCalorie Connection  Body Image: The way you see your body.  Maintaining weight is a matter of energy balance.    The calories you consume must equal the calories you burn. If you eat more than you burn=gain weight. If you burn more than you eat=lose weight.
  5. 5. Determining Your Healthy Weight Range  Body Mass Index or BMI: A ratio that allows you to assess your body size in relation to your height and weight.  During the teen years, individuals grow at different rates and in different ways. There is no single size, shape, or growth pattern that is normal for everyone.
  6. 6. Overweight vs. Obesity  Overweight: a condition in which a person is heavier than the standard weight range for his or her height.  Obesity: fat. having an excess amount of body
  7. 7. Weight Related Risks  Overweight    Strains the muscular and skeletal system Forces the heart and lungs to work harder Increases risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, asthma, and some cancers.  Underweight: a condition in which a person is less than the standard weight range for his/her height.  Not getting enough nutrients may lead to fatigue, decreased ability to fight illness.
  8. 8. Tips for Managing Weight  Target appropriate weight  Set realistic goals  Personalize your plan  Put your goal and plan in writing  Evaluate your progress
  9. 9. Healthy Weight-loss Strategies  Eat 1,700 to 1,800 calories to meet your body’s energy needs. (less than 1,400 may cause you to miss nutrients)  Include your favorites in moderation  Eat a variety of low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods-foods that are high in nutrients as compared with their caloric content  Drink plenty of water  Healthful weight loss is about 1-2 pounds per week.
  10. 10. Healthy Weight-gain Strategies  Increase your caloric intake  Eat often and take second helpings  Eat nutritious snacks  Build muscle  No matter what weight management plan you choose, get plenty of exercise.
  11. 11. Risky Weight-loss StrategiesFad Diets  Fad Diets: weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time.  The problem with fad diets  Hard to stick with.  May be costly.  May not get all of your nutrients.  Weight loss is usually regained.
  12. 12. Risky Weight-loss StrategiesLiquid Diets  Liquid Diets: Replacing all food intake with a special liquid formula  The problem with liquid diets:  Usually don’t meet the body’s energy needs  Fatigue  Don’t supply enough nutrients and fiber  High-protein and low carb can cause serious health problems, even death.
  13. 13. Risky Weight-loss Strategies  Fasting:  Problem with fasting:    Deprives body of nutrients and energy. May become dehydrated. Body begins to break down protein in muscle for energy.  Diet  Abstaining from eating Pills: Many work to depress appetite Problem with diet pills:    May cause drowsiness, anxiety, racing heart May be addictive May cause dehydration
  14. 14. Weight Cycling  Weight Cycling: The repeated pattern of loss and regain of body weight   Common for fad dieters May be harmful to the body-not proven yet.
  15. 15. Buyer Beware  Complete Buyer Beware
  16. 16. Activity  Complete “Strategy Sessions.”  Complete “Compute Your Nutrition Condition.”  Answer the following questions on the back: 1. 2. How do you feel about your results? Create a goal to improve your health based on the information on the front and all other previous activities we have done in class.
  17. 17. What is a “ Healthy Body Imag ”?
  18. 18.  For models who want to do high fashion — runway, pose for power brands such as Chanel, Gucci – the New York Better Business Career Services website says they need to fit the following requirements: Female Models: Height: 5’9″- 6′ Weight: 110 to 130 pounds, from minimum to maximum height respectively Male Models: Height: 5’11″ – 6’2″ Weight: 140 to 165 pounds, from minimum to maximum height, respectively
  19. 19. Eating Disorders  Eating Disorder: an extreme harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death  Types    of Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Binge-Eating
  20. 20. Anorexia Nervosa  Anorexia Nervosa: A disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvation.    Psychological disorder with emotional and physical consequences. Relates to self-concept, perfectionism, coping abilities, outside pressures, high expectations, need to be accepted, and a need to achieve. May also be genetic. Usually develop in teenage girls
  21. 21. More on Anorexia Nervosa  Symptoms include:  extremely low caloric intake  obsession with exercise  emotional problems  unnatural interest in food  distorted body image  denial of an eating problem
  22. 22. More on Anorexia Nervosa  Health Consequences          may cause a woman to stop menstruating loss of bone density low body temperature low blood pressure slowed metabolism reduction in organ size heart problems death. Treatment: Psychological treatment, may need in-patient hospitalization.
  23. 23. Bulimia Nervosa  Bulimia Nervosa: A disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating.  Binging: consuming large amounts of food Purging: vomiting or taking laxatives  Other symptoms:    distorted body image unnatural interest in food • Causes: • societal pressures • self-esteem issues • family problems • other mental health issues
  24. 24. Bulimia Nervosa  Health Consequences        Dehydration kidney damage irregular heartbeat destroys tooth enamel damages tissues of stomach, esophagus, and mouth disrupts digestion and absorption-causing nutrient deficiencies. Treatment: medication and psychological counseling
  25. 25. Binge Eating  Binge Eating: A disorder characterized by compulsive overeating.   Consuming huge amounts of food without purging. May signal problems with emotional eating or depression.
  26. 26. Binge Eating  Health Consequences        unhealthful weight gain leading to problems with type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke gallbladder problems high blood pressure high cholesterol increases risk of certain types of cancer. Treatment: Psychological counseling, possibly medication.
  27. 27. Variations in Diet  Variations for those involved in sports.     Rehydration: restoring lost body fluids  Important when competing in sports  Helps maintain your electrolytes: minerals that help maintain the body’s fluid balance. These include sodium, chloride, and potassium. Making Weight  Weight loss should only happen ½ to 1 lbs. per week Gaining Weight  Get your nutrition from foods, not protein supplements.  Don’t gain more than 1-2 lbs. per week.  Definitely stay away from anabolic steroids. Eat 3-4 hours before competition and drink plenty of water.
  28. 28. Vegetarianism  Vegetarian: a person who eats mostly or only plant foods.  Different     types Lacto-ovo: includes dairy and egg foods Lacto vegetarianism: includes dairy, but no eggs Ovo vegetarianism: includes eggs, but no milk Vegan: only plant sources
  29. 29. Others who need variations in diet.  Pregnant women: greater need for folate, iron, calcium. Needs to consume about 300 more calories than normal.  Nursing mothers: Also need a few more calories and a balanced diet.
  30. 30. Dietary Supplements  Dietary supplements: a non-food form of one or more nutrients.    Can come in pill, capsule, power, or liquid form Can be used for those that need a little extra of a certain nutrient-vegans, pregnant or nursing moms, people receiving certain medical treatment, those with anemia. Risks of dietary supplements  Megadose: a very large amount of a dietary supplement  Herbal Supplement: a chemical substance from plants that may be sold as a dietary supplement.   Don’t be fooled, just because it’s natural. Supplements to look out for include: ephedra, lobelia, yohimbe, chaparral.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×