View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Grown-ups love numbers. If you tell them you’ve got a new friend, they never ask the important question. They never say: “What does his voice sound like? Which games does he like to play? Does he collect butterfly’s?” But they ask: “How old is he? What is his weight? How much earns his father?” Only then they feel they know him. If you tell grown-ups: “I’ve seen the most beautifull house of red bricks, with daffodils in front of the windows and pigeons on the roof….” They can’t image the house. You have to say: “I’ve seen a house of 250 000 euro!” Then they yell : “How wonderfull!!!”
Lipman’s view professor at Columbia University in New York
University stundents lack the ability to think. They don’t understand the rules of logics.
Still he sees that litle children were able to think. They’re willing to explore new things and they are curious.
Lipman sees that, once children are away from primary-school they loose their interessed in exloring. Instaid of stimulating them, theachers stop children to ask questions and withhold children to be explorers.
Socratic Dialogue is a method widely used in Europe which allows for in-depth understanding of various issues concerning everyday life. Through rigorous inquiry and consensus we start unraveling the basic assumptions we have.
The Socratic Method encourages participants to reflect and think independently and critically. The Socratic Dialogue is practiced in small groups with the help of a facilitator, so that self-confidence in one's own thinking is enhanced and the search for truth in answer to a particular question is undertaken in common. No prior philosophical training is needed, provided participants are motivated to try the method, are willing to contribute their honest thoughts and to listen to those of others. The endeavour of the group is to reach consensus, not as an aim in itself, but as a means to deepen the investigation.
Dieter Krohn's (1998) Four indispensable features of Socratic Dialogue
Starting with the concrete and remaining in contact with concrete experience : Insight is gained only when in all phases of a Socratic Dialogue the link between any statement made and personal experience is explicit. This means that a Socratic Dialogue is a process which concerns the whole person.
Full understanding between participants : This involves much more than verbal agreement. Everyone has to be clear about the meaning of what has just been said by testing it against her or his own concrete experience. The limitations of individual personal experience which stand in the way of full understanding should be made conscious and thereby transcended.
Adherence to a subsidiary question until it is answered : in order to achieve this the group is required to bring great commitment to their work and to gain self-confidence in the power of reason. This means on the one hand, not giving up when the work is difficult, but on the other, to be calm enough to accept, for a time, a different course in the dialogue in order then to return to the subsidiary question.
Striving for consensus : This requires an honest examination of the thoughts of others and being honest in ones own statements. When such honesty and openness towards ones own and other participants´ feelings and thinking are present, then the striving for consensus will emerge, not necessarily the consensus itself.