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  • 1. Gregor Mendel’s Studies
  • 2. Mendel’s Discovery of Dominant & Recessive Factors for Traits
    • Dominant factor- The factor for a trait that masks the appearance for the other trait in a pair (If an organism has one of each factor this would be the one to appear (Purple flower color)
    • Recessive factor- The factor that is masked by the dominant factor if it is present (White flower color)
  • 3. Law of Segregation
    • Each cell has two (one pair) of factors for each trait. However during the formation of sex cells only one of the two factors is located in each cell
    X X X X Gametes Brown Eyes Blue Eyes
  • 4. Law of Independent Assortment
    • Factors separate independently of one another during the formation of gametes
    X X X X X X X X X X X X or or or Brown eyes Blue eyes Curly hair Straight hair