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Noted School Psychologist John Murphy talks about a different kind of 3Rs: …

Noted School Psychologist John Murphy talks about a different kind of 3Rs:
Respect, Resources, and Resiliencies

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  • 1. Respect, Resources, and Recovery: Putting the 3 R’s Into Action with Children, Adolescents, and Schools John J. Murphy, Ph.D. University of Central Arkansas Translating research into real-world practice Webinar for February 17, 2010 (2:30-3:30 EST)
  • 2. What Do You See? You’re Right! Careful What You Look For (Believing is Seeing?) Kenny’s Story
  • 3. The 3 R’s • R-E-S-P-E-C-T – Queen of Soul…and Good Therapy • RESOURCES – Panning for Gold • RECOVERY – Field of Hopes (Expect It and It Will Come) *Kenny Revisited *Client Knows Best *Shifting from Business as Usual
  • 4. Articles Published Since 1887 Source: Psychological Abstracts 80000 JOY 70000 60000 HAPPINESS 50000 40000 LIFE- 30000 SATISFACTION 20000 ANXIETY 10000 0 DEPRESSION TOPICS
  • 5. “People are generally trash.” —Sigmund Freud, father of psychiatry Ouch!
  • 6. Empirical Influences: Psychotherapy Research on “What Works” • Dodo bird verdict (Luborsky,…) • Common (nonspecific) factors: Separating the smoke from the mirrors to discover what REALLY works (Lambert, Wampold, Duncan & Miller,…) • Reserch with children and adolescents —Different verse, same song And the winner is… [drum roll, please]…Client Participation (“Involve me, and I understand”)
  • 7. Obtaining Applying Accommodating feedback (ORS, strengths and ideas, goals, SRS) and resources preferences, adjusting services language Listening Client Giving credit Participation Validating Staying ―with‖ concerns and Complimenting perceptions
  • 8. Therapeutic Influences Ideas and techniques in this webinar borrow from… • Milton Erickson – Crystal ball, indirect, utilization, no ―general‖ theory • Mental Research Institute (Watzlawick, Weakland, Fisch) – Brief Strategic Therapy [If it Doesn’t Work, Do Something Different] • Brief Family Therapy Center (De Shazer, Berg) – Solution-Focused Brief Therapy [If It Works, Do More of It] • Narrative Therapy (White, Epston) – The person is not the problem; the problem is the problem • Client-Directed/Outcome-Informed Practice (Duncan, Miller) – Heroic clients; Client feedback improves outcomes
  • 9. Putting the 3 R’s Into Action: Building Cooperative, Change-Focused Relationships • Tell clients you want to be useful and need their help (feedback) to do so • Reflect and validate clients’ concerns, perceptions, and feelings (―No wonder you feel that way…‖) • Compliment clients and recruit their strengths, resources, and heroic stories • Create a culture of feedback by using short rating scales (ORS, SRS) to obtain client feedback on the progress (outcome) and fit (alliance) of services…and adjust services accordingly • Incorporate the client’s words and wishes into goals and conversations • Be curious vs. all-knowing; Ask vs. tell (―I wonder if this would work…; How did you do that?‖)
  • 10. You Can’t Re-Arrange the Furniture… Unless You’re Invited Into the House
  • 11. Therapeutic Lessons From the IQ Zoo B. B. Duck A-Rod the Chicken Romantic Rabbits Pigs…Portraits of Precision
  • 12. Natural Resources, Indigenous Solutions It’s easier (and more respectful/efficient) to move a river in the direction it’s already going than to go against the flow and push it in a different direction
  • 13. Building on “Natural Resources” Help clients recognize and apply their ―natural resources‖ toward their goals. Resources may include… • Life experiences and wisdom • Special interests, talents, hobbies • Resilience, coping, courage • Cherished values and beliefs • Heroes and influential people • Ideas and hunches about the problem/solution • Exceptions and victories over the problem
  • 14. Real-World Examples Terrence, age 12: From ―Big Values‖ to School Behavior (Values) Bridgette, age 15: Dorothy’s Advice (Special Interest/Hobby) Dwayne, age 18: Consulting Camus (Heroes/Influential People) Test Anxiety Group (6 Adolescents): Exceptions, Resilience, and Other Resources
  • 15. 3 Guidelines 1. Client Knows Best 2. Reliance on the Alliance 3. If at First you Don’t Succeed, Try Something Different Murphy, J., Duncan, B. (2007). Brief intervention for school problems: Outcome-informed strategies (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
  • 16. Conclusions and Reminders “People are generally better persuaded by the reasons which they have themselves discovered than by those which have come into the minds of others.” —Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)
  • 17. The best tailors (and therapists) serve one client at a time by meeting clients where they are, honoring their unique gifts and resources, measuring often, and adjusting services to fit their clients
  • 18. To Learn More About It… Books Murphy, J. J. (in press). Interviewing students for school solutions: A student- driven, strength-based approach. Columbus: Merrill/Prentice Hall. Duncan, B. L., Miller, S. D., Wampold, B. E., & Hubble, M. A. (Eds.) (2010). The heart and soul of change: Delivering what works in therapy (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Murphy, J. J. (2008). Solution-focused counseling in schools (2nd ed.). Alexandria American Counseling Association. Murphy, J. J., Duncan, B. L. (2007). Brief intervention for school problems: Outcome-informed strategies (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press. DVDs, Webinars, Other Child Therapy with the Experts (Training Series), ―Solution-Focused Child Therapy with John Murphy‖: Heart & Soul of Change Project: Videos/webinars/audio recordings on client- directed, outcome-informed (CDOI) practice:
  • 19. Websites Heart and Soul of Change Project Barry Duncan, Website Director: A practice-driven, training, and research initiative that focuses on what works in therapy and how to deliver it on the front lines via client based outcome feedback…the latest and greatest about client directed, outcome informed (CDOI) ideas and practices; includes books, blogs, DVDs, workshops, and more. Change-Focused Practice with Young People and Others John Murphy, Website Manager: Describes respectful, strength-based approaches to helping people change in ways that honor their strengths, resilience, and feedback; translates empirical research into practical applications; includes books, DVDs, workshop offerings, and more. Conference 2010 Heart & Soul of Change Conference (New Orleans, June 17-19, 2010)
  • 20. The Heart and Soul of Change: Becoming Better At What We Do June 17-19 New Orleans Featuring: Barry Duncan, Jacqueline Sparks, Makungu Akinyela, Michael Lambert, Lori Ashcraft, Bob Bohanske, John Murphy Learn: What Works and How to Deliver It How to Improve Your Outcomes and Accelerate Your Development How to ―Level‖ the Therapy Process How to move from illness to recovery CE Credits for Psychologists Sponsored by the Louisiana Counseling Association Registration at Info and brochure at
  • 21. Questions and Comments?
  • 22. That’s All, Folks! THANK YOU and best wishes in your work Translating research into practice