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Kcb102 blogging and web2.0

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  • Things to cover: Do produce news Do contribute to journalism Creating new info is not the exemplar of journalism Definition of news is changing Opening up the definition is important Get across the sense of the validity of young people’s opinions ‘ don’t have sources’ Moral panics around youtube/myspace Examples, use lots Other sites: fark/digg etc - enron example: Jon stewart findings I can has cheezebuger Screenshot of ‘typical’ blogs What chances have young people had to engage with news: school newspapers, cadetships, A number of walkleys won by cadets: workplace issues Rise of the permanent intern - structurally prevented from creating news Is this stuf inane? Ref: web2.0 video What is news Narrative of decline Current programming is boring, not targeted at youth Focussed on issues that aren’t interesting to youth Insults youth, insults them for not engaging Changing patterns of use Produsage Citizen media
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    • 1. Blogging, citizen journalism and web 2.0 Barry Saunders KCB102 [email_address] http://investigativeblog.net http://youdecide2007.org http://qlddecides.com
    • 2. Me
      • QUT CI PhD student, ARC Linkage Citizen Journalism project - http://youdecide2007.org http://qlddecides.com
      • Founding member Brisbane Indymedia (now defunct)
      • Project Director Convergent Community Newsroom – http://ccnonline.org.au
      • Background in activism and media production: http://vibewire.net , http://newstandardnews.net , http://studentmedia.org.au
    • 3. Current affairs
      • Of little interest to younger audience
      • Often demonises ‘da youf’
      • Repetitive format
      • http://youtube.com/watch?v=jHso1e6NY90
    • 4. Citizen Journalism
      • Notion of citizenship more in line with DIY citizenship than the traditional legal notion
      • (it’s what you do, not where you were born)
      • Used to refer to media produced by non-professionals, or in a non-professional capacity: media made by non-journalists
      • Includes things like: blogs, podcasts, Youtube
    • 5. Other terms
      • Userled production:
      • Production is driven by users: examples include Youtube, blogs, video game mods
      • read-write web / web2.0
      • Internet sites that allow readers to contribute, edit: examples include blogs, wikis
      • produsers /produsage
      • Combination of producers and users - used to describe the complex ways people interact with media online
      • (Bruns, 2005)
      • Hyperlocal
    • 6. Criticisms of citizen journalism
      • Is it journalism? (well, what is journalism?)
      • Is journalism: about writing? About research? About doing interviews?
      • Are bloggers journalists?
      • Possibly a better question: does it contribute to the practice of journalism?
      • Does journalism need help?
      • Who determines what is news? Journalism?
    • 7. Models of citizen journalism
          • 1. Opening articles up to feedback
          • 2. Citizen add-on reporter
          • 3. Open-source or participatory reporting
          • 4. The citizen bloghouse
          • 5. Newsroom citizen 'transparency' blogs
          • 6. The stand-alone citizen-journalism site: Edited version
          • 7. The stand-alone citizen-journalism site: Unedited version
          • 8. Add a print edition
          • 9. pro-am hybrid
          • 10. integrating citizen and professional journalism
          • 11. wiki journalism, or readers as editors
    • 8. Opening articles up to feedback
      • ABC news / Fairfax / News Corp
      • Need for new workers - ‘user generated content producer’ - comments moderator
      • Question of how much moderation is appropriate
      • Limited form of interaction, can still be worthwhile
    • 9. Open-source or participatory journalism
      • Wikinews
      • Indymedia
    • 10. indymedia
      • Politically focused
      • Completely open access
      • Problems with quality control and access
      • One of the first fully open news sites
      • http://ithefilm.com/home
    • 11. The citizen bloghouse
      • http://Huffingtonpost.com
    • 12. Standalone citizen reporter
      • http://Talkingpointsmemo.com
    • 13. Jimmy Justice
      • http: //youtube .com/user/JimmyJustice4753
      • Confrontational style
      • Doesn’t conform to traditional news presentation, gonzo style
      • Still newsworthy
    • 14. integrating citizen and professional journalism
      • http://youdecide2007.org
      • http: //qlddecides .com
      • Professionals working alongside citizen journalists
      • Professional articles drew eyeballs but citizen articles drew comments
      • http: //ohmynews .com
    • 15. pro-am hybrid
      • Pro-am, or pro-pro
      • Increasingly working with professionals from outside of journalism
      • Wired magazine
      • Wikileaks
      • Scienceblogs.com
      • Pollbludger, Possum’s Pollytics
    • 16. Redactive journalism, or cut ‘n paste ‘n comment
      • Redative journalism - journalism that is made of editing - making sense of information that is publicly available
      • We now live in a world where we have too much info rather than not enough - simply adding more information to public discourse is no longer the most important function of journalism
      • Problem with the Narrative of Decline - assumes a perfect form of journalism, without recognizing that journalism changes as society changes
      • … the continuing trend in journalism away from investigative reporting and toward pundit commentary also makes blog-based commentary on the news highly compatible with mainstream news content.
            • (Bruns, 2006)
    • 17.
      • All of the information necessary to understand the massive fraud at Enron was publicly available
      • Changing forms of journalism - Wired magazine database mashup of Myspace and public sex offender registries
      • Science blogs that check pop-science publications and business against scientific findings - often more accurate than mainstream journalism
        • Recognition that journalism needs skill sets not ordinarily associated with journalists
      • Bloggers may not do interviews - but an entry about medical quackery may have 200 commenters offering their perspective - many of whom are doctors, biologists, scientists, etc
    • 18. News blogging
      • Participatory form of journalism
      • Expands the coverage of news
      • Allows non-experts to take depart in discourse
      • Also allows experts to explain issues in detail - economists, scientists, doctors, etc
      • a scarcity of quality economic analysis and a conservative political climate in the US has restricted the economic coverage of major media to supply-side ‘voodoo economics’. This has led numerous economists to publish their work online. (Quiggin, 2006)
      • Blogs like Badscience.net and Scienceblog.com/pharyngula take apart pseudo-science, creationism, quackery
      • Mainstream news doesn’t deal with youth issues well either - youth need their own voice
    • 19. Gatewatching
      • Differs from gatekeeping -
      • Gatekeepers only publish what they think is relevant/important
      • Gatewatchers point to all relevant information, with differing levels of emphasis - allows the reader more agency
    • 20. Attitude - break down of the punditocracy
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eniqk8HQKsM
    • 21. Major source of news and media
      • Voices not otherwise heard in mainstream media
      • Pushing the boundaries of debate (both left and right)
      • Allows misquoted/misrepresented people to have their say
      • Eg: biologists misrepresented by creationists
      • Coverage of important stories outside of media’s coverage
      • Random acts of journalism:
      • Little Green Footballs: fake documents, Dan Rather
      • Left blogs, Trent Lott and Strom Thurmond
      • Often involves amplification, follow up reporting and analysis.
      • Dedicated reportage:
      • Indymedia: police violence, corruption
      • TPM Muckraker: firing of US attorneys
    • 22. Random acts of journalism
      • Can be blog posts, or increasingly on-the-ground footage from handicams and videophones
      • Even Twitter is used for journalism
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k6Rqc4aZceU
    • 23. Low cost of entry
      • Pioneered by Kevin Sites and Dateline - consumer handicams for current affairs / documentary
      • Increasing use of high end videophones
      • http://blip.tv/file/586161
    • 24. Business models
      • Newspapers are worried about lost profits
      • Have traditionally been high profit industry
      • However, Fairfax has made some interesting moves in monetising articles
      • Also, bloggers are making reasonable money from advertising - some up to $1500 a week.
      • Investigative journalism may be funded by philanthropy, public interest groups, donations and government broadcasters.
    • 25. Web 2.0
      • The read-write web
      • The next generation of web-based services
      • Term coined by O’Reilly Media as name for a series of conferences
      • Somewhat misleading as implies discrete generations of the web
      • - Web 2.0 video from Youtube
    • 26. Web 2.0 - technical
      • A move from web made up of linked pages to a web made up of linked data sources
      • This means - formatting is not fixed
      • Also means - data sources are not necessarily text - eg: http: //frappr .com / http://pipes.yahoo.com
      • Uses AJAX (asynchronous java and xml)
      • RSS (real simple syndication)
      • CSS (cascading style sheets)
    • 27. Forms of citizen journalism
      • Blogs /journals: Boingboing / LP / Troppo
      • collaborative news sites: Slashdot / digg
      • Vlogs/citizen video: Youtube /
      • Podcasts: Rocketboom / NYUB
      • More traditional portal style: Vibewire
      • Corporations also using these formats:
      • SBS / ABC / QUT
      • Brisbane Times / News Corp
    • 28. Early citizen journalism
      • Indymedia
      • Slashdot
      • Kuro5hin
      • Gatewatching, collaborative sites
      • Many submitters
    • 29. Social media
      • Includes citizen media, blogs
      • Also includes social networks
      • http: //myspace .com / http: //linkedin .com
      • ‘ folksonomies’
      • Social linking
      • http://del. icio .us / http: //digg .com
    • 30. Blogs
      • Blog - shortened form of web - log
      • Usage: I have a blog, I blog, I’m a blogger.
      • Not: I wrote a blog today. (blog entry or blog post)
      • Often: one author
      • May be based on a single theme.
    • 31. blogs
      • Numerous forms
      • Personal blogs:
      • http: //livejournal .com / http: //dooce .com
      • Political blogs
      • http: //timblair .net / http: //johnquiggin .com / http: //dneiwert . blogspot .com/
      • Corporate blogs
      • http: //scobleizer .com/ / http://www. blogmaverick .com/
      • Science blogs
      • http: //scienceblogs . com/pharyngula/ / http: //badscience .net
    • 32. More blogs
      • Randomness
      • http: //boingboing .net / http: //kottke .org
      • Feminism
      • http: //feministing .com / http: //pandagon .net
      • Food
      • http: //megnut .com / http: //glutenfreegirl . blogspot .com
    • 33. Even more blogs
      • Gossip
      • http: //thesuperficial .com / http: //perezhilton .com
      • Tech
      • http: //gizmodo .com / http: //engadget .com
      • Video games
      • http: //kotaku .com / http: //joystiq .com
      • Education
      • http: //whatswrongwiththejschool . blogspot .com/
    • 34. Characteristics of blogs
      • Personal tone
      • Often short entries (notable exceptions)
      • Use of quotes and links
      • RSS
      • Comments, trackback
    • 35. Popular blog services
      • Livejournal
      • Blogger
      • Typepad
      • Wordpress