What has been the effect of the new policies against deforestation in the Amazon?

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In early 2008 the Brazilian government launched several measures against deforestation in the Amazon, including enforcement in 36 critical municipalities and prohibiting credit for rural properties non-compliant with environmental laws, lacking land title and having an area of more than 400 hectares in the Amazon biome.
What has been the effect of those measures? Have the new policies worked?
This presentation shows preliminary results of a study underway at Imazon to answer these questions.
The results are promising and can help in revising the federal plan for preventing and combating deforestation.

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What has been the effect of the new policies against deforestation in the Amazon?

  1. 1. What has been the effect of the new policies against deforestation in the Amazon<br />Paulo Barreto <br /> Senior Researcher at Imazon - (pbarreto@imazon.org.br)<br />Eugênio Arima <br />Associate Researcher at Imazon and Professor of Environmental Studies at Hobart and William Smith Colleges (USA)<br />Rodney Salomão<br />Manager of the Geoprocessing Laboratory at Imazon<br />Belém, March 03, 2009<br />
  2. 2. Periods for analysis and sources of data<br />August 2007 July 2008<br />Analysis 1 <br />Prodes<br />January 2008 Dec. 2008<br />Analysis 2.<br />2.1 - General <br />2.2 - 36 municipalities<br />SAD<br />New policies announced<br />
  3. 3. Did the policy affect the rate measured by Prodes in 2007-2008?<br />km2<br />+ 436 km2<br />or 4%<br />
  4. 4. Deforestation rates were highly correlated with the price fattened cattle and soya from 1995 to 2007<br />
  5. 5. New policies avoided around 1,700 km2 of deforestation measured by Prodes<br />+ 9% <br /> price cattle and soya<br />1,760 km2 of deforestation avoided<br />
  6. 6. Difference between area deforested in 2008 and 2007SAD - January to December<br />Begin Operation Arc of Fire<br />“Pirate cattle” captured<br />Begin credit restriction<br />
  7. 7. Difference between deforested area in 2008 and 2007SAD - January to December<br />Begin Operation Arc of Fire<br />“Pirate cattle” captured<br />Begin credit restriction<br />Total reduction in 2008<br />3,300 Km2<br />
  8. 8. Effect in the 36 critical municipalities(Difference Jan-Dec 2008 – Jan-Dec 2007)<br />8<br />Effect per municipality<br />- 42 km2<br />Effect in the 36 municipalities<br />- 1,500 km2<br />
  9. 9. Summary of the effect of the new policies<br />Effect of policies on the periods<br />August 2007 July 2008<br />- 1,700 km2<br />Prodes<br />January 2008 Dec. 2008<br />General = - 3,300 km2<br />36 mun. = - 1,500 km2<br />SAD<br />Announcement of new policies<br />
  10. 10. Conclusions<br />Continue innovative measures <br />Credit restriction<br />“Pirate cattle”<br />Accelerate policies favouring sustainable development to guarantee political sustainability for combating deforestation.<br />

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