What has been the effect of the new policies against deforestation in the Amazon?

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In early 2008 the Brazilian government launched several measures against deforestation in the Amazon, including enforcement in 36 critical municipalities and prohibiting credit for rural properties …

In early 2008 the Brazilian government launched several measures against deforestation in the Amazon, including enforcement in 36 critical municipalities and prohibiting credit for rural properties non-compliant with environmental laws, lacking land title and having an area of more than 400 hectares in the Amazon biome.
What has been the effect of those measures? Have the new policies worked?
This presentation shows preliminary results of a study underway at Imazon to answer these questions.
The results are promising and can help in revising the federal plan for preventing and combating deforestation.

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  • 1. What has been the effect of the new policies against deforestation in the Amazon
    Paulo Barreto
    Senior Researcher at Imazon - (pbarreto@imazon.org.br)
    Eugênio Arima
    Associate Researcher at Imazon and Professor of Environmental Studies at Hobart and William Smith Colleges (USA)
    Rodney Salomão
    Manager of the Geoprocessing Laboratory at Imazon
    Belém, March 03, 2009
  • 2. Periods for analysis and sources of data
    August 2007 July 2008
    Analysis 1
    Prodes
    January 2008 Dec. 2008
    Analysis 2.
    2.1 - General
    2.2 - 36 municipalities
    SAD
    New policies announced
  • 3. Did the policy affect the rate measured by Prodes in 2007-2008?
    km2
    + 436 km2
    or 4%
  • 4. Deforestation rates were highly correlated with the price fattened cattle and soya from 1995 to 2007
  • 5. New policies avoided around 1,700 km2 of deforestation measured by Prodes
    + 9%
    price cattle and soya
    1,760 km2 of deforestation avoided
  • 6. Difference between area deforested in 2008 and 2007SAD - January to December
    Begin Operation Arc of Fire
    “Pirate cattle” captured
    Begin credit restriction
  • 7. Difference between deforested area in 2008 and 2007SAD - January to December
    Begin Operation Arc of Fire
    “Pirate cattle” captured
    Begin credit restriction
    Total reduction in 2008
    3,300 Km2
  • 8. Effect in the 36 critical municipalities(Difference Jan-Dec 2008 – Jan-Dec 2007)
    8
    Effect per municipality
    - 42 km2
    Effect in the 36 municipalities
    - 1,500 km2
  • 9. Summary of the effect of the new policies
    Effect of policies on the periods
    August 2007 July 2008
    - 1,700 km2
    Prodes
    January 2008 Dec. 2008
    General = - 3,300 km2
    36 mun. = - 1,500 km2
    SAD
    Announcement of new policies
  • 10. Conclusions
    Continue innovative measures
    Credit restriction
    “Pirate cattle”
    Accelerate policies favouring sustainable development to guarantee political sustainability for combating deforestation.