Established Goals: (PA Standard: 9.1, 9.2, 9.3): -Elements and principles in/of visual art -Vocabulary within visual art -Historical Contexts -Common themes within works of art -Aesthetic Response -Artistic choices
You Read Chapter 2, Lesson 1: “The Elements of Art” (pages 26-39) yesterday, and you were asked to take notes on the importance of knowing the language of art and list the elements of art. First, tell me, what are the 7 Elements of Art? Elements of Art
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nBem1EeO88w&feature=related Let’s watch a short movie clip….
As we go through today’s lesson, think about the following questions: What is art? What are the different elements of art? Why is it important to know the “language of art”?
The elements of art are sort of like atoms… in that both serve as "building blocks."
(A hydrostone sculpture by Michael Alfano) found at: www.boston.com http://www.geekologie.com/2007/06/lego_sculptures.php Sculpted by Nathan Sawaya out of Legos.
Drawing Hands, 1948/Pencil drawing by M.C. Escher http://astrologicalrepairmanual.blogspot.com/2009/07/m-c-escher-and-uranussaturn.html
Three-dimensional spaceThe perfect illusion of three-dimensional space in a two-dimensional work of art is something that many artists, such as M.C. Escher, labored to achieve. The illusion of space is achieved through perspective drawing techniques and shading. http://levgrossman.com/2010/07/douglas-hofstadter-me-an-effing-great-book/
He Can No Longer at the Age of 98 Positive and negative spaceThe relationship of positive to negative space can greatly affect the impact of a work of art. In this drawing, the man and his shadow occupy the positive space, while the white space surrounding him is the negative space. The disproportionate amount of negative space accentuates the figure's vulnerability and isolation Francisco José de Goya y LucientesSpanish, about 1819 - 1823 Brush and india ink wash 9 3/16 x 5 11/16 in. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=90
Landscape with a Calm In this painting by Nicholas Poussin, Horizontal lines suggest a feeling of rest or repose because objects parallel to the earth are at rest. In this landscape, horizontal lines also help give a sense of space. The lines delineate sections of the landscape, which recede into space. They also imply continuation of the landscape beyond the picture plane to the left and right. Nicolas PoussinFrench, 1650 - 1651 Oil on canvas 38 3/16 x 51 9/16 in. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=113640
Vertical lines often communicate a sense of height because they are perpendicular to the earth, extending upwards toward the sky. http://www.free-background-wallpapers.com/background-wallpapers-tree.html
A Storm on a Mediterranean Coast Diagonal lines convey a feeling of movement. Objects in a diagonal position are unstable. Because they are neither vertical nor horizontal, they are either about to fall or are already in motion. The angles of the ship and the rocks on the shore convey a feeling of movement or speed in this stormy harbor scene. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=144721 Claude-Joseph VernetFrench, Paris, 1767 Oil on canvas 44 1/2 x 57 3/8 in.
St. Paul's Chapel In a two-dimensional composition, diagonal lines can also indicate depth through perspective. These diagonal lines pull the viewer visually into the image. For example, in this photograph the diagonal lines lead the eye into the space to the point where the lines converge. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=44971 Attributed to Silas A. HolmesAmerican, New York City, about 1855 Salt print 10 x 14 13/16 in.
Arles: View from the Wheatfields When repeated, lines can create a pattern. In this example, Van Gogh repeated different kinds of lines across the composition to create various patterns. Patterned lines also give the image rhythm. Vincent van GoghDutch, France, 1888 Reed and quill pens and brown ink12 5/8 x 9 5/8 in.
Shape - perceivable area.Shapes can be created by line, or by color and value changes which define their edges. As with line, the decisions you make concerning shape are important. The shapes in the image on the left are clearly defined. By contrast, the ship's shape on the right is barely discernable. This difference in clarity of shape is part of the meaning of these works - one conveys a sense of orderliness and confidence, while the other communicates a sense of vulnerability and uncertainty.
Texture The surface quality of an object that we sense through touch. All objects have a physical texture. Artists can also convey texture visually in two dimensions.In a two-dimensional work of art, texture gives a visual sense of how an object depicted would feel in real life if touched: hard, soft, rough, smooth, hairy, leathery, sharp, etc. In three-dimensional works, artists use actual texture to add a tactile quality to the work. http://www.andrewquientpottery.com/ By Andrew Quient Awaiting the Cue by Edward Degas http://paulford.com/what-is-art/
Texture depicted in two-dimensions Artists use color, line, and shading to imply textures. In this painting, the man's cloak is painted to simulate silk. The ability to convincingly portray fabric of different types was one of the marks of a great painter during the 17th century. Pope Innocent X, 1649-50 by Diego Velazquez/ www.sephari.com
Untitled No. 3 by Jackson Pollock http://blog.cleveland.com/pdextra/2007/10/anatomy_of_the_jackson_pollock.html
Color Light reflected off objects. Color has three main characteristics: hue (red, green, blue, etc.), value (how light or dark it is), and intensity (how bright or dull it is). Colors can be described as warm (red, yellow) or cool (blue, gray), depending on which end of the color spectrum they fall. We response to color on many levels. Color can be used simply to describe an object. It can also be used emotional(blue for sadness or spiritually, red for angry), symbolically(associated with a flag's color, corporation logo or sports team) and psychologically. Value describes the brightness of color. Artists use color value to create different moods. Dark colors in a composition suggest a lack of light, as in a night or interior scene. Dark colors can often convey a sense of mystery or foreboding.Light colors often describe a light source or light reflected within the composition. In this painting, the dark colors suggest a night or interior scene. The artist used light colors to describe the light created by the candle flame.
How is color (hue, value and intensity) used in this painting? Christ Crowned with Thorns Gerrit van Honthorst /Dutch, about 1620 /Oil on canvas
Intensity describes the purity or strength of a color. Bright colors are undiluted and are often associated with positive energy and heightened emotions. Dull colors have been diluted by mixing with other colors and create a sedate or serious mood. In this image the artist captured both the seriousness and the joy of the scene with the dull gray stone interior and the bright red drapery. The Annunciation Dieric BoutsFlemish, 1450 - 1455 Distemper on linen 35 7/16 x 29 3/8 in. http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artObjectDetails?artobj=873
Visit this website and experiment: http://www.artsconnected.org/toolkit/explore.cfm
Match the word with the correct definition, but putting the corresponding letter in the blanks. Line D. Color Form E. Texture Shape F. Value G. Space An element of art, such as you would see in a sculpture that has three dimensions. ________ 2. An identifiable path of a point moving in space. It can vary in width, direction and length. ________ 3. When light is reflected off an object, this is what the eye sees. ________ 4. The outward form of an object defined by outline. ________ How the surface of something feels or looks. ________ The lightness or darkness of a color. _________ 7. Distances or areas around, between or within components of a piece. ______
Leonid Afremov http://www.ursispaltenstein.ch/blog/weblog.php?/weblog/comments/5365/
Let’s discuss the questions from earlier: What is art? What are the different elements of art? Why is it important to know the “language of art”?
For Homework: Students will find a piece of art work that strongly exhibits each of the elements. All art work has at least one or two element(s) of art. So, students should be finding one piece of art work for each element. Then, I want students to pick one of those artworks, or another piece of work, to write a one page paper about. In this paper, students will discuss all of the elements the work has, why they think the artist chose to use those elements and/or those choices, and how it affects the viewer. Also, students should state what they like or dislike about it and what they would change if they could (and how or why they think that would make it better).
Here are a list of artists to get you started: Alexander Calder Titian Vincent Van Gogh Raphael Andy Warhol Leonardo da Vinci Salvador Dali Edgar Mueller Roy Lichtenstein Jackson Pollock Edward Seurat Edgar Degas Willem De Kooning Robert Motherwell Joan MiroClaes Oldenburg Henri Matisse James Rosenquist Paul Klee Frank Stella Edvard Munch Robert Mangold Stuart Davis Roy Lichtenstein Claude Monet Correggio Pablo Picasso Jean Claude and Cristo Jasper Johns Albrecht Durer Frank O. Gehry Jan Vermeer Sandy Skoglund Piet Mondrian Ansel Adams Aguste Rodin Chip Simmons Alberto Giacometti