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Visual Dictionary- Bark1

Visual Dictionary- Bark1






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    Visual Dictionary- Bark1 Visual Dictionary- Bark1 Presentation Transcript

    • Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 Materials Methods & Equipment I Bark1
    • Air Barrier Paper
      • What’s it doing?: Providing a water barrier between the outer cladding of a structure and the frame, insulation, etc. It also serves as windbreak.
      Air Barrier Paper: A weather-resistant barrier, preventing rain from getting into the wall assembly while allowing water vapor to pass to the exterior.
    • Attic Ventilation 1
      • Soffit Vent : Allows air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.
      • Ridge Vent : A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
    • Attic Ventilation 2
      • Gable Vent : Used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from the attic.
      Roof Turbine : Exhaust moist, hot air from your attic. Turbine roof vents work with Mother Nature to pull this air outside
    • Backhoe
      • An excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. The backhoe’s hinged arm makes it capable in extruding large holes and channels.
      • 5’ bucket width
    • Batter Boards
      • Def
      • Function
    • Brick Arches
      • Roman arch
      Jack Arch With Keystone Straight Jack Arch
    • Brick Bonds 1
      • Flemish Bond: It is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. The next course is laid so that a header lies in the middle of the stretcher in the course below.
      Common Bond: A variation of running bond with a course of full length headers at regular intervals. These headers provide structural bonding, as well as pattern. Header courses usually appear at every fifth, sixth or seventh course.
    • Brick Bonds 2
      • Rowlocks
      Headers Sailor
    • Brick Bonds 3
      • Soldiers
    • Brick Sizes
      • Utility Brick: 3 ½” x 3 ½” x 11 ½”
      Norman Brick: 3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 11 ¼”
    • Bulldozer
      • Bulldozer: A caterpillar tracked tractor equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work.
    • Cladding 1
      • Brick Clad Structure
      -EIFS Clad Structure -Stone Clad Structure (Random/Ashlar)
    • Cladding 2
      • Wood board structure
      Woods Shake Structure
      • Wood that is applied in small sections on exterior walls to convey the run off of water.
      Wood Shingles : Rectangular pieces Wood Shakes : Rough and splintered rectangular pieces
    • Code Requirements 1
      • Open Area Measurements:
      • Width: 29 ½”
      • Height: 29”
      • Area: 5.99 sp. Ft
      • Sill Height AFF: 21 ½”
      21 ½” 29 ½” 29” IBC Requirements: 20in. Min width 24in. Min height 5.7 sq. ft min area Sill height above 44in. My window does not meet code because my window sill height is below the 44in. Requirement.
    • Code Requirements 2
      • Tread: 12”
      • Riser: 5 ¼”
      IBC Code Requirements: Tread: Min depth 10” Riser: Max height 7 ¾” The tread meets code requirements because the tread is above 10” and the riser is below 5 ¼”. 5 ¼” 12”
    • Concrete Joints
      • Control Joint : An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
      Isolation Joint: They completely isolate the slab from something else. That something else can be a wall or a column or a drain pipe. The Column is being isolated from the slab
    • Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
      • CMU : A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone
      • American standard concrete block is nominally 8 inches high and 16 inches long.
    • Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) 2
      • Other CMU Sizes:
      • 10” CMU block
      • 6” CMU block
    • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
      • Split Block
      Ribbed Block
    • Doors 1
      • Exterior Flush
      Top Rail Stile Lock Rail Bottom Rail Exterior Panel
    • Doors 2
      • Transom : A small window directly above the door.
      • Sidelight : A tall, narrow window alongside a door.
    • Electrical Components 1
      • Power pole with transformer: An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current
      Service Head: keeps water from entering the electrical mast when the wires run to the home overhead. It also helps protect the wires from mechanical damage.
    • Electrical Components 2
      • Meter: A device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business or machine.
      Service Panel : Divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits, while providing a protective fuse or circuit breaker for each circuit, in a common enclosure. Duplex receptacle : Connectors used for mains electricity that conform to the standards set by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. Supply electricity to appliances.
    • Framing Elements 1 #1 Anchor Bolt #2 Sill Plate #7 Top Plate #6 Stud #5 Sole Plate #4 Subflooring
    • Framing Elements 2 #3 Floor Joist #8 Ceiling Joist #9 Rafter #10 Roof decking
    • Framing Elements 3
      • #12 Stringer
      #11 Sheathing
    • Front End Loader
      • An engineering vehicle that is primarily used to "load" material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, rock, sand, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hooper, rail-car, etc.).
      • Differs from a bulldozer because the front scoop is connected to a nomadic are that is capable of lifting a load instead of just pushing it.
    • Gypsum Board
      • An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces.
    • Heat Pump
      • Heap Pump Advantage : capable of producing heating and cooling
      • Heap Pump Disadvantage : Can Be very expensive.
      • Heat Pump
      Compressor What’s it doing: It’s moving air across coils filled with refrigerant to heat or cool the air Air Handling Unit What’s it doing: It’s conditioning and circulating the air as a part of the HVAC system
    • Insulation
      • Purpose: To regulate heat and keep it where we want it
      Foamed Insulation Batt/Blanket Insulation Loose Fill Insulation
    • Lintel
      • Concrete Lintel
      • A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
    • Mortar 1
      • Concave Joint
      • Tooled
      • 3/8” width
      • Used on small exterior retaining wall
      • Type S mortar
    • Mortar 2
      • Raked Joint
      • Raked, not tooled or troweled
      • 3/8” width
      • Used on small exterior retaining wall
      • Type N mortar
    • Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
      • A building nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber.
      • 4 X 8’
      • It is manufactured by the long shreds of wood fiber being oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure
    • Plumbing 1 Lavatory -Waste piping is usually 1 ½”- 2” in diameter Water closet -Drain piping is at least 3 inches in diameter
    • Plumbing 2
      • Manufactured shower/tub
      Plumbing Roof Vent -Allows noxious waste line gases to vent out of the system and into the outside air.
    • Plumbing 3
      • Kitchen Sink
      • Flush mount
    • Plywood
      • A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.
      • 4 X 8’
      • Veneer : A thin layer, sheet, or facing
    • Radiant Barrier A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy. It is reflecting the exterior heat back out and keeps the interior heat within. ***This is next to impossible to find installed so please cut me some slack. Thank you
    • Rebar
      • Diameter: ½”
      • # 4 bar
      • The deformations on the exterior of the rebar helps grip and hold the concrete as it sets around the bar
    • Steep Roof Drainage
      • Gutter
      • A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. It helps funnel the water to the downspout.
      • Downspout
      • A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.
      • Splashblock
      • A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout so that it spreads evenly and doesn’t flood the ground
    • Steep Roof Materials 1
      • Underlayment: A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing.
      • It controls air and water and permits water vapor to pass out but not in
      Clay Tile Roof Shingle : A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.
    • Steep Roof Materials 2
      • Slate Shingle Roof
      • Metal Panel Roof
        • Aluminized steel
    • Steep Roof Shapes 1 Gable Gambrel
    • Steep Roof Shapes 2
      • Hip Roof
    • Steep Roof Terms 1
      • Ridge: The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.
      • Valley: A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.
      • Eave: The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof
      • Soffit: The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a roof overhang
      • Fascia: The exposed vertical face of an eave.
    • Steep Roof Terms 2
      • Building without a fascia
      • Building without a vertical face of an eave
    • Stone 1 Random Rubble Pattern Coursed Rubble Pattern
    • Stone 2 Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar
    • Vapor Retarder
      • The vapor retarder is obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly.
      • It is installed facing the inside of the home because that is the warm in winter side.
    • Waterproofing
      • The waterproofing is resisting standing water under pressure by creating a waterproof barrier.
      • Loosely Laid
    • Weep Hole
      • A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
      • The weep hole is allowing a way for the moisture behind the wall to escape
    • Welded Wire Fabric
      • The grid is 4” x 4”
    • Window 1 Awning Window , because it pivots on an axis near the top edge of the sash and projects towards the outdoors
    • Window 2 Casement Window , because it pivots on an axis at or near a vertical edge of the sash
    • Window 3
      • Double-Hung Window , because it has two over lapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks