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  • 1. Visual Dictionary BSCI 2300 Materials Methods & Equipment I Bark1
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper
    • What’s it doing?: Providing a water barrier between the outer cladding of a structure and the frame, insulation, etc. It also serves as windbreak.
    Air Barrier Paper: A weather-resistant barrier, preventing rain from getting into the wall assembly while allowing water vapor to pass to the exterior.
  • 3. Attic Ventilation 1
    • Soffit Vent : Allows air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.
    • Ridge Vent : A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
  • 4. Attic Ventilation 2
    • Gable Vent : Used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from the attic.
    Roof Turbine : Exhaust moist, hot air from your attic. Turbine roof vents work with Mother Nature to pull this air outside
  • 5. Backhoe
    • An excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. The backhoe’s hinged arm makes it capable in extruding large holes and channels.
    • 5’ bucket width
  • 6. Batter Boards
    • Def
    • Function
  • 7. Brick Arches
    • Roman arch
    Jack Arch With Keystone Straight Jack Arch
  • 8. Brick Bonds 1
    • Flemish Bond: It is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. The next course is laid so that a header lies in the middle of the stretcher in the course below.
    Common Bond: A variation of running bond with a course of full length headers at regular intervals. These headers provide structural bonding, as well as pattern. Header courses usually appear at every fifth, sixth or seventh course.
  • 9. Brick Bonds 2
    • Rowlocks
    Headers Sailor
  • 10. Brick Bonds 3
    • Soldiers
    Shiners
  • 11. Brick Sizes
    • Utility Brick: 3 ½” x 3 ½” x 11 ½”
    Norman Brick: 3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 11 ¼”
  • 12. Bulldozer
    • Bulldozer: A caterpillar tracked tractor equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work.
  • 13. Cladding 1
    • Brick Clad Structure
    -EIFS Clad Structure -Stone Clad Structure (Random/Ashlar)
  • 14. Cladding 2
    • Wood board structure
    Woods Shake Structure
    • Wood that is applied in small sections on exterior walls to convey the run off of water.
    Wood Shingles : Rectangular pieces Wood Shakes : Rough and splintered rectangular pieces
  • 15. Code Requirements 1
    • Open Area Measurements:
    • Width: 29 ½”
    • Height: 29”
    • Area: 5.99 sp. Ft
    • Sill Height AFF: 21 ½”
    21 ½” 29 ½” 29” IBC Requirements: 20in. Min width 24in. Min height 5.7 sq. ft min area Sill height above 44in. My window does not meet code because my window sill height is below the 44in. Requirement.
  • 16. Code Requirements 2
    • Tread: 12”
    • Riser: 5 ¼”
    IBC Code Requirements: Tread: Min depth 10” Riser: Max height 7 ¾” The tread meets code requirements because the tread is above 10” and the riser is below 5 ¼”. 5 ¼” 12”
  • 17. Concrete Joints
    • Control Joint : An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
    Isolation Joint: They completely isolate the slab from something else. That something else can be a wall or a column or a drain pipe. The Column is being isolated from the slab
  • 18. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
    • CMU : A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone
    • American standard concrete block is nominally 8 inches high and 16 inches long.
  • 19. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) 2
    • Other CMU Sizes:
    • 10” CMU block
    • 6” CMU block
  • 20. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units
    • Split Block
    Ribbed Block
  • 21. Doors 1
    • Exterior Flush
    Top Rail Stile Lock Rail Bottom Rail Exterior Panel
  • 22. Doors 2
    • Transom : A small window directly above the door.
    • Sidelight : A tall, narrow window alongside a door.
  • 23. Electrical Components 1
    • Power pole with transformer: An electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current
    Service Head: keeps water from entering the electrical mast when the wires run to the home overhead. It also helps protect the wires from mechanical damage.
  • 24. Electrical Components 2
    • Meter: A device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business or machine.
    Service Panel : Divides an electrical power feed into subsidiary circuits, while providing a protective fuse or circuit breaker for each circuit, in a common enclosure. Duplex receptacle : Connectors used for mains electricity that conform to the standards set by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. Supply electricity to appliances.
  • 25. Framing Elements 1 #1 Anchor Bolt #2 Sill Plate #7 Top Plate #6 Stud #5 Sole Plate #4 Subflooring
  • 26. Framing Elements 2 #3 Floor Joist #8 Ceiling Joist #9 Rafter #10 Roof decking
  • 27. Framing Elements 3
    • #12 Stringer
    #11 Sheathing
  • 28. Front End Loader
    • An engineering vehicle that is primarily used to "load" material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, rock, sand, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed-hooper, rail-car, etc.).
    • Differs from a bulldozer because the front scoop is connected to a nomadic are that is capable of lifting a load instead of just pushing it.
  • 29. Gypsum Board
    • An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces.
  • 30. Heat Pump
    • Heap Pump Advantage : capable of producing heating and cooling
    • Heap Pump Disadvantage : Can Be very expensive.
    • Heat Pump
    Compressor What’s it doing: It’s moving air across coils filled with refrigerant to heat or cool the air Air Handling Unit What’s it doing: It’s conditioning and circulating the air as a part of the HVAC system
  • 31. Insulation
    • Purpose: To regulate heat and keep it where we want it
    Foamed Insulation Batt/Blanket Insulation Loose Fill Insulation
  • 32. Lintel
    • Concrete Lintel
    • A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening
  • 33. Mortar 1
    • Concave Joint
    • Tooled
    • 3/8” width
    • Used on small exterior retaining wall
    • Type S mortar
  • 34. Mortar 2
    • Raked Joint
    • Raked, not tooled or troweled
    • 3/8” width
    • Used on small exterior retaining wall
    • Type N mortar
  • 35. Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
    • A building nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber.
    • 4 X 8’
    • It is manufactured by the long shreds of wood fiber being oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure
  • 36. Plumbing 1 Lavatory -Waste piping is usually 1 ½”- 2” in diameter Water closet -Drain piping is at least 3 inches in diameter
  • 37. Plumbing 2
    • Manufactured shower/tub
    Plumbing Roof Vent -Allows noxious waste line gases to vent out of the system and into the outside air.
  • 38. Plumbing 3
    • Kitchen Sink
    • Flush mount
  • 39. Plywood
    • A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.
    • 4 X 8’
    • Veneer : A thin layer, sheet, or facing
  • 40. Radiant Barrier A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy. It is reflecting the exterior heat back out and keeps the interior heat within. ***This is next to impossible to find installed so please cut me some slack. Thank you
  • 41. Rebar
    • Diameter: ½”
    • # 4 bar
    • The deformations on the exterior of the rebar helps grip and hold the concrete as it sets around the bar
  • 42. Steep Roof Drainage
    • Gutter
    • A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof. It helps funnel the water to the downspout.
    • Downspout
    • A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level.
    • Splashblock
    • A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout so that it spreads evenly and doesn’t flood the ground
  • 43. Steep Roof Materials 1
    • Underlayment: A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing.
    • It controls air and water and permits water vapor to pass out but not in
    Clay Tile Roof Shingle : A small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.
  • 44. Steep Roof Materials 2
    • Slate Shingle Roof
    • Metal Panel Roof
      • Aluminized steel
  • 45. Steep Roof Shapes 1 Gable Gambrel
  • 46. Steep Roof Shapes 2
    • Hip Roof
    Mansard
  • 47. Steep Roof Terms 1
    • Ridge: The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.
    • Valley: A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.
    • Eave: The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof
    • Soffit: The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a roof overhang
    • Fascia: The exposed vertical face of an eave.
  • 48. Steep Roof Terms 2
    • Building without a fascia
    • Building without a vertical face of an eave
  • 49. Stone 1 Random Rubble Pattern Coursed Rubble Pattern
  • 50. Stone 2 Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar
  • 51. Vapor Retarder
    • The vapor retarder is obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly.
    • It is installed facing the inside of the home because that is the warm in winter side.
  • 52. Waterproofing
    • The waterproofing is resisting standing water under pressure by creating a waterproof barrier.
    • Loosely Laid
  • 53. Weep Hole
    • A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
    • The weep hole is allowing a way for the moisture behind the wall to escape
  • 54. Welded Wire Fabric
    • The grid is 4” x 4”
  • 55. Window 1 Awning Window , because it pivots on an axis near the top edge of the sash and projects towards the outdoors
  • 56. Window 2 Casement Window , because it pivots on an axis at or near a vertical edge of the sash
  • 57. Window 3
    • Double-Hung Window , because it has two over lapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks