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  1. 1. HAJJ(Pilgrimage to Makkah)Miss M Gheewala
  2. 2. What is Hajj?Hajj is the fifth basic duty of IslamHajj is a visit to the Kabah in Makkah duringthe 12th Month of the Islamic calender – DhulHijjahHajj is an act of worship to please AllahA Muslim tries to make pilgrimage at least oncein a lifetime.
  3. 3. What is the Kabah?The Kabah is the house of Allah in the city ofMakkah in Saudi ArabiaIt is a large cube-shaped building covered witha large black cloth, with gold Arabic calligraphyMuslims must face towards the Kabah at thetime of prayer. This direction is called theQiblah.
  4. 4. Who built the kabah? It was built by the first prophet Adam (pbuh). It was rebuilt by the Prophets Ibrahim (pbuh) and his son Ismail (pbuh). It is the first house built on earth to worship Allah and has been made larger over the years. During Hajj, Muslims from all over the world gather together in Makkah.
  5. 5. Background to HajjAdam and Eve The symbolism of Hajj goes way back to the beginning to Adam, the first man. The story begins with a small mountain in the plain of Arafat which is known as the Mount of Mercy. It was here Adam and Eve were forgiven for their sins. For Muslims to be on that mountain on one of the days of Hajj is important and a main part of the Hajj ritual.
  6. 6. IbrahimThe second most important moment celebrated byHajj is the occasion when the loyalty of Ibrahimwas put to the test.Ibrahim had vowed to sacrifice everything in hislife to Allah.He took his son to a place call Mina to sacrifice himbut on the way he had to pelt satan 3 times to leavehim alone as Satan was telling Ibrahim not to followwhat Allah had told him.
  7. 7. Allah was so pleased with Ibrahim and his willingness to sacrifice his sonA Ram was placed where Ibrahim’s son stood andwas slaughtered.This day is an important day in Hajj and for allMuslims around the world.This day is known as Eid-Al-Adha (Eid of Sacrifice).On this day Muslims around the world sacrifice ananimal and feed it to poor people.
  8. 8. The Pilgrims Route
  9. 9. Hajj at a GlanceFirst Day: Second Day: Third Day:Put on ihram again, Go to Arafat, stand Go to Mina andand declare one’s here with devotion, throw small stonesintention of until sunset, praying at the satan pillars.performing Hajj. and asking God for Offer sacrifice andPerform tawaf of the forgiveness. This have the hairkabah and sa’y, if not day is known as the shaved or trimmed.performed earlier and day of forgiveness. Go to Makkahleave for Mina early In the evening move perform tawaf thenin the morning. Stay to Muzdalifah, rest return to Mina.overnight in Mina. there at night & This day is knownThis day is known as collect small pebbles as the day ofthe day of reflection. for stoning in Mina. sacrifice.
  10. 10. Fourth day:Stay in Mina andthrow pebbles atSatan pillars. Thisday and the next twodays are known as‘the days of drying Fifth day:meat.’ Stay in Mina and throw pebbles at Satan pillars. Return the same day to Makkah and perform tawaf, then drink the water of Zamzam. This ends the Hajj.
  11. 11. Thank you for listening! Any Questions?