Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Immigrants in Spain: Employment and Welfare Assimilation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Immigrants in Spain: Employment and Welfare Assimilation

884
views

Published on

Núria Rodríguez Planas …

Núria Rodríguez Planas

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,

Barcelona GSE, MOVE, and IZA



Trobada Barcelona GSE

October 21st, 2011

Published in: Travel, News & Politics

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
884
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Unprecedented immigration boom in a shortperiod of time
  • 2. Foreign-born population as a % of thepopulation in Spain 1998-2011
  • 3. What factors explain this surge?
  • 4. An immigrant-friendly countryYear Number Benefit granted Conditions regularized1985-1986 38,181 Residence and work All unauthorized workers permit and residents1991 110,100 Residence and work In Spain since May 15, permit 19911996 21,300 1 year residence and In Spain since January 1, work permit 19962000 163,900 1 year residence and Either worked or applied work permit for residence in the 3 years prior to 20002001 216,400 1 year residence and Had to prove work permit employment and social ties2005 548,700 6 months residence Had to have a job offer and work permit lasting for 6 months
  • 5. Over time, origin of immigrants haschanged Cohort
 EU15
 Other Latin Africans
 Europeans
 Americans
 Pre-1990
 0.273
 0.009
 0.016
 0.089
 1990-1994
 0.126
 0.030
 0.030
 0.143
 1995-1999
 0.158
 0.093
 0.094
 0.237
 2000-2004
 0.217
 0.585
 0.504
 0.364
 2005-2009
 0.072
 0.263
 0.156
 0.128
 Sample size
 6,803
 8,463
 20,321
 8,392

  • 6. Natives: 34% HS dropouts, 50% HSgrads, 16% college grads
  • 7. How do immigrants compare to natives in termsof employment?
  • 8. Strong occupational segregation at alllevels
  • 9. Wage differential using Social Security records
  • 10. What about use of cash-benefit socialprograms?   Contributary component: –  Unemployment benefits –  Disability pensions –  Survivors’ pension   Non-contributary component: –  Family allowances –  Other social programs
  • 11. Relative Weight of the Spanish Social ProtectionBenefits as a Percentage of the EU15 Average(in PPS per inhabitant)
  • 12. Observed Differences in Welfare Participation,Immigrants versus Natives, by Years SinceMigration
  • 13. Observed Differences in UI Receipt, Immigrantsversus Natives, by Years Since Migration
  • 14. Observed Differences in Disability Receipt,Immigrants versus Natives, by Years SinceMigration
  • 15. Food for thought..