Sectorial report - The logistics sector in Barcelona


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Sectorial report - The logistics sector in Barcelona

  1. 1. The logistics sector in Barcelona
  2. 2. ElsectorlogísticaBarcelona 2 Published by Barcelona City Council Employment, Enterprise and Tourism Executive Office Llacuna 162 08018 Barcelona With the support of Institut Cerdà and Barcelona - Catalunya Centre Logístic (BCL) Design and Barcelona,July 2015 Tableof contents 04 Barcelona, the Mediterranean’s innovation hub page 27 Useful links and references page 06 The logistics sector in Barcelona and Catalonia page 26 The logistics industry has its say page
  3. 3. ElsectorlogísticaBarcelona 3 page 08 8 reasons to invest in the logistics sector in Barcelona and Catalonia page 09 01. An exceptional geostrategic position 10 02. Euro-Mediterranean region with high production and consumption levels 11 03. Adiversebusinesscommunitywithaninternationaloutlook 14 04. Mediterraneanregionthatisaninternationalbenchmark andeconomicdrivingforce 16 05. Extensive quality infrastructure serving logistics: • Roads • Port of Barcelona • Barcelona Airport • Railways 20 06. Logistics is a strategy priority for public institutions 22 07. Leading metropolitan area in the supply of logistics land 24 08. Ideal setting for attracting talent with extensive training options
  4. 4. ElsectorlogísticaBarcelona 4 It is the economic,cultural and administrative capital of Catalonia and the centre of an emerging area of economic activity in Southern Europe,with 17 million people and more than 800,000 businesses. This Euro-Mediterranean region, which includes the Balearic Islands,Valencia,Aragon and southeast France,is focusing on new strategic,competitive and international sectors and consolidating its position worldwide as a major European metropolis. With its long industrial tradition and dense business community, Barcelona has a highly diversified economic structure.Its more traditional sectors coexist with new emerging ones,and new knowledge clusters have been set up that prioritise specialisation and competitiveness,focus on internationalisation and contribute to the city’s enterprising and innovative economy.This has helped to drive Barcelona’s strategic leadership in these fields. Barcelona,locatedinnortheastSpainandon theshoresoftheMediterranean,isone ofthemainEuropeancitiesandthecentreof alargemetropolitanregionofmorethan 160townswithacombinedpopulation ofover5millionpeople. Barcelona, the Mediterranean’s innovation hub
  5. 5. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 55 With only 6% of the territory and 16% of the population,Catalonia generates 23% of Spanish GDP,with a strong concentration of production and commercial business in the Barcelona metropolitan area. In 2014 Catalonia was home to more than 5,500 international companies and the 4th European region by foreign investment projects,accounting for 47% of the Spanish total.This made it into the European region with the largest number of jobs created by foreign investment at 7,089. Barcelona is 16th out of the 25 most attractive cities in the world to invest in,ahead of metropolises such as Chicago,Tokyo and Frankfurt.The international indexes give a high rating in particular to Barcelona’s quality of life,human capital and infrastructure. Moreover,Barcelona benefits from the entrepreneurial drive of Catalonia, which with an entrepreneurship rate (ER) of 7.5% is above the European and Spanish average (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor,2014). The importance of the logistics sector in Barcelona is directly linked to the city’s strategic location and its high population density which means it has extremely high potential consumption. Its powerful multimodal infrastructure network,a large supply of logistics land,an annual turnover of almost €21 billion and a business community formed by more than 42,000 companies (INE 2013) and 170,600 employees (EPA 2T 2015),have made it into one of the most productive cities in Europe and the leading export region in Spain at 25% of the national total. The sector is strongly supported by public institutions which have built a network of logistics hubs scattered around the region to ensure uniform growth. Location Euro-Mediterranean region Catalonia Barcelona of Spanish GDP 20% of Spain’s exports 25% Catalonia generates European region by foreign investment projects 4th 2014
  6. 6. The logistics industry is a key area for the economy as an economic sector in its own right and because of the support it provides to the rest of the production network to make it more competitive,particularly in international markets.The main components of Catalonia and Barcelona’s competitive advantage in the logistics sector are: An exceptional geostrategic position Catalonia is the leading logistics hub in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean. Thelogistics sectorin Barcelonaand Catalonia In 2014 Catalonia exported goods worth a total of more than €60 billion, which is over 25% of Spain’s total exports (Idescat) and means Catalonia is the leading export region in the country. High production and consumption levels Catalonia has high production and demographic levels,with a population density twice as high and GDP per capita 12% above the European average. This generates potential production and consumption as well as enabling it to attract business and create added value in logistics. A diverse business community With an annual turnover of almost €21 billion the transport and storage sector in Catalonia has over 42,000 companies employing about 170,600 workers. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 6
  7. 7. Benchmark Mediterranean region Catalonia and Barcelona are the benchmark Mediterranean region in terms of attracting investment, business concentration, exports, tourism, conference hosting and quality of life.They are also at the top of the international rankings compiled by the leading consultancy firms. Premium quality and constantly growing infrastructure Its roads and railways, ports and airports mean Catalonia is a gateway for flows between the Iberian Peninsula and the rest of Europe, with a total of 320 million tonnes handled in 2013 and a hinterland that accounts for 60% of the European Union’s GDP. Leading metropolitan area in supply of logistics land Catalonia is the leading region in Spain in supply of logistics land, with a total area of 6,097,527 m2 representing 23.8% of the national total in 2014.This means it is in an excellent position to meet future increases in demand for logistics land resulting from the rise of e-commerce. There is a world-class in- termodal logistics hub in the Barcelona metropolitan area which brings supply and demand together while also consolidating freight flows within a radius of 15 km of the Catalan capital. Support from public institutions Catalonia is supported by the public institutions Cimalsa, Incasòl and BCL which proactively provide a network of logistics centres spread evenly throughout the region. These logistics resources structure sector growth while fostering intermodal operations. Talent and extensive training options Catalonia has 12 universities attended by 240,000 students, 5 of them are in the last QS ranking of the top 50 in the world. Also, it meets 3 of the most prestigious business schools in Europe situated between the 25 best in the world on reference of MBA programmes. There are over 250 training qualifications in logistics, including degrees, postgraduate certificates and masters, as well as specific courses and seminars designed to generate talent in this sector and covering almost the entire range of training. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 7
  8. 8. reasons to invest in the logistics sector in Barcelona and Catalonia 8
  9. 9. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 9 01An exceptional geostrategic location Cataloniaistheleadinglogistics centreinSouthernEuropeand theMediterranean,largelydue tobeingeasilyaccessibleand havinganexcellenttransport networkconnectingwithforeign markets. Catalonia’s geographical location and demographic and economic development mean its road infrastructure is strategically important both inside and outside the region;Catalonia in itself generates large flows,but as the European gateway to the Iberian Peninsula it also channels major through traffic.7% of the 320 million tons of goods handled by the Catalan logistics system in 2013 consisted of through traffic between the Iberian Peninsula and the rest of Europe. Catalonia is thus a communications node that links the different modes of transport. Logistics and transport have historically been one of the main factors in the region’s economic dynamism.The combination of prime coastline and land connections with the rest of the Iberian Peninsula and Europe are the foundation of Catalonia’s current logistics industry. Barcelona has an excellent geographical position for the logistics sector because of its proximity to a major potential market for production and consumption. Key points to consider: • Cities such as Zaragoza,Valencia, Perpignan,Narbonne and Lyon are all within a radius of 300 km. • It is less than 600 km from the most developed regions in the Iberian Peninsula,featuring cities such as Madrid and Pamplona,and the Mediterranean and Cantabrian coastlines.To the north this radius includes the French cities of Lyon, Bordeaux,Nice and Marseille. • Cities such as Paris,Milan and Lisbon can be reached in less than 24 hours for distribution (about 1,200 km). • Barcelona is connected with Genoa, Rome,Livorno and the whole of the northern Maghreb in less than 24 hours by sea. These points demonstrate the enormous impact of Catalonia’s location on stimulating economic activity,featuring matchless communication links with the leading European production and consumption centres and gradually increasing trade and tourism ties with emerging markets in Asia and the Middle East. FeaturesofBarcelona’shinterland Source:Barcelona Centre Logístic Catalunya (2015). 600 km 300 km 150 km Barcelona 1,855 350 300 500 54 17 35 7 Millions of tons of maritime foreign trade Millions of consumers milliontons handledby theCatalan logistics system 320 2013
  10. 10. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 10 02High production and consumption levels Withatotalofnearly7.5million inhabitants,Cataloniaisone ofthemostdenselypopulated Europeanregionsandits populationdensityistwicethe Europeanaverage. This high population density enables greater diversification of its professional spectrum which helps attract talent and create value. 63% of Catalans live in the Barcelona metropolitan area,which means a total of 4.8 million people located in a radius of 50 km around the Catalan capital,and it is one of most enterprising and densely populated metropolitan areas in Europe.Hence the metropolitan region is one of the largest population concentrations in the southwest of the continent, a strategic location which makes for matchless distribution of goods and services in the main European markets.As a result Barcelona is one of the cities with the greatest capacity to attract business activities in the Western Mediterranean. Catalonia has always been the driver of the Spanish economy and hosts significant business and industrial operations.With 6.4% of Spain’s territory and 16% of its population, in 2013 it generated 20% of Spanish industrial GDP and accounted for 25% of national exports (INE,2014; Idescat,2014). Barcelona is one of the most important production regions in Europe with a GDP per capita 12% above the European average.These figures put it at the same level as the central production corridor stretching from northern Italy to Scandinavia and the main driver of Europe’s economy. of Spanish industrial GDP of the population of Catalonia is in the Barcelona metropolitan area 63% Spain 93.2 U.E. 116.3 MapofpopulationdensityofEuropeanUnion regionsbyinhabitantsper km2 Source:Institut Cerdà (2015),based on Eurostat (2015). Catalonia 234.4 Barcelona 713.5 Less than 50 Between 50 and 100 Between 100 and 135 Between 135 and 170 Between 170 and 500 More than 500 20% 2013 Catalonia accounts for
  11. 11. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 11 03Diverse business community Withanannualturnover ofalmost€21billion,the transportandstoragesector inCataloniahasover 42,000companiesinarange ofspecialistareas(INE,2013) employingabout170,600 workers(LabourForceSurvey [LFS]secondquarter2015). At the same time,from 2009 to 2013 the gross value added of the logistics sector grew by a total of 13 percentage points while GDP remained stable over the period (CIMALSA,2014). Catalonia is home to 18.5% of companies in Spain and 20% of logistics and transport businesses (INE,2015).This shows the positioning and favourable conditions Catalonia offers for carrying out business operations in this industry. The bulk of the business community in Barcelona province is concentrated in the metropolitan area whose business diversity ranks it among the most enterprising regions in Europe. Evolutionofthegrossvalueaddedofthelogistics sectorandGDPinCatalonia Source:CIMALSA (2014). 115 110 105 100 95 90 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Index(2009=100) Logistics sector GVAGDP
  12. 12. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 12 Catalonia accounts for oftotal Spanishexports Barcelona and Catalonia have a strategic location,an extensive infrastructure network and industrial and tertiary communities which provide all the logistics services that companies,importers and exporters and international traders require.In 2014 Catalonia exported goods worth a total of more than €60 billion,which is over 25% of Spain’s total exports and means Catalonia is the leading export region in the country. CompaniesbasedinBarcelonaprovincewithaturnoverexceeding €550,000peryear Source:Institut Cerdà (2015),based on figures from El Economista (2015). ZONA FRANCA - PORT PUIG NISSAN CAPRABO MEROIL PARC LOGÍSTIC ZAL BAIX LLOBREGAT SEAT CELSA GROUP COBEGA BAYER NESTLÉ VOLKSWAGEN AUDI SKODA FEDEFARMA UNILEVER VUELING 22@DISTRICT SCHNEIDER SANOFI AVENTIS MEDIAPRO TORRASPAPEL ENDESA GASNATURAL FENOSA BARCELONA CENTRE BASF DANONE CRITERIA NEXUS QUIMIDROGA MPG ERCROS H&M FCC DAMM BESÒS MANGO GRIFOLS BONPREU In recent years Catalan exports have shown a marked trend towards internationalisation and in 2014 exports to international destinations accounted for 57% of the total.Also significant is the emergence of new markets outside the European Union which already account for over 35%. 25%
  13. 13. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 13 Percentage economic value of exports by geographical area,in millions of euro.Source:CIMALSA,(2014). Rest of North America 0.3% USA 3.0% UE - 28 64.7% China 1.7% Japan 1.2% Rest of Europe 4.6% Rest of world 14.7%Central and South America 6.5% Switzerland 3.3% Details of the European zone Source:Institut Cerdà (2015),based on Idescat (2015). UK 6.1% Portugal 6.8% France 16.4% Switzerland 3.3% Rest of Europe 4.6% Rest EU - 28 15.7% Germany 6.1% Italy 8.1%
  14. 14. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 14 04 Mediterranean region that is an international benchmark and economic driving force In2013Barcelonawas4th intheEuropeanranking ofsmartcitiesbehind Copenhagen,Amsterdamand Vienna(FastCompany,2014), anditisthe5th worldcityin termsofqualityoflifebehind Tokyo,Stockholm,Parisand Oslo(UN-Habitat,2014).The qualityoflifeintheCatalan capitalisakeyfactorwhich ishighlyratedwhenchoosing conferencevenues. In addition Barcelona is among the top 20 cities in the world in terms of global competitiveness, especially for its liveability in which it is in 4th place worldwide. It is also the 7th city with best prospects in the period 2014-2015, leading foreign investment and promotion in Southern Europe. Furthermore, in 2013 Barcelona was the 10th city in the world for international investment projects, and the 6th European city with the best brand (Chamber of Commerce, 2015). Barcelona is the leading European city in creating jobs in the logistics sector as a result of foreign direct investment In 2013 the Catalan capital stood first in the world ranking of cities accommodating conference attendees at 122,877.Also in 2013 Barcelona was the 4th city in the world by conferences hosted behind Paris,Madrid and Vienna (Barcelona Turisme,2014). A significant number of the conferences the city hosts are in the logistics and innovation sectors. They include the International Logistics and Material Handling Exhibition(SIL) and the European Supply Chain & Logistics Summit. The International Logistics and Material Handling Exhibition (www. is a leading meeting point Barcelona is among the top cities in the world in terms of global competitiveness 20
  15. 15. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 15 in Southern Europe for companies in the logistics sector which is attended by professionals from countries including China,Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Argentina, Russia, the United States and Brazil. SIL 2015 brought together a total of 550 exhibitors, of which 45% were from abroad, representing a 10% increase in exhibitors compared to the previous year’s event. In addition SIL presented the largest programme of talks in the industry, and its 20 technical seminars brought together 230 internationally renowned speakers and a total of 3,600 participants.Visitors include top-level businesspeople as more than 59% of the visitors are chairpersons, CEOs or logistics and supply chain managers.The professionals attending the event are drawn from a wide variety of industrial sectors, led by transport, logistics, retail and storage and material handling. The European Supply Chain and Logistics Summit (www.sclsummit. com) is the leading international event in the sector delivering efficient solutions in logistics and global distribution. It was first held in Barcelona in 2014 as a result of joint efforts by the major economic players in Barcelona and Catalonia. The conference programme combines the presentation of success stories with meetings between companies to close deals. It also includes specific activities that add to the programme of talks and meetings. Companies attending the event have in common the presence of their products around the world while they come from very different industries that need equally different logistics solutions.The largest numbers of participants are from the manufacturing, chemical, pharmaceutical, industrial, food and automotive industries. The first summit held in Barcelona in 2014 brought together more than 330 CEOs and senior executives of companies with real decision- making power, and 65 speakers in logistics and the supply chain. In 2015 the event was held for the 17th time and has established itself as a leader in these knowledge fields with about 500 participants and 75 speakers. SIL brought together a total of exhibitors 550 2015
  16. 16. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 16 05 Quality infrastructure serving logistics Infrastructureplaysakeyrole inplanningandmanaging peopleandgoodstraffic.It providestransportnetworks (motorways,roadsandrailways) andstrategicallylocatednodes (ports,airports,interchanges, railwaystations,logistics centres,etc.)thatmakeavailable connectionsbetweenterritorial areasandenablebusinessesto organisetheirsupplychains. Barcelona and its area of influence have an infrastructure network delivering transit of people and goods both internally and externally. Roads Catalonia is one of the regions with the most high-capacity roads in Spain and Europe;it accounts for 9% of high- capacity roads in Spain and 2% in the EU,with only 6% and 1% of the surface area of Spain and the EU respectively. This figure makes Catalonia into one of the leaders in Europe.More specifically, Catalonia is fourth by motorway miles by area,behind only the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. The main roads in Catalonia serving the logistics sector are firstly the Mediterranean motorway,which crosses the country to connect LaJonquera on the French border with Valencia via Girona,Barcelona andTarragona,and secondly the A-2 and AP-2 Ebro corridor connecting Catalonia with the rest of Spain.Additionally,the strategic location of Barcelona provides immediate connection to the trans-European high- capacity network through a number of high-capacity roads (B-20,C-32,C-33, C-16,C-17,C-58,A-2 and AP7). of Spain’s high-capacity roads 9% AP-7 A-14 C-12 A-27 B-40 C-16 AP-7 C-25 C-32 C-32 A-2 AP-2 FRANCE Barcelona Roads High capacity roads planned High-capacity roads
  17. 17. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 17 PortofBarcelona The Port of Barcelona channels a quarter of Spain’s foreign trade and three quarters of Catalonia’s. Its hinterland connects with over 825 ports worldwide through an extensive network of road and rail infrastructures. With over 30 specialised freight terminals managed by five different ports to increase their efficiency,the Port of Barcelona and its hinterland is a true intermodal hub in the Western Mediterranean.Its activity spans the Iberian Peninsula and European and North African countries (France,Italy, Morocco,Algeria and Tunisia) to go beyond the limits set by its quays and border with the city. • The commercial Port has two large container terminals (TCB and BEST) with a combined capacity of 5 million TEUs per year*.Additionally, constantly growing vehicle traffic and short sea shipping services (57.8% of total freight traffic) are becoming strategic sectors for the Port, managed by specialised terminals which are being expanded to include new road and international gauge railway services for connecting to Europe.The Energy Quay has berthing for goods with the deepest water in the entire western Mediterranean and can accommodate ships up to 275 metres long and 175,000 tons in displacement.It is also the main point for unloading and piping natural gas in Spain and receives and distributes fuels for the automotive industry. • The Port of Barcelona’s Logistics Operations Area (ZAL) is an intermodal logistics platform connected to all modes of transport within a radius of 5 km.It delivers custom services through renting bespoke warehouses and its Service Centre covers all additional needs.With over 130 companies operating in it,the Port of Barcelona’s ZAL hosts the leading Spanish and international freight forwarders and logistics operators together with large multinationals which have global distribution needs. • The Cruise Port handles 5 million passengers a year to make it the 1st port in Europe and 4th in the world, preceded only by the three major ports in the US state of Florida.It has 6 specialised terminals which have the highest safety standards and strictly follow the regulations in the International Ship and Port Security Code. • Port Vell is the oldest part of the Port of Barcelona.It is where the city’s first quay was built over four centuries ago.Today it is a city port,open to the public and recognised globally as a model of port-city integration. 3rd most productive port in Europe cruise port in Europe and the Mediterranean 1st Over specialised freight terminals 30
  18. 18. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 18 Barcelona Airport In airport services,Barcelona Airport closed 2014 with more than 37 million passengers handled,an all-time high representing an increase of 6.7% compared to 2013 (Aena,2015). As a result in 2014 Barcelona Airport was in 9th place in the ranking of European airports. With an operational capacity for 55 million passengers a year, Barcelona-El Prat International Airport is one of the main drivers of development in the region,a bridge between Catalonia and the rest of the world that makes Barcelona and its metropolitan area into one of the major logistics hubs in Southern Europe. Barcelona Airport handled more than 100 million tons of cargo in 2014.This figure means Catalonia is the leading Spanish region for air freight accounting for 25% and is the top region in Spain for exports by air (BCL et al.,2014).The five major freight carriers (UPS,Eat Leipzig, Qatar Airways,Singapore Airlines and Cargolux) account for nearly half the air tons handled. Barcelona Airport’s General Services Building houses more than 130 companies involved in the air freight supply chain.It is the nerve centre of the Air Cargo Centre where the major airlines,GSAs,freight forwarders, customs agents and others work together in their leased premises just a few yards from the front line terminals. The building has a fully equipped Business Centre featuring banking services,restaurants,etc. million tons handled by Barcelona Airport 2014 Morethan 100
  19. 19. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 19 Railways The Catalan railway network is centred on Barcelona and in the middle of a transformation process which has enhanced its logistics and rail position. The main rail freight corridors run along traditional routes,mainly the Mediterranean arc (linking Catalonia with France and Europe to the north and Valencia to the south) and the Ebro corridor (an internal corridor to the rest of the peninsula). Alongside the high-speed international gauge and mixed traffic line running from Barcelona to the French border, the European Commission is sponsoring the Mediterranean Railway Corridor as part of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T). Catalonia has a network of interconnected rail terminals which bring the railways to the main production and consumption centres in the country.The terminals with the greatest volume of goods handled are closely linked to the ports of Barcelona and Tarragona,the Barcelona metropolitan area and the Portbou terminal which handles cross-border traffic. As for rail services,Catalonia is a rail operations hub with a hinterland covering 60% of European Union GDP (Eurostat,2015).The Barcelona, Tarragona and Granollers terminals have a total of 30 scheduled services to national and international destinations outside Catalonia operated by Alia, Hupac,Interferry Boats,Kombiverkehr, MacAndrews,Renfe Mercancías,TP Nova and Transfesa with a frequency of more than 3 trains per week (Tejo,2015). Freight rail terminals classified by total tons of freight handled by Renfe in 2013 Source:Institut Cerdà (2015). Portbou Girona Goods Martorell Vic Manresa Castellbisbal Monjos Vandellòs APT PladeVilanoveta Flix MoralaNova L’Hospitalet del’Infant St.Vicençde Castellet St.Vicençde Calders Martorell-SEAT Riell i Viabrea St.Sadurníd’Anoia LesBorges delCamp Portbou Containers Between750,000and1milliontons Between 500,000 and 750,000 tons Between 250,000 and 500,000 tons Between 50,000 and 250,000 tons Between 10,000 and 50,000 tons Less than 10,000 tonnes Barcelona Morrot Barcelona TCB Barcelona TERCAT Barcelona Can Tunis Barcelona Port Tarragona PortTarragona Classification Tres Camins Reus Constantí APT Constantí Granollers MontornèsButà Granollers Canovelles LaLlagosta MontcadaBif.APT rail freight terminals 9
  20. 20. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 20 06 Logistics is a strategy priority for public institutions Logistics is one of the main drivers for growth in the country.Powerful logistics can make the production sector competitive and foster internationalisation. Barcelona and Catalonia as a whole have several stakeholders and projects working to boost,strengthen and consolidate the industry. Public-private partnership has enabled the development of competitive logistics infrastructure which has enhanced Barcelona and Catalonia’s position with a specialised offering that attracts investment from domestic and foreign companies alike.The Government of Catalonia and Barcelona City Council are proactively driving the competitiveness and continuous improvement of infrastructure and services through state-owned enterprises such as Cimalsa and Incasòl and platforms such as Barcelona- Catalunya Centre Logístic (BCL). Cimalsa,a Government of Catalonia state-owned enterprise,seeks to provide the transport and logistics sectors with the best locations for their competitiveness and position Catalonia in the global logistics chain worldwide. It has logistics hubs in el Bages,Camp de Tarragona,l’Empordà,La Selva, Lleida and el Vallès while projects are underway in Montblanc and el Penedès together with upgrading hubs in el Camp de Tarragona and l’Empordà.Overall Cimalsa manages a total of more than 230 hectares of land for logistics use and hosts over 140 companies which generate more than 3,500 jobs (CIMALSA,2015). Meanwhile the Government of Catalonia’s state-owned enterprise The Government of Catalonia and Barcelona City Council are promoting institutions such as CIMALSA, Incasòl and BCL to boost competitive- ness
  21. 21. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 21 Incasòl develops land for business activities.Its land programme provides for the inclusion of 3,600 hectares for new economic activities in Catalonia which will generate 185,000 jobs. Finally Barcelona-Catalunya Centre Logístic (BCL), a platform sponsored by Barcelona City Council, promotes the consolidation of the Catalan logistics system as an economic driving force for Southern Europe, seeking to improve the productivity and competitiveness of its industrial and trade sectors and positioning it in the network of the interconnected global economy. To achieve these goals BCL actively fosters constant improvement of factors impacting the competitiveness of the logistics system, with special attention to infrastructure and its management, along with other factors impacting the competitiveness of enterprises (training, regulation, R&D, etc.). Catalonia is well placed to meet future increased demand for logistics land and related services hectares of land for logistics use Morethan 230 IntegratedFreightCentres(CIM)andLOGISinCatalonia Source:Institut Cerdà (2015),based on CIMALSA (2015). Current centre Airport Projects underway Port CIM El Camp CIM Lleida ZAL Tarragona Constantí Port de Tarragona Eix Transversal Logis Bages CIM Vallès CIM La Selva CIM RMB II Logis Penedès Parc logístic de Subirats Parc logístic la Granada del Penedès Prologis S. Boi ZAL Barcelona Morrot Port de Barcelona Can TunisLogis Intermodal Montblanc Logis Intermodal el Far d’Empordà
  22. 22. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 22 Leading metropolitan area in the supply of logistics land Cataloniaistheleading Spanishregionbylogistics landwithatotalof 6,097,527sqm.Thiswas 23.8%ofthenationaltotalin 2014andover75%morethan thesupplyoflogisticslandin theRegionofMadrid,the secondregionintheranking. The Barcelona area contains 75% of the logistics land in Catalonia located within a radius of 5 km around Barcelona on what is called the Delta Platform:the Port of Barcelona,the Logistics Operations Area (ZAL), Zona Franca Industrial Estate,the Mercabarna wholesale food market, Barcelona-El Prat International Airport, the Airport City and the rail terminals. • Port of Barcelona:covering over 1,000 hectares,it is one of the main ports in the Iberian Peninsula, has the largest logistics range in the Iberian Peninsula channelling 25% of Spanish exports,handles 10% of national freight and is the gateway to Southern Europe for goods coming from the Far East and South-East Asia,covering the entire Mediterranean arc. • The Port of Barcelona’s Logistics Operations Area (ZAL) at 208 hectares and over 100 businesses is the most important logistics platform and a yardstick in the Mediterranean region.It enables integration of distribution and transport operations for post-industrial and pre- commercial products and other value added activities as a unique logistics hub with a high level of intermodality. • Zona Franca Industrial Estate: it is a very large estate covering 6,000,000 m² equipped with 26.5 km of roads and green spaces totalling 112,000 m².Home to more than 300 companies,it is the largest and most active industrial area in Spain and one of the most enterprising and best connected Europe. • Mercabarna:it is a food business facility.More than 700 companies and 7,000 employees handle more than 1 million tons of fruit and vegetables in a hinterland of 10 million consumers (Mercabarna,2014).It brings together Barcelona’s wholesale markets as well as numerous processing,trading, distribution,import and export firms in fresh and frozen products which generate a turnover of €4.8 billion per year. 07 of Spanish exports 25%
  23. 23. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 23 • Barcelona-El Prat International Airport:covering over 1,200 hectares, it is one of the main drivers of development in the region and a bridge between Catalonia and the rest of the world.In 2014 it handled around 100 million tons which is 25% of all Spanish air freight.The main destinations were the USA,Mexico, Japan,India and the Middle East. • Airport City:at over 300 hectares it will accommodate service activities (offices,hotels,convention centres, business premises,etc.) directly related to airport operations. Planned tertiary services include the Air Cargo Centre covering more than 50 hectares and the Aeronautics Park that will provide hangars for carrier aircraft. • Railterminals:the Delta Platform has 9freightrailterminals mainly working with traffic in containers,cars and liquid and solid bulk materials. Five more will come into service with the proposed new rail routes to the Port of Barcelona,which will add to the increasing role that rail transport is taking on in intermodal freight transport. hectares designed to consolidate Barcelona as a European logistics hub Morethan 50 ZONA FRANCA LOGISTICS PARK BARCELONA AIRPORT ZAL2 ZAL ZONA FRANCA PRATENC INDUSTRIAL ESTATE PEDROSA INDUSTRIAL ESTATE MERCABARNA PORTOFBARCELONA DeltaLogisticsPlatformstrategicassets Source:Institut Cerdà (2015).
  24. 24. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 24 08 Ideal setting for attracting talent with extensive training options Thereisawiderangeof logisticstrainingavailablein Cataloniarangingfromdegrees, postgraduatecertificates andmaster’sprogrammesto vocationaltrainingandthe industry’sspecificcoursesand seminars. In total there are over specialised 250 qualifications including more than 150 courses,over 40 master’s degrees and more than 30 postgraduate certificates.In addition the courses encompass the entire logistics chain from product manufacture to transport,storage,distribution and sales. Logistics training in Catalonia is designed to generate talent for the industry,covering almost the entire range of training and reaching all the links in the logistics chain.It ensures the availability of the most appropriate profiles for the full development of the sector. E-learning plays a key role,as evidenced by the wide range of training in the form of online and distance learning courses, especially in postgraduate,masters and specialisation courses. Furthermore,Catalonia has world-class schools mainly located in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area:ESADE,IESE and EADA are among the top 25 business schools for MBAs in the world (Club MBA,2014). The range of educational options includes the following: • Business schools: ESADE, IESE, EADA, EAE, EADA, ESIC, EUNCET, IEBS, IMF e INSA and others. • State universities:UPC (Polytechnic University of Catalonia),UB (University of Barcelona),UPF (Pompeu Fabra University),UdL (University of Lleida), UOC (Open University of Catalonia), UNED (National University of Distance Education),Rovira i Virgili University, UVIC (University of Vic),etc. • Private universities: Ramon Llull University, Abat Oliba University, etc. qualifications 250 Over specialised
  25. 25. ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 25 • Specialised training centres: such as the European School of Short Sea Shipping and Bureau Veritas which train professionals in the field as the basis for the sustainable development of the European logistics system. • Representative institutions in the industry: CENIT (Centre for Innovation in Transport), ICIL (Catalan Institute for Logistics Research), ILI (Institute of International Logistics), CIIL (International Logistics Research Centre), etc. The Barcelona Metropolitan Region plays a key role in attracting and generating logistics industry talent. TYPEOFPROGRAMME BRANCH Advanced voca- tional training Degree Postgraduate Master Specialisation course Specialisation seminar Training for unemployed Storage and stock ma- nagement Logistics chain Industrial logistics Road haulage Seaport logistics Airport logistics Railway logistics Distribution Trading and sales Other resources Available onlineAvailable Logistics training in Catalonia.Types of course and areas of the logistics chain covered Source:Institut Cerdà (2015).
  26. 26. ElsectorlogísticaBarcelona 26 ElsectorlogísticaBarcelona 26 Hutchison Hutchison Port Holdings (HPH) has already invested €300 million in Barcelona and is about to start fresh investment coming to €150 million.“The choice of Barcelona is due to its strategic location in a stable, prosperous area, the fact that it has a significant level of foreign investment, as well as an important basis of local traffic, and a great potential to expand its hinterland to the rest of Spain, Southern Europe and the Western Mediterranean.” Guillermo Belcastro,CEO of Barcelona Europe South Terminal (BEST). Source: BCLNewsletter 2015-04-08, Mango Mango is investing €360 million to build a new global logistics hub in the metropolitan area that will be “pioneering” worldwide. Investing in logistics in Barcelona and Catalonia is “a clear commitment to the future.” Isak Andic,Chairman of Mango. Source: Diari Ara 12/02/2015, Nissan “The 24/7 operation of the plant in Barcelona has been made possible by our competitiveness and flexibility which, along with innovation and talent, ensure sustainable growth of our industrial operations. […] The current levels of competitiveness of the Barcelona plant have without a shadow of a doubt been key in attracting the assignment of new vehicles and the investment and production volumes they bring with them.” Frank Torres,CEO and Vice-President of Industrial Operations at Nissan in Spain. Source: Basf “We have our largest plant in Southern Europe in Catalonia and it is one of our key facilities where we manufacture for the Spanish market and also export.” Erwin Rauhe,Vice-President and CEO of BASF Spain. Source: El Economista 14/10/2014, The logistics industry has its say ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 26
  27. 27. Useful links 01. Education EADA - Higher School of Management and Administration EAE Business School ESADE Business School ESIC Business and Marketing School EUNCETBusiness School IEBS Business School IESE Business School IMF Business School INSA Business, Marketing & Communication School UAB (Autonomous University of Barcelona) UB (University of Barcelona) UDL(University of Lleida) UIC (International University of Catalonia) UNED (National University of Distance Education) UOC (Open University of Catalonia) UPC (Polytechnic University of Catalonia) UPF (Pompeu Fabra University) URL(Ramon Llull University) URV (Rovira i Virgili University) UVIC (University of Vic) European School of Short Sea Shipping 02. R&D and knowledge transfer CENIT(Centre for Innovation in Transport) ICIL(Catalan Institute for Logistics Research) CIIL(International Logistics Research Centre) ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 27
  28. 28. ElsectorlogísticaBarcelona 28 03. Local agencies Barcelona-El Prat Airport Barcelona City Council Employment,Enterprise andTourism Executive Office Port Authority (Port of Barcelona) Barcelona Activa Barcelona Zona Franca Consortium Mercabarna Barcelona Metropolitan Region Industrial Agreement 04. Regional agencies ACC1Ó – Government of Catalonia Centrals i Infraestructures per a la Mobilitat i les Activitats Logístiques (CIMALSA) Government of Catalonia Railways Spanish Foundation for Science andTechnology (FECYT) Environmental Forum Foundation Institut Català del Sòl (Incasòl) 05. Spanish agencies Barcelona-El Prat Airport CDTI (Centre for Industrial Technological Development) CSIC (Higher Council for Scientific Research) Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness Ministry of Industry,Energy andTourism Renfe Freight mercancias 06. Funding sources ACC1Ó Catalan Institute of Finance Official Credit Institute Avalis de Catalunya ENISA (National Innovation Company) 07. Business organisations Barcelona Centre Logístic Catalunya CEL(Spanish Logistics Centre) ILI Logística Internacional Amec Barcelona Chamber of Commerce ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 28
  29. 29. References AENA (2015),Tráfico de pasajeros, operaciones y carga en los aeropuertos españoles. Information available at: Aeroporto di Roma (2015),Traffic data. Information available at: Aéroports de Paris (2015), Aéroports de Paris.A record year with 92.7 million passengers handled in 2014. Information available at: Ajuntament de Barcelona (2014), Foreign direct investment in Barcelona.Trends,options and implications. Information available at: Badenas, al.,(2011),Catalunya logística.Catalunya en la cadena logística global. Information available at: Barcelona Catalonia (2015),Parcs Logístics. Information available at: Barcelona Growth (2015), L’Aeroport supera el seu rècord de viatgers. Information available at: Barcelona Turisme (2014a), Barcelona tops world ranking of cities with most conference participants. Information available at: www.professional. Barcelona Turisme (2014b), Estadístiques de turisme a Barcelona i comarques. Information available at: www.professional. BCL et al.,2014,Observatorio de tráfico aéreo de Barcelona. Information available at: Cambra de Comerç de Barcelona (2015),Observatori Barcelona, Informe 2014. Information available at: CIMALSA (2014),Indicadors de competitivitat del Sistema logístic català. Information available at: CIMALSA (2015),Xarxa de centres. Information available at: Club MBA (2014),Ranking MBA 2014 de Financial Times:IESE,IE y ESADE,entre las mejores del mundo. Information available at: Consorci Barcelona Zona Franca (2015),Zona Franca. Information available at: Diario del Puerto,Dossier 2013. Information available at: El Consorci Barcelona Zona Franca (2015),Sil 2015 Números 1 en logística.Information available at: ThelogisticssectorinBarcelona 29
  30. 30. El Economista (2015),Ranking Nacional de Empresas por Facturación. Information available at: www.ranking-empresas. Europa Press (2014),La plataforma logística Logis Empordà alcanza un 31,5% de superficie urbanizada. Information available at: European Supply Chain & Logistics Summit (2015),Benefits. Information available at: Eurostat (2015a),Statistical Atlas. Information available at: Eurostat (2015b),Gross domestic product at market prices. Information available at: Fast company (2014),The 10 smartest cities in Europe. Information available at: FERRMED (2009),FERRMED Global Study Book.Presentat a Brusel·les el 27 d’Octubre de 2009. Information available at: Frankfurt Lufthavn (2015), Traffic Figures. Information available at: Gatwick Airport (2015),Press Releases,Record-breaking 2014 for Gatwick fuelled by broad range of growth. Information available at: www.mediacentre.gatwickairport. com/... Heathrow Airport (2015),Traffic Statistics. Information available at: Idescat (2015a),Exportacions.Per àrees geogràfiques i països. Information available at: Idescat (2015b),Població ocupada. Sector d’activitat (CCAE-2009). Catalunya.4t.trimestre del 2014. Information available at: Instituto Nacional de Estadística (2015),Empresas por CCAA, actividad principal (grupos CNAE 2009) y estrato de asalariados. Information available at: La Vanguardia (2015),Las exportaciones catalanas,hacia fuera de Europa. Information available at: Mercabarna (2014),Memoria econòmica y de actividades. Information available at: Mercazaragoza (2015),Mercados y Áreas:tmz terminal marítima de Zaragoza. Information available at: Ministerio de Fomento (2014), Informe Mensual de Comercio Exterior, Diciembre de 2014. Information available at: Mobile World Congress (2015). Information available at: München Lufthavn (2015), Commercial Passengers 1992-2014. Information available at: Pla Estratègic Metropolità (2011), 31.Ciudad aeroportuaria del aeropuerto de Barcelona. Information available at: Port de Barcelona (2015a),Mapa interactiu. Information available at: Port de Barcelona (2015b),Un Puerto diversificado,Dossier de premsa,gener 2015. Information available at: www.content.portdebarcelona. cat/... Renfe (2014),Tráficos 2013. Documento interno. Schipol Airport (2015),Transport and Traffic Statistics. Information available at: Tejo (2015),2nd Stakeholder’s Forum Meeting,Development of the Connection Lyon-Madrid on the Mediterranean Corridor (CLYMA),12 de Març de 2015. UN-Habitat,2013,State of World’s Cities 2012-2013. Information available at: ZAL (2015),Els nostres clients. Information available at: ElsectorlogísticaBarcelona 30
  31. 31. Co-financed by Unió Europea Fons Europeu de Desenvolupament Regional Una manera de fer Europa