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Barcelona Electric Mobility Tour
 

Barcelona Electric Mobility Tour

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Barcelona Electric Mobility Tour

Barcelona Electric Mobility Tour

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    Barcelona Electric Mobility Tour Barcelona Electric Mobility Tour Document Transcript

    • BARCELONA ELECtRiC MOBiLity tOuR
    • Find out why Barcelona is becoming a leading Smart City in Electric Mobility
    • BARCELONA, RANkEd 7th iN thE wORLd iN ELECtRiC MOBiLity
    • For years now, Barcelona has been committed to integrating technology to improve city management, make it more sustainable and increase quality of life for residents. And sustainable mobility is a key area of the overarching Smart City strategy. The Catalan capital is ranked 7th among the Top 10 cities in the world for developing electric-mobility initiatives and in the introduction of this technology, according to the latest report of the International Energy Agency (EV City Casebook, 2012). This positioning has been made possible, in part, by the firm public-private commitment the city has made to e-mobility. There are currently more than 1,000 electric vehicles (EVs) in Catalonia and a network of more than 500 public charging stations (15 of which are fast charging stations where vehicles can be charged in less than 30 minutes). Moreover, Barcelona is one of the leading European cities in number of e-motorbikes and the cleanest fleet of busses in Europe, thanks to innovative public procurement policies. This has led to more than 300 EVs being included in Barcelona’s public fleets to carry out various municipal services. Finally, we must note that Spain is the 2nd largest car manufacturer in the EU and 12th in the world, as well as the 6th spare-parts producer country in the world. This sector makes up more than 10% of Catalonia’s GDP and has seen investment from the sector increase nearly 14% in 2013. bcn.cat/mobilitat • bcn.cat/livebarcelona
    • LivE, A pLAtFORM tO BOOSt ELECtRiC MOBiLity
    • The city of Barcelona and its metropolitan area are leaders in boosting electric mobility and are committed to the benefits this type of transport offers for mobility, from an environmental, economic and industrial standpoint. For this reason, the Barcelona City Council spearheaded the creation of LIVE: Logistics for the Implementation of Electric Vehicles in 2009. This public-private platform promotes the e-mobility sector and encourages the use of EV in the city. The institutional promoters of LIVE Barcelona are the Spanish government, the Government of Catalonia, the Barcelona Metropolitan Area and the Barcelona City Council. Furthermore, the initiative also features members like Seat, Barcelona de Serveis Municipals (B:SM), ACS and Gas Natural-Fenosa, in addition to collaboration from more than 20 organisations and companies, like ENDESA and SIEMENS. LIVE works to promote the creation of new companies and business models related to EV, associated services and the infrastructure needed to make this possible. The city currently has more than 260 public charging stations and aims for all residents to have a station no more than 5 minutes from home. This public network of charging stations is an example of an innovative infrastructure that can generate new business opportunities. The LIVE platform coordinates the e-mobility plans of various levels of government. It also disseminates information and raises awareness among companies. The Barcelona City Council, with collaboration from the LIVE Platform, opened the first customer-service office for EV users in Europe. Practical information, like a map of the charging stations, is available online and on social media. bcn.cat/livebarcelona
    • tOuR A 22@BARCELONA, thE iNNOvAtiON diStRiCt This tour covers 22@Barcelona, which since 2001 has transformed a former industrial neighbourhood into the new Innovation District, for knowledge-intensive activities. It is an urban-, economic- and socialregeneration project that has created a high-quality living and working environment. In this area, the city offers space to be used as an urban laboratory to test innovative solutions and carry out pilot programs. A1 Fast charging stations A2 Charging stations for e-motorbikes A3 E-motorbike sharing system A4 Urban services with EV fleets A5 Solar energy for electric mobility A6 Charging stations in underground parking garages A7 Private charging stations
    • A4 A5 Sagrera A1 Glòries A2 A7 A3 di ag on al Av . Forum Area A6 Olimpic port Mediterranean Sea
    • A1
    • FASt ChARGiNG StAtiONS Normally, EV users charge their batteries at home overnight, for six to eight hours. Nevertheless, sometimes users need to charge batteries quickly in order to continue on their journey as soon as possible. Thus, fast charging stations are needed throughout the territory to allow batteries to be charged much more quickly than with conventional methods. This addresses the needs that arise from long-distance journeys and reduces the “anxiety” experienced by drivers of this type of vehicle. Fast charging can charge batteries up to 80% in less than 20 minutes. This short period of time is perfect for having a beverage or taking a rest at a service station. Fast charging is associated with power levels above 44 kW, normally around 50 kW but possibly up to a maximum of 100 kW. These stations supply direct current that requires special plugs and are designed to be used only for occasional emergency or convenience charging, as battery manufacturers say that overuse of this type of charging can shorten battery life. The city of Barcelona already has two public fast charging stations that meet ChadeMo standards (Charge de Move) and 13 more can be found throughout Catalonia. The first charging station of this kind in Spain was established in 2011 by ENDESA and CEPSA at C/ Lope de Vega 125 in Barcelona. In 2013, the second fast charging station was established at the Repsol service station at Avinguda Diagonal 638, under an initiative promoted by Nissan and IBIL. These companies aim to create six additional fast charging stations in the city in the near future. endesavehiculoelectrico.com nissan.es • ibil.es
    • A2
    • ChARGiNG StAtiONS FOR E-MOtORBikES Barcelona, the leading European city in e-motorbikes, has created an effective, useful solution for charging e-motorbikes called Mobecpoint. It is a small, easy-to-install, maximum safety station, designed to simultaneously charge various two-wheel EVs, both mopeds and motorbikes. The compatibility and modularity of these stations allows users to connect and charge other EVs using specific accessories. Their modular design allows the station to adapt to any space, with 2 to 25 individual charging points in a row depending on specific needs. Although Mobecpoint has mainly been developed to be installed on the street with minimal visual impact, it is also a solution that could be applied to fleets of motorbikes for companies or organisations parked together in a specific location. Mobecpoint is a company created by a group of Barcelona-based businesspeople with support from important partners like Schneider Electric and Iberdrola, which contribute both the technology and green energy needed for the charging stations. mobecpoint.com
    • A3
    • E-MOtORBikE ShARiNG SyStEM Barcelona has become the leading city in the world in implementing a flexible sharing system with 100% e-motorbikes that can be used by both residents and visitors, called MOTIT. Unlike other similar services, MOTIT allows users to pick up and drop off e-motorbikes anywhere in the city (on-demand mobility). This system is made possible by the use of new technology to manage and monitor the process. The system is very simple. First of all, users must register online or using a free smartphone app (iOS or Android). After registering, users receive a welcome packet with a personal card to switch on and off the motorbike. In the future, the user’s smartphone will be used as a key. When they need to use a motorbike, users make a booking and the application searches for the closest one to their desired start point, within a maximum of 250 metres. When users reach their destination, they can park in the closest authorised area. Users can hire the motorbikes based on the time used or distance travelled. The service features a navigation system to guide users to their destination and gives users the option of using the helmet available with each motorbike. The MOTIT project was created through collaboration between Going Green and the Creatur Foundation, with support from the Barcelona City Council in its implementation in the city. motitworld.com
    • A4
    • uRBAN SERviCES with Ev FLEEtS Cleaning public spaces and collecting rubbish in cities produces high levels of noise and air pollution that decrease quality of life. In Barcelona, these cities fall under the purview of the local government, which contracts external service providers based on criteria of quality and sustainability. Through requirements for the public procurement process, the Barcelona City Council requires the impact of noise and gas emissions to be reduced. Thus, this has a direct impact on encouraging the use of a fleet of EVs with renewable technology and clean fuel. Barcelona now has nearly 300 electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles in its municipal fleet for cleaning and rubbish-collection services. Through public procurement, the city also promotes innovation and incentivises companies to seek out more environmentally friendly solutions and to develop research and innovation programs. The local government generates sophisticated demand in order to find solutions for more efficient energy management and better service from a technological standpoint. Currently, the companies offering these services in different areas of the city are: CESPA, CLD, Foment de Construccions i Contractes (FCC) and URBASER. urbaser.es • fcc.es • corpcld.com •cespa.es
    • A5
    • SOLAR ENERGy FOR ELECtRiC MOBiLity Barcelona aims to promote a paradigm shift in energy management and the use of city resources, moving towards self-sufficiency and resilience. Under this framework, massive use of EVs in urban environments leads to increased demand for electricity. In order to meet this demand, renewable sources of energy ensure the technical and economic viability from the standpoint of the environment and energy independence. Increased use of EVs would help promote the development of a self-sufficient charging network with 100% renewable power-generation devices, using air or solar energy. Likewise, EVs can also be used to store energy, reusing their batteries. A group of cutting-edge companies (EON, URBASER and Circutor) are developing a project to install charging stations for EVs powered by a 16.2-kWp solar power plant, with excess power stored in batteries to be used at a later time. The system absorbs energy using solar panels on the roof of the building, which it uses to charge vehicles. If no vehicles are charging, the energy is used to power the building. When the electricity generated isn’t used, it is stored in a battery system to be used when needed. urbaser.es • eonespana.com • circutor.com
    • A6
    • ChARGiNG StAtiONS iN uNdERGROuNd pARkiNG GARAGES In an attempt to reduce CO2 emissions in the city, the Barcelona City Council has promoted the use of EVs for public, private and goods transport for years now. In order to promote this change, the associated charging infrastructure must be available to facilitate use and ensure proper coverage and service. The EV is currently used mainly in urban areas, so it is necessary to fit public parking garages (for hourly or monthly parking) with charging stations. This way users without their own underground parking garage can recharge their vehicles. Additionally, it is also necessary to have a charging network in high-traffic public parking garages linked to large shopping centres and other businesses like hotels and restaurants. In Barcelona there are more than 125 underground charging stations, managed by both public and private operators including Barcelona de Serveis Municipals (B:SM), Regesa, Saba and hotels such as NH, or shopping centres like La Maquinista. The electrical installation is a standard 220V socket with a safety plug. With a two-hour charge, EVs gain six hours of autonomy. Thus, users can charge the batteries in their EVs, whether cars or motorbikes, while parked in these garages. bsmsa.es • regesa.cat • saba.es • vincipark.es nh-hoteles.es • ca.lamaquinista.com
    • A7
    • pRivAtE ChARGiNG StAtiONS Although a powerful network of charging stations and points is needed on public streets and parks, it is true that most charging of EVs will be done comfortably in private or community-owned garages, or those at the workplace or in private centres like hotels and restaurants. In order to incentivise electric charging stations in private areas, the horizontal property laws have been modified. If a resident wishes to install a charging point in their individual parking spot, they only have to notify neighbours but don’t need their approval. With these regulatory changes and other initiatives, this type of infrastructure is becoming a reality. Various installation companies already offer competitive, fast products fitting specific needs. In some cases the companies specialise in a particular area: hotels or restaurants, like N2S; homeowners’ associations or large companies, like Endesa and Iberdrola; and other types of locations and projects, including Eco2Next and Evectra. In these cases, the installation is single-phase, 16 Amp and 230V, meaning that this type of charging point can supply approximately 3.7 kW of power. With this level of power, charging batteries takes roughly 8 hours. From an energy-efficiency standpoint, and taking into account the current electrical system, charging should preferably be done at night, which is when demand is lowest. endesavehiculoelectrico.com • iberdrola.es evectra.es • eco2next.com • n2s-group.com
    • tOuR B FiRA BARCELONA GRAN viA FAiRGROuNd AREA This itinerary begins at the Fira Barcelona Gran Via fairground area, one of the largest and most modern in Europe, designed by Japanese architect Toyo Ito. It takes visitors through a key area of economic and business activity in Barcelona, which is well-connected and close to the Airport, Port and Zona Franca industrial area, which is home to more than 300 companies in both traditional, mature sectors and emerging, innovative sectors. B1 EV hire and leasing service B2 Charging stations on public streets B3 Cleanest fleet of busses in Europe B4 Wind energy for electric mobility B5 Woosting the electric-car industry B6 Electric taxi B7 Boosting the e-motorbike industry
    • B2 B1 Gran via B7 Fira Barcelona B5 B6 Montjuïc Zona Franca B4 B3 port de Barcelona Mediterranean Sea
    • B1
    • Ev hiRE ANd LEASiNG SERviCE Current urban-mobility models have a series of damaging side effects (noise, pollution, etc.). In a city like Barcelona with a growing tourist sector it is even more difficult to combine the mobility needs of residents and visitors. Electric vehicles are a great alternative for urban transport, fitting perfectly with this city’s space-related characteristics and mobility needs. In this sense, innovative initiatives are being promoted to develop new business models associated with sustainable urban mobility, based on offering various types of small EVs to meet user needs. They also boost economic development and help make the city more environmentally and socially friendly. Barcelona offers electric bicycles for hire for tourists (e-motorbike) or residents (www.bici-electrica.org). There is also a wide range of e-motorbike services, for hire or lease, through companies like Cooltra and Green Electric Moto. Hire services for small urban vehicles for tourists and visitors are also flourishing (IFRenting and GoCarTours). ecooltra.com • greenelectricmoto.com • ifrenting.com gocartours.es • e-mobike.com • bici-electrica.org
    • B2
    • ChARGiNG StAtiONS ON puBLiC StREEtS Barcelona is a pioneer in Spain in introducing and running charging facilities on public streets. This project is based on an open implementation model, with various providers installing different technology. This favours the emergence of entrepreneurs and new lines of business. The aim is for charging stations to be as uniformly distributed as possible, ensuring service for end users. The difficulties of this strategy lie in making the services of the various operators in the city compatible and inter-operable. For this reason, a municipal control centre was created in 2010, called the NOC (Network Operation Centre) managed by ETRA-COBRA. NOC monitors the network of charging stations on public streets run by the various operators and centralises all incidents. The network employs a user identification and validation system: • The stations are activated with an EV user card issued by the Barcelona City Council or authorised private managers. • The system checks user data against a whitelist and validates users. livebarcelona.cat
    • B3
    • CLEANESt FLEEt OF BuSSES iN EuROpE Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) is the main public-transport operator in Barcelona and the metropolitan area. It manages busses, the underground and various leisure transport services. TMB is committed to sustainable urban mobility. This commitment can be seen in the fact that their fleet of more than 1,000 busses includes: • nearly 10% hybrid vehicles (diesel-electric), either manufacturer standard or retrofitted diesel vehicles • 38% compressed natural gas • the rest with gas and particle filters to minimise NOx and CO2 emissions, among others TMB constantly strives to improve environmental and energy-efficiency criteria. One example is the pure electric bus, presented in summer 2013, which doesn’t have an auxiliary heat engine and, thus, produces no emissions. It is the K9 model from Chinese company BYD. This bus will be tested with passengers in Barcelona for two years, with the option to purchase if results are positive. Another recent example is a bi-articulated hybrid bus, 24-metres long with capacity for 164 passengers. Built by Belgian company Van Hool, it is one of the first busses of its type in Europe. It is being tested as back-up on hightraffic lines in the new orthogonal network. tmb.cat
    • B4
    • wiNd ENERGy FOR ELECtRiC MOBiLity In order to introduce EVs, a power transport and distribution network is needed to charge the vehicles. The sustainability of the system and reduced emissions make sense if powered by electricity generated using renewable energy: wind, solar, thermoelectric. A technically feasible solution to charge EVs is to develop charging stations with a micro wind-energy generator, thus eliminating power transport problems. For example, Urban Green Energy Iberia (UGE) and General Electric (GE) have established the first wind-energy charging station in the world at the Cespa headquarters in Barcelona, an environmental-services company in the Ferrovial group. The charging station, called the Sanya Skypump, has two parts: a wind turbine and a recharging station. The wind turbine is a vertical-axis model with 4 kW of power and a noise level under 38 dB (less than whispers in a library) at its optimum speed (43.2 km / h). The charging station allows for fast charges at 400 volts and 32 amperes (12.8 kW). This quiet, compact turbine (only 3 metres wide) is an ideal system for urban areas, as it provides clean energy, without noise or hassle. Moreover, while no vehicles are being charged, the turbine continues to generate electricity, which is put back into the main power grid. urbangreenenergy.com • ge.com • cespa.es‎
    • B5
    • BOOStiNG thE ELECtRiC-CAR iNduStRy The Barcelona City Council has identified the automotive and sustainable mobility sector as a strategic, high value-added sector for the city and has been able to take advantage of new opportunities available on the market, structuring programs and new regulations called for by the industry and establishing on-going interactions with companies and private organisations in order to boost development of the electric vehicle. Specifically, the Council is working with NISSAN on various projects in order to support the introduction of new, technologically advanced vehicles like the Nissan Leaf (electric vehicle now available on the market), or prototypes for the e-NV200 electric van that the Japanese company will begin to manufacture in February 2014 exclusively at the industrial plant in Barcelona’s Zona Franca for consumers around the world. The Council also offers this Japanese manufacturer support in carrying out pilot programs for taxi and delivery fleets. They are also working closely with SEAT of the Volkswagen group, taking into account that it is the only manufacturer in Spain with its own automotive R&D centre in the Barcelona area (Martorell). For this reason, the Barcelona City Council signed an agreement with the manufacturer to test prototypes with municipal workers or for urban use. These vehicles are electric and plug-in hybrid models that aren’t yet available on the market. They serve as a test bench for SEAT for future strategy and positioning. seat.es • nissan.es
    • B6
    • ELECtRiC tAXi As part of the global strategy to move the city towards energy self-sufficiency, the Barcelona City Council is promoting the introduction of EVs in captive fleets, like vehicles used as taxis. The promotion and use of EVs as taxis is one of the best solutions to reduce CO2 emissions, local air and noise pollution, and to improve energy efficiency in transport. Currently, 15% of the 10,500 taxis in Barcelona are hybrids. This project to encourage the use of EVs in this service aims to increase this percentage. The project is based on collaboration to identify and select potential users, through events and campaigns to disseminate information and raise awareness. Work is also underway to create specific ranks for electric taxis with fast charging stations and a specific identification system so users can recognise e-taxis. There are various models of EVs from different manufacturers, like Nissan and Byd, that fit the needs of this service and are approved for transit in Barcelona. taxibarcelona.cat • nissan.es • byd-auto.es‎
    • B7
    • BOOStiNG thE E-MOtORBikE iNduStRy Barcelona has more mopeds and motorbikes than any other European city (30% of all vehicles in the city) and has a significant associated industrial fabric. In the Barcelona region alone, there are roughly 10 manufacturers and 40 suppliers, employing nearly 7,000 workers and generating revenue of approximately 1,000 million euros. This fact has helped make Barcelona the European city with the most e-motorbikes. The motorbike industry in the Barcelona area promotes the incorporation of clean technology (electric and hybrid vehicles) and innovation as key elements. Going Green, a company devoted to sustainable-mobility projects, has launched a new manufacturing and assembly plant for urban e-motorbikes in Barcelona’s Zona Franca. Other manufacturers in the area developing e-motorbikes include RIEJU, VOLTA Motorbikes and SCUTUM. Barcelona also has various companies to hire and share mopeds and motorbikes for both tourists and residents. One noteworthy example is Cooltra, a vehicle-hire company that aims to include 1,000 e-motorbikes in their fleet. Another is the pilot program for shared electric scooters, Motit Bcn. These initiatives, among others, are helping make Barcelona a “great showcase for the EV”. clustermoto.org • goinggreen.es • scutum.es voltamotorbikes.com • rieju.es • ecooltra.com motitworld.com/cat
    • thE MOSt iNNOvAtivE idEAS StARt At A BLANk pAGE
    • bcn.cat/ livebarcelona