Barcelona Data Sheet 2009

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  • 1. International Economic Promotion BARCELONA Barcelona DATA Likes The sun SHEET Mediterranean Waves 2009 Architecture Culture Gastronomy Ideas Business Research Goals Meetings Talent Deals Opportunities Entrepreneurship Investment You Ajuntament de Barcelona
  • 2. Executive Summary Barcelona is one of the 10 largest urban · The rate of entrepreneurial activity (8.3%) is higher than areas in Europe in terms of population that of countries with a long business tradition, such as Finland and Sweden, and that of the European average · It is the capital of Catalonia and the headquarters to the (5.4%). A total of 14,875 businesses were set up in permanent secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean. Barcelona in 2008 and the city has the highest rate of business created per 1000 inhabitants of large Spanish · With more than 1,600,000 inhabitants, the city is the urban areas. nucleus of a metropolitan region of close to 5,000,000 people, who represent 11% of the population of Spain. · The cosmopolitan, diverse and intercultural spirit of Barcelona is clearly shown by the fact that more than 18% of the city’s residents are foreigners. The Barcelona labour market has a critical mass and qualified human capital · More than a million jobs are located in the city and Barcelona is a dynamic economic motor almost 2.5 million in the metropolitan area. The activity with a diversified structure and employment rates in Barcelona (78% and 67.9%, respectively) are higher than the Catalan, Spanish and · In 2009, Barcelona is the fourth best city for doing European averages. business, according to the European Cities Monitor · Some 40% of those employed in the city are university (Cushman&Wakefield). graduates and 80% have a second-level education. · Catalonia had a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Catalonia has 12 universities, with more than 225,000 €216,923 billion in 2008, representing 20% of the students, 40% of whom carry out studies in science and Spanish GDP and reaching a per capita GDP 22% higher technology. than that of the European Union. · Two of Barcelona’s business schools (IESE and ESADE) · The economy of Barcelona is widely diversified with a are among the top 10 in Europe and the top 25 in the considerable tertiary-sector component involving a high world, according to the Financial Times MBA ranking. concentration of value-added services and a level of industrial activity that stands out in the context of European metropolises. Barcelona is leading Spain in the move toward a knowledge economy Barcelona is a centre of a dynamic and · Some 28% of businesses and 51% of employees in the flexible entrepreneurial activity city work in knowledge-intensive sectors. · The province of Barcelona generates 16.9% of patent · Barcelona is the headquarters of 467,000 businesses - applications and 23.6% of utility models in Spain. 14% of the Spanish total. These businesses are mainly SMEs (99.7%), which are characterized by their greater · Catalonia hosts 23.5% of Spain’s innovative companies flexibility and ability to adapt to complex environments. and accounts for 21.7% of total expenditure on innovative activities.
  • 3. · The drive for research in Catalonia in recent years places aerospace, mobility, health, media, food and other · The AVE high-speed train recorded 2.3 million Barcelona is the leading European city expenditure on R&D at 1.5% of GDP and there has been , advanced industries. passengers in its first year of operation. in quality of life an increase in personnel dedicated to research and development to above 43,000 employees. · In 2009, for the 12th year in a row, Barcelona once again · The Barcelona area has 113 technology and research took first place in the ranking of the best European cities centres, 33 infrastructures for innovation and for quality of life for employees, according to the 9 international reference science and technology facilities. Barcelona has an economy that is open Barcelona is an international reference European Cities Monitor (Cushman&Wakefield). to the world standard in terms of tourism and · The creative sectors, with a notable presence of · In terms of sustainability, the city is committed to energy organization of trade fairs and architecture, design and advertising, generate 12% of saving and efficiency and a considerable effort has been · Catalonia is headquarters to more than 3,100 foreign congresses made by the city council to develop renewable energy employment in the Barcelona area, which has key assets companies and received a total of €2,135 billion in such as quality of life, the climate, urban public spaces, direct foreign investment in 2008, of which France sources and electricity self-generation. Barcelona has · The city received 6.7 million visitors in 2008, equally the size and density of the city and its cuisine to attract contributed the largest proportion. Barcelona received levels of energy and water consumption per inhabitant distributed between leisure and business tourism, and local and international creative talent and generate poles 87% of direct foreign investment projects in Catalonia. that are lower than those of the reference areas. has a large supply of quality hotels. of creativity. In the same year, Catalan companies invested almost · The compact urban model favours sustainable mobility. €6 billion abroad. · Moreover, it remains the leading destination among Mediterranean ports for cruise ships, with more than · Cultural and educational opportunities are many and of · Barcelona generates one-fifth of Spanish exports (a 2 million passengers. high quality. figure much higher than its relative importance in terms · Barcelona is in 3rd place in the world ranking for Barcelona has a competitive supply of of GDP) and maintains a level of foreign sales of close to €40 billion, despite the downturn in international trade in organizing trade fairs and congresses, with 280,000 m2 real estate for businesses 2008. of indoor exhibition space and almost 700,000 conference delegates. The Barcelona Metropolitan Area has more than 6 million · Furthermore, Barcelona is the leader in exports of m2 of floor space for economic activities with high added medium-to-high technological content in Spain, with 27% value, with the ability to generate more than 200,000 of Spanish exports in this category. In 2008, more than new jobs concentrated in three areas of economic 15% of exports from Barcelona had a high technological activity, grouping together the best business and content and 48% were medium-to-high - higher The city is committed to a quality, investment opportunities in the economy and in percentages than those of Spain and the European diverse, proximity-based commercial knowledge: Union. model · 22@Barcelona is the technology district situated in the · In 2008, Barcelona airport was the 9th European airport centre of Barcelona for locating advanced services and in terms of passenger volume, with a total of · With 17,529 businesses and 164,670 jobs, commerce knowledge-intensive activities linked to Information and 30,272,084 passengers. The airport has consolidated is one of the most important activities in the economic Communication Technology (ICT), Media Technology (MT), its commitment to internationalization with the structure of Barcelona. energy and design. inauguration of the T1 terminal in June 2009; the new · Barcelona’s municipal markets are gold standards of the terminal will be able to cater to 55 million international Barcelona commercial model due to their economic and · Barcelona Vallès will be one of the main poles of passengers per year and open new intercontinental social impact on the city’s neighbourhoods. attraction for sectors linked to science and technology, routes. with reference facilities such as Creapolis, the Alba Synchrotron and the Barcelona Autonomous University · The Port of Barcelona is in 9th place in the ranking of Research Park. European ports in terms of container traffic in 2008 - two places higher than in 2007 -. Port activity has remained · Barcelona Llobregat is situated in one of the main above 50 million tonnes transported, despite the effects industrial and logistics areas of the Spanish state and is of the international crisis. essentially dedicated to emerging sectors such as
  • 4. Index 01. One of Europe’s main metropolitan areas ................08 02. Economic motor with a diversified structure ..........10 03. Qualified human capital ..............................................12 04. City of knowledge and creativity ................................14 05. Competitive real estate for business..........................16 06. An economy open to the world....................................18 07. Tourist reference and city of trade fairs and congresses...............................................................21 08. Trade...............................................................................23 09. Quality of life .................................................................23 10. International positioning of Barcelona ....................26 November 2009
  • 5. 8 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 9 01. One of Europe’s main metropolitan areas 1.1. Population, area and climate 1.2. Demographics of Barcelona 1.3. Foreign population Barcelona, among the ten largest A cosmopolitan, diverse and intercultural metropolitan agglomerations in Europe in city terms of population POPULATION AND AREA DATA BARCELONA DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS FOREIGNERS AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL POPULATION FOREIGNERS IN BARCELONA BY COUNTRY, 2008 20 POPULATION POPULATION TOTAL Age structure (2008) Ecuador 22,654 JANUARY 2008 AS % OF AREA DENSITY 0-14 years 11.8% 18 18.1% (inhabitants) SPANISH (km2) (inhab./km2) Italy 20,305 17.3% 15-64 years 67.8% 16 Bolivia 18,370 Barcelona 1,615,908 3.5% 101 16,032 65 and over 20.4% 15.9% 15.6% 14 14.2% Pakistan 15,057 Metropolitan 12.8% region 4,928,852 10.7% 3,242 1,520 Life expectancy (2006) 12 Peru 14,945 Men 78.3 years 10.4% Catalonia 7,364,078 16.0% 32,107 229 10 Morocco 13,438 Women 85.4 years Spain 46,157,822 100.0% 505,990 91 8 Colombia 12,746 7.4% Source: Barcelona City Council, INE 6 6.3% France 12,296 Birth rate (2008) 9.1 ‰ 4 China 12,257 Mortality rate (2008) 9.3 ‰ Argentina 9,975 POPULATION RANKING IN EUROPEAN METROPOLITAN 2 1.9% AGGLOMERATIONS Brazil 8,687 0 Fertility rate (2005) 37 ‰ RANKING CITY POPULATION* Births per 1000 women 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Dominican Republic 6,910 between the ages of 15-49 years Source: Barcelona City Council. Note: data from January 1st of each year. 1 London 12,730,234 Germany 6,869 Source: Department of Statistics. Barcelona City Council 2 Paris 10,145,314 Philippines 6,837 3 Cologne 10,130,822 Romania 6,494 FOREIGNERS IN BARCELONA BY CONTINENT OF ORIGIN 4 Amsterdam-Rotterdam 6,487,918 United Kingdom 5,872 Oceania Chile 5,347 5 Liverpool-Manchester 6,444,953 Africa 0.1% 6 Milan 6,244,760 7.3% Mexico 4,367 7 Madrid 5,541,480 India 4,091 Asia Source: Department of Statistics. Barcelona City Council 8 Barcelona 4,613,839 18.1% 9 Naples 4,586,245 10 Berlin 3,909,764 America 43.9% * Data from 2005. Source: Papers 50. European Metropolitan agglomerations Barcelona Institute of Regional and Metropolitan Studies Europe BARCELONA CLIMATE INDICATORS 30.6% Mean annual temperature 17.8ºC Extreme maximum temperature 32.9ºC Extreme minimum temperature 3.9ºC Source: Department of Statistics. Barcelona City Council Annual hours of sun 2,526.3 Source: Barcelona City Council. 2009 Statistics Yearbook
  • 6. 10 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 11 02. Economic motor with a diversified structure 2.1. Economic activity and growth 2.2. Production specialization 2.3 Businesses Catalonia generates one-fifth of Spanish A diversified structure with a predominance A business fabric with strong GDP of services and significant industrial entrepreneurial dynamics, dominated by clusters SMEs GDP PER CAPITA PRODUCTION STRUCTURE. TRADING COMPANIES EARLY-STAGE ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY (% of population), 2007 Purchasing power parity*. 2008 Index (EU-27=100) PERCENTAGE OF SALARIED EMPLOYEES BY ECONOMIC SECTOR, 2008 2007 2008 % SPAIN Iceland 12.5% Catalonia 122.00 BARCELONA METROPOLITAN CATALONIA SPAIN Creation in Barcelona* 19,195 14,875 14.2% United States 9.6% Spain 103.90 REGION Creation in Catalonia 25,482 19,282 18.4% Portugal 8.8% Euro Zone 108.90 Agriculture 0.3% 0.3% 0.5% 0.6% Creation in Spain 142,763 104,912 100.0% Catalonia 8.4% European Union 100.00 Industry 10.2% 17.9% 19.2% 15.9% Winding-up in Barcelona* 1,154 851 5.2% 8.3% *Harmonized GDP Barcelona* Source: Eurostat and INE Construction 4.7% 6.7% 7.9% 9.2% Winding-up in Catalonia 2,562 1,962 12.0% 8.2% Ireland Services 84.8% 75.1% 72.4% 74.2% Winding-up in Spain 18,047 16,368 100% 7.6% Spain GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT AT MARKET PRICES Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% *Provincial data 6.9% (Current prices) milion € Hungary Source: INE. Central Business Directory (DIRCE) Source: Prepared by the Department of Statistics of Barcelona City Council with data from the Department of Labour of the Catalan Government and INE Finland 6.9% SPAIN CATALONIA (%) CAT/SPAIN Norway 6.5% COMPANIES IN BARCELONA* BY NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, 2008 2006 982,303 195,857 19.9 Switzerland 6.3% 2007 1,050,595 209,204 19.9 NUMBER OF COMPANIES PERCENTAGE Greece 5.7% 2008 1,095,163 216,923 19.8 Without employees 258,650 55.3% Turkey 5.6% Source: Idescat, INE With employees 1-199 employees 207,727 44.4% UK 5.5% +199 employees 1,008 0.2% EU 5.4% ANNUAL RATES OF VARIATION IN GDP AT CONSTANT PRICES (in %) Total companies 467,385 100.0% Denmark 5.4% 2007 2008 *Provincial data Netherlands 5.2% Source: INE. Central Business Directory (DIRCE) Catalonia 3.6 0.7 5.0% Italy Spain 3.7 1.2 4.3% COMPANY HEADQUARTERS, 2008 Japan European Union 2.9 0.9 4.2% Sweden Source: Eurostat, INE, Idescat NUMBER OF PERCENTAGE COMPANIES SPAIN France 3.2% Barcelona* 467,385 13.9% Belgium 3.1% Catalonia 619,624 18.5% Austria 2.4% *Provincial data Spain 3,355,830 100.0% Source: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM), Executive report Catalonia 2007 *Provincial data Source: INE. Central Business Directory (DIRCE)
  • 7. 12 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 13 03. Qualified human capital 3.1. Rates of activity, employment and 3.3. Salaries 3.4. Training and attraction in universities unemployment Competitive salaries in an international Business schools and universities with international projection Activity and employment rates above the context More than 40% of Catalan university students take degrees in science European average and technology RATES OF ACTIVITY, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT (%) SALARY LEVEL IN WORLD CITIES, 2008 RANKING OF BUSINESS SCHOOLS 2nd quarter 2009 GROSS SALARY NET SALARY EUROPEAN RANKING 2008 BUSINESS SCHOOL CITY WORLD RANKING 2008 ACTIVITY RATE EMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (NEW YORK=100) (NEW YORK=100) 1 London Business School London 2 Barcelona 78.0 67.9 13.0 130.0 Zurich 140.3 2 Insead Fontainebleau 6 Catalonia 77.2 64.9 16.0 111.7 Dublin 132.3 3 IE Business School Madrid 8 Spain 74.2 60.8 18.0 125.4 Geneva 130.4 4 University of Cambridge: Judge Cambridge 10 European Union 70.8* 65.9* 8.9 140.9 Copenhagen 114.1 5 IESE Business School Barcelona 11 *2008 data 102.2 London 110.0 Source: Labour Force Survey and Eurostat 6 IMD Lausanne 14 104.8 Frankfurt 102.4 7 HEC Paris Paris 18 100.0 New York 100.0 3.2. Jobs in Barcelona 94.8 Vienna 97.9 8 University of Oxford: Saïd Oxford 19 9 Esade Business School Barcelona 21 More than 1 million jobs in the city and 79.7 Tokyo 89.3 almost 2.5 million in the metropolitan area 10 Lancaster University Management School Lancaster 22 92.6 Amsterdam 87.3 10 Manchester Business School Manchester 22 70.3 Barcelona 81.4 WORKERS AFFILIATED TO SOCIAL SECURITY. 2nd quarter 2009 12 Warwick Business School Coventry 29 81.0 Paris 81.4 13 Cranfield School of Management Cranfield 30 TOTAL % SPAIN 67.9 Miami 74.4 13 University of Strathclyde Business School Glasgow 30 Barcelona 1,033,779 5.77 55.8 Rome 50.0 15 RSM Erasmus University Rotterdam 34 Barcelona province 2,380,199 13.28 52.3 Athens 59.3 UBS. Prices and Earnings around The Globe 2008. 16 Imperial College London: Tanaka London 35 Catalonia 3,183,193 17.77 17 City University: Cass London 41 Spain 17,917,981 100.00 18 Edinburgh University Management School Edinburgh 44 Source: Department of Labour of the Catalan Government 19 Leeds University Business School Leeds 48 Approximately 40% of jobs are held by 19 SDA Bocconi Milano 48 university graduates 21 Bradford School of Management/ Bradford 53 TiasNimbas Business School 22 University of Bath School of Management Bath 69 JOBS BY WORKERS' LEVEL OF FORMAL EDUCATION, 2006 (in %) 3.4. Training and attraction in 23 Nottingham University Business School Nottingham 76 BARCELONA METROPOLITAN universities 24 Nyenrode Business Universiteit Breukelen 82 REGION UNIVERSITY EDUCATION 25 Eada Barcelona 95 No Formal Education 1.6 1.9 26 Vlerick Leuven Gent Ghent - Leuven 97 Primary Education 19.6 27.7 Catalan universities 12 27 University College Dublin: Smurfit Dublin 98 Secondary Education 39.2 40.6 University students (2008/2009 academic year) 226,787 28 EM Lyon Lyon 99 Tertiary Education 39.6 29.8 Foreign schools 18 Source: Financial Times Source: IERMB, Idescat. Survey on living conditions and habits of the population of Catalonia, 2006 Source: Barcelona City Council
  • 8. 14 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 15 04. City of knowledge and creativity 4.1. Knowledge society and economy 4.2. Research The city is leading Spain in the move toward a Qualitative and quantitative commitment knowledge economy to research and development, with reference-standard scientific infrastructures BUSINESSES BY KNOWLEDGE INTENSITY, 2008 EVOLUTION OF EXPENDITURE IN R&D AS A PERCENTAGE OF GDP RESEARCH AND INNOVATION IN BARCELONA IN CATALONIA AND SPAIN (1996-2007) Number of assets BARCELONA % OF TOTAL 1.6 Technology and research centres 113 High-tech manufacturing 374 0.5% 1.5 1.48 Infrastructures for innovation 33 Medium-high-tech manufacturing 596 0.8% 1.42 1.4 1.35 Source: Barcelona Map of Research and Innovation Knowledge-intensive services sectors 20,751 27.1% 1.33 1.3 1.27 TOTAL KNOWLEDGE-INTENSIVE BUSINESSES 21,721 28.3% 1.2 1.27 Non knowledge-intensive businesses 49,612 64.8% 1.19 SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INTERNATIONAL REFERENCE 1.2 1.1 1.06 1.06 FACILITIES IN BARCELONA Other 5,285 6.9% 1.12 1.05 1.06 1 1.04 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory 1.03 TOTAL BUSINESSES IN THE CITY 76,618 100% 0.9 0.99 0.9 0.92 Source: Prepared by the Department of Studies on Economic Activities and Employment 0.91 0.91 Mouse-Clínic Platform of Barcelona City Council using data from INE 0.8 0.87 0.86 0.81 Proteomic Structural Biology Facility 0.8 0.7 Catalan Computing and Communications Centre (CESCA) DISTRIBUTION OF SALARIED EMPLOYEES BY ECONOMIC SECTOR ACCORDING TO KNOWLEDGE INTENSITY, 2008 0.6 National Supercomputing Centre 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 BARCELONA % OF TOTAL CATALONIA % OF TOTAL White Room of the National Microelectronics Centre Source: INE Catalonia Spain High-tech manufacturing 2,625 0.3% 12,136 0.5% Maritime Research and Experimentation Channel Medium-high-tech manufacturing 45,114 4.9% 163,503 6.3% International Centre for Numerical Methods in Engineering (CIMNE) EVOLUTION OF R&D PERSONNEL. CATALONIA (1996-2007) ALBA Synchrotron Knowledge-intensive services sectors 419,307 45.7% 886,656 34.2% 45,000 Source: Ministry of Education and Science, Map of unique scientific and technical facilities TOTAL KNOWLEDGE-INTENSIVE SECTORS 467,046 50.9% 1,062,295 41.0% 43,037 Non knowledge-intensive sectors 399,189 43.5% 1,293,950 50.0% 40,000 40,867.3 Other 50,826 5.5% 232,738 9.0% 37,862.3 35,000 36,634.4 TOTAL EMPLOYEES 917,061 100.0% 2,588,983 100.0% Source: Prepared by the Department of Studies on Economic Activities and Employment 33,410.7 of Barcelona City Council using data from INSS 30,000 28,034.4 25,107.1 25,000 26,037 PENETRATION OF ICT IN HOMES (% OF POPULATION 16 YEARS AND OLDER) 20,000 20,022.5 21,896.2 18,395.7 2007 2008 VARIATION 07/08 17,773 15,000 Computer at home 63.9 65.4 1.5 10,000 Internet connection at home 55.7 58.8 3.1 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Habitual use of Internet 61.4 57.4 -4 Source: INE Source: Programming Technical Office. Barcelona City Council
  • 9. 16 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 17 05. Competitive real estate for business 4.3. Business innovation 5.1. Offices Barcelona and Catalonia, leaders in More than 6 million m2 of floor space for Barcelona Economic Triangle innovation among Spanish businesses economic activity with high added value, The Barcelona Metropolitan Region has with capacity to generate more than 200,000 three areas that drive economic activity new jobs and form a large economic triangle: INDICATORS OF INNOVATION OFFICE MARKET (Barcelona city) INDICADORS D’INNOVACIÓ PATENT APPLICATIONS APPLICATIONS FOR UTILITY MODELS Total stock of offices (1st quarter 2009) 290,000 m2 DRIVING AREA SECTORS PROJECTS TOTAL FLOOR SPACE OF MAIN INFRASTRUCTURES 2008 % SPAIN 2008 % SPAIN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AND RESEARCH CENTRES 2 Forecast available office space (2010) 470,000 m Barcelona* 640 16.9 628 23.6 Delta BCN Aerospace, mobility, Aerospace and Mobility 245,000 m2 Technology Centre for the Vacancy rate 9.48% (Llobregat area) logistics Park Aerospace Industry (CTAE) Catalonia 756 20.0 732 27.5 Source: 22@Barcelona Spain 3,783 100.0 2,662 100.0 Wind Tunnel INDICADORS D’INNOVACIÓ International Centre for OFFICE PRICES (Barcelona city) Numerical Models in NUMBER OF INNOVATIVE EXPENDITURE ON INNOVATIVE Engineering (CIMNE) BUSINESSES ACTIVITIES (Thousand euros) Prine (Pg Gràcia-Diagonal) 17.5-22.5 €/m2/month 2007 % SPAIN 2007 % SPAIN Business district (consolidated centre) 15-20 €/m2/month Viladecans Business Park 98,000 m2 Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO) Catalonia 7,248 23.5 3,926,940 21.7 Periphery (Sabadell, St. Cugat, Esplugues, ...) 9-16 €/m2/month Mediterranean 93,300 m2 Spain 30,819 100.0 18,094,616 100.0 Technology Park New business areas 16-19.5 €/m2/month *Provincial data Source: 22@Barcelona Source: INE 22@Barcelona Media, ICT, Medical 22@Barcelona 3,200,000 m2 Barcelona Biomedical (Besòs area) technology, Energy, Design Research Park (PRBB) 4.4. Creative sectors Barcelona Media Park Cultural industries, architecture, design Barcelona Digital and advertising generate 12% of Catalan Institute for employment in the Barcelona area Energy Research (IREC) Campus Diagonal- Besòs 60,000 m2 Barcelona Design Hub EMPLOYMENT IN CREATIVE SECTORS IN EUROPEAN URBAN AREAS Sagrera station area 436,022 m2 CITY % OF TOTAL* Milan 14 Parc de l’Alba Research, Parc de l’Alba 1,320,000 m2 Alba Synchrotron (Vallès area) Business services Budapest 13 2 Esade Creapolis 39,800 m Barcelona 12 Dublin 11 Parc Taulí Health Park 93,700 m2 White Room of the Leipzig 9 National Microelectronics 2 Vallès Technology Park 190,600 m Centre (CSIC-CNM) Amsterdam 8 Munich 8 UAB Research Park 120,000 m2 Sofia 8 Can Sant Joan Enterprise Helsinki 7 Park 149,845 m2 Institute for Research on Poznan 7 Artificial Intelligence Birmingham 6 (CSIC-IIIA) Riga 6 Toulouse 6 * Data collected between 2000 and 2006. Source: ACRE project (Accomodating Creative Knowledge- Competitiveness of 'European Metropolitan Regions within the Enlarged Union), Comparing paths of 'creative knowledge regions, Deliverable nº 5, May 2007.
  • 10. 18 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 19 06. An economy open to the world 6.1. Foreign investment in Catalonia 6.2. Catalan investment abroad 6.3. Exports One of the leading European regions in Catalonia generates one-fifth of Spanish The Barcelona area is the main exporting territory of the Spanish hosting foreign investment projects investment abroad state, with more than one-fifth of sales abroad FOREIGN INVESTMENT. In million € INVESTMENT ABROAD. In million € EXPORTS. In million € MAIN DESTINATION COUNTRIES FOR EXPORTS FROM BARCELONA*. 2007 2008 % CAT./SPAIN 2007 2008 % CAT./SPAIN 2007 2008 % SPAIN 2008 Percentage of total, 2008 Catalonia 2,597.8 2,135.0 7.4 Catalonia 6,908.12 5,898.26 20.4 Barcelona 39,442.37 39,814.11 21.2% Spain 29,538.0 28,793.0 100.0 Spain 80,816.34 28,903.00 100 Catalonia 49,678.31 50,314.31 26.7% France 17.9% Note: Total gross investments not including foreign shareholding entities (ETVE) Note: Total gross investments not including foreign shareholding entities (ETVE) Spain 185,023.22 188,184.39 100.0% Germany 9.5% Source: Register of Foreign Investment. Spanish Secretariat of Tourism and Trade Source: Register of Foreign Investment. Spanish Secretariat of Tourism and Trade Source: Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade Italy 9.0% Portugal 8.3% ORIGIN OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN CATALONIA DESTINATION OF CATALAN INVESTMENT ABROAD EVOLUTION OF EXPORTS FROM THE PROVINCE OF BARCELONA. Percentage of total, 2008 Percentage of total, 2008 (1995-2008) UK 6.3% 45,000 Netherlands 3.3% France 29.5% Mexico 28% 40,000 Switzerland 3.1% Netherlands 19.1% Greece 16% 35,000 United States 2.8% United States 9.8% Portugal 9.9% 30,000 2.6% Belgium UK 6.0% Belgium 8.9% 25,000 2.0% Russia 6.0% 8.8% 20,000 Germany Morocco 1.9% Turkey 5.9% 15,000 Italy France 7.8% 1.8% Mexico 10,000 Luxembourg 3.2% United States 4.4% 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 0,0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 * Province Andorra 2.2% Italy 2.1% Source: Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade Source: Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade Canada 1.9% India 1.9% DISTRIBUTION OF EXPORTS FROM THE PROVINCE OF BARCELONA DISTRIBUTION OF EXPORTS FROM SPAIN BY TECHNOLOGICAL Others 16.4% Others 12.3% BY TECHNOLOGICAL CONTENT, 2008 CONTENT, 2008 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Source: Register of Foreign Investment. Spanish Secretariat of Tourism and Trade Source: Register of Foreign Investment. Spanish Secretariat of Tourism and Trade 1.8% 0.4% NUMBER OF FOREIGN COMPANIES ESTABLISHED IN CATALONIA, 2008 15.3% 8.7% France 671 Germany 537 United States 392 47.7% 23.9% 41.2% Italy 360 17.0% Netherland 224 Japan 153 18.2% 25.7% United Kingdom 147 Switzerland 107 Others 533 Total 3,124 High Medium-high Medium-low Low Not classified High Medium-high Medium-low Low Not classified Source: Invest in Catalonia. ACC1Ó
  • 11. 20 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 21 07. Tourist reference and city of trade fairs and congresses 6.4. Port of Barcelona 6.5. Airport 7.1. Urban tourism destination One of the ten leading European ports in One of the ten leading European airports in One of the leading destinations for urban container traffic number of passengers. Intercontinental tourism in Europe, both for vacation and flights to 25 destinations, with an increase business of 3 routes and 31 weekly flights in 2008 INDICATORS OF TRAFFIC IN THE PORT OF BARCELONA TOURISTS AND OVERNIGHT STAYS IN BARCELONA HOTEL SUPPLY INDICATORS Data in million € 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 BARCELONA AIRPORT Tourists* 6,659,075 Hotels 295 310 Goods (tons) 50.05 50.55 2007 2008 Overnight stays 12,485,198 Rooms 27,806 29,143 Containers (TEU) 2.61 2.57 Total passengers 32,898,249 30,272,084 *Tourists staying in hotels Places (Beds) 54,036 56,695 Source: Turisme de Barcelona Passengers 2.88 3.24 Goods (in tons) 104,239 96,770 Hotel occupancy rate 79.70% 76.30% Source: Barcelona Port Authority Source: Barcelona Economia Source: Turisme de Barcelona DISTRIBUTION OF TOURISTS BY REASON FOR TRIP, 2008 (% OF TOTAL) RANKING OF FREIGHT CONTAINER TRAFFIC IN EUROPEAN PORTS MAIN EUROPEAN AIRPORTS BY PASSENGER VOLUME RANKING 2008 PORT CITY TEU* CITY (AIRPORT) PASSENGERS 2008 7.2. Tourist cruises 1 Rotterdam 10,800,000 London Heathrow (LHR) 67,056,228 3.5% Top destination in cruise passengers among Others Mediterranean ports 2 Hamburg 9,700,000 Paris Roissy (CDG) 60,851,998 3 Anvers 8,663,736 Frankfurt (FRA) 53,647,450 CRUISE INDICATORS 4 Bremer 5,500,709 Madrid (MAD) 50,823,105 48.4% 48.1% Business and Holidays Amsterdam (AMS) 47,429,741 2008 5 Valencia 3,602,000 Trade Fairs and Congresses Cruise passengers 2,069,651 6 Gioia Tauro 3,467,772 Rome-Fiumicino (FCO) 35,132,879 7 Algeciras 3,324,310 Munich (MUC) 34,530,593 Embarkation 572,709 8 Felixstowe 3,100,000 London Gatwick (LGW) 34,214,474 Disembarkation 571,419 9 Barcelona 2,569,549 Barcelona (BCN) 30,195,794 Transit 925,523 10 Le Havre 2,450,000 Paris Orly (ORY) 26,207,628 Source: Turisme de Barcelona Cruises 887 * TEU = is a standard container measure and it refers to Twenty Feet Equivalent Unit Source: Airport Council International (2008), Worldwide Aiport Traffic Statistics Source: Turisme de Barcelona Source: Cargo Systems (2008), Top 100 Containerports ORIGIN OF TOURISTS, 2008 (% OF TOTAL) HIGH-SPEED RAIL BARCELONA - MADRID PASSENGERS* DURATION OF JOURNEY Spain 29.2% High-speed rail Barcelona-Madrid 2,337,913 2 hours 40 minutes UK 10.1% *February 2008 - February 2009 Italy 8.2% Source: Renfe United States 7.0% France 6.8% Germany 5.2% Japan 2% 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 Source: Turisme de Barcelona
  • 12. 22 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 23 08. 09. Trade Quality of life 7.3. City of trade fairs and congresses 7.3. Ciutat de fires i congressos 7.3. Ciutat de fires i congressos Barcelona, third city in the world in number of A model of good quality and diverse urban Leading European city in terms of quality international meetings organized retail that generates economic activity and of life social cohesion in the city’s neighbourhoods INDICATORS OF CONGRESS ACTIVITY TRADE IN BARCELONA, 2008 BEST EUROPEAN CITIES IN QUALITY OF LIFE FOR EMPLOYEES, 2009 2007 2008 VARIATION 07/08 (%) TRADE RANKING 2009 CITY Total meetings 1,775 2,482 39.83 Number of companies 17,529 1 Barcelona Congresses 340 383 12.65 Jobs 164,670 2 Geneva Conferences, Symposia, Courses N/A 286 - MUNICIPAL MARKETS 3 Munich Conventions and incentives 1,435 1,813 26.34 Number of municipal markets 40 4 Oslo Total delegates 629,704 695,902 3.52 Number of businesses 3,278 5 Madrid Source: Turisme de Barcelona and Barcelona City Council Total area 206,000 m 2 6 Stockholm Source: INSS and Barcelona City Council 7 Paris WORLD RANKING OF CITIES BY NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL MEETINGS, 2008 8 Copenhagen 9 Zurich 2008 RANKING CITY NUMBER OF MEETINGS 2008 RANKING CITY NUMBER OF MEETINGS 10 Hamburg 1 Paris 139 6 Budapest 95 Source: Cushman & Wakefield, European Cities Monitor 2009 2 Vienna 139 7 Amsterdam 89 3 Barcelona 136 8 Stockholm 87 4 Singapore 118 9 Seul 84 5 Berlin 100 10 Lisbon 83 9.1. Energy and environment Source: International Congress & Convention Association Commitment to energy saving and efficiency Total covered exhibition space (M2) → 280,000 and development of renewable energy LARGEST TRADE FAIRS IN EUROPE INDICATORS OF GREEN ZONES IN BARCELONA, 2008 BARCELONA OTHER EUROPEAN CITIES 2008 CONSTRUMAT N.1 Batimat - Paris N.2 Bau - Munich N.3 Urban parks (green zones PISCINA N.1 Piscine - Lyon N.2 Intervad - Düsseldorf N.3 for public use) 5,593,000 m2 3GSM N.1 Cebit - Hannover N.2 EIBTM N.1 Urban green (green spaces incorporated into the urban fabric) 10,757,181 m2 ALIMENTÀRIA N.2 Anuga - Cologne N.1 Sial - Paris N.3 B.M.P N.2 Mipm - Cannes N.1 Inmobiliario - Madrid N.3 Green urban space per capita 6.7 m2/inhabitant EXPOQUÍMICA N.2 Achema - Frankfurt N.1 Interchirmie - Paris N.3 Source: Barcelona City Council. 2008 Statistics Yearbook HOSTELCO N.2 Host - Milan N.1 Equiphotel - Paris N.3 NÀUTIC N.2 Nautico - Genoa N.1 Boot - Düsseldorf N.3 S-I-L N.2 Transport et logistic - Paris N.1 Beaches (number/ km) → 7 / 4,6 SONIMAGFOTO N.2 Photokina - Cologne N.1 AUTOMÒBIL N.3 Automobil - Frankfurt N.1 Automobil - Paris N.2 CARAVANING N.3 Caravaning - Düsseldorf N.1 Caravaning - Rímini N.2 HISPACK N.3 Interpack - Düsseldorf N.1 Emballage - Paris N.2 Source: Fira de Barcelona
  • 13. 24 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 25 9.1. Energy and environment 7.3. Ciutat de fires i congressos 9.2. Sustainable mobility 9.4. Cultural and educational Commitment to energy saving and efficiency The compact urban model favours the opportunities La primera ciutat d’Europa en qualitatde and development of renewable energy predominance of public transport, Vibrant cultural life with a wide range of vida pedestrians and bicycles services and activities STRUCTURE OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR, 2006 EQUIVALENT ENERGY PRODUCED BY SOLAR ENERGY FACILITIES MODES OF TRANSPORTATION IN TRAVEL, 2008 (% OF TOTAL) CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL SUPPLY, 2008 IN BARCELONA Libraries (number and users) 32 / 5,756,946 0.7% Energy (MWh/year) 35,000 Other Museums, collections and exhibition centres 30,000 29,927 (number and users) 50 / 21,514,078 19.1% 26.4% Cultural and leisure facilities (number) 23,640,074 Industrial Tertiary 25,000 32% 23,423 On foot and 40% Public sports facilities 20,202 by bicycle Public trans- (number and users) 1,511 / 358,476 20,000 port Pre-school, primary and secondary schools 15,000 (2007/2008 academic year) 859 30.0% 23.8% Domestic Transport 28% Source: Institute of Culture. Barcelona City Council 10,000 Private 7,873 transport 5,000 3,149 UNESCO PATRIMONY BUILDINGS Source: Barcelona City Council. El comptador, 2008 0 455 665 1,064 1,483 Source: ATM Note: Result of the analysis of data from ATM stages from the city's traffic-detection reels, tourist acti- Barcelona 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 vity, school transport, traffic composition flows, flows of bicycles and pedestrians. Source: Barcelona City Council. Barcelona Energy Agency Berlin Waste separation (% of total) → 33.6 Rome ELECTRICITY GENERATED IN BARCELONA (1999-2006) Cycle lanes (km) → 140.2 Lisbon Source: Department of Statistics. Barcelona City Council ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER INHABITANT, 2006 MWh/year 1999 Vienna Barcelona 12.50 MWh/inhab. 2000 Prague Catalonia 25.87 MWh/inhab. 2001 Amsterdam Spain 26.40 MWh/inhab. 2002 9.3. Residential real estate market London Source: Barcelona City Council. El comptador, 2008 2003 More competitive housing prices Paris 2004 Madrid WATER CONSUMPTION IN EUROPEAN CITIES, 2006 0 1 2 3 4 5 2005 AVERAGE HOUSING PRICES IN BARCELONA, 2008 Source: UNESCO 2006 RANKING CITY LITRES/INHABITANT/DAY 2006 1 Dresden 96 0.0 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 Rent (€/m2/month) 14.62 Source: Barcelona City Council. El comptador, 2008 2 Heidelberg 103 New housing sales (€/m ) 2 5,918 3 Brussels 108 Second-hand housing sales (€/m ) 2 4,488 4 Antwerp 108 Source: Barcelona City Council 5 Barcelona 118 6 Copenhaguen 119 7 Aarhus 120 8 Hannover 125 9 Praha 127 10 Turku 139 Source: The Urban Ecosystem Europe Report, 2007
  • 14. 26 International Economic Promotion. Data Sheet 2009 27 10. International positioning of Barcelona “European Cities Monitor" (2009) 4th best European city for business 3rd best known city in Europe 1st city in Europe of greatest progress 1st city in Europe for worker’s quality of life "European Investment Monitor" (2008) 4th European destination for international investments ”Global Cities Attractiveness Survey” (2008) 12th best image city in the world 19th best-known city in the world “BaroMed Attractiveness Survey” (2008) Top flagship city of the Mediterranean “World’s happiest cities ” (2009) 3rd city in the world. “World’s best cities to eat well ” (2009) 5th city in the world (GFK Custom Research North America) “The Anholt City Brands Index" (2007) 1st city brand without being a state capital 9th global city brand, 4th in Europe "World-wide cost of living survey" (2008) Out of the group of the 30 most expensive cities in the world “Europe’s Coolest Cities” (August 2007) One of the most fashionable cities in Europe “World Country & City Rankings 2008” (April 2009) 3rd city in the world for organising international meetings “International Meeting Statistics” (2009) 5th city in the world for organising international congresses “European Fairground Ranking” (2007) 4th city in Europe with available fairground (280,000 m2) “Prices and Earnings around the Globe” (August 2009) 22nd global city
  • 15. International Economic Promotion Ajuntament de Barcelona C. Llacuna 162, 1st floor 08018 Barcelona · Spain www.bcn.cat/barcelonabusiness Ajuntament de Barcelona