Btruman prosp defense-slideshare


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Slides used for successful docotoral proposal defense (minus some speculative information) as part of the Doctorate of Computer Science, Emerging Media from Colorado Technical University.

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  • Welcome and ThanksSet the stage for my research – start with this image article about transdisciplinarityManage some expectations- What this study is not about: Learning in virtual environmentsCollaborative learningBreadth of collaborative “activities”Designing virtual environmentsCultural and social intelligenceStart with a definition- Collaboration- is different than cooperation. Collaboration frequently requires significant investment in relationship and trust building activities. Collaboration enables the emergence of understanding and realization of shared visions in complex environments or systems. Collaboration does not necessarily require harmony. Mostly, collaboration requires commitment in addition to shared goals, trust and respect.
  • Listening, listening… hear anything? Phenomenological research explored individual experiences. The priority was to explore constructs developed for the study using an inductive approach while confirming the relationship of the variables using a deductive approach. Dialogue- is different than discussion, conversation, and debate. Dialogue enables one’s experience to subtly shift allowing sight through others’ eyes. Sustained dialogue often creates empathy. Possibilities open up to new insights as deep listening and understanding emerge. Dialogue builds collaboration. Not all dialogue is formal or structured. Dialogue may include improvisational exchanges with friends, family, colleagues etc.
  • (Transdisciplinary Tobacco Research Use Centers or TTURCs) did not include a Coordinating Center. Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer (TREC)"The science of team science encompasses an amalgam of conceptual and methodologic strategies aimed at understanding and enhancing the outcomes of large-scale collaborative research and training programs
  • The origins of transdisciplinarity are traced to Jean Piaget, the Swiss psychologist and philosopher who was credited in coining the term in France around 1969. Basarab Nicolescu, physicist from Romania is widely considered the father of transdisciplinarity. He founded the International Center for Transdisciplinary Research and Studies (CIRET)Three types of transdisciplinarity are described in the literature and they are: theoretical, phenomenological, and experimental. Nicolescu’s theoretical is more about the importance of becoming mindful about “being” so as to unite the inquirer with the inquiry. Typically, transdisciplinarity goes across, between and *beyond* disciplines, reality, or phenomena.Transdisciplinarity also embraces complexity.
  • Appreciative Inquiry is about the coevolutionary search for the best in people, their organizations, and the relevant world around them. In its broadest focus, it involves systematic discovery of what gives “life” to a living system when it is most alive, most effective, and most constructively capable in economic, ecological, and human terms. "Cultural-historical activity theory introduced the idea of human psychological functions mediated through tools, rules, roles and community. That is, “the human mind emerges, exists, and can only be understood within the context of human interaction with the world; and…this interaction, that is, activity, is socially and culturally determined (Kaptelinin, Nardi, & Macaulay, 1999, p.28)" as seen in (Suter, 2011, p. 33).The third dimension of Transformed Social Interaction (TSI) called self-representation was used as the theoretical framework. TSI was developed by Bailenson (2006) and has been shown to affect the interactions and behaviors of users in CVEs.“Transdisciplinarity is a new form of learning and problem solving involving cooperation among different parts of society and academia in order to meet complex challenges of society. Transdisciplinarity research starts from tangible, real-world problems.
  • What is this phenomenon? Not sure what to call it. Gaps in the literature. Refer to fancy map
  • Need for unstructured dialogue. More spontaneous. Between meetings as much as in meetings. The notion of playing with ideas over coffee, arguing over dinner and a bottle of wine, the excitement of sharing ideas with friends late into the night, the more convivial, everyday, unstructured processes, similar to what social philosopher and cultural critic, William Irving Thompson called “mind jazz” (Montuori, 2013, p. 219-220). 
  • Scharmer’s new book - Leading from the Emerging Future: From Ego-System to Eco-System EconomiesFifth Discipline:Help companies, associations and groups become learning organization. Goal of the book was to communicate the research to help foster aspiration, develop reflective conversation, and understand complexityKnow when you are using dialogue that you move from seeing to sensing to presencing (uses highest Self) Scharmer says that a good indicator that you have been in dialogue is when you feel that you have become a different personIn presencing, the place where I operate is identical to the place where we operate. It emerges from the presence or the coming into being of the larger whole. Sometimes, this level of conversation occurs after many days of common work, as intentional quietness or sacred silence (Isaacs 1999). When it happens, the experience of time slows down, and the speech acts change from speaking based on reflection to speaking from what emerges in the here and now. Jaworski (1996), referring to Buber (1970), describes this level of reality experience as synchronicity, in which the boundaries between I and thou seem to completely disappear.GENERATIVE LEARNING "(Type I: learning from the experiences of the past) to generative learning (Type II: learning from emerging futures). The primary issue at this stage is the need for a sound methodology that takes a team from the reflective space (level 3) to the space of deep intention of will (level 4) (Scharmer, 2000).
  • 3 part survey with open and closed questions on the group, avatar, and individual levels (42 items, 14 factors)Some survey items were patterned after studied performed by Ratan, McCreery, Van Looy, and the NCI’s Team Science Toolkit specifically the baseline survey for the TREC- Transdisciplinary Research on Energetics and Cancer (TREC)Stokols and HallFor the qualitative methods- phenomenological research explored individual experiences, using open ended survey questions that will be interpreted using thematic analysis, thick description compared to the literature. For the quantitative methods- correlational research will assess the relationships among variables for a single group. The 14 factors are…
  • Participants:Sampling range are known, active, diverse collaborative groups involving volunteers that have international, cross-industry participation working toward professional, shared goals
  • Caution should be used to interpret findings Phenomenology as an approach requires the researcher to bracket their bias and experience when engaging in qualitative research. The use of self-reported data helps avoid bias in this case at the price of reliability (Creswell, 2012, p. 57). Transdisciplinarity suggests that the researcher is inseparable with the observed. Transdisciplinarity encourages us to learn about “being” to better experience phenomena, data collection, analysis, and interpretation to better integrate the researchers’ experience (Montuori, 2013).
  • Transformative cultivation of self to Self (Scharmer, 2000; Senge, Scharmer, Jaworski, & Flowers, 2005; Scharmer, 2009; Scharmer 2010)
  • Please accept my heartfelt thanks for all your support *smiles*Pardon me I am choked up.
  • Btruman prosp defense-slideshare

    1. 1. Transformative Interactions in Collaborative Virtual Environments: Towards Transdisciplinarity Barbara Truman, Doctorate of Computer Science, Emerging Media September 18, 2013 “The Weavers” Jeanie Tomanek
    2. 2. Exploratory Research Questions The Voyager space probe crossed the boundary into interstellar space September 2013 - What is the nature of how people use avatars to collaborate in virtual environments? - What is the nature of reflexive, self awareness in the context of avatar relationship? - What is the nature of how avatars engage in ‘dialogue’?
    3. 3. Background: Research Problem Diverse, collective, and concerted expertise is required to solve wicked problems and conduct transdisciplinary research in a timely, effective, and efficient manner. Assessing collaboration is also a goal from agencies such as The National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, and the National Cancer Institute that rely on Team Science.
    4. 4. Toward Transdisciplinarity - 1985 World Congress was held in in Portugal on transdisciplinarity - 1987 International Center for Transdisciplinary Research and Studies (CIRET) - 1998 France UNESCO International Meeting - 2000- on Swiss National Science Foundation meeting at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland - 2007 Metanexus Institute University of Pennsylvania Tower ruins, Abbaye de Royaumont, Val-d’oise, France location of UNESCO sponsored International Symposium on Transdisciplinarity, May 1998 Creative Commons License 3.0 _Tourelle_d'escalier_01.jpg
    5. 5. Theoretical Frameworks
    6. 6. Collaboration Team Science Dialogue TSI Presence Co-Presence Social Presence Supermorphia Collaborative Virtual Environments MMOGs Metacognition Identity Embodiment Somatics Virtual Self self to Self Motivation Volunteerism Transdisciplinarity Research Literature Map
    7. 7. Key Constructs Metacognition Dialogue
    8. 8. (Constructs Under Study) MIT’s Research on Presencing and Learning Organizations
    9. 9. Key Literature Foundation Virtual- Physioception Motivation Intersubjective Presencing Collaborative Virtual Environments (CVEs) Transdisciplinarity Body awareness (Mehling, Gopisetty, Daubenmier, Price, Hecht & Stewart) Virtual Self (Fox & Bailenson; Ratan; McCreery) Social Presence (Biocca et al.; Blascovich) Player Identification (Van Looy) Supermorphic Persona (Young) Metacognition Theory (Flavell) Being (Maslow) Grit (Duckworth) Generativity (McAdams) Intrinsic (Dickey) Intrinsic v. Extrinsic (Finkelstien) Volunteerism (Shye) Avatar appearance (Baylor) Presencing- (Senge et. Al; Scharmer) Transformed Social Interaction (Bailenson, Beall, Loomis, Blascovich &Turk; Bailenson) Presence in VWs – (Allmendinger, Suter) Dialogue (Bohm) Transformed Social Interaction in CVEs- (Bailenson) CVEs- (Montoya) WoW- (Yee) 3D Visualization (Siau, Nah, Mennecke & Schiller; Sonnewald) Manifesto (Nicolescu, Montuori) Team Science (Stokols) Team cognition (Salas & Fiore) Complexity Theory (Morin) Wicked Problems- (Rittel; Conklin)
    10. 10. Factors that contribute to virtual intersubjective presencing in CVEs Collaborative Virtual Environment Virtual-physioception Shared self-representation Somatic awareness Supermorphic persona Collaborative Groups Communities of Practice Guilds Towards Transdisciplinarity Big & open data 3D dynamic visualization Collective intelligence Citizen science Crowdsourcing Socio-Technical Factors
    11. 11. Methodology
    12. 12. Target Population for Study The study will involve groups identified as having high levels of collaboration using CVEs. Study subjects will be recruited from: MOSES Community (Open Sim) GameMOOC and Guilds (WoW) Global Learning Forum (Second Life) ISTE SIGVE (Second Life) Virtual Pioneers (Second Life) VWBPE (Multiple grids) OpenSim Community Conference 2013 Virtual Worlds Education Roundtable Non-Profit Commons US Army MOSES – Intel Load Test OpenSim 2013
    13. 13. Significance of the Study • Exploration of what is working in Collaborative Virtual Environments (CVEs) as a social-technical and socio-cultural platform using an Appreciative Inquiry approach • Cost savings • Scalable • Sustainable through community • Insights into cross-industry, virtual communities • Appreciation of Transdisciplinary Research
    14. 14. Assumptions and Limitations • The Study relies upon: – A fraction of collaborative activity in CVEs – A fraction of the worlds available – Self reported data of idiosyncratic experiences – The use of qualitative and quantitative methods that require greater finesse – Subjective interpretation of the constructs – The voluntary nature of collaboration studied – The bias of the researcher
    15. 15. My Collaborative Contribution Heuristics for transformative collaboration involving avatar interactions within virtual environments Introduction of virtual-physioception construct Introduction of virtual intersubjective presencing construct Survey instrument as part of the pilot study
    16. 16. Factors contributing between ‘ideal’ and ‘idealized’ self across virtual and physical environments Virtual Team Science Physiological therapies using somatic awareness in CVEs – intersection with biofeedback devices Intersection of 3D visualization with big, open data for realistic simulation Potential for Future Research Northwestern University
    17. 17. Some Key References & Giants in the Field • David Cooperrider, Case Western Reserve University • Jeremy Bailenson, Stanford University • Peter Senge, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, • Otto Scharmer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, • Daniel Stokols, University of California Irvine • Science of Team Science Toolkit • Basarab Nicolescu, International Center for Transdisciplinary Research • Alfonso Montuori, California Institute of Integral Studies so_Montuori.html
    18. 18. Special Thanks Dr. Cynthia Calongne Colorado Technical University Dr. Andy Stricker Air University New Media Consortium Presentation Hosted by MIT in 2012 Dr. Patsy Moskal University of Central Florida Barbara Truman Connoisseur of Collaboration EDUCAUSE Institutional Excellence Award 2005 To all my advisors, colleagues, friends and precious family, the journey continues…