Pragmatics

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Short student presentation on pragmatics.

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Pragmatics

  1. 1. Introduction to LingusticsPragmatics<br />Hendrik Braun<br />Barbara Konat<br />
  2. 2. Thisis a student presentation, prepared for „Itroduction to linguistics” classes, taught by SaskiaKerstenatHildesheim UniversityWintersemester 2007<br />Presentationisbased on Fromkin, Rodman, Hyams „An Introduction to Language”<br />
  3. 3. CreativeCommons:NonCommercial-ShareAlike<br />You are free:<br />to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit the work<br />to Remix — to adapt the work<br />Under the following conditions:<br />Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). <br />Attribute this work: Credit theauthor: Barbara Konat, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland<br />Noncommercial — You may not use this work for commercial purposes. <br />Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one. <br />http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/<br />
  4. 4. Pragmatics deals with…<br />E. g. elliptical speech:<br />A: Coffee?<br />B: Sure!<br />A: White?<br />B: Black!<br />A: Sugar?<br />B: Two!<br />
  5. 5. Pragmatics deals with…<br />Pragmatics deals with the interpretation of linguistic meaning in context<br />
  6. 6. Two contexts:<br />Linguistic context - the discourse<br />Situational context<br />
  7. 7. Deixis<br />Greek: deiktikós, <br />to show, to point on sth.<br />
  8. 8. Deixis (in liguistics)<br />a process whereby words or expressions rely absolutely on context.<br />
  9. 9. Deixis<br />1) Person deixis<br />2) Place deixis <br />3) Time deixis<br />
  10. 10. Big sale next week!<br />
  11. 11. Maxims of conversation<br />1. Quantity: Say neither more nor less than the discourse requires.<br />2. Relevance: Be relevant.<br />3. Manner: Be brief and orderly; avoid ambiguity and obscurity.<br />4. Quality: Do not lie; do not make unsupported claims. <br />By Paul Grice<br />
  12. 12. Breaking maxims of conversation<br />Hamlet, Act II, Scene II<br />Polonius: What do you read, my lord?<br />Hamlet: Words, words, words.<br />Polonius: What is the matter, my lord?<br />Hamlet: Between who?<br />Polonius: I mean, the matter that you read, my lord.<br />
  13. 13. Breaking maxims of conversation<br />Hamlet, Act II, Scene II<br />Polonius: What do you read, my lord?<br />Hamlet: Words, words, words.<br />Polonius: What is the matter, my lord?<br />Hamlet: Between who?<br />Polonius: I mean, the matter that you read, my lord.<br />1. Quantity: Say neither more nor less than the discourse requires.<br />2. Relevance: Be relevant.<br />3. Manner: Be brief and orderly; avoid ambiguity and obscurity.<br />4. Quality: Do not lie; do not make unsupported claims.<br />
  14. 14. Implicatures<br />Mike and Andy are in the living room.<br />Mike: Would you like to eat dinner in the living room or in the kitchen?<br />Andy: It’s cold in here.<br /><ul><li>Meaning: Let’s eat in the kitchen.</li></li></ul><li>Thank you<br />

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