Piggy Bank

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How to make a piggy bank

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  • I'm curious about the rubber stopper and how it works? I can't see the pictures. I really want to try this lesson with my high school ceramics group!
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Piggy Bank

  1. 1. Standards Based Visual Arts Lesson: Piggy Bank
  2. 2. Students will create a hollow piggy bank form ( length, width, and depth) that reflects meaning from their own lives
  3. 3. California Content Standards for the Visual Arts addressed in this unit
  4. 4. Elements of Art <ul><li>The Elements Of Art ( line, shape , color, value, form, texture, space, ) </li></ul><ul><li>are the building blocks of art creation. </li></ul><ul><li>They are the VISUAL LANGUAGE of art. </li></ul><ul><li>When looking at a work of art, see if you can identify which Elements of Art the artist used to express a message or to create a mood </li></ul>
  5. 5. Elements of Art <ul><li>The Elements Of Art: Shape </li></ul><ul><li>A two-dimensional area that is defined in some way. </li></ul><ul><li>A shape has only height and width . Shapes are either geometric or free-form. </li></ul>Geometric & Free-form
  6. 6. Elements of Art <ul><li>The Elements Of Art: Shape </li></ul><ul><li>Organic or free-form shapes resemble things found in nature. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Elements of Art <ul><li>The Elements Of Art: Shape </li></ul><ul><li>A geometric shape has only height and width . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Elements of Art <ul><li>The Elements Of Art: Form </li></ul>Form refers to three-dimensional shapes that have length, width, and depth and can be measured from top to bottom (height), side to side (width), and front to back (depth). Cubes, spheres, and cylinders are examples of various forms .
  9. 9. Elements of Art <ul><li>The Elements Of Art: Form </li></ul>The great sculptors of the world of art have mastered the Element Form . This is a detail of the statue David created by Michelangelo . The complete sculpture, called a statue, stands 15 feet tall . When you visit the statue, you are able to walk around the sculpture seeing it from all sides and angles . Michelangelo Buonoratti (Italian ) 1475-1564, David , 1501-1504, 15 feet, Marble, Galleria dell'Accademia,Italy
  10. 10. Piggy Banks The Element Of Art: Form The piggy banks are hollow three-dimensional forms that have length, width, and depth and are interesting from all sides and angles .
  11. 11. A Brief History of the Piggy Bank <ul><li>So why do we save our coins in a piggy bank? During The Middle Ages, in about the fifteenth century , metal was expensive and seldom used for household wares. Instead, dishes and pots were made of an economical clay called pygg . </li></ul>
  12. 12. A Brief History of the Piggy Bank <ul><li>Whenever housewives could save an extra coin, they dropped it into one of their clay jars.They called this their pygg bank or their piggy bank .Over the next two hundred to three hundred years, people forgot that &quot;pygg&quot; referred to the earthenware material . </li></ul><ul><li>In the nineteenth century when English potters received requests for piggy banks, they produced banks shaped like a pig . Of course, the pigs appealed to the customers and delighted the children. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Piggy Bank <ul><li>Create a hollow three-dimensional piggy bank that exhibits two openings for the deposit and withdrawal of coins and is interesting from all sides and angles . </li></ul>Students will:
  14. 14. Piggy Bank <ul><li>Students will: </li></ul><ul><li>Create a hollow three-dimensional piggy bank that exhibits two openings for the deposit and withdrawal of coins and is interesting from all sides and angles . </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria : </li></ul><ul><li>The piggy bank is well constructed using hand building techniques (pinch, score, blend, pierce) </li></ul><ul><li>The piggy bank is no larger than 5” </li></ul><ul><li>The piggy bank is no thicker than 1” </li></ul><ul><li>The piggy bank is a free standing 3-D hollow form that is interesting from every angle </li></ul><ul><li>The piggy bank is embellished to express an idea or theme </li></ul>
  15. 15. Piggy Bank <ul><li>For best results : Start with a plan! </li></ul><ul><li>Decide what you would like to represent and do some thumbnail sketches until you have worked out how you will make your piggy bank. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a clear concept of the form you intend to create before you begin working with the clay. </li></ul><ul><li>Let your imagination run wild and have fun! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Piggy Bank Ask Yourself: Where will the coin deposit be?  Will the coin withdrawal hole fit into my design? Should I make the piggy bank with small thin pieces that might break? Is my form interesting from every angle ?
  17. 17. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>Form a pinch pot </li></ul><ul><li>Roll 2 handfuls of clay into a ball larger than a golf ball </li></ul><ul><li>OR smaller than a tennis ball </li></ul>
  18. 18. Making a Pinch Pot <ul><li>Insert thumb or finger into clay </li></ul><ul><li>Gently pinch and turn the piece as you pinch. This will help you to keep an even thickness in the walls of the piece. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to create a wall approximately 1/4 of an inch   </li></ul>
  19. 19. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>To level surface gently </li></ul><ul><li>tap rim on a flat surface </li></ul><ul><li>Form 2 pinch pots </li></ul><ul><li>about the same size </li></ul><ul><li>(2” or 3” across) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>Score each pinch pot </li></ul>
  21. 21. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>Gently press together </li></ul><ul><li>Blend seam smooth with your fingers or </li></ul><ul><li>a tool </li></ul>
  22. 22. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>Blend seam invisible </li></ul>
  23. 23. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>Score addition of clay </li></ul><ul><li>with a fork or sharp tool </li></ul><ul><li>Gently press each piece of clay together </li></ul><ul><li>Blend seam smooth </li></ul>
  24. 24. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>To create animal or human features and details, score and press each additional piece of clay </li></ul>
  25. 25. Piggy Bank Construction Method Refine details
  26. 26. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>To form circular opening </li></ul><ul><li>for the withdrawal of coins </li></ul><ul><li>trace rubber stopper with a </li></ul><ul><li>paper clip or pencil </li></ul><ul><li>Pierce opening with sharp pointed tool </li></ul>
  27. 27. Piggy Bank Construction Method Trace rubber stopper with a paper clip, pencil, or sharp pointed tool
  28. 28. Piggy Bank Construction Method Pierce opening with sharp pointed tool Use a gentle sawing motion
  29. 29. Piggy Bank Construction Method Gently Remove excess clay
  30. 30. Piggy Bank Construction Method Refine opening with your finger or a loop tool
  31. 31. Piggy Bank Construction Method Refine opening with your finger dipped in water
  32. 32. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>To form opening for the deposit of coins use a ruler to impress a rectangle about 1” long x 1/4” wide </li></ul><ul><li>Pierce opening with a sharp pointed tool </li></ul>
  33. 33. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>Form opening 1” long x 1/4” wide with a paper clip or pencil </li></ul>
  34. 34. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>Refine the opening with a loop tool </li></ul>
  35. 35. Piggy Bank Construction Method <ul><li>With a sharp pointed tool </li></ul><ul><li>Incise your initials and class period on the bottom of the piggy bank </li></ul><ul><li>Allow to dry </li></ul><ul><li>Bisque Fire </li></ul>
  36. 36. Piggy Bank Construction Method Refine details
  37. 37. Piggy Bank Construction Method Refine details
  38. 38. <ul><li>Exhibits two openings for the deposit ( rectangular ) and withdrawal ( circular) of coins </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrates hand building techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Is a free standing 3-D hollow form </li></ul><ul><li>Is embellished to create meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Is interesting from every angle </li></ul>Piggy Bank Checklist:
  39. 39. Piggy Bank Decoration Method <ul><li>Rinse bisque ware </li></ul><ul><li>Apply 3 coats of under glaze </li></ul><ul><li>Apply 2 coats of Clear Glaze </li></ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul>
  40. 40. Piggy Bank Decoration Method
  41. 41. Piggy Bank Decoration Method
  42. 42. Piggy Bank Decoration Method
  43. 43. Piggy Bank Decoration Method
  44. 44. Piggy Bank Decoration Method
  45. 45. Piggy Banks
  46. 46. Piggy Banks
  47. 47. Piggy Banks
  48. 48. Piggy Banks
  49. 50. Piggy Bank Participant Self Evaluation <ul><li>Describe . </li></ul><ul><li>Describe your piggy bank as if I cannot see it and include one or more of elements of art or the principles of design. </li></ul><ul><li>By creating your own piggy bank, how were you able to develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of art? </li></ul>
  50. 51. Piggy Bank Participant Self Evaluation <ul><li>Analyze. </li></ul><ul><li>What have you done to make the bank look three-dimensional? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes your bank interesting as you turn it around? </li></ul>
  51. 52. Piggy Bank Participant Self Evaluation <ul><li>Interpret. </li></ul><ul><li>Are other viewers able to correctly identify your idea or theme? </li></ul><ul><li>What clues are most helpful to them in doing this? </li></ul>
  52. 53. Piggy Bank Participant Self Evaluation <ul><li>Judge. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think that your piggy bank is successful? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe a challenge or obstacle you overcame. </li></ul><ul><li>If you had a chance, what would you do over and why? </li></ul>
  53. 54. Piggy Bank Participant Self Evaluation <ul><ul><li>Question of The Week: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A question that came to me this week is…. </li></ul></ul>
  54. 55. Students will identify and describe the formal qualities of exhibited in their art work using the elements of art (form). Piggy Bank
  55. 57. 2.0 CREATIVE EXPRESSION Creating, Performing, and Participating in the Visual Arts Student demonstrates excellent craftsmanship and ability to construct a freestanding 3-D piggy bank that exhibits animal or human features and functional circular and rectangular openings for coins Student demonstrates satisfactory craftsmanship and ability to construct a piggy bank that exhibits animal or human features and functional circular and rectangular openings for coins Student demonstrates limited craftsmanship and ability to construct a piggy bank that may or may not exhibits animal or human features. The circular and rectangular openings for coins may not be functional Advanced Level Two or more years of instruction Proficient Level First year of instruction Developing Level First year of instruction
  56. 58. Online Resources @ CA Content Standards for the Visual Arts http://www.cde.ca.gov/BE/ST/SS/vaproficient.asp http://www.ctc.ca.gov/reports/cstpreport.pdf http://www.brigantine.atlnet.org/GigapaletteGALLERY/websites/ARTiculationFinal/MainPages/ElementsMain.htm http://www.msdsteuben.k12.in.us/jrider/elements_and_principles_of_art.htm http://www.mpsaz.org/arts/elements/elements.html http://crystalproductions.com/catalog/images/CP6177.jpg Other Resources: Cathryn A. Morreale, School Arts Clip Card The Bay Area California Arts Project 2007 Institute Unit Template
  57. 59. Special Thanks to Aragon High School Ceramics Students [email_address] Online Resources for this project @ http://members.aol.com/babahughes

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