RESTORATIVE JUSTICE IN SCHOOLS CESA 11  April 3, 2009 Kris Miner
CIRCLE DEBRIEFING 06/10/09
06/10/09 <ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>Adams-Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Sheboygan Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Webster...
LEARNING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Restorative Justice Principles </li></ul><ul><li>School-Based Restorative Justice </li></ul><u...
FEELING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Inspire  – touching the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Spark  creativity & passion </li></ul><ul><li>V...
06/10/09 “ Restorative justice is a process to  involve , to the extent possible, those who have a  stake  in a specific  ...
PEACE & BELONGING <ul><li>Victims </li></ul><ul><li>Offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul>06/10/09 “ Reparative ...
06/10/09 Good Books Publishing
<ul><li>respect for all involved </li></ul><ul><li>rooted in deeper values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>equal worth of all people...
06/10/09 Good Books Publishing
RJ PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>Crime is Harm </li></ul><ul><li>Repairing Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Building Community </li></...
<ul><li>The Restorative Justice Movement is grounded in  values  that  promote  both  accountability  and  healing  for al...
RESTORATIVE JUSTICE <ul><li>Research & Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>V & O – prefer over Criminal Justice </li></ul><ul><li>O...
FUTURE BUMPER STICKERS <ul><li>Repair Harm </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with Healing </li></ul><ul><li>Every Saint has a Past...
06/10/09
ACCOUNTABILITY <ul><li>Acknowledging that you caused harm </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the harm from other viewpoints <...
HEALING <ul><li>Addressing what thwarts your good </li></ul><ul><li>Honoring the Harm </li></ul><ul><li>Coming full Circle...
FORMAL SCHOOL DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Based on a system of punishment and reward </li></ul><ul><li>Not typically used as a teac...
FORMAL SCHOOL DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Based on a system of punishment and reward </li></ul><ul><li>Not typically used as a teac...
RESTORATIVE DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Cooperative, supports community building, culture of mutual respect </li></ul><ul><li>Focus...
RESTORATIVE DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Recognizes the purposes of misbehavior </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses the needs of those harme...
STARBUCKS CUP <ul><li>It’s relationships, not programs that change children . . . Young people thrive when adults care abo...
WHAT YOUTH NEED <ul><li>Participate as citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making experience   </li></ul><ul><li>Interacti...
RESEARCH TELLS US <ul><li>The more you know about someone the less likely you are to hurt them . </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusi...
<ul><li>Good relationships need to be at the heart of everything a school does if effective teaching and learning are to t...
A WHOLE SCHOOL RESTORATIVE APPROACH CAN CONTRIBUTE TO: <ul><li>Emotional Literacy  </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing bullying b...
A WHOLE SCHOOL RESTORATIVE APPROACH CAN CONTRIBUTE TO: <ul><li>Happier and safer schools </li></ul><ul><li>Mutually respec...
THE SCHOOL TO PRISON PIPELINE (ACLU) 06/10/09
RESTORATIVE DIALECT <ul><li>Wrongdoing   </li></ul><ul><li>error </li></ul><ul><li>lack of skill or ability </li></ul><ul>...
RESTORATIVE PROCESS <ul><li>Return to a Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Restore Harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Make things Right </li...
ZERO & NO TOLERANCE <ul><li>Harm is serious </li></ul><ul><li>Specific uniform consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Detention, i...
<ul><li>Zero Evidence of Zero Tolerance working. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Morrison </li></ul><ul><li>ABA & the APA  </li></ul>...
ABA <ul><li>True discipline problems need to be addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Individual responses & common sense </li></ul>...
<ul><li>In relationships we are broken and in relationships we are healed. </li></ul><ul><li>Judge Ed Wilson </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>SPF </li></ul>06/10/09
06/10/09 Blame & Punishment Cooperation Inclusion Community Accountability Respect Values
ICEBERGS 06/10/09
CONNECTEDNESS <ul><li>Equals responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Harming Others, harm yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of...
VALUES <ul><li>Goals & ways of behaving despite objects or situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Standards & Principles that guide ...
VALUES <ul><li>For us to live by and others </li></ul><ul><li>A shared concept of society </li></ul><ul><li>Internalized &...
<ul><li>Empathy&quot;… to understand another person's point of view, emotions, thoughts, feelings  </li></ul><ul><li>Empat...
EMPATHY <ul><li>Lack leads to stealing, drug dealing, rape & murder  (Oakwood Solutions, LLC) </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers-e...
06/10/09
CARE CONNECT COMMIT 06/10/09
RESTORATIVE SKILLS <ul><li>Compassionate Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Non-violent Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Anger Man...
RESTORATIVE PRACTICES <ul><li>Affective  Affective  Small   Circle Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Statement Questions  Confe...
GUIDING QUESTIONS  <ul><li>Who has been hurt? </li></ul><ul><li>What are their needs? </li></ul><ul><li>Whose obligations ...
THE FIVE MAGIC QUESTIONS <ul><li>What happened? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you thinking? </li></ul><ul><li>How were you f...
OUTCOMES CASS LAKE-BENA ELEMENTARY <ul><li>In school suspensions  </li></ul><ul><li>’ 01  61 suspensions a month all year ...
PATTENGILL MIDDLE SCHOOL, MI <ul><li>15% drop in suspensions  </li></ul><ul><li>(other schools increased) </li></ul><ul><l...
IIRP COMPARISON Issue – students report before after students will make fun of you 70 % 29% You get picked on 49% 16% expe...
<ul><li>Best </li></ul><ul><li>Today? </li></ul>06/10/09
5 STAGE MODEL <ul><li>Own develop the vision </li></ul><ul><li>Steering group </li></ul><ul><li>Training team </li></ul><u...
A SCHOOL’S JOURNEY <ul><li>Change </li></ul><ul><li>changes people </li></ul><ul><li>As many as possible to ‘walk the talk...
RORCA SHEETS
IF YOU WERE TO START THIS TOMORROW . . .  QUESTIONS & DISCUSSION
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  • Restorative Justice

    1. 1. RESTORATIVE JUSTICE IN SCHOOLS CESA 11 April 3, 2009 Kris Miner
    2. 2. CIRCLE DEBRIEFING 06/10/09
    3. 3. 06/10/09 <ul><li>THANK YOU! </li></ul><ul><li>Adams-Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Sheboygan Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Webster Elementary </li></ul><ul><li>CESA 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Manitowoc </li></ul><ul><li>New Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>River Falls </li></ul>
    4. 4. LEARNING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Restorative Justice Principles </li></ul><ul><li>School-Based Restorative Justice </li></ul><ul><li>School Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Research & Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>SEL, Academic Success & RJ </li></ul><ul><li>Restorative Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul>06/10/09
    5. 5. FEELING OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Inspire – touching the heart </li></ul><ul><li>Spark creativity & passion </li></ul><ul><li>Vision for yourself and future </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful connection to this work of teaching! </li></ul>06/10/09
    6. 6. 06/10/09 “ Restorative justice is a process to involve , to the extent possible, those who have a stake in a specific offense and to collectively identify and address harms, needs, and obligations, in order to heal and put things as right as possible.”
    7. 7. PEACE & BELONGING <ul><li>Victims </li></ul><ul><li>Offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul>06/10/09 “ Reparative Exercises”
    8. 8. 06/10/09 Good Books Publishing
    9. 9. <ul><li>respect for all involved </li></ul><ul><li>rooted in deeper values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>equal worth of all people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>appreciation for diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>belief in interconnectedness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving/Empowering </li></ul>06/10/09
    10. 10. 06/10/09 Good Books Publishing
    11. 11. RJ PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>Crime is Harm </li></ul><ul><li>Repairing Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Building Community </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Making Things Right’ </li></ul><ul><li>A Process of Healing </li></ul>06/10/09
    12. 12. <ul><li>The Restorative Justice Movement is grounded in values that promote both accountability and healing for all affected by crime. </li></ul><ul><li>-Mark Umbreit, U of M Center for and Restorative Justice Peacemaking </li></ul>06/10/09
    13. 13. RESTORATIVE JUSTICE <ul><li>Research & Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>V & O – prefer over Criminal Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Offenders are more compliant </li></ul><ul><li>Victims are more satisified </li></ul><ul><li>Saves money, reduces recidivism </li></ul><ul><li>UN Handbook </li></ul><ul><li>Canada, UK, Australia, US </li></ul>
    14. 14. FUTURE BUMPER STICKERS <ul><li>Repair Harm </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with Healing </li></ul><ul><li>Every Saint has a Past, </li></ul><ul><li>Every Sinner has a Future </li></ul>06/10/09
    15. 15. 06/10/09
    16. 16. ACCOUNTABILITY <ul><li>Acknowledging that you caused harm </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding the harm from other viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing that you had a choice </li></ul><ul><li>Taking steps to make amends </li></ul><ul><li>Taking action to change </li></ul>06/10/09
    17. 17. HEALING <ul><li>Addressing what thwarts your good </li></ul><ul><li>Honoring the Harm </li></ul><ul><li>Coming full Circle or around the spiral </li></ul><ul><li>Working towards wholeness </li></ul><ul><li>Becoming a better person </li></ul>06/10/09
    18. 18. FORMAL SCHOOL DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Based on a system of punishment and reward </li></ul><ul><li>Not typically used as a teaching tool </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the school culture adversarial </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to support labeling of students: bad and good kids </li></ul><ul><li>Bandage approach with few lasting effects </li></ul><ul><li>Victims get little from the process </li></ul>06/10/09
    19. 19. FORMAL SCHOOL DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Based on a system of punishment and reward </li></ul><ul><li>Not typically used as a teaching tool </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the school culture adversarial </li></ul><ul><li>Tends to support labeling of students: bad and good kids </li></ul><ul><li>Bandage approach with few lasting effects </li></ul><ul><li>Victims get little from the process </li></ul>06/10/09
    20. 20. RESTORATIVE DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Cooperative, supports community building, culture of mutual respect </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on the behavior as a bad choice, not the student as a bad person </li></ul><ul><li>Restorative measures used as primary, traditional still available as last resort </li></ul><ul><li>Gives misbehavior a context, the students see how their actions affect others </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the amount of time spent on disciplinary action because the root of the problem is dealt with </li></ul>06/10/09
    21. 21. RESTORATIVE DISCIPLINE <ul><li>Recognizes the purposes of misbehavior </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses the needs of those harmed </li></ul><ul><li>Works to put right the harm </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to improve the future </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks to heal </li></ul><ul><li>Uses collaborative processes </li></ul>06/10/09
    22. 22. STARBUCKS CUP <ul><li>It’s relationships, not programs that change children . . . Young people thrive when adults care about them on a one-to-one level, and when they have a sense of belonging to a caring community . </li></ul>06/10/09
    23. 23. WHAT YOUTH NEED <ul><li>Participate as citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making experience </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction with peers </li></ul><ul><li>A sense of belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Reflect on self </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of a Value System </li></ul><ul><li>Identity development </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of accountability & equality </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate a capacity to enjoy life </li></ul>06/10/09
    24. 24. RESEARCH TELLS US <ul><li>The more you know about someone the less likely you are to hurt them . </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusion is a form of violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment does not work. </li></ul><ul><li>Gilligan, Garbino, Dr. Joel </li></ul>06/10/09
    25. 25. <ul><li>Good relationships need to be at the heart of everything a school does if effective teaching and learning are to take place. </li></ul><ul><li>Between Students, Students & Teachers, Teachers & Teachers, Teachers & Parents, Parents & Administration </li></ul>06/10/09
    26. 26. A WHOLE SCHOOL RESTORATIVE APPROACH CAN CONTRIBUTE TO: <ul><li>Emotional Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing bullying behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing staff turnover and burnout </li></ul><ul><li>Raising morale and self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Culture of inclusion and belonging </li></ul>06/10/09
    27. 27. A WHOLE SCHOOL RESTORATIVE APPROACH CAN CONTRIBUTE TO: <ul><li>Happier and safer schools </li></ul><ul><li>Mutually respectful relationships </li></ul><ul><li>More effective teaching and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Raising attendance </li></ul>06/10/09
    28. 28. THE SCHOOL TO PRISON PIPELINE (ACLU) 06/10/09
    29. 29. RESTORATIVE DIALECT <ul><li>Wrongdoing </li></ul><ul><li>error </li></ul><ul><li>lack of skill or ability </li></ul><ul><li>malice </li></ul>
    30. 30. RESTORATIVE PROCESS <ul><li>Return to a Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Restore Harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Make things Right </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for the future </li></ul><ul><li>Teaches self-governing </li></ul>06/10/09
    31. 31. ZERO & NO TOLERANCE <ul><li>Harm is serious </li></ul><ul><li>Specific uniform consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Detention, isolation, expulsion </li></ul><ul><li>Based on rules </li></ul><ul><li>More equitable than fair </li></ul><ul><li>Letter of the law </li></ul><ul><li>Education part of the consequence </li></ul><ul><li>Harm is serious </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Situation & circumstance </li></ul><ul><li>More fair than equitable </li></ul><ul><li>Spirit & intent of the law </li></ul><ul><li>Education part of the consequence </li></ul>06/10/09
    32. 32. <ul><li>Zero Evidence of Zero Tolerance working. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Morrison </li></ul><ul><li>ABA & the APA </li></ul><ul><li>Chicago Public Schools </li></ul><ul><li>-Summer ‘07 </li></ul>06/10/09
    33. 33. ABA <ul><li>True discipline problems need to be addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Individual responses & common sense </li></ul><ul><li>Contravene ABA anti-discrimination policies </li></ul><ul><li>Costs outweigh Benefit – keeping a child in school may reduce entry into a career criminal lifestyle </li></ul>
    34. 34. <ul><li>In relationships we are broken and in relationships we are healed. </li></ul><ul><li>Judge Ed Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Rondo to Rwanda </li></ul>06/10/09
    35. 35. <ul><li>SPF </li></ul>06/10/09
    36. 36. 06/10/09 Blame & Punishment Cooperation Inclusion Community Accountability Respect Values
    37. 37. ICEBERGS 06/10/09
    38. 38. CONNECTEDNESS <ul><li>Equals responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Harming Others, harm yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness of this responsibility creates our value system. </li></ul>06/10/09
    39. 39. VALUES <ul><li>Goals & ways of behaving despite objects or situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Standards & Principles that guide our actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Should do, rather than want or have to. </li></ul>06/10/09
    40. 40. VALUES <ul><li>For us to live by and others </li></ul><ul><li>A shared concept of society </li></ul><ul><li>Internalized & stable </li></ul><ul><li>Used to evaluate ourselves & others </li></ul><ul><li>The internal sanctioning system </li></ul>06/10/09
    41. 41. <ul><li>Empathy&quot;… to understand another person's point of view, emotions, thoughts, feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy is the most important characteristic in human relationships . </li></ul><ul><li>*Center for Social and Emotional Education </li></ul>06/10/09
    42. 42. EMPATHY <ul><li>Lack leads to stealing, drug dealing, rape & murder (Oakwood Solutions, LLC) </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers-emotional neglect, stress, genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Improves School Performance, Self-Awareness, Relationships </li></ul>06/10/09
    43. 43. 06/10/09
    44. 44. CARE CONNECT COMMIT 06/10/09
    45. 45. RESTORATIVE SKILLS <ul><li>Compassionate Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Non-violent Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Anger Management </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with difficult situations </li></ul><ul><li>Restorative de-briefing & reflective practice </li></ul>06/10/09
    46. 46. RESTORATIVE PRACTICES <ul><li>Affective Affective Small Circle Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Statement Questions Conference </li></ul>06/10/09
    47. 47. GUIDING QUESTIONS <ul><li>Who has been hurt? </li></ul><ul><li>What are their needs? </li></ul><ul><li>Whose obligations are these? </li></ul><ul><li>Who has a stake in this situation? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the appropriate process to involve stakeholders in an effort to put things right? </li></ul>06/10/09
    48. 48. THE FIVE MAGIC QUESTIONS <ul><li>What happened? </li></ul><ul><li>What were you thinking? </li></ul><ul><li>How were you feeling? </li></ul><ul><li>Who else has been affected by this? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you need now so that the harm can be repaired ? </li></ul>
    49. 49. OUTCOMES CASS LAKE-BENA ELEMENTARY <ul><li>In school suspensions </li></ul><ul><li>’ 01 61 suspensions a month all year long </li></ul><ul><li>’ 02 13 suspensions a month (first 3 months) </li></ul>Last Quarter First Q 97 Noise or swearing 40 54 off task 20 10 inappropriate physical contact 1
    50. 50. PATTENGILL MIDDLE SCHOOL, MI <ul><li>15% drop in suspensions </li></ul><ul><li>(other schools increased) </li></ul><ul><li>Averted 2 expulsions </li></ul><ul><li>93% of students participated </li></ul><ul><li>90% new skills, 86% used those </li></ul><ul><li>1 Elem/3 MS/1 HS saved Lansing students 1,500 days of suspension. </li></ul>
    51. 51. IIRP COMPARISON Issue – students report before after students will make fun of you 70 % 29% You get picked on 49% 16% experienced theft 47% 24% Wrecked property incident 31% 8%
    52. 52. <ul><li>Best </li></ul><ul><li>Today? </li></ul>06/10/09
    53. 53. 5 STAGE MODEL <ul><li>Own develop the vision </li></ul><ul><li>Steering group </li></ul><ul><li>Training team </li></ul><ul><li>Support the team </li></ul><ul><li>Plan organization & policy review </li></ul>06/10/09
    54. 54. A SCHOOL’S JOURNEY <ul><li>Change </li></ul><ul><li>changes people </li></ul><ul><li>As many as possible to ‘walk the talk’ </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize the circle process </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a strong working enviornment </li></ul>06/10/09
    55. 55. RORCA SHEETS
    56. 56. IF YOU WERE TO START THIS TOMORROW . . . QUESTIONS & DISCUSSION
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