Too old for technology? How the elderly of Lisbon use and perceive ICT

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Paper presented at the e-case and e-technology Conference, 25-27 January, Macau, China.

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Too old for technology? How the elderly of Lisbon use and perceive ICT

  1. 1. Too old for technology?How the elderly of Lisbon use and perceive ICT.<br />Bárbara Barbosa Neves<br />Fausto Amaro<br />e-Case and e-Technology, Macau, 2009<br />Centre for Public Administration & Policies,<br />Institute of Social and Political Sciences of Technical University of Lisbon,<br />Portugal <br />
  2. 2. I. Framework<br />© Dave Walker, Flickr<br />1<br />
  3. 3. 2<br />
  4. 4. Age of individuals who used the Internet on average <br />at least once a week (%). EU27, 2009<br />Source: Eurostat, 2010<br />3<br />
  5. 5. 4<br />
  6. 6. II. The Research<br />Researchquestion: <br />How are theelderlyusing ICT?<br />Sub-questions: <br />Are theelderlyusing mobile phones, computersand Internet? <br />Ifyes, whatisthetypeofusage? <br />What are theirattitudestowards ICT? <br />Andwhat are theirmotivation to use it?<br />5<br />
  7. 7. III. TheLocale<br />6<br />
  8. 8. Credits: José Manuel<br />7<br />
  9. 9. IV. Methods<br />Mixed methods approach<br />Survey:<br />Conducted between April and May 2008.<br />500 questionnaires applied face-to-face.<br />Stratified sample drawn out of 53 parishes. Four strata according to the number of inhabitants. <br />Proportional gender selection. <br />9 interviewers.<br />8<br />
  10. 10. IV. Methods<br />Interviews:<br />10 semi-structured interviews.<br />Conducted during 2009.<br />Respondents were interviewed in their homes/elder care centers.<br />9<br />
  11. 11. V.Agingin Portugal<br />Age-SexPyramid 1987-2008<br />Men<br />Women<br />Male<br />Female<br />(percentageofthe total population)<br />Source: INE, 2009<br />10<br />
  12. 12. VI. ICT in Portugal<br />Source: INE, Statistics Portugal, 2010<br />11<br />
  13. 13. VI. ICT in Portugal<br />Source: INE, 2010.<br />12<br />
  14. 14. VI. ICT in Portugal<br />Source: INE, 2010<br />13<br />
  15. 15. I. Considering the survey:<br />Our sample:<br />60% are female and 40% male,<br />the majority is married, <br />less than secondary education.<br />VII. Results<br />14<br />
  16. 16. VII. Results<br />N=500<br />15<br />
  17. 17. VII. Results<br />N=500<br />16<br />
  18. 18. VII. Results<br />N=500<br />17<br />
  19. 19. VII. Results<br />n=66<br />18<br />
  20. 20. VII. Results<br />n=49<br />19<br />
  21. 21. VII. Results<br />77% “computers are essential for the development of the country.” <br />67% “the Internet is essential for the development of the country.”<br />20<br />
  22. 22. VII. Results<br />II. Considering the semi-structured interviews:<br /><ul><li>Interviewees between 68 - 88 years old
  23. 23. Ranging from no education to high education
  24. 24. Half live alone, other half live with family members/elder care institutions</li></ul>21<br />
  25. 25. 1969, Angola (photo by Carlos)<br />“Maria”, 1924, Fundão<br />22<br />
  26. 26. VII. Results<br />Associations/perceptions made by the interviewees:<br />23<br />
  27. 27. VIII. ClosingRemarks<br />Only a small group of respondents uses computer and Internet. But:<br /> 72,4% use mobile telephones. <br />62% want to learn to use computers/Internet. <br />24<br />
  28. 28. VIII. ClosingRemarks<br />From our interviews, we can underline their positive perception of these ICT, <br />but also, that there are still significant challenges in using technology to its fullest extent. <br />25<br />
  29. 29. Thankyou!<br />Bárbara Barbosa Neves<br />barbara.neves@iscsp.utl.pt<br />Fausto Amaro<br />famaro@iscsp.utl.pt<br />26<br />

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