Research Proposal Presentation London Region College of Occupational Therapy Conference Lesley Osbiston September 2006 Does an understanding of play and flow lead to greater understanding of creativity and leisure in Occupational Therapy?
Creativity is complex and indistinct: ‘a continuum for conscious to unconscious, simulated to natural and from real to symbolic…contain[ing] elements that are unstructured, ambiguous and allow for self-expression’ (Mosey, 1987; p179)
Schmid (2004) investigated meanings of creativity with OT practitioners
Difficulties to define, which suggest greater difficulties for service-users
Links to crafts/expressive activities
Choice was associated with OT skill over client selection
Evidence of flow as a qualitative primary research topic was limited. Findings referenced to flow were associated with intrinsic motivation and the just-right-challenge , supporting relevance to OT (Dickerson, 2000; Fieldhouse, 2003; Scheerer, Cahill, Kirby & Lane, 2004)
Quantitative studies of flow supported integrity of the flow channel, with art/hobbies most likely to engender flow (Massimini, Csikszentmihalyi & Carli, 1987)
However, a further study with healthy adults found flow occurred most frequently during work, attributed to many leisure activities requiring low-level skills and challenges, which suggested flow occurrence may differ according to health status ( Csikszentmihalyi & Le Fevre, 1989)
To independently consider the meanings of the concepts and components of flow and playfulness (creativity, curiosity and spontaneity)
To validate the existence of subjective flow experiences.
To identify self-perceived creative occupations
To identify any relationships between play and flow
The research proposal question What are the meanings of creativity, curiosity and spontaneity during leisure activities? – An investigation to improve an understanding of playfulness and identify a relationship to flow, towards developing OT creative intervention
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