-Submitted byDhruv BansalMadhav SinghB.Arch 3rd yr
Introduction Location: 318 North ForestAvenue, Oak Park, CookCounty, IL, USA Area: 0.2 acres (0.081 ha) Built: 1902 Architect: Frank Lloyd Wright Architectural style: Prairie style
About the client Arthur Heurtley was born on December26, 1860 , the only son of Dr. RichardWalter Heurtley . He was a banker and avery cultivated man naturally drawn tothe artistic personalities. A friendshipnurtured by a love of music have madeWright the logical choice as architectwhen the Heurtleys decide to build theirnew home.
Orientation The house has a major facade with aporch or verandah facing south . AVictorian concept , devised to make useof the restorative qualities of thesummer sun.
Floor PlansA SIMPLE PLAN WITH NO PROJECTING SPACE EVERY SPACE IS CONFINEDWITHIN A BOX“ BOX STILL NOT BROKEN”
The dominant horizontality of the houseechos the wide, flat, tree-less expansesof the mid-Western United States. Two colors of slender Roman bricks arelaid in alternating projecting bands whichaids to horizontality in the house.
Widely spaced brick bands on the exteriorcreate an impression of solid stone makingit more monolithic than it actually is. The house guards its openings jealouslyand with its weighty look appears towithdraw within its stone like walls. Since the Heurtleys were not particularlyhappy together, inwardness and soliditywas Wright’s way of making them focusattention on each other without externaldistractions.
Inspirations from Henry HobsonRichardson’s work Richardsonian arch Exposed masonry Band of windows at the top, just belowthe roof.
Crane Memorial Library, Quincy , Massachusettes, by Henry Hobson Richardson
Richardsonian archThe entrance of the house is tucked in the dark alcove of aRichardsonian arch to create a block like seeminglyimpenetrable facade.
Richardsonian arch in earlierbuildingsFrank W . Thomas House Dana Thomas House
Richardsonian arch in later buildingsMorris Gift Shop
The pathway that leads to the front doorof the Heurtley’s house is long andcircuitous. One moves toward the rear lot turningsharply right ascending to the porch withits planted urns. Then, turning left one passes througharched entryway.
Fire PlaceThe Richardsonian Arch isechoed on the centralfireplace within.
According to Wright Fireplace was acentre for family’s union and thus it wasvery important element for happyrelationship of Heurtley Family. Fireplace also played a structural role ofcarrying building’s load so that exteriorof the building can be harmoniouslyarranged and can be given any desiredform.
Wright was Considering texturedalternative to the simple massing of theWard Willits house. Two colors of slender Roman bricks arelaid in alternating projecting bands.Lighter color – Projecting courseDarker color – Recessed course. The color of the vertical mortar closelymatches the color of the brick to achievecontinuity in brick course.
WindowsWindows have geometric patternedleaded art glass panes, accented in palegreen and gold colors.
Wall mouldings , floors and cabinetry in lightlystained , highly varnished birch wood standsagainst matte roughcast plaster walls. A band of trim runs along the wall a foot belowthe ceiling . It visually lowers the level of theceiling to a more human scale. Colors in interiorsGround level deeper colors – Dark brown, Tanand ochre.Upper level light colors - Pale green , gold andpink tones.