1. Tom Affleck , B.A. Micki Banks, B.A. Jen Banks, B.A.
2. “Every 7 minutes a child is bullied.” Bullying has been an ongoing issue within schools across our nation for many years.“On a scale of 35 countries, Canada has the 9th highest rate of bullying.” Bullying has had proven effects on childdevelopment, including links to depression and teen suicide.
3. • VERBAL - gossip and hurtful words towards an individual• PHYSICAL – harming an individual or their personal belongings• EMOTIONAL – social isolation amongst peers• CYBER- hurtful online images, text messaging, online harassment
4. • Change in behavior; violent tendencies • Depression, Anxiety, Loneliness • Low Self Esteem • Physical Illness • School absences • Suicidal thoughts • Struggles with academic achievement • Isolation and lack of interest• Disinterest in social activities and internet use
5. Both boys and girls who bully others are at risk for being physically aggressive in relationships later in life.“In 12 of 15 school shooting cases in the 1990s, the shooters had a history of being bullied”.
6. “Effects of bullying are sometimes serious enough to cause significant psychological development”. Bullying can cause a lack of proper social development skills; victims struggle to develophealthy relationships- instead turning to violence.
7. Although cyber bullying does not involve face to face interactions,psychological and emotional effects are still equally as damaging. “Kids that are bullied are likely to experience anxiety, depression, loneliness, unhappiness and poor sleep”. “Bullying is a problem that, if left unattended, can become a significant hurdle in a child’s development”.
8. Both bullies and their victims are more likely to suffer from depression than youth who are not involved in bullying.Depression can have both short and longterm effects on a child’s developmentthrough: Self esteem problems Trust Issues Interpersonal difficulties Tendency to become loner Increased illness Suicidal Thoughts
9. “Bully victims are between 2 to 9 times more likely to considersuicide than non-victims, according to studies by Yale University”. Figure 3.12 Suicide rate per 100,000 population, by age group and sex, Canada. Studies have found that at least half of suicides among young people are related to bullying.
10. Bullying effects thousands of children across Canada every day. Today’s technology is making bullying easier and more common- the side effects equally as damaging to children.Bullying can deeply effect children and their development in many ways including anxiety, depression and even suicide. There continues to be an increase in bullying awareness acrossCanada. Preventative measures such as the Safe Schools Charter are being taken in an attempt to eliminate bullying from our schools.
11. American Osteopathic Association. (2013). Cyber-Bullying and its Effect on our Youth. Accessed on January 17th, 2013. http://www.osteopathic.org/osteopathic-health/about-your-health/health conditions-library/general-health/Pages/cyber-bullying.aspx/Canadian Institutes of Health Research. (2012). Canadian Bullying Statistics: Tackling Bullying. Accessed on January 18th, 2013. http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/45838.html#1Dombeck, Mark. (2007). MentalHelp.net: Long Term Effects of Bullying . Accessed on January 17th, 2013. www.mentelhelp.netEducation Week. (2012) Bullying and Behavior: Frequency of Carrying Weapons (Graph). Accessed on January 17th, 2013. http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2003/05/14/36bully-b1.h22.html
12. Manitoba. Not In My School. Bullying- Prevention. (Brochure). ISBN-10:0-7711-686-2Pepler, D., Craig, W., Connolly, J., Yuile, A., & McMaster, L. (2006). A developmental perspective on bullying. Aggressive Behavior, 32:376-384. Accessed from PREVNet on January 17th, 2013. http://prevnet.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=aO9nvVwfAGE%3D&tabid=392Pepler, Debra. (2011). Resource For Teachers. Prevent Bullying by Promoting Healthy Relationships. Accessed on January 18, 2013. http://www.etfo.ca/Stomp Out Bullying. (2011). A National Anti-Bullying And Cyberbullying Program for Kids And Teens. The Issue of Bullying. Accessed on January 16th, 2013. www.stompoutbullying.org