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Strategies and Investments to Increase Income of the Small Commercial Farmer
 

Strategies and Investments to Increase Income of the Small Commercial Farmer

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Presentation by John W. Mellor

Presentation by John W. Mellor
Bangladesh Food Security Investment Forum 2010
26 May 2010, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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    Strategies and Investments to Increase Income of the Small Commercial Farmer Strategies and Investments to Increase Income of the Small Commercial Farmer Presentation Transcript

    • BANGLADESH FOOD SECURITY INVESTMENT FORUM 2010
      Strategies and Investment to Increase Income of the Small Commercial Farmer – and Thereby Increase Food Security
      John W. Mellor
      (John Mellor Associates, Inc.)
      26-27 May 2010
    • Definition – Small Commercial Farmer
      The 40 percent of rural people who produce 80 percent of agricultural output.
      Does not include holdings so small that only part-time farmers, e.g. 0.25 hectares.
      2
    • Relation to Food Security
      The food insecure earn income from employment in the rural nonfarm sector
      They produce non-tradeables – only salable locally
      The small commercial farmer generates the income that expands demand for what they produce.
      Thus, is it rising income of the small commercial farmer that is responsible for 80 to 90 percent of rural poverty reduction
      3
    • What is Required to Raise Incomes of the SCF?
      The core requirement is five sets of public services (government)
      Higher agricultural education to train myriad technical persons
      Agricultural research
      Extension services
      Specialized agricultural credit institutions
      Analysis and regulation of water resources
      Private sector – of course – but bottleneck is public
      4
    • What are the Priorities for Foreign Assistance for Food Security?
      Recognize that the core to food security is raising incomes of SCF
      Major, sustained, technical assistance to agricultural universities. This drives all else – shortage of trained people = shortage of impact
      Major sustained assistance to the agricultural research system – in agriculture, income growth is driven by improved biological technology
      Technical assistance in the specialized agricultural credit agencies tremendous amount learned over past 20 years need to spread that
      In-depth analyses of irrigation potentials and needs – serious problem on Bangladesh
      5