PRESENTATION ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT WITH EFFECTIVE MICRO-ORGANISM TECHNOLOGY Presented By: MAPLE ORGTECH(INDIA) LTD.
Instruction of Supreme court of India for SWM
Waste should be disposable before putting in landfill .
Waste should be treated by eco friendly method.
Waste should be treated so it will not give adverse effect on human health & environment.
What is Solid waste ?
The material which is discarded after use is called as waste.such as paper,clothes,can,food scrap etc.
Types of Solid Waste
What is EM?
EM is the abbreviation of ‘Effective Microorganisms’, originated by Dr. Prof. Teruo Higa at the Ryukyus University, Okinawa, Japan in the early 1980s.
It is a consortium of selected microbes like Lactic Acid bacteria, Photosynthetic bacteria and yeast.
All these are mutually compatible with one another and co-exist in liquid culture below a pH of 3.5.
The microorganisms are not Genetically engineered, exotic or imported. They are produced in our factory in Kolkata.
All microbes are facultative. They exhibit both aerobic and anaerobic characteristics.
They work in a wide range of temperatures, salinity and pH values.
Maple EM.1 is certified as an Organic input by ECOCERT, France and is now being used in over 126 Countries worldwide.
Co-Existence Power of EM.1 Phototrophic Bacteria Lactic Acid Bacteria Yeast
Natural way to clean nature: microbes grow naturally, not genetically modified/ imported/exotic
Low pathogenecity: suppression of pathogens
Synergistic advantage of aerobic & anaerobic microbes
Suppression of harmful gases
Reduction or elimination in the use of harmful chemicals
Salient features of EM
Pathogenic Microbes Beneficial Microbes Micro-Flora in Nature Neutral Microbes
EM increases Beneficial Microbes’ population EM Neutral group helps Beneficial microbes
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
EM APPLICATION AREAS
To manage waste naturally
To reuse/recycle/recover waste
To minimize the health hazard by safe handling
By Land Fill and/or By Composting
… ..at lowest possible cost
Reduction in composting time
Less land requirement
Better Quality of Compost
Less or No Turnings Required
Potential for treatment at source i.e.
Reduction in generation of gases
No Foul Odour
Reduction of Fly/ Mosquito nuisance
EM - Major Advantages
Kitchen waste composting
Compost used in kitchen gardens
Compost used in neighborhood parks
… T reatment at Source
Kitchen waste composting
EM applied on kitchen waste to convert it into compost.
Compost used in kitchen garden
Less waste load on service provider
Segregation at source
… resources back to nature
Close the lid tightly.
Drain garbage juice solution daily.
Smells like pickles !
Various Applications of EM compost and garbage juice
Regular Dumping of Organic waste
Houses on a street can use common compost bins
Market waste composting
Market waste is easy to compost
EM sprayed on garbage collected at intermittent collection centers
Treatment time included in transport time
Reduction in transport cost
The odor coming from city Garbage was a serious problem. The situation improved with EM spray.
Unloading container at Transfer Station
Waste Decomposition or stabilization (Centralized aerobic treatment)
Spraying of EM solution
EM Compost being carried by Farmers
EM- Compost Ready for Use After 45 days
BETTER QUALITY OF COMPOST
Higher Nutrient and Micro-nutrient levels leading to better enrichment of soil and better yields
Ability to turn any barren land into cultivable land
Enhances Photosynthesis activity in plants
Protects plant roots from pathogens
Enhances plant immune mechanism
Particularly in Rice cultivation, it reduces the methane generation, thus protecting the environment and the health of farmers
… . A perfect tool for Organic Farming
Suppression of Gases
Reduction in fire hazards by suppression of methane generation
Better safety for workers
Much less odor due to Less H 2 S and other gases
… ..towards healthier environment
EM sprayed on garbage heaps just before land filling
No foul odor
Land converted into agricultural land
A windrow of 6-7 ft height is best. The height shrinks with time.
No foul odor
Change in color
Reduction in pollutants
Reuse of water ….
EM application in leachate tank
Light colored and odorless EM treated leachate
Treated leachate for irrigations
BENEFITS OF USING EM IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
The benefits are:
EM effectively suppresses the harmful gases, such as ammonia and hydrogen sulphide, which are generated during degradation of organic matters in a solid waste. It has a very strong sterilizing effect to suppress harmful micro-organisms that are responsible for generating foul odor. It creates a very hygienic condition around the garbage dumping site.
Decline of fly population
Because of the reduction of the harmful gases and keeping good hygienic condition of garbage heaps, the files, which are usually attracted by it, are automatically reduced from the dumping site.
The benefits are : 3) Protection of environment and health of workers EM is a very eco-friendly solution, therefore, the currently used chemical solutions, which have a very hazardous side effect on environment and on the health of dumping site workers, can completely be eliminated. 4) High quality organic compost The solid waste, after treating with EM for a rapid degradation, can be used as a high quality compost in agro fields. It realizes the ideal recycling system in solid waste management/agriculture.
The benefits are :
5) Low cost application
Because EM is self propagating, the cost of the application for the huge garbage heaps, could be just a few hundreds rupees per day. It is a very cost effective as compared to the various chemical solutions.
EM microbes create strong anti-oxidation effects and prevent early corrosion of the facilities such as ageing of concrete wall and rusting of metal parts. Thus, it greatly minimizes the need of maintenance or parts replacement over a long period.
7) EM can be used in existing garbage heaps or any other systems virtually as they stand. There is no need for any costly installations or modifications. 8) EM can be applied in every case of rotten garbage including compost pits in private homes and littered garbage on the streets, left over food in hotels, and programs designed to clean up the complete solid waste system. 9) EM removes bad odor from any kind of rotten garbage at a very fast pace.
LET’S COLLECTIVELY PROTECT THE ENVIRIONMENT WITH Maple EM.1